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Tindouf

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Tindouf
تندوف (ar)
ⵜⵉⵏⴷⵓⴼ (zgh)


Wuri
Map
 27°40′31″N 8°07′43″W / 27.6753°N 8.1286°W / 27.6753; -8.1286
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaAljeriya
Province of Algeria (en) FassaraTindouf Province (en) Fassara
District of Algeria (en) FassaraTindouf District (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 45,610 (2008)
• Yawan mutane 0.65 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 70,009 km²
Altitude (en) Fassara 400 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1852
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 37000
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
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Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tindouf a 1880.

An gina garin Tindouf kusa da wani yanki mai keɓe na Sahara a cikin 1852 da 'yan kabilar Tajakant suka yi,amma Reguibat, wata kabilar Sahrawi ta kore su tare da lalata su a 1895,kuma an kori kabilar Tajakant daga yankin.Ya kasance babu kowa har sai da sojojin Faransa suka isa yankin a 1934.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>Tun bayan kai na Aljeriya a cikin 1962,an gina garin da gangan,wani bangare saboda mahimmancin sa a matsayin mashigar karshe a gaban iyakokin Moroccan, Sahrawi da Mauritaniya.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

A shekara ta 1963,yankin ya kasance wurin da ake gwabza fada tsakanin sojojin Aljeriya da na Morocco da ke da'awar yammacin Aljeriya,a lokacin yakin Sand.Tun daga wannan lokacin ne yankin ya kasance da karfin soji,wanda ya kara dacewar sa.Tun daga tsakiyar shekarun 70s,yankin Tindouf ya kasance tushen kungiyar Polisario Front,wata kungiyar kishin kasa ta Sahrawi dake fafutukar kwato 'yancin kai na yammacin Sahara. Kungiyar Polisario tana da hedikwata ne a sansanonin 'yan gudun hijira masu cin gashin kansu a kudancin birnin.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link> wanda ya cika yayin da sojojin Morocco da Mauritaniya suka mamaye Yammacin Sahara a 1975.A cikin shekarun yaki na 1975-1990, sojojin Polisario sun kai hari a yammacin Sahara, Mauritania(har zuwa 1979)da kudancin Maroko(ciki har da yankin Tata ),suna amfani da yankin Tindouf a matsayin yanki na baya tare da kariya da goyon bayan Aljeriya.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>Tun daga 1990 yankin ya kasance shiru, kodayake al'ummar 'yan gudun hijirar da zama a Aljeriya,ana jiran shirin zaman lafiya da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta dauki nauyin gudanar da zaben raba gardama kan 'yancin kai.(Duba Minurso.)

Alkaluma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tindouf yana da yawan jama'a 47,965 (kimanin 2010),[1]ko da yake wannan adadi yana da alamar tambaya,idan aka yi la'akari da cewa ainihin adadin lamari ne mai mahimmanci saboda 'yan gudun hijirar Sahrawi,waɗanda aka cire daga kiyasin.

Shekara Yawan jama'a (ban da sansanonin 'yan gudun hijira na Sahrawi)
1977 (Kidaya) 6,044
1987 (Kidayar jama'a) 13,084
1998 (Kidaya) 32,004
2008 (Kidaya) [2] 45,966
2010 (Kimanta) 47,965–59,898

Yanayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tindouf yana da yanayin hamada mai zafi (Köppen weather classification BWh),tare da lokacin zafi mai tsananin zafi da lokacin sanyi sosai.Ana samun ruwan sama kaɗan a mafi yawan shekara, gabaɗaya yana mai da hankali a cikin Fabrairu kuma -wanda ke da alaƙa da damina ta yammacin Afirka-a watan Satumba-Oktoba.Lamarin da ba a cika samun ruwan sama ba zai iya afkawa yankin,kamar a watan Fabrairun 2006 ko Oktoba 2015.[3]Yanayin zafi na rana yawanci yana kusan 45 °C (113 °F)tare da hasken rana,yayin da yanayin sanyi na dare na iya raguwa zuwa 5 °C (41 °F)ko ƙasa da haka.A ranar 31 ga Yuli 2023, matsakaicin zafin jiki na 48.9 °C (120.0 °F) an yi rajista a Tindouf. Ya

Climate data for {{{location}}}
Watan Janairu Fabrairu Maris Afrilu Mayu Yuni Yuli Ogusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba Disamba Shekara
[Ana bukatan hujja]

Sufuri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Filin jirgin sama na Commandant Ferradj yana arewacin Tindouf.Babban titin N50 na kasa ya hada Tindouf zuwa filin jirgin sama da kuma sauran matsugunan Aljeriya zuwa arewa.

Ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kashi 6.1% na al'ummar kasar suna da manyan makarantu,wasu kuma 18.8% sun kammala karatun sakandare.Adadin karatu gabaɗaya shine 75.0%,kuma shine 79.7% a tsakanin maza da 70.1% a tsakanin mata.

Yankuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyar ta ƙunshi yankuna biyar:

  • Tindouf-ville
  • Garet Djebilet
  • Auinet Bélagraa
  • Chenachène
  • Oum El Achar

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Tindouf travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Media related to Tindouf at Wikimedia Commons