Cibiyar Ƙasa da Ƙasa ta Kare Haƙƙin Ɗan Adam da Cigaban Dimokuraɗiyya

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Wikidata.svgCibiyar Ƙasa da Ƙasa ta Kare Haƙƙin Ɗan Adam da Cigaban Dimokuraɗiyya
human rights organization (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Farawa 1988
Ƙasa Kanada
Dissolved, abolished or demolished date (en) Fassara ga Afirilu, 2012

Cibiyar Kasa da Kasa ta Kare Hakkin Dan-Adam da Ci gaban Dimokiradiyya (Hakkoki & Dimokiradiyya), an kirkire ta ne don zama maras bangaranci, kungiyar Kanada mai zaman kanta. An kafa shi ne ta hanyar aikin majalisar dokokin Kanada a cikin Shekara ta 1988 don "karfafawa da tallafawa dabi'un duniya na 'yancin ɗan adam da haɓaka cibiyoyin dimokiradiyya da ayyuka a duniya." [1] R&D ya karɓi kusan C $ 11m a kowace shekara a cikin tallafi daga gwamnatin Kanada. [2]

An tuhumi R&D da aiki tare da mutane, kungiyoyi da gwamnatoci a Kanada da ƙasashen waje don haɓaka haƙƙoƙin ɗan adam da na demokraɗiyya waɗanda aka ayyana a cikin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya game da 'Yancin Dan Adam na Humanan Adam (1948) . A karshen wannan, R&D ya nemi ƙirƙirar kayan aiki don actimar Tasirin 'Yancin Dan Adam wanda ƙungiyoyin jama'a za su iya amfani da shi.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kodayake kungiyar Kanada, aikinta ya kasance na kasa da kasa, wanda ya danganci tagwayen manufofin kungiyar: 'yancin dan adam na kasa da kasa da ci gaban dimokiradiyya, musamman a ƙasashen da ba su ci gaba ba . Don haka Hakkoki & Dimokiradiyya sun kasance suna tattaunawa tare da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Tattalin Arziki da Tattalin Arziki, tsakanin sauran hukumomin duniya. Ta tallafawa ayyukan a Arewacin da Kudancin Amurka, Afirka, Gabas da kudu maso gabashin Asiya, da Gabas ta Tsakiya. An bayyana ayyukan kungiyar a cikin rahoton shekara-shekara ga Ministan Harkokin Wajen Kanada da majalisar dokoki.

John Humphrey Kyautar 'Yanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Cibiyar ta bayar da lambar yabo ta shekara-shekara, wanda ake kira John Humphrey Freedom Award (wanda aka sa wa suna John Peters Humphrey ), ga wata kungiya ko wani mutum daga kowane bangare na duniya, gami da Kanada, don samun gagarumar nasara wajen bunkasa ci gaban dimokiradiyya ko mutunta hakkin dan Adam. Kyautar ta ƙunshi $ 25.000 (daga baya $ 30,000) kyauta da rangadin magana zuwa biranen Kanada don ƙara wayar da kan masu aikin. [3] Wadanda suka ci nasara sun hada da Kimy Pernía Domicó ( Colombia ), Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo ( East Timor ), Cynthia Maung da Min Ko Naing, ( Burma ).

Rigima[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An soki R&D sosai saboda zargin inganta matsayin yaƙi da rikice-rikice da haɗa kai da ƙungiyoyi masu tsattsauran ra'ayi waɗanda ke tallafawa manufofin da ba su dace da ƙimar Kanada ba.[ana buƙatar hujja] A musamman, bayan da Harper gwamnati ya bayyana cewa, a cikin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Durban Review taron, shirya Geneva a shekara ta 2009, Canada za su shiga, kuma babu kudaden gwamnati da za a iya amfani da goyan baya na taron a kan filaye cewa shi da Harper gwamnati yi imani da shi ya zama antisemitic. R&D a gwargwadon rahoto ya bijire da wannan manufar.[ana buƙatar hujja] A ranar 29 ga Oktoban, shekara ta 2009, a zaman majalisar na zaunannen kwamiti kan Harkokin Kasashen Waje, dan majalisa James Lunney ya tambayi Rémy Beauregard, wanda gwamnatin Liberal da ta gabata ta nada a matsayin shugaban R & D, "Shin 'Yanci da Dimokiradiyya na taka wata rawa, kai tsaye ko a kaikaice, a cikin shiryawa ko kuma halartar taron a Durban? " Beauregard ya amsa: "A'a, ba mu yi ba," amma wani ma'aikacin R&D ya ba da rahoton cewa a lokacin shekara ta 2008, ƙungiyar ta yi aiki sosai a cikin shirye-shiryen wannan taron. Rahotannin sun kuma lura cewa "aƙalla ma'aikatan R&D guda bakwai suna aiki a Geneva" a lokacin, kuma lokacin da Deloitte & Touche suka duba kuɗin, ba shi yiwuwa a gano "yadda aka kashe fiye da $ 140,000 a cikin kuɗin R&D.

