Jump to content

Order of the Star of India

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Infotaula d'esdevenimentOrder of the Star of India

Suna a harshen gida (en) The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
Iri orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom (en) Fassara
order of chivalry (en) Fassara
Validity (en) Fassara 1861 –
Wanda ya samar Sarauniya Victoria
Rank (en) Fassara Samfuri:Gran Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Birtaniya
Has part(s) (en) Fassara
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India (en) Fassara
Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (en) Fassara
Companion of the Order of the Star of India (en) Fassara

Maɗaukakin Order na Tauraron Indiya wani tsari ne na chivalry wanda Sarauniya Victoria ta kafa a shekara ta 1861. Odar ta ƙunshi mambobi na aji uku:

  1. Babban Kwamandan Knight (GCSI)
  2. Matai makin Kwamandan Knight ( KCSI)
  3. Aboki (CSI)

Ba a yi alƙawura ba tun Sabuwar Shekara ta 1948, jim kaɗan bayan Rarraba Indiya a shekara ta 1947. Tare da mutuwar a shekara ta 2009 na jarumin da ya tsira na ƙarshe, Maharaja na Alwar, oda ya zama barci.

Taken odar shine "Hasken Sama Jagoranmu". Tauraron Indiya, alamar tsarin da kuma tambarin na yau da kullun na Biritaniya Indiya, an kuma yi amfani da shi azaman tushen jerin tutoci lokacin don wakiltar Daular Indiya.

Umurnin shine tsari na biyar mafi girma na Burtaniya na chivalry, yana bin umarnin Garter, Order of the Thistle, Order of St Patrick da Order of Bath . Babban oda ne na chivalry hade da British Raj ; ƙarami zuwa gare shi shine Mafi Girman Tsarin Mulki na Indiya, kuma akwai kuma, ga mata kawai, Tsarin Mulki na Crown na Indiya .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shekaru da yawa bayan Mutiny na Indiya da ƙarfafa ikon Biritaniya a matsayin ikon mulki na kasar Indiya, masarautar Birtaniyya ta yanke shawarar ƙirƙirar sabon tsarin ta jarumta don girmama sarakuna da sarakunan Indiya, da kuma hafsoshi da masu gudanarwa na Burtaniya waɗanda suka yi aiki. a Indiya. A ranar 25 ga Yunin shekarar 1861, Sarauniya Victoria ta yi shela mai zuwa:

The Queen, being desirous of affording to the Princes, Chiefs and People of the Indian Empire, a public and signal testimony of Her regard, by the Institution of an Order of knighthood, whereby Her resolution to take upon Herself the Government of the Territories in India may be commemorated, and by which Her Majesty may be enabled to reward conspicuous merit and loyalty, has been graciously pleased, by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to institute, erect, constitute, and create, an Order of Knighthood, to be known by, and have for ever hereafter, the name, style, and designation, of "The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India"[1]

Tutar Viceroy na Indiya ta nuna Tauraron oda a ƙarƙashin Tudor Crown .

Masu karɓa Oda[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

George V yana saka hannun jarin Yariman Indiya tare da Gimbiyar Indiya, 14 a watan Disamba, a shekarar 1911 na William Barnes Wollen

Wadanda aka nada na farko awurin taron sune:

  • Yariman Consort
  • Yariman Wales
  • Kashirao Dada Saheb Holkar, Raja of Indore
  • Earl Canning, GCB, Gwamna-Janar na Indiya kuma Babban Jagora na Mafi Girman Tsarin Tauraron Indiya
  • Shahu of Kolhapur, Maharaja of Kolhapur
  • Afzal ad-Dawlah, Asaf Jah V, Nizam na 5 na Hyderabad
  • Jayajirao Scindia, Maharaja of Gwalior
  • Maharaja Duleep Singh, tsohon Maharaja na Daular Sikh
  • Ranbir Singh Dogra, Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir
  • Tukojirao Holkar, Maharaja of Indore
  • Narendra Singh, Maharaja of Patiala
  • Khanderrao Gaekwad, Maharaja of Baroda
  • Maharaja Bir Shamsher Jang

Bahadur Rana na Nepal

  • Maharaja Bahadur Sir JAIMANGAL Singh na Gidhaur Estate KCSI 24.05.1866.
  • Maharaja Bahadur Sir Ravaneshwar Singh na Gidhaur Estate KCIE 25.05.1895.
  • Nawab Sikander Begum, Nawab Begum na Bhopal
  • Yusef Ali Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Rampur
  • Nawab Sir Khwaja Salimullah Bahadur, Nawab of Dhaka[ana buƙatar hujja]
  • Viscount Gough, Babban Kwamandan Sojojin Indiya
  • Lord Harris, Gwamnan Madras
  • Lord Clyde, Babban Kwamandan Sojojin Indiya
  • Sir George Russell Clerk, Gwamnan Bombay
  • Sir John Laird Mair Lawrence, Bt, GCB, Laftanar-Gwamnan Punjab
  • Sir James Outram, Bt, GCB, Memba na Mataimakin Mataimakin
  • Sir Hugh Henry Rose, GCB, Babban Kwamandan Sojojin na Indiya
  • Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi - Asaf Jah VII - 7th Nizam of Hyderabad
  • Maharaj Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana[ana buƙatar hujja]
  • Sadeq Mohammad Khan IV, Nawab of Bahawalpur


Ba a taɓa soke umarnin a bisa ƙa'ida, kuma Charles III ya gaji mahaifiyarsa Elizabeth II a matsayin tana Sarkin oda lokacin da ya hau kan karagar mulki a shekara ta2022. Ya ci gaba da zama Sarkin Doka har yau. Koyaya, babu mambobi masu rai na oda.

