Ansar (Musulunci)

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Ansar
الأنصار‎‎
Kabilu masu alaƙa
Sahabi

Ansar (Larabci: الأنصار, romanized: al-Anṣār, lit. 'Mataimakan') mazaunan Madina ne waɗanda, a al'adar Musulunci, suka ɗauki annabin Musulunci Muhammad da mabiyansa (Muhajirun) zuwa gidajensu lokacin da suka yi hijira. daga Makka a lokacin hijra.

Sun kasance daga manyan kabilun Azd guda biyu, Banu Khazraj da Banu Aus.

Jerin Ansar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Banu Khazraj[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Maza[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Mahas
  • Sa'd ibn Ubadah, chief[1]
  • As'ad ibn Zurarah
  • 'Abd Allah ibn Rawahah
  • Abu Ayyub al-Ansari[2]
  • Ubay ibn Ka'b
  • Zayd ibn Thabit[3]
  • Hassan ibn Thabit
  • Jabir ibn Abd-Allah[2]
  • Amr ibn al-Jamuh
  • Sa`ad ibn ar-Rabi`
  • Al-Bara' ibn `Azib]]
  • Ubayda ibn as-Samit
  • Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri
  • Zayd ibn Arqam
  • Abu Dujana
  • Abu Darda
  • Habab ibn Mundhir[1]
  • Anas ibn Nadhar
  • Anas ibn Malik[4]
  • Al-Bara' ibn Malik[4]
  • Sahl ibn Sa'd[2]
  • Farwah ibn `Amr ibn Wadqah al-Ansari[5]
  • Habib ibn Zayd al-Ansari
  • Tamim al-Ansari
  • Ubada_ibn_as-Samit

Mata[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Nusaybah bint Ka'ab, mahaifiyar Habib ibn Zayd
  • Rufaida Al-Aslamia[6]

Banu Aus[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Sa'd ibn Mua'dh, chief[7]
  • Bashir ibn Sa'ad[1]
  • Usaid ibn Hudair
  • Muadh ibn Jabal
  • Muhammad ibn Maslamah
  • Khuzaima ibn Thabit[5][8]
  • Khubayb ibn Adiy
  • Sahl ibn Hunaif[8]
  • Uthman ibn Hunaif[9]
  • Abu'l-Hathama ibn Tihan[8]
  • Hanzala Ibn Abi Amir

Ba a Raba shi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari[10]
  • Asim ibn Thabit[11]
  • Amr ibn Maymun[12]
  • Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman[8]
  • Umayr ibn Sad al-Ansari

Yaƙe -yaƙe inda Ansar ya taimaki Muhammad[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ansar sun taimaki Muhammad a yaƙe -yaƙe da dama. Daya daga cikin fadace -fadacen farko da suka taimaka masa a ciki shine Patrol na Buwat. Wata guda bayan farmakin da aka kai a al-Abwa wanda Muhammad ya ba da umarni, shi da kansa ya jagoranci mutum ɗari biyu ciki har da Muhajirai da Ansar zuwa Bawat, wani wuri a kan hanyar ayarin 'yan kasuwar Quraishawa. Wani garke na raƙuma ɗari biyar da ɗari biyar yana tafiya, tare da mahaya ɗari bisa jagorancin Umayyah ibn Khalaf, Quraishawa. Manufar kai farmakin ita ce ta washe wannan attajiri na Quraishawa masu arziki. Ba a yi yaƙi ba kuma harin bai haifar da ganima ba. Wannan ya faru ne saboda ayarin da ke kan hanyar da ba a sani ba. Daga nan Muhammad ya haura zuwa Dhat al-Saq, a cikin hamadar al-Khabar. Ya yi sallah a can aka gina masallaci a wurin. Wannan shine hari na farko inda wasu Ansars suka shiga.[13][14]

Bayan rasuwar Muhammad[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tutar Ansar a yakin Siffin

A zamanin Khalifofi bayan Muhammad, Ansar galibi ya zama manyan sojoji a cikin yaƙe-yaƙe da yawa, (kamar yadda aka nuna tare da nada Thabit, bin Qays bin Shammas, mai magana da Ansar), don jagorantar Ansaris don tallafawa Khalid ibn al-Walid a yakin Buzakha[15] a lokacin Halifa Abubakar. Daga baya kuma sun taka muhimmiyar rawa a Yaƙin Yamama inda Ansar a ƙarƙashin Al Bara bin Malik Al Ansari ya yi cajin a wani mawuyacin lokaci na yaƙin wanda ke nuna alamar juyawarsa.[16] Yakin Yamama kuma shine inda fitaccen jarumin Ansar, Abu Dujana, ya fadi.

