Dakarun kare juyin juya halin Musulunci

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Group half.svgDakarun kare juyin juya halin Musulunci
Flag of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.svg
Seal of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.svg
Prepare against them whatever you are able of power., وأعدوا لهم ما استطعتم من قوة da Prepareu-los amb tota la força que pugueu
Bayanai
Suna a hukumance
سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی
Gajeren suna IRGC, КСИР, КВІР, CGRI, پاسداران, Revolutionsgarde da الْحَرَس الثَّوْرِي
Iri paramilitary (en) Fassara, intelligence agency (en) Fassara, internal security (en) Fassara da armed forces (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Iran
Ideology (en) Fassara Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists (en) Fassara
Aiki
Bangare na Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran (en) Fassara
Ma'aikata 125,000
Mulki
Hedkwata Tehran
Subdivisions
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 5 Mayu 1979
Wanda ya samar
sepahnews.com

Dakarun kare juyin juya halin Musulunci (IRGC ; Persian 'Rundunar kare juyin juya halin Musulunci ' Har ila yau Sepāh ko Pasdaran a takaice) reshe ne na sojojin Iran, wanda aka kafa bayan juyin juya halin Iran a ranar 22 ga watan Afrilun 1979 bisa umarnin Ayatullah Ruhollah Khomeini. [1] Ganin cewa sojojin Iran suna kare iyakokin kasar Iran da kuma tabbatar da zaman lafiya a cikin gida, kamar yadda kundin tsarin mulkin kasar Iran ya tana da, dakarun kare juyin suna nufin kare tsarin siyasar jamhuriyar Musulunci ta kasar, wanda magoya bayansa ke ganin ya haɗa da hana tsoma baki daga kasashen waje da juyin mulkin soja ko kuma "bangare". motsi". Gwamnatin Bahrain da Saudiyya da kuma Amurka sun ayyana kungiyar ta IRGC a matsayin kungiyar ta'addanci. Ya zuwa shekarar 2011, dakarun kare juyin juya halin Musulunci na da akalla sojoji 250,000 da suka hada da na kasa, sararin samaniya da na ruwa. Sojojin ruwanta yanzu su ne rundunonin farko da ke da alhakin gudanar da aikin sarrafa Tekun Fasha. [2] Har ila yau, tana iko da rundunar Basij wadda ke da ma'aikata kusan 90,000. [3] Sashen watsa labarai na Sepah News ne. A ranar 16 ga watan Maris 2022, ta karɓi sabon reshe mai zaman kansa mai suna "Umurnin Kariya da Tsaro na Cibiyoyin Nukiliya."

Tunda asalinta a matsayin mayakan sa kai na akida, dakarun wanzar da juyin juya halin Musulunci suna taka rawa sosai a kusan kowane bangare na al'ummar Iran. Kamfanin dillancin labaran reuters ya bayyana a shekarar 2019 cewa "Haka zalika daular masana'antu ce mai karfin siyasa." Fadada rawar da take takawa a fannin zamantakewa, siyasa, soja da tattalin arziki karkashin gwamnatin shugaba Mahmoud Ahmadinejad—musamman a lokacin zaben shugaban kasa na 2009 da murkushe zanga-zangar bayan zabe—ya sa manazarta da dama daga kasashen yammacin duniya ke ganin cewa karfin siyasarta ya zarce ko da na kasar. tsarin malaman shi'a.

Babban kwamandan su tun 2019 shine Hossein Salami, wanda Mohammad Ali Jafari <ref name="rhafez"</ref> da Yahya Rahim Safavi suka gabace shi daga 2007 da 1997.

Kalmomi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyoyin gwamnati a Iran ana san su da sunaye guda ɗaya (waɗanda ke nuna aikinsu gabaɗaya) maimakon gajarta ko gajarta juzu'ai, kuma yawancin jama'a a duniya suna nufin IRGC a matsayin Sepâh ( سپاه ). Sepah yana da ma'anar sojoji ta tarihi, yayin da a Farisa na zamani kuma ana amfani da ita wajen kwatanta wata ƙungiya mai girman gawa-a cikin Artesh na Farisa na zamani ( ارتش ) shine mafi ƙayyadaddun lokaci na sojoji.

Pâsdârân (پاسدار) shine nau'in jam'i na Pâsdâ (پاسدار), ma'ana "Mai Tsaro", kuma an san membobin Sepah da Pāsdār, wanda kuma shine taken su kuma ya zo پاسداران matsayinsu.

Baya ga sunan dakarun kare juyin juya halin Musulunci, Gwamnatin Iran, kafofin watsa labaru, da wadanda ke da alaka da kungiyar gaba daya suna amfani da Sepāh-e Pâsdâran (Rundunar Tsaro), ko da yake ba sabon abu bane. ji Pâsdârân-e Enghelâb ( پاسداران انقلاب ) (Masu kiyaye juyin juya halin Musulunci), ko kuma Pasdaran ( پاسداران ) kawai. ) (Masu gadi) kuma. A cikin al'ummar Iran, musamman ma a cikin 'yan kasashen waje na Iran, amfani da kalmar Pasdaran na nuni da kiyayya ko sha'awar kungiyar.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p. 187
  2. "The Consequences of a Strike on Iran: The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy" GlobalBearings.net, 15 December 2011.
  3. Abrahamian, Ervand, History of Modern Iran, Columbia University Press, 2008 pp. 175–76