  • Mata uku ne kawai ke a cikin odar: Sultan Shah Jahan, Begum na Bhopal da 'yarta, Hajjah Nawab Begum Dame Sultan Jahan, da Maryamu na Teck .
  • Babban Jagora na oda na ƙarshe, Admiral na Fleet The Earl Mountbatten na Burma (1900-1979), IRA na wucin gadi ya kashe shi a ranar 27 ga watan Agusta a shekara ta1979.
  • Babban Kwamandan Knight mai tsira na ƙarshe, Maharaja Sree Padmanabhadasa Sir Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma GCSI, GCIE, Maharajah na Travancore (1912-1991); ya mutu a ranar 19 ga Yuli 1991 a Trivandrum .
  • Kwamandan Knight na ƙarshe da ya tsira, Maharaja Sir Tej Singh Prabhakar Bahadur KCSI (1911-2009), Maharaja na Alwar, ya mutu a ranar 15 a watan Fabrairu 2009 a New Delhi.
  • Abokin odar na ƙarshe da ya tsira, Mataimakin Admiral Sir Ronald Brockman CSI (909–1999), ya mutu a ranar 3 ga watan Satumba, shekara ta alif 1999 a Landan.

Abun cikin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Binciken Tauraruwar kasar Indiya, Delhi (daki-daki), na George Jacomb-Hood. An nuna Sarki George V yana ba da GCSI ga Ganga Singh, Maharaja na Bikaner, a Delhi Durbar 1911.

Sarkin Biritaniya shine, kuma har yanzu shi ne, Mallakin oda. Babban memba na gaba shine Grand Master, matsayin da Mataimakin Indiya ya gudanar. Lokacin da aka kafa odar a cikin shekara ta 1861, akwai aji ɗaya kawai na Abokin Knights, wanda ya ɗauki KSI postnominals. A 1866, duk da haka, an fadada shi zuwa aji uku. Membobin ajin farko an san su da "Knights Grand Commander" (maimakon "Knights Grand Cross" na yau da kullum) don kada su cutar da Indiyawan da ba Kiristanci ba da aka nada zuwa oda. Duk waɗannan membobin da suka tsira waɗanda aka riga aka yi wa Knights Abokin oda an san su da suna Knights Grand Commander.

Tsofaffin mataimakan da sauran manyan jami'ain, da kuma wadanda suka yi aiki a Sashen Sakatariyar Harkokin Wajen kasar Indiya na akalla shekaru talatin sun cancanci nadin. Sarakunan jihohin Yariman kasar Indiya suma sun cancanci a nada. Wasu jihohin suna da matukar mahimmanci ta yadda kusan ko da yaushe ake nada sarakunan su manyan kwamandojin Knights; irin waɗannan sarakunan sun haɗa da Nizam na Hyderabad, Maharaja na Mysore, Maharaja na Jammu da Kashmir, Maharaja na Baroda, Maharajas na Gwalior, Nawab na Bhopal, Maharaja na Indore, Maharajas na Singrauli, Maharana na Udaipur, Maharaja na Travancore, da Maharaja na Jodhpur da kuma Maharao na Cutch .

Kashi Naresh Prabhu Narayan Singh na Benares da Sir Azizul Haque aka nada Knight a matsayin Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE) a 1892 da 1941 bi da bi, Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE) a 1898, da Knight Grand Kwamandan Order of the Star of India (GCSI) don hidimarsa a yakin duniya na farko a cikin Sabuwar Shekara ta 1921. [2]

Sarakunan wasu al'ummomi a kasar Asiya da Gabas ta Tsakiya, ciki har da Sarkin Kuwait, Maharajas na daular Rana, Khedive na Masar, Sarkin Bhutan da sarakunan Zanzibar, Bahrain da Oman kuma an nada su a cikin Order. Kamar wasu sarakunan jahohin sarakuna, wasu sarakuna na musamman, misali Maharajas na daular Rana ko Sultans of Oman, yawanci ana nada manyan kwamandojin kasar Knights.

