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Tamanrasset

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

An kafa Tamanrasset tun asali a matsayin sansanin soja don kiyaye hanyoyin kasuwanci da ke wucewa da Sahara. Kewaye da sahara bakarara,tsananin zafi sama da 47 °C (117 °F)an yi rikodin a nan. Tamanrasset yana a wani yanki mai ban sha'awa inda,duk da mawuyacin yanayi,ana shuka 'ya'yan itatuwa citrus, apricots,dabino,almonds,hatsi,masara,da ɓaure.Abzinawa sun kasance manyan mazauna garin a da.Tamanrasset wuri ne na yawon buɗe ido a cikin watanni masu sanyi.Ana kuma jawo baƙi zuwa gidan tarihi na Hoggar,wanda ke ba da nune-nune da yawa da ke nuna rayuwar Abzinawa da al'adu.

Filin jirgin saman Tamanrasset da babbar hanyar Trans-Sahara ke aiki da garin.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tamanrasset ta samo asali ne a matsayin cibiyar hanyar sadarwar ayarin raƙuma daga Kano,Tafkin Chadi,Gao,Agades da Zinder.[1]Lokacin da Aljeriya ke karkashin mulkin Faransa an kafa garin a matsayin gidan soja,wanda asalinsa sunansa Fort Laperrine,bayan Janar François-Henry Laperrine[2]wanda ya mutu a cikin jeji a kusa.

An harbe limamin Katolika Charles de Foucauld har lahira a wajen gidansa na Tamanrasset ta Sermi ag Thora karkashin jagorancin El Madani ag Soba a ranar 1 ga Disamba 1916.[3]

A ranar 13 ga Fabrairun 1960,a lokacin yakin Aljeriya,Gerboise Bleue-gwajin makamin nukiliya na Faransa na farko-ya tashi a tsakiyar Saharar Aljeriya,mai kimanin 800. km zuwa arewa maso yamma na Tamanrasset.

A ranar 1 ga Mayu,1962,kusa da Ecker, 150 kilomita arewa da Tamanrasset,an yi wani bugu da ƙari na gwajin makamin nukiliya na ƙasar Faransa.Saboda rashin hatimin ramin da bai dace ba,wani gagarumin harshen wuta ya fashe ta cikin simintin simintin da iskar gas na rediyo da ƙura ta hura cikin sararin samaniya. Tumbun ya haura har zuwa mita 2600 kuma an gano radiation a nisan ɗaruruwan kilomita.Kimanin sojoji da jami'an kasar Faransa dari ne,ciki har da ministoci biyu,aka yi wa wuta.Ba a san adadin mutanen Algeria da suka gurbace ba.

A shekarar 2003 jirgin Air Algérie mai lamba 6289 ya fado a cikin birnin.

A cikin 2010,garin oasis ya kasance wurin da hedkwatar kwamitin hadin gwiwa na soja don yakar Al-Qaeda a Magrib . Kwamitin kasashe hudu(Algeria,Mali, Niger,Mauritania)na da niyyar yin amfani da Tamanrasset wajen daidaita ayyukan soji a yankin Pan-Sahel.

Yanayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tamanrasset yana da yanayin hamada mai zafi(Köppen weather classification BWh ),tare da lokacin zafi sosai(wanda aka daidaita shi ta hanyar hawansa)da lokacin sanyi.Ana samun ruwan sama kaɗan a duk shekara,kodayake ruwan sama na lokaci-lokaci yana faɗowa a ƙarshen lokacin rani daga faɗaɗa arewa na Yankin Maɗaukakiyar Rana.

Climate data for {{{location}}}
Watan Janairu Fabrairu Maris Afrilu Mayu Yuni Yuli Ogusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba Disamba Shekara
[Ana bukatan hujja]

Ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kashi 4.3% na al'ummar kasar suna da manyan makarantu,wasu 14.1% kuma sun kammala karatun sakandare.Yawan karatun karatu ya kai kashi 69.8%,kuma shine kashi 78.4% a tsakanin maza da kashi 60.8% a tsakanin mata.

Yankuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyar ta ƙunshi yankuna 14:  

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. John Gunther, "Inside Africa" Hamish Hamilton, page132
  2. fr:François-Henry Laperrine
  3. Fleming, Fergus. The Sword and the Cross: Two Men and an Empire of Sand. New York: Grove Press, 2003.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]