Shugaban kasar Ghana

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Wikidata.svgShugaban kasar Ghana
public office (en) Fassara
Golden Jubilee House.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na President of the Republic (en) Fassara da shugaban gwamnati
Farawa 1 ga Yuli, 1960
Officeholder (en) Fassara Nana Akufo-Addo
Ƙasa Ghana
Applies to jurisdiction (en) Fassara Ghana
Substitute/deputy/replacement of office/officeholder (en) Fassara Vice President of Ghana (en) Fassara
Official residence (en) Fassara Gidan Jubilee
Shafin yanar gizo presidency.gov.gh
Nada jerin list of heads of state of Ghana (en) Fassara
Wuri
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaGhana
Yankuna na GhanaYankin Greater Accra
BirniAccra
Tambarin Shugaban Ƙasar Ghana

Shugaban Jamhuriyar Ghana shine zababben shugaban kasa kuma shugaban gwamnatin Ghana, sannan kuma babban kwamandan askarawan Ghana. Shugaban Ghana na yanzu shi ne Nana Akufo-Addo, wanda ya lashe zaben shugaban kasa na 2016 tare da shugaba mai ci, John Dramani Mahama, da tazarar kashi 9.45%. An rantsar da shi kan ofis a ranar 7 ga Janairun 2017.

Cancanta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dangane da Fasali na 8, Mataki na 62 na Tsarin Mulkin Ghana na 1992, mutum ba zai cancanci zaɓaɓɓen shugaban ƙasar ta Ghana ba sai:

  • (a) shi/ta ɗan ƙasar Ghana ne ta haihuwa
  • (b) ya/ta kai shekara arba'in; kuma
  • (c) mutum ne wanda ya cancanci zaɓen ɗan majalisa, sai dai kawai rashin cancantar da aka bayyana a sakin layi (c), (d), da (e) na magana (2) na sashi na 94 na wannan Kundin Tsarin Mulki ba za a cire shi ba, game da kowane irin mutum, ta hanyar yin afuwa ta shugaban kasa ko kuma jinkirtawar lokaci kamar yadda aka tanada a sashi na (5) na wancan labarin.

Rantsuwa akan ofis[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dole ne alkalin alkalan kasar ya rantsar da shugaban na Ghana a gaban ‘yan kasar ta Ghana a dandalin‘ yanci da ke Accra. Shugaban da aka zaba dole ne ya maimaita mai zuwa:

"Ni, _______________ da aka zaɓa zuwa babban ofishin Shugaban Jamhuriyar Ghana na yi (da sunan Allah Maɗaukaki duka) (na tabbatar da gaske) cewa zan kasance mai aminci da gaskiya ga Jamhuriyar Ghana; cewa a kowane lokaci zan kiyaye, kiyayewa da kare Tsarin Mulki na Jamhuriyar Ghana; kuma na sadaukar da kaina ga aiki da jin dadin mutanen Jamhuriyar Ghana da yin adalci ga kowane irin mutum.

Na kara (rantsuwa sosai) (tabbatacce na tabbatar) cewa a kowane lokaci zan karya wannan rantsuwar ta ofishi; Zan miƙa kaina ga dokokin Jamhuriyar Ghana kuma in sha wahala a kanta. (Don haka ku taimake ni Allah)".

Shigarwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan zababben shugaban kasa ya sha rantsuwar aiki, sai a mika wadannan alamun alamun ga shugaban. Ana amfani da waɗannan na'urori don nuna matsayin ofishin sa kuma ana amfani da su a lokuta na musamman.

  • Takobin shugaban kasa (hoto) da kujerar shugaban kasa. Kujerun katako da aka sassaka shi da zinariya.

Ikoki da ayyukan shugaban ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babi na 8 na Kundin Tsarin Mulki na Ghana ya bayyana ayyuka da ikon shugaban. Ana buƙatar shugaban ya:

  • mutunta Tsarin Mulki
  • gudanar da ikon zartarwa
  • kiyaye aminci da mahaifar Ghana.

Hakanan, an bawa shugaban ƙasa iko:

  • a matsayin shugaban bangaren zartarwa na gwamnati
  • a matsayin babban kwamandan sojoji
  • ayyana yaki
  • don gudanar da raba gardama game da batutuwan da suka shafi mahimmancin ƙasa
  • bayar da umarnin zartarwa
  • bayar da lambobin girmamawa don yi wa kasa aiki
  • don ba da gafara
  • ayyana dokar ta baci ta dakatar da duk wasu dokoki ko sanya dokar ta-baci.

