Jump to content

Yusuf Ismail

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Yusuf Ismail
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Shumen (en) Fassara, 1857
ƙasa Daular Usmaniyya
Mutuwa Tekun Atalanta, 4 ga Yuli, 1898
Yanayin mutuwa accidental death (en) Fassara (Nutsewa)
Karatu
Harsuna Ottoman Turkish (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a professional wrestler (en) Fassara

Yusuf İsmail (1857 - Yuli 4, 1898), wanda kuma aka fi sani da Youssouf Ismaelo, ƙwararre ne ɗan ƙasar Turkiyya wanda ya yi takara a Turai da Amurka a matsayin Yusuf Ismail Mummunan Turk a shekarun 1890. A lokacin rayuwarsa, Turkawa na asali sun san shi da Şumnulu Yusuf Pehlivan . Duk da haka, marubuci Rıza Tevfik bayan mutuwarsa ya ba shi lambar girma ta Koca ("Babban"), kuma ta haka ne daga baya aka tuna da shi Koca Yusuf .

An san shi don tsabar girmansa da jajircewar ƙarfinsa, an gane shi a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin manyan masu ƙarfi guda uku a duniya ta Alan Calvert, majagaba na horar da ma'aunin nauyi na Amurka, da mai ɗaukar hoto Edmond Desbonnet a lokacin farko farkon ƙarni. Kafin zuwansa Amurka, ya kasance ba a ci nasara ba a kusan shekaru huɗu yana aiki kuma ya yi nasarar ƙalubalanci Evan "Strangler" Lewis a gasar cin kofin nauyi na Amurka a shekarar 1898. Yusuf Ismail shi ne ɗan kokawa na asali da aka fi sani da "Mummunan Turk", amma da yawa wasu, ciki har da Kızılcıklı Mahmut (wanda aka ci gaba da zama ɗansa) [1] da kuma Ba'amurke Ba'amurke Robert Manoogian, suma sun yi amfani da sunan a cikin rabin farko na 20.

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sana'ar farko da "Mamayar Turkiyya"[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Membobin "mamayen Turkiyya" (daga hagu zuwa dama): Kara Osman, Nurullah Hasan, mai tallata Faransa Joseph Doublier, da Yusuf Ismail

Ba a san komai ba game da farkon rayuwarsa kafin bayyanarsa ta farko a kokawa a 1894, duk da haka, a cewar masanin tarihin kokawa na Scotland, William Baxter, Yusuf Ismail an haife shi ne Youssuf Ismaelo a Bulgaria (sa'an nan na daular Ottoman ) a 1857 ga dangin musulmin Turkiyya. Ismail ya fara yin fice ne a lokacin da ya lashe gasar Kırkpınar a shekara ta 1887. Edmond Desbonnet ya yi iƙirari a cikin littafinsa Les Rois de la Lutte (1910) cewa farmakin Turkiyya ya fara ne a shekara ta 1894 bayan wani ɗan kokawa mai suna Joseph Doublier ya sha kaye a hannun abokin hamayyarsa, Sabès. Don neman wanda zai iya kayar da Sabès, Doublier ya ziyarci Turkiyya kuma ya dawo da 'yan kokawa uku: Kara Osman, Nurullah Hasan, da 6'2", Yusuf Ismail mai nauyin fam 250. Har ila yau Doublier ya kawo Katrancı Mehmet Pehlivan da Kurtdereli Mehmet Pehlivan zuwa Paris a wani lokaci kafin. A wasansa na farko a birnin Paris, Ismail ya doke Sabès cikin dakika hudu. Sabès ya yi ƙoƙari ya yi amfani da bel ɗin gaba, amma Ismail ya hakura da riƙon ya danne shi ta hanyar amfani da abin sha.[2]

