Yammacin Sahara

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Globe icon.svgYammacin Sahara
الصحراء الغربية (ar)
Western Sahara sat.png

Wuri
Location Western Sahara AU Africa.svg
 25°N 13°W / 25°N 13°W / 25; -13
Territory claimed by (en) Fassara Moroko da Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (en) Fassara
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 582,000 (2019)
• Yawan mutane 2.19 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Arewacin Afirka
Yawan fili 266,000 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Tekun Atalanta
Altitude (en) Fassara 237 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Ikonomi
Kuɗi Moroccan dirham (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +212
Lambar ƙasa EH

Yammacin Sahara (Larabci: الصحراء الغربية ; Amazigh : Tanẓṛuft Tutrimt ; Spanish ) yanki ne a Afirka. Daga arewa yayi iyaka ds Marokko, daga gabas sai Algeria, daga kudu kuma Mauritania ne, daga yamma kuma akwai Tekun Atlantika . Yanayin sa ya 266,000 square kilometres (103,000 sq mi) . Yankin yana ɗaya daga cikin yankuna da basu da yawa a duniya . Yawancin yankuna suna a daga filayen hamada. Babban birni shine Laâyoune . Fiye da rabin yawan jama'ar suna zaune a can. Yankin yana da yawan jama'a kimanin 500,000.

Yammacin Sahara ya kasance a jerin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na yankunan da ba sa cin gashin kansu tun daga 1960s lokacin da take karkashin mulkin mallakar Sifen. [1] Masarautar Morocco da kungiyar 'yanci ta Polisario Front ' yanci, tare da gwamnatin Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), dukkansu suna son mallakar yankin.

Tun daga 1975, yawancin ƙasar tana ƙarƙashin ikon Maroko. A cikin 1973, mutanen yankin, Sahrawis, sun ce 'yan Maroko da Mauritaniya suna mamaye ƙasarsu kuma sun fara motsi. Wannan motsi ya zama rikici, kuma Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta kulla yarjejeniyar tsagaita wuta a 1991. Yawancin Sahrawis sun zama 'yan gudun hijira a Aljeriya. Sauran Yammacin Sahara yana ƙarƙashin ikon Polisario / SADR, tare da goyon bayan Algeria . [2] Yawancin ƙasashe masu mahimmanci sun matsawa ɓangarorin biyu su amince da sasantawa cikin lumana. Dukkanin kasashen Morocco da Polisario sun yi kokarin neman amincewa daga wasu kasashe. Polisario ta sami lambar yabo ga SADR daga jihohi 81, kuma an tsawaita zama memba a Tarayyar Afirka, yayin da Maroko ta samu karbuwa saboda matsayinta daga Kungiyar Kasashen Larabawa . [3] [4] A kowane yanayi, an tsawaita fahimta a cikin shekaru ashirin da suka gabata kuma an cire shi bisa laákari da canjin yanayin duniya.

Wasu kasashe suna cewa ya kamata Jamhuriyar dimokiradiyyar Arab ta Sahrawi ta zama gwamnati a Yammacin Sahara. Maroko ta ce sun mallake ta. Jamhuriyar Dimokiradiyyar Arab ta Sahrawi ta kasance "kungiyar Polisario Front" wasu gungun mutane wadanda suke son Spain ta tafi, amma yanzu suna son Maroko ita ma ta tafi.

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta kira duk Yammacin Sahara dogaro da Spain . [5]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Whitfield, Teresa. Friends Indeed?: The United Nations, Groups of Friends, and the Resolution of Conflict. 2007, page 191.
  2. Baehr, Peter R. The United Nations at the End of the 1990s. 1999, page 129.
  3. Arab League supports Morocco's Territorial Integrity Error in Webarchive template: Empty url., Arabic News, Morocco-Regional, Politics, January 8, 1999. Retrieved August 24, 2006.
  4. Arab League Withdraws Inaccurate Moroccan maps Error in Webarchive template: Empty url., Arabic News, Regional-Morocco, Politics, December 17, 1998. Retrieved August 24, 2006.
  5. UN General Assembly Resolution 34/37 and UN General Assembly Resolution 35/19