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Yanayin ƙasa na Sao Tomé da Principe

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Yanayin ƙasa na Sao Tomé da Principe
geography of geographic location (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Yanayin Afirka
Bangare na Afirka
Facet of (en) Fassara Sao Tome da Prinsipe
Ƙasa Sao Tome da Prinsipe
Rukunin da yake danganta Category:São Tomé and Príncipe geography-related lists (en) Fassara da Category:Lists of landforms of São Tomé and Príncipe (en) Fassara
Wuri
Map
 1°N 7°E / 1°N 7°E / 1; 7

São Tomé da Principe sun kasance ɗaya daga cikin ƙananan ƙasashe a Afirka, tare da 209 kilometres (130 mi) na bakin teku. Dukansu wani yanki ne na wani tsaunukan da ba a taɓa gani ba, wanda kuma ya haɗa da tsibirin Bioko da ke Equatorial Guinea zuwa arewa maso gabas da tsaunin Kamaru a gaɓar tekun gabas. Sao Tomé yana da 50 kilometres (30 mi) tsawo da 30 kilometres (20 mi) fadi kuma mafi tsaunuka na tsibiran biyu.[1] Kololuwar sa ya kai 2,024 metres (6,640 ft) - Pico de Sao Tomé . Principe yana kusan 30 kilometres (19 mi) tsawo da 6 kilometres (4 mi) fadi, yana mai da shi ƙarami na biyun. Matsakaicinsa ya kai 948 metres (3,110 ft) - Pico de Principe . Wannan ya sa jimillar fadin ƙasar 1,001 square kilometres (386 sq mi) , kusan girman girman Washington, DC Ninki biyar tsibiran biyu suna hayewa ta ƙoramai masu sauri da ke haskaka duwatsu ta cikin dazuzzukan dazuzzuka zuwa teku. Duk tsibiran biyu a nesa na 150 square kilometres (60 sq mi) . Equator yana nan da nan kudu da tsibirin São Tomé, yana wucewa ta tsibirin Ilhéu das Rolas.[2] Pico Cão Grande (Great Dog Peak) babban dutsen filogi ne, wanda yake a0°7′0″N 6°34′00″E / 0.11667°N 6.56667°E / 0.11667; 6.56667 a kudancin Sao Tomé. Yana tashi sosai sama da 300 metres (1,000 ft) sama da kewayen ƙasa kuma taron shi ne 663 metres (2,175 ft) sama da matakin teku.

Yanayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yanayin bakin teku akan Sao Tomé.

A matakin teku, yanayin yana da zafi — zafi da zafi tare da matsakaicin yanayin zafi na shekara kusan 27 °C (80.6 °F) da ɗan bambancin yau da kullum. A cikin mafi tsayin daka, matsakaicin zafin jiki na shekara shi ne 20 °C (68 °F), kuma dare yana da sanyi. Ruwan sama na shekara ya bambanta daga 5,000 millimetres (196.9 in) a kan gangaren kudu maso yamma zuwa 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) a cikin yankunan arewaci. Lokacin damina yana gudana daga watan Oktoba zuwa watan Mayu.[3]

Canjin yanayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Anomaly zazzabi na shekara a cikin Sao Tomé and Principe, 1901 zuwa 2020.

Rayuwar daji[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Waterfalls kusa da Ponta Figo, Sao Tomé da Principe

Tsibirin biyu sune tsibiran dazuzzuka na asali wanda koyaushe ya rabu da yankin Afirka ta Tsakiya sabili da haka akwai ƙarancin bambancin jinsin halitta, an taƙaita wa waɗanda suka sami nasarar ƙetare tekun zuwa tsibirin. Duk da haka matakin endemism yana da girma tare da yawancin nau'ikan da ke faruwa a duniya ba wani wuri ba.[4]


Kididdiga[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Da'awar Maritime:

  • An auna daga tushen tushen tsibiri
  • Yankin tattalin arziki na musamman: 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
  • Yankin teku: 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
Yanayi
Na wurare masu zafi; zafi, m; lokacin damina daya (Oktoba zuwa Mayu)
Kasa
Volcanic, dutse
Matsakaicin tsayi
  • Mafi ƙasƙanci: Tekun Atlantika 0 metres (0 ft)
albarkatun kasa
Kifi, wutar lantarki :
Muhalli — al'amurran yau da kullum
sare itatuwa; zaizayar kasa da gajiya
Muhalli - yarjejeniyoyin duniya
  • Jam'iyya zuwa: Ra'ayin Halitta, Canjin Yanayi, Hamada, Gyaran Muhalli, Dokar Teku, Gurbacewar Jirgin ruwa
  • Sa hannu, amma ba a tabbatar da shi ba: Babu ɗayan yarjejeniyar da aka zaɓa

Matsanancin maki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Pico Cão Grande .

Wannan jerin matsananciyar maki ne na São Tomé da Principe, wuraren da ke da nisa arewa, kudu, gabas ko yamma fiye da kowane wuri.

  • Matsakaicin Arewa - ƙasa mara suna akan Ilhéu Bom Bom
  • Gabashin gabas - Ponta Capitão, Principe
  • Madaidaicin kudu - ƙasa mara suna akan Ilhéu das Rolas
  • Yankin Yammacin Turai - Ponta Azeitona

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Chou, Sin Chan; de Arruda Lyra, André; Gomes, Jorge Luís; Rodriguez, Daniel Andrés; Alves Martins, Minella; Costa Resende, Nicole; da Silva Tavares, Priscila; Pereira Dereczynski, Claudine; Lopes Pilotto, Isabel; Martins, Alessandro Marques; Alves de Carvalho, Luís Felipe; Lima Onofre, José Luiz; Major, Idalécio; Penhor, Manuel; Santana, Adérito (2020-05-01). "Downscaling projections of climate change in Sao Tome and Principe Islands, Africa". Climate Dynamics (in Turanci). 54 (9): 4021–4042. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05212-7. ISSN 1432-0894. S2CID 215731771.
  2. "Klimatafel von Sao Tomé (Flugh.) / Sao Tomé und Principe" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in Jamusanci). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  3. Costa Resende Ferreira, Nicole; Martins, Minella; da Silva Tavares, Priscila; Chan Chou, Sin; Monteiro, Armando; Gomes, Ludmila; Santana, Adérito (2021-02-11). "Assessment of crop risk due to climate change in Sao Tome and Principe". Regional Environmental Change (in Turanci). 21 (1): 22. doi:10.1007/s10113-021-01746-6. ISSN 1436-378X. S2CID 231886512 Check |s2cid= value (help).
  4. "São Tomé and Príncipe develops National Adaptation Plan for climate change | Global Adaptation Network (GAN)". www.unep.org. Retrieved 2022-08-18.