Shugaban na iya aiwatarwa ko sa a aiwatar da yarjejeniyoyi, yarjejeniyoyi ko yarjejeniyoyi da sunan Jamhuriyar Ghana. Shugaban zai yi fifiko kan yawan jama'ar Jamhuriyar Ghana kuma yana iya mika muhimman batutuwan siyasa zuwa kuri'ar raba gardama ta kasa, ayyana yaki, kulla yarjejeniyar zaman lafiya da sauran yarjejeniyoyi, nada manyan jami'an gwamnati, da kuma yin afuwa (tare da hadin gwiwar Majalisar Ghana). A lokacin tsananin rikici na ciki ko na waje ko barazana, ko rikicin tattalin arziki ko na kuɗi, shugaban ƙasa na iya karɓar ikon gaggawa "don kiyaye tsaron ƙasa ko zaman lafiyar jama'a da oda".

Za a tsige shugaban daga mukaminsa idan aka same shi, bisa tanadin da tsarin mulki ya yi, Fasali na 8 sashi na 69 (ii) - nuna bambanci ko rashin dacewa da tattalin arziki ko tsaron Jamhuriyar Ghana. Shugaban zai daina tsayawa ofis a ranar da Majalisar Dokokin Ghana ta yanke hukuncin cire shi / ta daga mukamin sa.

Mazaunin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shugaban gidan na Ghana shine Osu Castle (wanda aka fi sani da Fort Christiansborg ko Christianborg Castle) a Accra. A shekara ta 2007, 'yan majalisar adawa a Ghana sun fice daga muhawarar majalisar kan ko za su karbo bashin $ 50m don gina sabuwar fadar shugaban kasa 'Yan majalisa daga jam'iyyar New Patriotic Party ta Shugaba John Kufuor sun kada kuri'ar amincewa da karbar lamunin daga Indiya.

Sun yi iƙirarin cewa bai kamata shugaban ya kasance a cikin Osu Castle ba, inda a da ake ajiye bayi. Jam’iyyar adawa ta National Democratic Congress ta ce za a fi kashe kudin a wani wuri. Ana gyara gidan tsohon tutar gidan da shugaban kasar Ghana na farko yayi amfani dashi a matsayin masauki zuwa gidan adana kayan tarihi, yayin da aka gina filin da yake tsaye a matsayin wani katafaren ofishin ofishin zamani da gidan shugaban kasa da mataimakin shugaban kasar Ghana da kuma ma'aikatansu. Sabon Fadar Shugaban kasar ana sa ran kammala shi a watan Agustan 2008 amma a karshe aka kammala shi a watan Nuwamba na shekarar 2008. A yayin bikin bude sabon fadar shugaban kasar, shugaba John Kufuor ya bayyanawa manema labarai cewa sabon sunan fadar zai kasance gidan Golden Jubilee. An zabi sunan ne dangane da bikin cikar Ghana shekaru 50 da samun 'Yancin kai.

An bai wa Ma’aikatar Harkokin Wajen wani bangare na ofis din lokacin da ya kamata a sauya shi saboda wata gobara da ta mamaye ofisoshinta. Gwamnatin NDC ta ƙi motsawa zuwa wurin taron bayan ta hau mulki a shekara ta 2009 lura da cewa wasu ayyukan a cikin mazaunin ba a kammala su ba. Gwamnatin Shugaba Atta Mills kuma ta lura cewa Ofishin Tsaro na Tsaro na Kasa (BNI) na son tabbatar da cewa an inganta tsaro a wurin kafin gwamnati ta shigo. John Atta-Mills ne ya canza sunan zuwa Flagstaff House ta yunƙurin da mutane da yawa ke gani don rufe mahaɗinsa zuwa bikin cika shekaru 50 da Ghana a ƙarƙashin Sabuwar rioungiyar Patriotic. A ranar 7 ga watan Fabrairun 2013, daga ƙarshe aka ƙaura da ofishin fadar shugaban ƙasa zuwa Flagstaff House.

Sunan ya koma gidan Jubilee.

