Ahmad Ibn Hanbal

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ahmad Ibn Hanbal
Ահմադ իբն Հանբալ.jpg
ɗan Adam
jinsinamiji Gyara
ƙasar asaliDaular Abbasiyyah Gyara
sunan asaliأحمد بن حنبل Gyara
sunaAhmad Gyara
lokacin haihuwaNuwamba, 780 Gyara
wurin haihuwaBagdaza Gyara
lokacin mutuwa2 ga Augusta, 855 Gyara
wurin mutuwaBagdaza Gyara
yarinya/yaroAbdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Salih ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal Gyara
harsunaLarabci, Persian Gyara
sana'amuhaddith, faqih, theologian Gyara
field of workfiqh, Hadith studies, Aqidah Gyara
founded byHanbaliya Gyara
honorific prefixLiman Gyara
ƙabilaLarabawa Gyara
addiniMusulunci, Sunni Islam, Athari Gyara
notable workMusnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal Gyara

Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Ḥanbal Abū ʿAbdullāh Ash-Shaybānī (larabci|احمد بن محمد بن حنبل ابو عبد الله الشيباني; 780– 855 CE/164–241 AH), Akan kirasa da Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal ko Ibn Ḥanbal ko Ibn Hambal ko Ahmad Ibn Hambal ko kawai Imam Aḥmad wadanda yan' Sunnah ke kiransa, yakasance balarabe ne Malamin Faqīhun musulunci jurists, theologian, ascetic, da hadisi da kuma sunnahr Manzon Allah tsira da amincin Allah sun tabbata agare shi. Shahararren Malamin addinin musulunci a zamaninsa,[1] sai da Imam Ibn Hanbal yakaiga a duk lokacin sa babu Wanda yakaiga matsayin sa[2] kuma Malamin da ake girmamawa wurin bin sunnah Wanda yasa har ake masa lakabi da asalin shehin Sunna a Islama, True Shaykh of Islam,[3] Proof of the Faith,[3] and Seal of the Mujtahid Imams.[3] Akan masa lakabi da sunaye kamar su; Tābi‘ al-Tābi‘un;
Jurist, Malamin Tauhidi, Masanin Hadisi,
Defender of Orthodoxy, True Shaykh of Islam, Proof of the Faith, Seal of the Mujtahid Imams, Reinforcer of the Religion, One who Gathered the Knowledge of the First and the Last,[4] Guardian of the Prophet's Traditions,[5]Confirmer of Relics[6] Makabartar da aka birneshi itace ake kira da kabarin Imam Aḥmad, dake birnin Baghdad, a Iraq.

Shine Malamin da ake ganin yabi sunnah kuma daya daga cikin manyan Malaman ta,"[7] da irin karfin fasahar ilimin da Allah yayi masa yataba ko ina daga cikin bangaren karatun sunnah.[7] One of the foremost classical proponents of the importance of using hadith literature to govern Islamic law and life, Ibn Hanbal is famous for compiling one of the most important Sunni hadith collections, the celebrated Musnad,[8] an enormous compendium of prophetic traditions that has continued to wield considerable influence in the field of hadisi studies har izuwa a yau.[1] harwayau, Ibn Hanbal shine wanda sanadiyar karantarwarsa ake wa makarsntarsa ta zama daya daga cikin manyan mazhabobi hudu da muke dasu, wato mazhabar Hanbaliyya a karantarwar Sunnar Manzon Allah tsira da aminci sun tabbata agare shi, na dokokin addinin musulunci.[1]

Ya karanta fiqhu da hadisi karkashin malami daban-daban lokacin yana matashinsa.[9] Ibn Hanbal ya shahara a karshe karshen rayuwarsa sanadiyar gagarumin taimakon sa akan Mihna, wanda daular Abbasiyya da al-Ma'mun ta kindaya a kusan karshen mulkin sa, Wanda shugaban yanada goyon baya ga Mu'utazila Masu cewar alkurani haltta ne, Wanda hakan yasaba wa karantarwar kuranin itakanta da take nuna ita maganar Allah madaukakin Sarki ne.[1] wannan yasa aka fara azabtar da malamin Dan yakibin wannan koyarwar, sai dai Imam Ibn Hanbal yacigaba ne kawai da samun daukaka a wurin al'ummar sa."[1] in the annals of Islamic history.

Throughout Islamic history, Ibn Hanbal was venerated as an exemplary figure in all the traditional schools of Sunni thought,[1] both by the exoteric ulema and by the mystics, with the latter often designating him as a saint in their hagiographies.[10] The fourteenth-century hadith master al-Dhahabi referred to Ibn Hanbal as "the true Shaykh of Islām and leader of the Muslims in his time, the ḥadīth master and Proof of the Religion."[3]

A zamanin nan, sunan Imam Ibn Hanbal yazama wani abun cece kuce kasantuwar ganin cewa zuwa karantarwar Wahhabiyawa a yanzu, suna kikirarin shine jagoransu ko kuma dai karantarwar sa suke bi, tareda da danganta Kansu kuma da shahararren Malamin nan daya sake jaddada karantarwar Hanbaliyya a Karni na goma sha uku wato Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah. Kodai da yake ansha hayaniya akan haka ga wasu manyan Malamai masu cewar krantarwar Ibn Hanbal baida wani tasiri ko alaka da ta wahhabiyawa,"[11] duk da akwai hujjoji, inji wasu malamani masu ganin tsohpn karantarwa Hanbaliya sunada banbancin akida sosai dana Wahhabiyawan,"[11] rich as medieval Hanbali literature is in references to saints, grave visitation, miracles, and relics.[12] akan wannan akantarwa ne yasa malamai dauko maganar Ibn Hanbal akan yin amfani da support for the use of relics as simply one of several important points upon which the theologian's opinions diverged from those of Wahhabism.[6]

Madogara[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 H. Laoust, "Ahmad b. Hanbal," in Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. I, pp. 272-7
  2. Mohammed M. I. Ghaly, "Writings on Disability in Islam: The 16th Century Polemic on Ibn Fahd's "al-Nukat al-Ziraf"," The Arab Studies Journal, Vol. 13/14, No. 2/1 (Fall 2005/Spring 2006), p. 26, note 98
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Gibril F. Haddad, The Four Imams and Their Schools (London: Muslim Academic Trust, 2007), p. 301
  4. See Gibril F. Haddad, The Four Imams and Their Schools (London: Muslim Academic Trust, 2007), p. 307
  5. Hujwiri, Kashf al-Mahjub, tr. Nicholson, chap. 21, p. 117.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Gibril F. Haddad, The Four Imams and Their Schools (London: Muslim Academic Trust, 2007), p. 390
  7. 7.0 7.1 Holtzman, Livnat, “Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson
  8. 1st ed., Cairo 1311; new edition by Aḥmad S̲h̲ākir in publ. since 1368/1948
  9. Manāḳib, pp. 33-6; Tard̲j̲ama, pp. 13-24
  10. Christopher Melchert, The Ḥanābila and the Early Sufis, Arabica, T. 48, Fasc. 3 (Brill, 2001), p. 356
  11. 11.0 11.1 Michael Cook, “On the Origins of Wahhābism,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Jul., 1992), p. 198
  12. Christopher Melchert, The Ḥanābila and the Early Sufis, Arabica, T. 48, Fasc. 3 (Brill, 2001); cf. Ibn al-Jawzī, Manāqib al-imām Aḥmad, ed. ʿĀdil Nuwayhiḍ, Beirut 1393/1973