Ismail ya shafe shekaru uku masu zuwa a Faransa, inda ya mamaye 'yan adawa. Mutum ne mai launi, kuma an san shi da tsananin girman kai. Lokacin da abokan hamayyarsu Antonio Pierri da Tom Cannon suka yi barazanar kawo dan kokawa don kayar da shi, Ismail ya ce zai yanke ma sa makogwaro idan har aka yi masa duka. Wasan da ya yi da wani dan kasar Turkiyya Ibrahim Mahmut, an ce ya kasance daya daga cikin " mummunan fadan da aka taba gani a kan tabarma " a Cirque d'Hiver a birnin Paris. Ismail ya fusata sosai a wasan har yaga hancin Mahmut ya karye hakarkarinsa ya murda hannunsa. Ko da yake alkalin wasa Tom Cannon ya yi yunkurin dakatar da wasan, sai da wani sifeton ‘yan sanda da jami’an ‘yan sanda shida tare da ‘yan kallo da dama suka iya raba biyun. Kara Osman tun da farko an shirya zai fuskanci Ismail amma ya kamu da rashin lafiya, Mahmut ya maye gurbinsa. A cewar wani jita-jita da dan wasan Faransa Joseph Doublier ya ji, a zahiri Osman ya janye daga wasan ne saboda ya ji tsoron ransa saboda bacin rai da ba a bayyana ba tsakanin Ismail da kansa.[2]

Yawon shakatawa na Amurka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Doublier ya ci gaba da sarrafa shi har zuwa 1898,[3] lokacin da Antonio Pierri ya kai shi New York. Taken mai gabatarwa William A. Brady, su biyun sun bayyana a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na London a New York, suna ba da $ 100 ga duk wanda zai iya zama a cikin zobe tare da shi na mintuna 15. George Bothner, sanannen ɗan kokawa mara nauyi, shine kaɗai ya karɓi ƙalubalen. Duk da cewa Ismail ya zarce da akalla fam 100, Bonner ya yi ikirarin cewa "babu wani mutum da zai iya dora shi a bayansa a cikin mintuna 15" kuma ya zargi Ismail da zama dan yaudara "kamar sauran wadanda ake kira ta'addanci". Duk da jajircewarsa, Ismail ya doke su kwanaki da dama kuma ya samu rauni a wuyansa a wasan. Ya kwatanta haduwarsu da shekaru bayan Nat Fleischer a cikin littafinsa From Milo zuwa Londos (1937): Ba a ci shi ba kafin zuwansa New York har sai da aka hana shi shiga wasa da zakaran najin na Greco-Roman na duniya Ernest Roeber a Madison Square Garden a ranar 26 ga Maris, 1898.[3] Ismail, wanda watakila da gangan ya yi wa kan sa fyade, ya sa jama’a suka ta da tarzoma a lokacin da ya fitar da Roeber daga zoben, wani dandali mai tsayi, ya sa shi ya fado da kan sa a kasa kafa biyar. Roeber ya kasance a sume na tsawon mintuna da dama, kuma da yawa a cikin taron sun yi imanin cewa an kashe shi, lamarin da ya sa 'yan kallo suka shiga cikin zoben. Wani karamin dan sanda mai gadi a karkashin shugaban ‘yan sanda John H. McCullagh ne ya iya hana jama’a shiga.

An sake farfado da Roeber bayan 'yan mintoci kaɗan kuma likitoci sun bincikar raunuka. Bayan ya sauka a kafadarsa, an sanar da cewa ya samu rauni a bayansa kuma aka yanke shawarar cewa ba zai iya ci gaba ba. Alkalin wasa Hugh Leonard ne ya baiwa Roeber wasan, kuma tare da kiraye-kirayen "Kill the Turk" da kuma barazanar kashe mutanen da suka halarta, 'yan sanda sun raka Ismail zuwa dakin sa na tufafi. Manajan Ismail, William Brady, ya yi tayin gudanar da wasan baje koli tsakanin Ismail da Tom Cannon, amma McCullagh ya ki barin taron ya ci gaba saboda damuwa da tarzoma.[4] An kwatanta wasan a cikin littafin 1907 Mai Sauya: Labarin Kwallon kafa ta marubucin wasanni Walter Camp .[5]

An sake fafatawa tsakanin Ismail da Roeber a Gidan Opera na Metropolitan a ranar 30 ga Afrilu. A yayin fafatawar, mutanen biyu sun fara wasan share fage, wanda ya sa manajojin su, William Brady da Martin Julian, shiga cikin zoben. Brady da Julian, wadanda su ma suka jagoranci zakaran damben ajin masu nauyi Jim Corbett da Bob Fitzsimmons, sun fara cece-kuce kan yadda ake tafiyar da mazajensu. Lokacin da Fitzsimmons ya yi yunkurin shiga tsakani, magoya bayansa da dama ne suka kutsa kai cikin zoben sannan alkalin wasa Herman Wolff ya ayyana wasan a matsayin babu gasa kafin taron ya sake kawo karshen tarzoma. Hukumar gudanarwar Opera House ta rufe wurin taron kokawa ba da jimawa ba.[3]

