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Niagara Falls

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Niagara Falls
General information
Fadi 790 m
Labarin ƙasa
Map
Tsarin Daidaiton Labarin Kasa 43°04′48″N 79°04′16″W / 43.08°N 79.071°W / 43.08; -79.071
Bangare na Niagara River (en) Fassara
Kasa Tarayyar Amurka da Kanada
Territory New York (jiha) da Ontario (en) Fassara
Hydrography (en) Fassara
Ruwan ruwa Lake Ontario drainage basin (en) Fassara
Niagara Falls
Photon niwgra falls

Niagara Falls (/naɪˈæɡərə/), rukuni ne na magudanan ruwa guda uku a ƙarshen Niagara Gorge,wanda ya ke kan iyaka da tsakanin lardin Ontario na ƙasar Kanada da jihar New York ta Amurka.[1] Mafi girma daga cikin ukun shine Horseshoe Falls, wanda ke kan iyakar kasa da kasa na kasashen biyu.[2] Ana kuma san shi da Kanad Falls. Karamin faɗuwar ruwa na Amurka da faɗuwar Bridal Veil Falls na cikin Amurka. Bridal Veil Falls ya rabu da Horseshoe Falls ta tsibirin Goat da kuma Falls na Amurka ta tsibirin Luna, tare da tsibiran biyu na New York.

Kogin Niagara ne ya kafa shi, wanda ke malala a tafkin Erie zuwa tafkin Ontario, haɗuwar faɗuwar ruwa tana da mafi girman yawan magudanar ruwa a Arewacin Amurka wanda ke da digo a tsaye sama da 50 metres (160 ft) . A lokacin mafi girman sa'o'in yawon bude ido na rana, sama da 168,000 cubic metres (5.9×10^6 cu ft) na ruwa yana wucewa a kan kullum fadowa kowane minti daya. Faduwar Horseshoe ita ce magudanar ruwa mafi ƙarfi a Arewacin Amurka, kamar yadda aka auna ta yawan kwararar ruwa.[3] Niagara Falls sananniya ce saboda kyawunta kuma tana da mahimmancin tushen wutar lantarki. Daidaita abubuwan nishaɗi, kasuwanci, da amfanin masana'antu ta kasance ƙalubale ga masu kula da faɗuwar ruwa tun ƙarni na 19.

Niagara Falls yana da 27 kilometres (17 mi) arewa maso yamma na Buffalo, New York, da 69 kilometres (43 mi) kudu maso gabas na Toronto, tsakanin tagwayen biranen Niagara Falls, Ontario, da Niagara Falls, New York. An kafa Niagara Falls lokacin da dusar ƙanƙara ta koma ƙarshen glaciation na Wisconsin (shekarun ƙanƙara na ƙarshe), kuma ruwa daga sabbin manyan tafkunan da aka kafa ya zana wata hanya ta hanyar Niagara Escarpment akan hanyar zuwa Tekun Atlantika.

Halaye[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kanad Horseshoe Falls a dama

Horseshoe Falls yana da kusan 57 metres (187 ft) babba,[4] yayin da tsayin Falls na Amurka ya bambanta tsakanin 21 and 30 metres (69 and 98 ft) saboda kasancewar manyan duwatsu a gindinsa. Mafi girma Horseshoe Falls yana kusan 790 metres (2,590 ft) fadi, yayin da Falls na Amurka shine 320 metres (1,050 ft) fadi. Tazarar da ke tsakanin iyakar Amurka ta Niagara Falls da ta Kanada ita ce 1,039 metres (3,409 ft) .

An yi rikodin ɗin kololuwar kwarara a kan Faduwar Horseshoe a 6,400 cubic metres (230,000 cu ft) a cikin dakika guda. Matsakaicin adadin kwararar shekara shine 2,400 cubic metres (85,000 cu ft) a cikin dakika guda.[5] Tunda kwararar aiki ne kai tsaye na hawan kogin Erie, yawanci yakan yi girma a ƙarshen bazara ko farkon lokacin rani. A cikin watannin bazara, aƙalla 2,800 cubic metres (99,000 cu ft) a cikin dakika daya na ruwa yana ratsa fadowar, wasu kashi 90% nasu sun wuce Horseshoe Falls, yayin da ake karkatar da ma'auni zuwa wuraren samar da wutar lantarki sannan kuma zuwa ga Falls na Amurka da Faduwar Bridal Veil Falls. Ana cim ma wannan ta hanyar yin amfani da madatsar ruwa ta kasa da kasa tare da ƙofofi masu motsi a sama daga Falls Horseshoe.



Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Falls na Amurka (babban ruwa na tsakiya-hagu) da Bridal Veil Falls (dama)
Niagara Escarpment (cikin ja). Niagara Falls yana tsakiyar dama tsakanin tafkin Ontario da tafkin Erie.
Lalacewa daga iska da kankara akan tsibirin Goat, 1903
  1. "Niagara Falls". britannica.com. Retrieved July 11, 2022.
  2. Berton, Pierre (2009). Niagara: A History of the Falls. SUNY Press. pp. 1, 20–21. ISBN 978-1-4384-2928-1. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
  3. "City Profile for Niagara Falls, Ontario". Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  4. Niagara Falls Geology Facts & Figures. Archived April 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Niagara Parks, Government of Ontario, Canada. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  5. "Niagara Falls – World Waerfall Database". Retrieved November 15, 2013.