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UEFA Champions League

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UEFA Champions League
international association football clubs cup (en) Fassara da sports league (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Farawa 1955
Wasa ƙwallon ƙafa
Take UEFA Champions League Anthem (en) Fassara
Mai-tsarawa UEFA (en) Fassara
Shafin yanar gizo uefa.com…
Month of the year (en) Fassara Yuni

Gasar Zakarun Turai ta UEFA (wanda aka fi sani da UEFA Champions League, wanda aka taƙaita a matsayin UCL, ko kuma wani lokacin, UEFA CL) gasa ce ta shekara-shekara ta Ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa ta ƙungiyar ƙwararrun ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru ta Turai, suna yanke shawarar masu cin nasara ta hanyar zagaye na rukuni don samun cancanta ga tsarin ƙwararrun ƙafa biyu, da ƙwararrun kafa ɗaya.[1] Ita ce gasar kulob din da aka fi kallo a duniya kuma ta uku da aka fi kallon gasar kwallon kafa gabaɗaya, bayan gasar zakarun Turai ta UEFA da gasar cin Kofin Duniya na FIFA. Yana daya daga cikin manyan wasannin kwallon kafa a duniya kuma babbar gasa ce a gasar kwallon kafa ta Turai, wacce 'yan wasan kwallon kafa na kasa suka buga (kuma, ga wasu kasashe, daya ko fiye da masu tseren) na kungiyoyinsu na kasa.[2]

An gabatar da shi a shekarar 1955 a matsayin Coupe des Clubs Champions Européens (Faransanci don Coupe des Clubs Champions Européens), kuma an fi sani da Kofin Turai, da farko gasar cin kofin kai tsaye ce da ke buɗewa kawai ga zakarun Turai na cikin gida, tare da wanda ya ci nasara an lasafta shi a matsayin zakaran kulob din Turai. Gasar ta ɗauki sunan ta na yanzu a cikin 1992, ta ƙara wani mataki na rukuni a cikin 1991 kuma ta ba da damar masu shiga da yawa daga wasu ƙasashe tun lokacin 1997-98. Tun daga wannan lokacin an kara fadada shi kuma, yayin da yawancin wasannin Turai na kasa zasu iya shiga gasar zakarunsu kawai, wasannin da suka fi karfi yanzu suna samar da kungiyoyi hudu. Kungiyoyin da suka gama gaba a layi a gasar zakarun kasa, ba tare da sun cancanci gasar zakaruna ba, sun cancance shiga gasar UEFA Europa League ta biyu, kuma tun daga 2021, don gasar UEFA Europa Conference ta uku.[3]

A cikin tsarin da yake yanzu, gasar zakarun Turai ta fara ne a ƙarshen Yuni tare da zagaye na farko, zagaye uku na cancanta da zagaye, duk an buga su a kan kafafu biyu. Kungiyoyin shida da suka tsira sun shiga matakin rukuni, sun shiga kungiyoyi 26 da suka cancanci a gaba. Kungiyoyin 32 an zana su cikin rukuni takwas na ƙungiyoyi huɗu kuma suna wasa da juna a cikin Tsarin zagaye biyu. Wadanda suka lashe gasar rukuni takwas da kuma wadanda suka ci gaba da cin nasara guda takwas sun ci gaba zuwa matakin knockout wanda ya ƙare da wasan karshe a ƙarshen Mayu ko farkon Yuni. Wanda ya lashe gasar zakarun Turai ta atomatik ya cancanci gasar zakarurorin Turai ta shekara mai zuwa, gasar cin kofin UEFA Super Cup, da kuma gasar cin Kofin Duniya na FIFA.

