Abu Dawood

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Abu Dawood
أبو داود السجستاني.png
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Sistan (en) Fassara, 817 (Gregorian)
ƙasa Daular Abbasiyyah
ƙungiyar ƙabila Larabawa
Mutuwa Basra, 888 (Gregorian)
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Malamai Ahmad Ibn Hanbal
Abu Alfadl Alrriashi (en) Fassara
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a muhaddith (en) Fassara da Islamic jurist (en) Fassara
Muhimman ayyuka Sunan Abu Dawood (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Sunni Islam
Hanbaliya

Abū Da'wud Sulayman ibn al-Ash'ath ibn Ishaq al-Azdi al-Sijistānī Arabic ), anfi saninsa da Abu Dawud, mutumin Persiya ne, masanin hadisan annabi wanda yana na uku daga cikin shida "canonical" tarin hadisan da suka rubuta wanda ahlissunnah Sunni Musulmi suke darajawa, littafinsa itace Sunan Abu Dawud .

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abū Dā'ūd an haife shi a Sijistān, [n 1] kuma ya mutu a cikin 889 a Basra, Iraq . Yawancin malamai sun yi imani da cewa an haife shi a Baluchistan, yanzu wani yanki na Iran da Pakistan, daga baya ya koma Khurāsān . Ya yi yawon shakatawa (hadisai) da yawa daga malamai a Iraki, Masar, Siriya, Hijaz, Tihamah, Nishapur, da Merv a tsakanin sauran wurare. Mayar da hankalinsa ga ḥadīth na shari'a ya taso ne daga wani fifiko a cikin zahiri (shari'a). Tarinsa ya hada da ḥadīth 4,800, aka zaɓa daga wasu 500,000. Hisansa, Abū Bakr 'Abd Allāh ibn Abī Dā'ūd (d. 928/929), sanannen ḥāfiẓ ne kuma marubucin Kitāb al-Masābīh, wanda sanannen ɗalibin shi ne Abū Abd Allāh al-Marzubānī . [2] [3]

Makarantar fahimta da gajerun maganganunsa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Imam Abu Dawud ya kasance mai bin Hanbali duk da cewa wasu sun dauke shi Ba-Shafi'i . [1]

Imam Abu Dawud da kansa ya baiyana cewa: "Daga wannan littafin nawa Hadisai hudu (4) sun isa mutum mai hankali da tunani. Su ne:

  • Ana hukunta aiki ne kawai akan niyya. [2]
  • Wani sashi na kyawawan halayen mutum a Musulunci shine ya bar abin da babu ruwansa.
  • Babu wani daga cikinku da zai iya zama mai imani har sai ya so wa ɗan'uwansa abin da kuke so wa kanku.
  • Abunda aka kyale ( halal ) a bayyane yake, kuma da aka haramta ( haram ) a bayyane yake, tsakanin wadannan biyun akwai lamura masu shakku. Duk wanda ya nisanci wadannan lamuran shakku ya kubutar da addininsa. "

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babban daga cikin ayyukansa ashirin da daya:

  • Sunan Abu Dāwūd ; ya ƙunshi hadisi 4,800 akasarin <i id="mwSA">sahih</i> (ingantattu), wasu sun yiwa <i id="mwSg">ḍaʿīf</i> alama (ba a ba da izini ba) yawanci ƙidaya bayan fitowar Muhammad Muhyi al-Din `Abd al-Hamid (Alkahira: Matba`at Mustafa Muhammad, 1354/1935), inda aka rarrabe 5,274. Malami malamin islamiyyu Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani ), da wasunsu, sun yi imanin da yawa daga hadisan da ba a <i id="mwTg">ambaton</i> su <i id="mwTg">ḍaʿīf ne</i> .
  • Kitab al-Marāsīl, ya lissafa hadisai 600 na binciken <i id="mwUg">sahih</i> <i id="mwVA">mursal hadisi</i> .
  • Risālat Abu Dāwūd ilā Ahli Makkah ; wasika ga mutanen Makka suna bayyana Sunan Abu Dāwūd .
  • Kitāb al-Masāhif, kundin adireshin da ba na Uthmanic dabam dabam na rubutun Kur'ani ba

Malaman Musulunci na farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Kutub al-Sittah
  • Sunan Abu Dawood

Bayanai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. http://www.islamicencyclopedia.org/islamic-pedia-topic.php?id=54
  2. Shahih Al Bukhari, Imam Al Bukthari, Vol.1 Book 1 Hadith 1

Littattafai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Baghdādī (al-), Al-Khaṭīb Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn ‘Alī (2001). Ta’rīkh Madīnat al-Salām (Ta’rīkh Baghdād) (PDF) (in Arabic). X, §4591. Beirut: Dār al-Gharib al-Islāmī. p. 75.
  • Khallikān (Ibn), Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad (1843). Wafayāt al-A’yān wa-Anbā’ Abnā’ al-Zamān (The Obituaries of Eminent Men}. I. Translated by McGuckin de Slane, William. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. pp. 590–91.
  • Nadīm (al), Abū al-Faraj Muḥammad ibn Isḥāq Abū Ya’qūb al-Warrāq (1970). Dodge, Bayard (ed.). The Fihrist of al-Nadim; a tenth-century survey of Muslim culture. New York & London: Columbia University Press.
  • Nawawī (al-), Abū Zakarīyā’ Yaḥyā (1847) [1842]. Wüstenfeld, Ferdinand (ed.). Kitāb Tahdhīb al-Asmā’ (Biographical Dictionary of Illustrious Men) (in Arabic). Göttingen: London Society for the Publication of the Oriental Texts. p. 708 Arabic.

Hadin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]