A tsakiyar waɗannan ayyukan da rikice-rikice, gwamnatin Harper ta canza shugabancin R & D, inda ta ambaci Farfesa Aurel Braun, daga Jami'ar Toronto, a matsayin shugaban kwamitin gudanarwa na R & D a cikin Shekara ta Janairu 2009. Beauregard nan da nan yayi arangama da Braun, kuma rikice-rikicen sun kara fadada bayan da Braun ya hade da kwamitin David Matas . [2] Bayan takaddamar Durban, mambobin kwamitin suka yi zanga-zangar nuna rashin amincewa da bayar da tallafi ga kungiyoyi uku, suna zargin biyu na da alaka da ta'addanci sannan dayan kuma da cewa bai cancanci samun kudi ba (daya daga Isra'ila da Falasdinu biyu) - Al-Haq, Al Mazen, da B'Tselem . [4]

Bayan wani taron kwamitin masu adawa da juna a watan Janairun Shekara ta 2010, Beauregard ya mutu sakamakon bugun zuciya, kuma mambobin kwamitin Sima Samar, Payam Akhavan da Guido Riveros sun yi murabus. [2] Riveros ya rubuta wata wasika mai fadi ta jama'a yana neman murabus din Braun. Daga bisani Guda 45 daga cikin ma'aikatan guda 47 na cibiyar (wasu daga cikinsu da aka dauka aiki a lokacin Beauregard) sun yi kira ga Braun da ya yi murabus, suna zarginsa da "salon tsugune." Da yake ba da shawarar wata makarkashiya da ta haifar da bugun zuciya, mambobin hukumar huɗu masu riƙe da madafun iko suka buƙaci "cikakken bincike game da yanayin da ke tattare da mutuwar Mista Beauregard, tare da mai da hankali kan rawa da halayen kwamitin". Rahoton Kwamitin Harkokin Kasashen Waje na Majalisar Wakilan Kanada ya ba da shawarar sauye-sauye da yawa a cikin Kwamitin Daraktocin Hakkoki da Demokraɗiyya kuma ya samo fannoni da yawa na rikice-rikicen "marasa tabbas da jayayya." Duk da haka yana daga cikin shawarwarinsa cewa "Hukumar Kula da Hakkoki da Demokradiyya ta yanzu ta ba da uzuri ga dangin Beauregard game da duk wasu kalamai da ke bata masa suna." [5]

Ulli[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin watan Afrilu na shekara ta 2012, gwamnatin ƙasar Kanada ta sanar da cewa tana rufe R&D kuma za ta tura ayyukan kungiyar zuwa Sashen Harkokin Kasashen Waje da Kasuwanci na Duniya . Sanarwar ta ce rufe ofishin ya biyo bayan rigingimun da ke tattare da hukumar ne. [6] [7]

Ministan Harkokin Wajen, John Baird ya ce, "Na wani lokaci, dimbin kalubalen da ke Cibiyar Kula da 'Yancin Dan Adam da Ci gaban Dimokiradiyya, wanda aka fi sani da Rights & Democracy, an yada shi sosai. Lokaci ya yi da za mu bar wadannan kalubalen da suka gabata a bayanmu mu ci gaba. " [8]

Shugabanni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ƴanci da dimokuraɗiyya, da shugabannin sune kamar haka:

  • Ed Broadbent, 1988-1996
  • Warren Allmand, 1997-2002
  • Jean-Louis Roy, 2002-2007
  • Jean-Paul Hubert (interim), November 2007-July 2008
  • Rémy Beauregard, July 2008-January 2010
  • Jacques Gauthier (interim) January–March 2010
  • Gérard Latulippe, March 2010-July 2012

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]