Mata, sun ceci sarakunan sarauta, ba su cancanci yin nadi ga oda ba. Ba kamar al'adar wasu kabilu ne ba umarni da yawa ba, an yarda da su a matsayin "Knights", maimakon "Dames" ko "Ladies". Mace ta farko da aka shigar da ita cikin odar ita ce Nawab Sikandar Begum Sahiba, Nawab Begum na Bhopal; An halicce ta a Knight Companion a kafuwar Order a shekara 1861. An gyara ƙa'idodin odar musamman don ba da izinin shigar da Sarauniya Maryamu a matsayin Babban Kwamandan masarautar Knight a shekara ta 1911.

Tufafi da acoutrements na kayan ado[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mantle na Order

Membobin odar sun sanya kayan ado na musamman akan muhimman lokutan bukukuwa al`adu:

  • Tufafin, wanda Knights Grand Commander kawai ke sawa, an yi shine da satin shuɗi mai haske wanda aka yi masa layi da farin siliki. A gefen hagu akwai wakilcin tauraro (duba ƙasa).
  • Abin wuya, wanda kuma Knights Grand Commander kawai ke sawa, an yi shi da zinari. Ya ƙunshi madaidaicin adadi na magarya, jajayen wardi da fari da rassan dabino, tare da kambin sarauta a tsakiya tufafin.

A wasu “ kwanakin abin wuya ” da Mai Martaba ya ayyana, membobin da ke halartar al'amuran yau da kullun suna sanya kwalawar oda a kan kakin sojan kasar, rigar rana, ko suturar yamma. Lokacin da aka sanya kwalar (ko dai a ranakun abin wuya ko a lokuta na yau da kullun kamar nadin sarauta), an dakatar da alamar daga kwala.

Wakilin tauraron oda a kan rigar Knights Grand Commander

A su lokatai marasa mahimmanci, an yi amfani da insignia mafi sauƙi:

  • Tauraron, wanda aka sawa kawai ta Knights Grand Commanders sun hada da fashewar rana, tare da manyan haskoki ashirin da shida da ke canzawa tare da ƙananan haskoki ashirin da shida;da ya kasance a cikin zinari da madauwari ga Manyan Kwamandojin Knights, kuma a cikin azurfa da maki takwas don Kwamandojin Knights. A tsakiyar faɗuwar rana akwai zoben shuɗi mai haske mai ɗauke da taken Order. A cikin kintinkiri akwai tauraro mai nuni biyar, wanda aka yi masa ado da lu'u-lu'u don manyan kwamandojin Knights.
  • Alamar ta Knights Grand Commanders ne ke sawa a kan ribbon haske mai launin fari mai launin shuɗi, ko sarƙa, wanda ke wucewa daga kafadar dama zuwa hips na hagu, kuma ta Knights Commanders da Sahabbai daga wani kintinkiri mai haske mai launin fari mai launin shuɗi a wuya. Ya haɗa da wani oval, mai ɗauke da siffar Maɗaukaki, kewaye da zoben shuɗi mai haske mai ɗauke da taken Order; An dakatar da oval daga tauraro mai nuni biyar, wanda za'a iya yi masa ado da lu'u-lu'u dangane da aji.

Ba kamar alamar yawancin sauran umarni na chivalric na Biritaniya ba, alamar Order of the Star of India ba ta haɗa da giciye ba, saboda ana ganin ba za a yarda da su ga Sarakunan Indiya da aka nada a oda ba.

Gaba da gata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Membobin kowane kabilu oda an ba su mukamai bisa tsari na gaba. Matan mambobi na kowane kabilu kuma sun fito bisa tsarin fifiko, kamar yadda 'ya'ya maza, mata da mata na Knights Grand Commanders da Knights Commanders suka yi. (Dubi tsari na gaba a Ingila da Wales don ainihin matsayi.)

Tauraro da kwala na wani Knight Grand Kwamandan oda

Manyan Kwamandojin Knights sun yi amfani da baƙaƙenbayan suna "GCSI", Kwamandojin Knights "KCSI" da Sahabbai "CSI". Manyan Kwamandojin Knights da Kwamandojin Knight sun sanya “Sir” zuwa sunayen farko. Matan Manyan Kwamandojin Knights da Kwamandojin Knight na iya yin prefix "Lady" zuwa sunayen sunayensu. Irin waɗannan nau'ikan ba su yi amfani da takwarorinsu da sarakunan Indiya ba, sai dai lokacin da aka rubuta sunayen na farko a cikin cikakkun siffofinsu.

Knights Grand Commanders kuma sun sami damar karɓar magoya bayan heraldic . Suna iya, kuma, kewaye da hannayensu tare da hoton da'irar (da'irar da ke ɗauke da taken) da kuma abin wuya ; ana nuna tsohon ko dai a waje ko a saman na karshen. An ba da izinin kwamandojin Knights da Sahabbai su nuna da'irar, amma ba abin wuya ba, kewaye da hannayensu. Ana nuna alamar an dakatar da shi daga kwala ko da'irar.

Hotonan masuyin oda[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin Manyan Kwamandan kasar Knights na Order of the Star of India

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "No. 22523". The London Gazette. 25 June 1861. p. 2622.
  2. "No. 32178". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1921. p. 5.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

[1]

[1]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named gazette22523