A lokacin halifancin Umar, fitattun Ansaris suna ba da gudummawa sosai a lokacin kamfen da Byzantium. Shugaban Ansari 'Ubadah ibn al-Samit musamman ya taka muhimmiyar rawa a lokacin da Musulmai suka ci Masar da cin nasarar Musulmi a Levant karkashin irin su Abu Ubaydah, Khalid ibn Walid, Amr ibn al-Aas, da Mu'awiyah.

A shekara ta 24/645, lokacin halifancin Usman Ibn Affan, fitattun Ansaris suma sun rike manyan mukamai kamar Al-Bara 'ibn' Azib wanda aka nada gwamnan al-Ray (a Farisa). Daga ƙarshe ya yi ritaya zuwa Kūfa kuma a can ya rasu a shekara ta 71/690.[17]

A zamanin Umayyawa Ansar ya zama wani bangare na bangaren siyasa na adawa.[18][19] An bayyana su da alaƙa ta kut da kut da Ƙungiyoyin Hashim maimakon na Umayyawa mai ci. Irin waɗannan haɗin gwiwar Ansar-Hashim an bayyana su a matsayin kafa sabuwar fitacciyar masarautar siyasa a Hejaz.[20]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Imamate: The Vicegerency of the Prophet". www.al-islam.org. Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Narrators of Hadith al Thaqalayn From Among the Sahabah". www.al-islam.org. Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  3. "A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims, Umar bin al-Khattab, the Second Khalifa of the Muslims". www.al-islam.org. Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project. 10 November 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Al-Bara' ibn Malik Al-Ansari: Allah & Paradise". IslamOnline. Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Text "islamonline.net" ignored (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Letter 80". www.al-islam.org. A Shi'i-Sunni dialogue. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  6. "The life of Rufaydah Al-Aslamiyyah". islamweb.net. Islamweb. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  7. William Montgomery Watt, Muhammad at Medina, Oxford, 1966.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Seventh Session, Wednesday Night, 29th Rajab 1345 A.H." www.al-islam.org. Peshawar Nights. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014. Tarikh al-Yaqubi]], as quoted in Peshawar Nights. Also, a list composed of sources such as Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani and Al-Baladhuri, each in his Tarikh. Muhammad ibn Khwand in his Rawdatu 's-safa and, Ibn 'Abd al-Barr in his The Comprehensive Compilation of the Names of the Prophet's Companions
  9. "Seventh Session, Wednesday Night, 29th Rajab 1345 A.H." www.al-islam.org. Peshawar Nights. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  10. Template:Hadith-usc
  11. "253. Chapter: The miracles of the friends of Allah and their excellence". qibla.com. Qibla. Archived from the original on 1 January 2007.
  12. History of the Caliphs by al-Suyuti
  13. Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman Al (2005), The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet, Darussalam Publications, p. 244, ISBN 978-9960899558
  14. "List of Battles of Muhammad". Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2014-10-04.
  15. The History of al-Tabari Vol. 10: The Conquest of Arabia: The Riddah Wars A.D. 632-633/A.H. 11
  16. Golden Stories of Accepted Prayers By Abdul Malik Mujahid
  17. Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh Baghdad, vol.1, pg.177
  18. Literary Criticism in Medieval Arabic-Islamic Culture: The Making of a Tradition By Wen-chin Ouyang
  19. The History of al-Tabari Vol. 26: The Waning of the Umayyad Caliphate Footnote by W. Montgomery Watt
  20. The Religious Elite of the Early Islamic Ḥijāz: Five Prosopographical Case Studies by Asad Q. Ahmed