Sufuri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jirgi samfurin Dassault Falcon 900 EX na Shugaban Ghana

Sabis ɗin jigilar ƙasa na Shugaban ƙasar Ghana sune:

  • Limousines
    • Rolls-Royce Phantom Coupé (ciki har da Ghosts)
    • Mercedes-Benz S-Class
    • Maybach
  • Rakiyan motoci
    • Bentley
    • Maserati
    • Cadillac Escalade
  • Rakiyar girmamawa (babura)
    • BMW

Sabis ɗin jigilar sama na shugaban ƙasar Ghana sune:

  • Jirgin sama don tafiya mai nisa
    • Dassault Falcon 900 (dogon zango) – babba jirgin sama na jet
    • Embraer Jet 190 (dogon zango)
  • Jirage masu saukar ungulu
    • Mil Mi-17

Jirgin saman shugaban yana amfani da tsarin launi kamar tutar Ghana a cikin ratsi, banda amfani da rigar makamai ta Ghana akan masarauta maimakon tutar Ghana.

A cikin Oktoba 2012 an samo jirgin sama a cikin gidan Golden Jubilee. A cewar Babban Jami'in Hukumar Kula da Kadarorin Gidan na Golden Jubilee ya sayi jirgin sama samfurin Embraer 190 ga shugaban kasa kan cedis miliyan 105 (kwatankwacin dalar Amurka miliyan 55). Wurin da jirgin saman da aka shirya zai kasance a cikin Gidan Shugaban kasar Ghana na 'Peduase Lodge'.

Zababben shugaban kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Zababben shugaban kasar Ghana shine wanda ya lashe zaben, kamar yadda shugaban hukumar zaben kasar ta Ghana ya tabbatar, biyo bayan babban zaben da aka gudanar a ranar 7 ga watan Disamba.

A tsakanin lokacin zaben shugaban kasa da rantsar da shi, shugaban mai barin gado ya kasance gurguwa, yayin da shugaban mai zuwa zai jagoranci tawagar masu sauya shekar don tabbatar da mika mulki yadda ya kamata. Idan shugaba mai ci ya sake cin zabe, ba za a ambaci shugaba mai ci a matsayin zababben shugaban kasa tunda shi ko ita tana kan karagar mulki kuma ba ya jiran zama shugaban kasa. Hakanan, idan mataimakin shugaban kasa ya yi nasarar zuwa fadar shugaban kasa ta hanyar mutuwar shugaban, murabus ko cire shi (ta hanyar tsige shi) daga mukaminsa, wannan mutumin ba zai taba rike mukamin zababben Shugaban kasa ba, kamar yadda za su zama shugaban kasa kai tsaye. Shugaban da aka zaba na baya-bayan nan shi ne tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Nana Akufo-Addo na New Patriotic Party, wanda ya ci zaben shugaban kasa a ranar 9 ga Disambar 2016.

Mataimakin shugaban kasa – zababben dan kasar Ghana shine abokin takarar dan takarar shugaban kasa wanda ya lashe zabe. Farkon wanda aka kafa bayan an amince da Tsarin Mulki na 3 na Ghana, wanda ya fara rike mukamin shine Joseph W.S. deGraft-Johnson. Mataimakin shugaban kasar na yanzu - Mahamudu Bawumia. Har zuwa lokacin da aka kafa Jamhuriya ta 3 ta Ghana, matsayin Mataimakin Shugaban kasa bai kasance ba.

Firayim Minista Kwame Nkrumah ya zama dan Ghana na farko da aka zaba a matsayin Shugaban Jamhuriyar Ghana. Shugaba Limann na riƙe da tarihin kasancewa mafi tsayi lokacin miƙa mulki daga zaɓaɓɓen shugaban ƙasa zuwa shugaban ƙasa. Lokacin mika mulki nasa ya kwashe kwanaki 78. Shugaba Rawlings kafin zaben shugaban kasa a 1992, ya riga ya zama shugaban kasar Ghana. Ya kasance shugaban Provisional National Defence Council. Saboda Ghana ta amince da sabon kundin tsarin mulki a shekarar 1992, matsayin shugaban Jamhuriya babu kowa. Shugaba John Kufuor da Shugaba John Atta Mills duk suna rike da tarihin samun mafi kankantar lokacin miƙa mulki daga zaɓaɓɓen shugaban ƙasa zuwa shugaban ƙasa tare da duk lokacin miƙa mulki na tsawon kwanaki 10 ne kawai. Wannan duka shuwagabannin biyu suna buƙatar yin zaɓe zagaye na biyu (2000, 2008) don cin zaɓen shugaban ƙasa.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]