Kungiyoyin Mutanen Espanya suna da mafi yawan nasarori (19 wins), sannan Ingila (15 wins) da Italiya (12 wins). Ingila tana da mafi yawan kungiyoyin da suka lashe, tare da kungiyoyi shida da suka lashe taken. Kungiyoyi 23 ne suka lashe gasar, 13 daga cikinsu sun lashe ta fiye da sau ɗaya, kuma takwas sun sami nasarar kare sunayensu. Real Madrid ita ce kulob din da ta fi cin nasara a tarihin gasar, bayan ta lashe ta sau 14, kuma ita ce kawai kulob din ta lashe ta ta sau biyar a jere (bugawa biyar na farko) da kuma biyar daga cikin goma da suka gabata. Kungiyar daya ce kawai ta lashe dukkan wasanninsu a gasar daya a kan hanyar zuwa nasarar gasar: Bayern Munich a kakar 2019-20. Manchester City ita ce zakarun Turai na yanzu, bayan da ta doke Inter Milan 1-0 a wasan karshe na 2023 don taken farko.

Samfuri:Incomplete Samfuri:Main

See also: List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League finals
Winners
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
Season Winners
European Cup
1955–56 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid
1956–57 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (2)
1957–58 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (3)
1958–59 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (4)
1959–60 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (5)
1960–61 Samfuri:Fbaicon Benfica
1961–62 Samfuri:Fbaicon Benfica (2)
1962–63 Samfuri:Fbaicon Milan
1963–64 Samfuri:Fbaicon Inter Milan
1964–65 Samfuri:Fbaicon Inter Milan (2)
1965–66 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (6)
1966–67 Samfuri:Fbaicon Celtic
1967–68 Samfuri:Fbaicon Manchester United
1968–69 Samfuri:Fbaicon Milan (2)
1969–70 Samfuri:Fbaicon Feyenoord
1970–71 Samfuri:Fbaicon Ajax
1971–72 Samfuri:Fbaicon Ajax (2)
1972–73 Samfuri:Fbaicon Ajax (3)
1973–74 Samfuri:Fbaicon Bayern Munich
1974–75 Samfuri:Fbaicon Bayern Munich (2)
1975–76 Samfuri:Fbaicon Bayern Munich (3)
1976–77 Samfuri:Fbaicon Liverpool
1977–78 Samfuri:Fbaicon Liverpool (2)
1978–79 Samfuri:Fbaicon Nottingham Forest
1979–80 Samfuri:Fbaicon Nottingham Forest (2)
1980–81 Samfuri:Fbaicon Liverpool (3)
1981–82 Samfuri:Fbaicon Aston Villa
1982–83 Samfuri:Fbaicon Hamburger SV
1983–84 Samfuri:Fbaicon Liverpool (4)
1984–85 Samfuri:Fbaicon Juventus
1985–86 Samfuri:Fbaicon Steaua București
1986–87 Samfuri:Fbaicon Porto
1987–88 Samfuri:Fbaicon PSV Eindhoven
1988–89 Samfuri:Fbaicon Milan (3)
1989–90 Samfuri:Fbaicon Milan (4)
1990–91 Samfuri:Fbaicon Red Star Belgrade
1991–92 Samfuri:Fbaicon Barcelona
UEFA Champions League
1992–93 Samfuri:Fbaicon Marseille
1993–94 Samfuri:Fbaicon Milan (5)
1994–95 Samfuri:Fbaicon Ajax (4)
1995–96 Samfuri:Fbaicon Juventus (2)
1996–97 Samfuri:Fbaicon Borussia Dortmund
1997–98 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (7)
1998–99 Samfuri:Fbaicon Manchester United (2)
1999–2000 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (8)
2000–01 Samfuri:Fbaicon Bayern Munich (4)
2001–02 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (9)
2002–03 Samfuri:Fbaicon Milan (6)
2003–04 Samfuri:Fbaicon Porto (2)
2004–05 Samfuri:Fbaicon Liverpool (5)
2005–06 Samfuri:Fbaicon Barcelona (2)
2006–07 Samfuri:Fbaicon Milan (7)
2007–08 Samfuri:Fbaicon Manchester United (3)
2008–09 Samfuri:Fbaicon Barcelona (3)
2009–10 Samfuri:Fbaicon Inter Milan (3)
2010–11 Samfuri:Fbaicon Barcelona (4)
2011–12 Samfuri:Fbaicon Chelsea
2012–13 Samfuri:Fbaicon Bayern Munich (5)
2013–14 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (10)
2014–15 Samfuri:Fbaicon Barcelona (5)
2015–16 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (11)
2016–17 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (12)
2017–18 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (13)
2018–19 Samfuri:Fbaicon Liverpool (6)
2019–20 Samfuri:Fbaicon Bayern Munich (6)
2020–21 Samfuri:Fbaicon Chelsea (2)
2021–22 Samfuri:Fbaicon Real Madrid (14)
2022–23 Samfuri:Fbaicon Manchester City

