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Al-Zamakhshari

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Al-Zamakhshari
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Zamakhshar (en) Fassara, 18 ga Maris, 1075
ƙasa Daular Abbasiyyah
Mutuwa Konye-Urgench (en) Fassara, 12 ga Yuni, 1144
Makwanci Konye-Urgench (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Malamai Ibn al-Malāḥimī (en) Fassara
Abu Mansur Mauhub al-Jawaliqi (en) Fassara
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a Malamin akida, mai falsafa, marubuci, philologist (en) Fassara, mufassir (en) Fassara, literary (en) Fassara, linguist (en) Fassara da maiwaƙe
Muhimman ayyuka al-Kashshāf ʻan ḥaqāʼiq ghawāmiḍ al-tanzīl wa-ʻuyūn al-aqāwīl fī Wujūh al-taʼwīl (en) Fassara
Mustaqṣa fī amthāl al-ʿArab (en) Fassara
Asas al-Balagha (en) Fassara
Al-Mofassal Fi Sina’at Al-E’rab (en) Fassara
Rabīʻ al-abrār wa-nuṣūṣ al-akhyār (en) Fassara
Fafutuka Mu'tazila (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd bn Umar al-Zamakhsharī ( محمود بن عمر الزمخشري ), wanda aka sani da al-Zamakhsharī, ko Jar Allāh ("maƙwabcin Allah") (an haife shi a ranar 18 ga watan Maris na shekara ta 1075 – ya mutu a ranar 12 ga watan Yuni na shekara ta 1144), ya kasance malamin addinin musulunci ne, Dan asalin Kasar Farisa. [1] [2] [3] [4] Ya kasance babban malamin fikihu a Hanafiyya, Mu'tazile ne shi kuma masanin tauhidi, sannan gwani a kan ilimin larabci. Shaharar Al-Zamakhshari a matsayin malami ya ta'allaka ne a kan tafsirinsa (tafsiri) a cikin tafsirinsa na Kur'ani, Al-Kashshaaf. Wannan nazarin ilimin falsafa na ayar Kur'ani ya haifar da takaddama dangane da fassarar Muʿtazilanci. [5] [6]

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Al-Zamakhsharī a cikin Zamakhshar [Wikidata], Khwarezmia, a ranar 18 ga watan Maris na shekara ta 1075. [7] Ya yi karatu a Bukhara da Samarkand, kafin ya yi tafiya zuwa Bagadaza, Ya kasance masanin kimiyyar harshen larabci kuma yana adawa da tafiyar Shu'ubiyya. Ya yi rubutu da farko cikin Larabci, wani lokaci a cikin harshen Farisanci, kuma ya dogara ne da ƙididdigar MS a cikin Muqaddimat al-adab, babban ƙamus ɗinsa, ana jin cewa shi ɗan asalin kabilar tsohuwar Khwarezmian ne shi (duba ƙasa). Bayan da ya rasa ƙafa zuwa sanyi, ya ɗauki sanarwa ba da sanarwa cewa yankewar ba zato ba tsammani, kuma ba doka ta tanadar doka ba. [8] Al-Zamakhsharī ya sami laƙabin "Jar-Allāh" ("makwabcin Allah") tsawon shekarun da ya yi a Makka kafin daga bisani ya koma Khwarezm, ( Turkmenistan ta yanzu ). Al-Zamakhsharī ya mutu a cikin babban birnin Gurgānj a ranar 12 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 1144 AD (Litinin, jajibirin ranar 8 ga watan Zulhijja, shekara ta 538 AH).

Ayyukan da Aka Zaɓa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daga cikin sama da lakabi hamsin da aka lasafta shi akwai irinsu:

  • Al-Kashshaaf ( کشاف ); 'Mai bayyanawa'; wani classic aikin Mu'tazilite tafsirin ( Alkur'ani tafsirin) wanda tsirar a kan 80 sharhin da daga baya Kur'ani malamai. [9] [10]
  • Taqweem ul-Lisan
  • Rabi al-Abrar
  • Asās al-Balāghah ( اساس البلاغه ); Kamus na harshen larabci / kamus.
  • Fasul al-Akhbar
  • Fraiz Dar-ilm Fariz
  • Fastdar-Nahr
  • Muajjam al-Hadud
  • Manha Darusul
  • Diwan-ul-Tamsil
  • Sawaer-ul-Islam
  • Muqaddimat al-Adab ( مقدمة الأدب ); Larabci - kamus na Persia
  • Kitab al-Amkinah wa al-Jibal wa al-Miyah ( کتاب الامکنه والجبال والمیاه ); Labarin kasa .
  • Mufaṣṣal Anmuzaj ( مفصل انموذج ); akan naḥw : Nahawun larabci.
  • Al-Kalim al-Nawābigh ( الكلم النوابغ ) (Lat. Fassarar. 'Anthologia sententiarum arabicarum')

Muqaddimat al-adab da yaren Khwaresmian[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Zamakhshari na kamus din larabci-Persian, Muqaddimat al-adab shi ne tushen farko don bincike da adana wannan lalataccen yare na kasar Kwaresmian (ko Chorasmian) na Iran, wanda ya rayu da farko a cikin dunkulallen haske a cikin rubutun hannu guda (na ca. 596 / 1200). [3] Sauran rubuce-rubucen wannan aikin su ma suna dauke da sheki.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin masana kimiyyar Iran
  • Malaman Musulunci

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Jane Dammen MacAuliffe, Quranic Christians: An Analysis of Classical and Modern Exegesis,Cambridge University Press, 1991, pg 51
  2. By Norman.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Encyclopedia Iranica, "The Chorasmian Language", D.N.Mackenzie
  4. "Zamakhshari" in Encyclopedia of Islam, by C.H.M. Versteegh, Brill 2007.
  5. John Esposito, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, pg. 346.
  6. Kifayat Ullah, Al-Kashshaf: Al-Zamakhsharī's Mu'tazilite Exegesis of the Qur'an, de Gruyter (2017), p. 24
  7. Wednesday 27 Rajab, 467 Anno Hegirae
  8. Samuel Marinus Zwemer, "A Moslem Seeker After God"
  9. Salaam Knowledge
  10. Kifayat Ullah, Al-Kashshaf: Al-Zamakhshari's Mu'tazilite Exegesis of the Qur'an, de Gruyter (2017), p. 28

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