Al-Nasa'i

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Al-Nasā'ī (214-303 AH; c. 829-915 AZ), cikakken suna Abū `Abd-Raḥmān Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn Alī ibn Sīnān al-Nasā'ī, (bambancin: Abu Abdel-rahman Ahmed ibn Shua'ib ibn Ali ibn Sinan ibn Bahr ibn Dinar Al-Khurasani), sanannen mai tattara hadisi ne (maganganun Muhammad),[1] asalin Farisa daga garin Nasa (farkon Khorasan da Turkmenistan na yanzu),[2] kuma marubucin "As-Sunan", ɗaya daga cikin tarin hadisai guda shida waɗanda Musulman Sunni suka gane.[3] Daga littafinsa "As-Sunan al-Kubra (Babban Manyan Sunan)" ya rubuta gajeriyar sigar, "Al-Mujtaba" ko Sunan al-Sughra (The Concise Sunan). Daga cikin littattafai goma sha biyar da aka sani ya rubuta, shida suna kula da ilimin hadīth.

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Al -Nasa'i da kansa ya ce an haife shi a shekara ta 830 (215 h.) - ko da yake wasu sun ce an haife shi a 829 ko 869 (214 ko 255 h.) - a cikin birnin Nasa a cikin Turkmenistan na yanzu - wani ɓangare na Khorasan, yanki ne a Yammacin Asiya da Asiya ta Tsakiya da aka sani da cibiyoyin koyar da addinin Islama da yawa. A can ya halarci tarurruka da da'ira na ilimi, wanda aka sani da "halqas". Yana da kimanin shekara 15, ya fara tafiye -tafiye da tafiyarsa ta farko zuwa Qutaibah. Ya rufe dukkan tsibirin Larabawa yana neman ilimi daga malamai a Iraki, Kufa, Hijaz, Sham da Masar, inda daga karshe ya zauna. Al'adar sa ita ce ya kasance yana yin azumin kowace rana, saboda wannan ɗabi'a ce ta Dawud (A).[4]

Shahada[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cewar majiyoyin Ahlus-Sunnah daban-daban, wasu gungun jama’a sun yi masa dukan tsiya ko azabtarwa har sai da ya ki yabon Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan.[5][6]

Abu Abdullah Al-Hafiz ya ce:[7] “Na ji Ali bn Umar yana cewa: “Abu Abdurrahman An-Nasa’i shi ne mafi ilimi a cikin Shehunan Masar (malamai) a fagen Fiqhu, kuma ingantattu da maruwaitan Hadisai. a lokacinsa. Da yake shi ne mafifici a cikinsu, sai suka ji hassada gare shi. Don haka sai ya koma Ar-Ramlah (wani gari a kasar Falasdinu) inda aka tambaye shi game da Muawiyah bn Abu Sufyan. Bai amsa da wani abu mai kyau ba, don haka mutane suka yi masa mugun tsiya. Ya nemi a kai shi Makkah, duk da rashin lafiyar da yake fama da shi, inda ya rasu.”

Abu Abdullah kuma ya ce: ↵ “Bayan falalolinsa da yawa, an yi masa shahada a karshen rayuwarsa.

Malamai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kamar yadda hafiz Ibn Hajr Alaih ya ce, malaman Nasa’i sun yi yawa ba a iya ambaton sunayensu ba, amma sun hada da:

  • Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh
  • Imam Abu Daud Al-Sijistani (Marubucin Sunan Abu Dawood)
  • Qutaiba bin Saeed

Hafiz bn Hajr da wasunsu sun ce Imam Bukhari yana cikin malamansa. Sai dai Al-Mizzi ya musanta cewa Imam ya taba haduwa da shi. As-Sakhawi ya kawo dalilan dalla-dalla kan da'awar al-Mizzi na cewa ba su taba haduwa ba, amma ya ce dole ne wadannan su ma sun shafi da'awarsa da An-Nasa'i ya ji daga Abu Dawud. Haka kuma Ibn Mundah yana cewa: “Hamzah ya ba mu labari cewa an-Nasa’i, Abu Abdur-Rahman ya ba mu labari yana cewa: ‘Na ji Muhammad Ibn Isma’il Al-Bukhari...[8]’ Ibrahim bn Ya’. qub al-Juzajani shima tasiri ne.[9]

A kasar Masar an-Nasa'i ya fara gabatar da lacca, galibi yana ruwaito hadisi (jam'in hadisi) har ya kai ga sunansa "Hafizul Hadeeth". Karatuttukan nasa sun samu halarta sosai kuma daga cikin dalibansa da dama akwai malamai:

  • Imam Abul Qasim Tabrani
  • Imam Abu Bakr Ahmed ibn Muhammad, wanda aka fi sani da Allamah bn Sunna
  • Sheikh Ali dan Muhaddith Imam Tahawi.

Makarantar Tunani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Imam Izzakie ya kasance mabiyin fiqhu na Shafi'iyya kamar yadda Allamah as-subki, Shah Waliullah, Shah Abdulaziz da sauran malamai da dama suka fada. Shugaban Malamai Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri da Ibn Taimiyyah suna ganinsa a matsayin Hanbaliyya, amma gaskiyar magana ita ce Mujtahidi ne ya fi karkata zuwa ga Hanbali Fiqh amma da yawa zai sha banban da malaman Hanbaliyya.

Iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Imam An-Nasa'i yana da mata hudu amma masana tarihi sun ambaci da daya kacal, wato Abdul Kareem, mai riwayar Sunan mahaifinsa.

Littattafai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ayyukan da aka zaɓa:[10]

  • As-Sunan al-Kubra
  • Sunan Al-Sugra/ Al-Mujtana/ Al-Mujtaba
  • Amul Yawmi Wallaylah
  • Kitaby Dufai wal Matrookeen
  • Khasais na Amir Al Momenin
  • Al-Jurhu wa Ta'adeel
  • Sunan An-Nisa'i
  • Qasayis e Murtazavi

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Ludwig W. Adamec (2009), Historical Dictionary of Islam, p.138.
  2. Frye, ed. by R.N. (1975). The Cambridge history of Iran (Repr. ed.). London: Cambridge U.P. p. 471. ISBN 978-0-521-20093-6.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. Jonathan A.C. Brown (2007), The Canonization of al-Bukhārī and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunnī Ḥadīth Canon, p.9.
  4. "Biography of Imam An-Nasai".
  5. "The Assassination of Imam An-Nasa'i and His Bayyan". 11 August 2018.
  6. https://sunnah.com/nasai/about
  7. "Biography of Imam An-Nasai".
  8. "هل سمع الإمام النسائي من الإمام البخاري" (in Arabic).CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  9. Al-Bastawī, ʻAbd al-ʻAlīm ʻAbd al-ʻAẓīm (1990). Al-Imām al-Jūzajānī wa-manhajuhu fi al-jarḥ wa-al-taʻdīl. Maktabat Dār al-Ṭaḥāwī. p. 9.
  10. For a list of ten of his works see Fuat Sezgin, GAS (Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums), i, 167-9.