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Daukakin-Hotuna dake karkashin Gudanarwar Siniman Ukrain

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Daukakin-Hotuna dake karkashin Gudanarwar Siniman Ukrain
Bayanai
Gajeren suna ВУФКУ
Iri dakin da ake hada finai-finai
Masana'anta film industry (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Kungiyar Sobiyet
Mulki
Hedkwata Kungiyar Sobiyet
Tsari a hukumance dakin da ake hada finai-finai
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1922
Dissolved 1930
vufku.org

Daukakin-Hotuna dake karkashin Gudanarwar Siniman Ukrain ( Ukrainian , ko ВУФКУ ) wani yanki ne na cinematographic na kasar wanda ya haɗa dukkan masana'antar fim a Ukraine (1922-1930).[1] VUFKU an haɗa shi a tsaye: yana sarrafa samarwa, rarrabawa, da nunin fina-finai.[2]

An kafa VUFKU a ranar 13 ga Maris 1922 a ƙarƙashin Kwamitin Ilimi na Ƙasa na SSR na Ukrainian. Umarnin da Commissar kuma NKVD (Narodnyi komissariat vnutrennikh del) suka bayar a ranar 22 ga Afrilu 1922 ya kawo duk gidajen wasan kwaikwayo na fina-finai da duk cibiyoyi da kamfanoni na masana'antar hoto da fina-finai da ke cikin Ukraine a ƙarƙashin ikon VUFKU.[3]

VUFKU ta zama mai mallakar babban ɗakin studiyo a Odessar, da ƙananan ɗakunan studio guda biyu (wanda ake kira ateliers) a Kiev da Kharkiv . Hakanan ta yi hayar ɗakin studio daga Kwamishinan Ilimi na Crimean a Yalta . A cikin 1929, an buɗe ɗakin studio mafi girma na VUFKU a Kiev . An shirya fina-finai hudu a 1923, 16 a 1924, 20 a 1927, 36 a 1928, 31 a 1929. A cikin waɗannan shekarun, ma'aikatan masana'antu na fasaha sun karu daga 47 a 1923 zuwa 1,000 a 1929.

Adadin gidajen kallon fina-finai sun sami irin wannan faɗaɗawar, daga 265 a 1914 zuwa 5,394 a 1928.[4]

A ranar 9 ga watan Nuwamba, 1930, an soke VUFKU a matsayin cibiyar kasa ta Ukrainian ta hanyar yanke shawara na Presidium na VRNG. Ranar 13 ga Disamba, 1930, an ƙirƙiri wani kamfani na gwamnati na Ukrainian Trust of Cinema Industry "Ukrainafim" bisa tushen VUFKU.

A wani lokaci daga 1921 zuwa 1929 a Ukraine, an kirkiro fim din kasa na gaskiya ta hanyar daraktocin Les Kurbas, Vladimir Gardin, Pyotr Chardynin, Georgi Stabovoi, Dziga Vertov, Alexander Dovzhenko, Ivan Kawaleridze da sauransu.

Tun daga shekarar 1925, VUFKU ta gayyaci masu daukar hoto na Jamus don ba da haɗin kai. Wani darektan Turkiyya na Muhsin Ertuğrul kuma ya yi aiki a Studio Film Studio na ɗan lokaci (fim ɗin " Spartak ", 1926) da Oleksandr Granovsky, wanda ya kafa gidan kallon fina-finai na Yahudawa a Rasha, wanda ya yi a " Farin cikin Yahudawa " a can.

Bayan 1926, yawancin marubutan Ukrain, 'yan jarida, masu wasan kwaikwayo, masu daukar hoto, masu zane-zane na kayan ado an sanya su cikin aikin.

A cikin 1927 da 1928, fina-finai da yawa sun sami karɓuwa a duniya: "Two days" (1927) ta Georgi Stabovoi, wanda aka yi fim a Yalta Film Factory da " Zvenigora " na Alexander Dovzhenko, wanda aka yi a Odessa Film Factory.

Vladimir Mayakovsky ya zo Ukraine sau biyu, a cikin shekara ta 1922, sannan tsakanin 1926 da 1928, don tantance al'amuransa.

An yi wasu shahararrun fina-finai a tsakanin shekara ta 1928-1929 kamar Mutum mai Hoton Fim na Dziga Vertov, Arsenal na Alexander Dovzhenko da dai sauransu.

Fina-finan al'adu

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Yawancin fina-finai na fim a farkon VUFKU (aƙalla 165 fina-finai na farkon shekaru uku) sun ƙunshi almarar kimiyya, aikin gona, kin-addinai, fina-finai na ilimi.

A cikin 1926, a cikin mujallar "Kino", Hlib Zatvornytskyy ya ambaci manyan nau'ikan fina-finai na al'adu guda uku: fim din makaranta, almarar kimiyya da labarai .

Shirye-shiryen zane mai motsi

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 1926, Vyacheslav Levadovsky da Volodymyr Devyatnin suka kaddamar da wani studio na zane mai motsi tare da masu zane-zane Simka Huyetsky, Ipolit Lazarchuk da sauransu.

Jerin fina-finai

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  • 1926 : The Trypillia Tragedy ( Russian: Трипольская трагедия Alexander Anoschenko-Anoda (silent film ) ya ba da umarni.
  • 1926 : Love's Berries ( Ukrainian Alexander Dovzhenko ( silent film ) ya ba da umarni.
  • 1926 : Taras Shevchenko ( Ukrainian ), wanda Pyotr Chardynin ya ba da umarni ( fim ɗin shiru )
  • 1927 : Jakar diflomasiyya ( Ukrainian Alexander Dovzhenko ( silent film ) ya ba da umarni.
  • 1928 : Arsenal ( Ukrainian Alexander Dovzhenko ( silent film ) ya ba da umarni.
  • 1928 : Zvenyhora ( Ukrainian ) Alexander Dovzhenko ( silent film ) ya ba da umarni.
  • 1928 : Fata-Man ( Ukrainian Mykola Shpykovsky (silent film ) ne ya ba da umarni.
  • 1929 : Mutum mai Kyamarar Fim ( Ukrainian Dziga Vertov ne ya ba da umarni ( fim ɗin gaskiya )
  • 1929 : A lokacin bazara ( Ukrainian Mikhail Kaufman ( Documentary film ) ne ya bada umarni
  • 1930 : Duniya ( Ukrainian ), darektan Alexander Dovzhenko (silent film)
  1. "УКРАЇНСЬКЕ НІМЕ / UKRAINIAN RE-VISION by Oleksandr Dovzhenko National Centre - issuu". issuu.com. Archived from the original on 2016-11-27. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
  2. Nebesio, B.Y. (2009). "Competition from Ukraine: VUFKU and the Soviet Film Industry in the 1920s". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television. 29 (2): 159–80. doi:10.1080/01439680902890654.
  3. "Kinofest NYC - VUFKU History". kinofestnyc.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
  4. "Kinofest NYC - VUFKU History". kinofestnyc.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2016-11-27.

Ci gaba da karatu

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]
  • Histoire du cinéma ukrainien (1896–1995), Lubomir Hosejko, Éditions à Dié, Dié, 2001, , traduit en ukrainien en 2005 : Istoria Oukraïnskovo Kinemotografa, Kino-Kolo, Kiev, 2005, 
  • Kamus na Tarihi na Ukraine, Ivan Katchanovski, Zenon E. Kohut, Bohdan Y. Nebesio, Myroslav Yurkevich, Scarecrow Press, 2013, 

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje

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