A birnin Chicago a ranar 20 ga watan Yunin 1898, Ismail ya fuskanci zakaran Amurka Evan "Strangler" Lewis a gaban 'yan kallo 10,000 da aka ruwaito, akan kudi dalar Amurka 3,500 da kuma "gasar cin kofin duniya", kuma an hana haramtaccen filin wasa na Lewis. Cikin mintuna uku İsmail ya samu damar jefa Lewis cikin makarkashiya don haka faduwa ta samu Lewis. Bayan an yi taka tsantsan a karo na biyu kan wannan bakon, Ismail ya lashe zagaye na biyu da na uku a cikin mintuna shida da bakwai, duk da cewa hanyar ta sake zama wani bakon wuri, wanda aka hana shi. Bayan haka, an jiyo Lewis yana cewa, “An labe ni. Turkawa shine mutumin da ya fi kyau." Wannan shine wasan karshe na Ismail.[6]

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jim kadan bayan nasarar da ya samu a kan Lewis, Ismail ya dauki jirgin ruwa na farko ya koma Turai, inda aka ce ya shirya bude wani kofi ko a kauyensu dake kusa da Shumen.  A kan rashin lafiya SS La Bourgogne yana daya daga cikin fasinjoji 600 da suka nutse a lokacin da jirgin ya nutse a safiyar ranar 4 ga Yuli, 1898.[7][8][9] A cewar wasu labarai masu ban sha'awa daga jaridar New York, Ismail ya fada cikin teku.  yayin da ake kwashe fasinjoji zuwa kwale-kwalen ceto.  An jawo shi a ƙarƙashin ruwa da nauyin bel ɗin kuɗinsa, wanda ake zaton yana ɗauke da tsakanin $8,000 zuwa $10,000 na tsabar zinare, ya nutse kafin ma'aikatan su isa wurinsa. "Mummunan Turkawa" ya jefa mata da yara a cikin jirgin da ke kokarin isa ga kwale-kwalen ceto;  amma duk da haka ba a shigar da wannan maganar a cikin rahoton hukuma ba kuma ana kyautata zaton ya samo asali ne daga manajan Ismail kuma mai tallata William Brady, wanda ya ci gaba da zama babban furodusa Broadway.[2][10]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin mutanen da suka bace a teku

Gasa da nasarori[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Ƙwararrun kokawa
    • Gasar Nauyin Nauyin Nauyin Amurka (Sau 1)
  • Zauren Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru na Ƙasashen Duniya
    • Darasi na 2021

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Kızılcıklı Mahmut Pehlivan[permanent dead link]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Noble, Graham (2003-05-23). "The life and death of the Terrible Turk". Eurozine. Archived from the original on 2017-01-06. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Sprechman, Jordan and Bill Shannon. This Day in New York Sports. Champaigne, Illinois: Sports Publishing LLC, 1998. (pg. 86, 121) 08033994793.ABA
  4. "Yousouf Fouled Roeber; "The Terrible Turk," Angered by the German-American's Tactics, Pushed Him from the Platform. RIOTOUS OUTBREAK FOLLOWED Chief of Police McCullagh and a Cordon of Officers Necessary to Get the Big Wrestler Safely to His Dressing Room in Madison Square Garden". New York Times. 1898-03-27.
  5. Camp, Walter (1909). The Substitute: A Football Story. New York: D. Appleton and Company. pp. 123–125.
  6. Noble, Graham (May 23, 2003). "The life and death of the terrible turk". Eurozine. Retrieved 2023-05-30.
  7. "Ismail Youssouf, "The Terrible Turk" Obituary". Evening Wisconsin. 1898-07-29. Archived from the original on 2006-01-10.
  8. Incredible but True. New Delhi: Pustak Mahal, 1992. (pg. 14) 08033994793.ABA
  9. Swindoll, Charles R. Growing Strong in the Seasons of Life. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1994. (pg. 295) 08033994793.ABA
  10. Bloom, Ken. Broadway: Its History, People, and Places: An Encyclopedia. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2004. (pg. 79) 08033994793.ABA

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]