Ƴan'uwa Musulmai

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Group half.svgƳan'uwa Musulmai
Flag of the Muslim Brotherhood (2).png
Bayanai
Iri jam'iyyar siyasa
Ƙasa Misra
Ideology (en) Fassara Islamic fundamentalism (en) Fassara, Islamism (en) Fassara da social conservatism (en) Fassara
Political alignment (en) Fassara right-wing (en) Fassara
Mulki
Shugaba Ibrahim Munir (en) Fassara
Hedkwata Kairo
Subdivisions
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1928
Wanda ya samar
ikhwanonline.com

Al Ikhwan el Muslimeen, Ƙungiyar Ƴan Uwan Musulmi, galibi ana kiranta ƙungiyar ' Yan Uwa Musulmi, ko 'Yan Uwa, ƙungiya ce ta masu kishin Islama . A yau, ya wanzu a cikin jihohi da yawa kuma galibi yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan ƙungiyoyin adawar siyasa. [1] Isungiyar ita ce mafi tsufa kuma mafi girma a ƙungiyar siyasa da "ƙungiyar Islama mafi tasiri a duniya". Hassan al-Banna ya kafa kungiyar a Misira a 1928.

Nasarori[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manufar Ikhwan ta bayyana shine cusa Alkur'ani da sunna a matsayin "madogara guda ɗaya tak yin oda ga rayuwar dangin musulmai, daidaiku, al'umma ... kuma a ce ". Tunda aka kirkireshi, a 1928 kungiyar a hukumance tana adawa da hanyoyin tashin hankali don cimma burinta, tare da wasu keɓantattu kamar rikicin Isra’ila da Falasdinu ko rusa mulkin Ba’athist na Siriya a Syria (duba kisan kiyashin Hama ). Wannan matsayi ya kasance an yi tambaya, musamman daga gwamnatin Masar, wacce ta zargi kungiyar da yakin neman kashe-kashe a Masar bayan yakin duniya na biyu . [2]

A Misira[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haramta ƙungiyar 'Yan Uwa Musulmi a Masar. An kama mutane saboda sun shiga cikin ƙungiyar. Don kaucewa wannan haramcin, magoya bayan kungiyar galibi suna tsayawa takara ne a matsayin ‘yan takara masu zaman kansu.

Wajen Misira[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A wajen Masar, ayyukan siyasa na ƙungiyar sun fi na gargajiya da kuma masu ra'ayin mazan jiya. A cikin Misira, kungiyar tana da ra'ayin zamani kuma tana son a kawo gyara. Misali a kasar Kuwaiti, ƙungiyar 'Yan Uwa Musulmi ta ce bai kamata mata su sami' yancin yin zaɓe ba. [3] 'Yan uwa sun la'anci ta'addanci da harin 9/11 . Ko ƙungiyar tana da alaka da ƙungiyoyin ta’addanci ana takaddama.

Tambayar ko yaya ake amfani da tashin hankali ya haifar da takaddama a cikin motsi. A wasu lokuta, waɗanda ke son amfani da tashin hankali sun rabu da babban rukuni kuma suka kirkiro ƙungiyoyinsu. Misalan irin wadannan kungiyoyin sune Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya (Ƙungiyar Musulunci) da Al Takfir Wal Hijra (Sadarwa da Hijira). [4]

Daga cikin membobin Ikhwan da suka fi tasiri akwai Sayyid Qutb . Qutb shine marubucin ɗayan mahimman litattafan Islama <i id="mwQA">, Milestones</i> . Littafin ya yi kira da a dawo da addinin Islama ta hanyar sake kafa Shari'a da kuma amfani da "karfin jiki da Jihadi don kawar da kungiyoyi da hukumomin tsarin Jahili . Qutb tayi imani cewa wadannan sun hada da duk duniyar musulmai. Littafin ya kuma bayyana cewa Qutb ba ya riƙe da ra'ayin 'Yan Uwa kuma yana kusa da tunanin Hizbut-Tahrir, wanda aka kammala shi a gabatarwa da sadaukarwar littafin " [5] [6] Yayin da yake karatu a jami'a, Osama bin Laden ya yi ikirarin cewa ra’ayin addini da siyasa na malamai da yawa da ke da kyakkyawar alaka da kungiyar Ikhwanul Muslimin da suka hada da Sayyid Qutb da dan uwansa Muhammad Qutb sun yi tasiri a kansa. Koyaya, da zarar Al Qaeda ta kasance cikakke a tsari, sai suka yi tir da garambawul din da kungiyar 'Yan Uwa Musulmi ta yi ta hanyar tashin hankali kuma suka zarge su da "cin amanar addinin Islama tare da yin watsi da' jihadinsu 'don kafa jam'iyyun siyasa da tallafawa cibiyoyin gwamnati na zamani". [7] [8]

Kungiyar 'yan uwa tana samun tallafi daga gudummawar membobinta, wadanda ake bukatar su ware wani bangare na kudaden shigar su ga harkar. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan gudummawar daga membobin da ke zaune a ƙasashe masu arzikin mai. [9]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. The Moderate Muslim Brotherhood, Robert S. Leiken & Steven Brooke, Foreign Affairs Magazine
  2. Chamieh, Jebran, Traditionalists, Militants and Liberal in Present Islam, Research and Publishing House, 1994?, p.140
  3. Roy, Olivier, Globalized Islam, Columbia University Press, 2004, p.67
  4. The Salafist Movement, Frontline (PBS)
  5. Qutb, Sayyid, Milestones, (1981) p.55, 62
  6. Qutb, Sayyid, Milestones, (1981) p.11, 19
  7. "Muslim Brotherhood vs Al Qaeda" January 19, 2010
  8. "MB Chief Criticism" Dec. 30 2007
  9. In Search Of Friends Among The Foes U.S. Hopes to Work With Diverse Group