Samfuri:Needs expansion Lokaci na farko da zakarun Turai biyu suka hadu shi ne a cikin abin da ake kira Gasar Cin Kofin Zuciya ta 1895, lokacin da zakarar Ingila Sunderland ta doke zakarun Scotland Hearts 5-3. Gasar farko ta Turai ita ce Kofin Gwagwarmaya, gasa tsakanin kungiyoyi a Daular Austro-Hungary. Shekaru uku bayan haka, a cikin 1900, zakarun Belgium, Netherlands da Switzerland, waɗanda su ne kawai wasannin da ke cikin nahiyar Turai a lokacin, sun shiga cikin Coupe Van der Straeten Ponthoz, don haka jaridu na cikin gida sun kira su "zakarun kulob din nahiyar".

Kofin Mitropa, gasar da aka tsara bayan Kofin Gwagwarmaya, an kirkireshi ne a 1927, ra'ayin Austrian Hugo Meisl, kuma ya buga tsakanin kungiyoyin Turai ta Tsakiya. A cikin 1930, Coupe des Nations (French: Nations Cup Kofin Kasashe), ƙoƙari na farko na ƙirƙirar kofin ga kungiyoyin zakarun Turai, an buga shi kuma an shirya shi ne ta kulob din Servette na Switzerland. An gudanar da shi a Geneva, ya haɗu da zakara goma daga ko'ina cikin nahiyar. Újpest na Hungary ne ya lashe gasar.[2] Al'ummomin Latin Turai sun haɗu don kafa Kofin Latin a shekara ta 1949.

Bayan karbar rahotanni daga 'yan jaridarsa game da nasarar da ta samu a Gasar Zakarun Kudancin Amurka ta 1948, Gabriel Hanot, editan L'Équipe, ya fara ba da shawarar kirkirar gasar cin kofin nahiyar. A cikin tambayoyin, Jacques Ferran (daya daga cikin wadanda suka kafa Kofin Zakarun Turai, tare da Gabriel Hanot), ya ce gasar zakarun Kudancin Amurka ita ce wahayi zuwa gasar zakarar Turai. Bayan Stan Cullis ya ayyana Wolverhampton Wanderers "Champions of the World" bayan nasarar da aka samu a wasannin sada zumunci a cikin shekarun 1950, musamman Budapest Honvéd FC">nasarar sada zumunci 3-2 a kan Budapest Honvéd, Hanot a ƙarshe ya sami nasarar shawo kan UEFA don aiwatar da irin wannan gasa. An haife shi a birnin Paris a shekarar 1955 a matsayin Kofin Kungiyoyin Zakarun Turai.

Kofin Turai na farko ya faru ne a lokacin kakar 1955-56. Kungiyoyi goma sha shida sun halarci (wasu ta hanyar gayyata): AC Milan (Italiya), AGF Aarhus (Denmark), Anderlecht (Belgium), Djurgården (Sweden), Gwardia Warszawa (Poland), Hibernian (Scotland), Partizan (Yugoslavia), PSV Eindhoven (Netherlands), Rapid Wien (Austria), Real Madrid (Spain), Rot-Weiss Essen (West Germany), Saar" id="mwAp8" rel="mw:WikiLink" title="1. FC Saarbrücken">Saarbrücken (Saar), Servette (Switzerland), Sporting CP (Portugal), Reims Lobog (Faransa) [1] da Vör).[2]

  1. García, Javier; Kutschera, Ambrosius; Schöggl, Hans; Stokkermans, Karel (2009). "Austria/Habsburg Monarchy – Challenge Cup 1897–1911". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
  2. "Coupe Van der Straeten Ponthoz". RSSSF. 10 February 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  3. "Coupe Van der Straeten Ponthoz". RSSSF. 10 February 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.