Elie Metchnikoff

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Elie Metchnikoff
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ivanivka (en) Fassara da Kharkiv (en) Fassara, 3 Mayu 1845 (Julian)
ƙasa Faransa
Russian Empire (en) Fassara
Mutuwa Faris, 2 ga Yuli, 1916 (Julian)
Makwanci Faris
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi (Ciwon zuciya)
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Ilya Ivanovich Mechnikov
Mahaifiya Emilia Barto Mechnikov
Abokiyar zama Olga Belokopytova (en) Fassara
Ahali Ivan Ilyich Mechnikov (en) Fassara da Léon Metchnikoff (en) Fassara
Ƴan uwa
Karatu
Makaranta University of Göttingen (en) Fassara
Q106947038 Fassara
Matakin karatu doctor rerum naturalium (en) Fassara
doctor (en) Fassara
Thesis director Leon Cienkowski (en) Fassara
Louis Pasteur (en) Fassara
Dalibin daktanci Jules Bordet (en) Fassara
Waldemar Haffkine (en) Fassara
Alexandre Besredka (en) Fassara
Eugène Wollman (en) Fassara
Józef Nusbaum-Hilarowicz (en) Fassara
Lev Tarassevitch (en) Fassara
Harsuna Rashanci
Faransanci
Turanci
Jamusanci
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a biologist (en) Fassara, immunologist (en) Fassara, zoologist (en) Fassara, chemist (en) Fassara, inventor (en) Fassara, likita, physiologist (en) Fassara, microbiologist (en) Fassara, entomologist (en) Fassara da botanist (en) Fassara
Employers Odesa University (en) Fassara
Pasteur Institute (en) Fassara
Imperial St. Petersburg University (en) Fassara
Imperial Novorossiia University (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Ayyanawa daga
Mamba Royal Society (en) Fassara
Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences (en) Fassara
American Academy of Arts and Sciences (en) Fassara
Academy of Sciences of Turin (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini mulhidanci

Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (Russian: Илья Ильич Мечников; 15 May [O.S.3 May]  – 15 July 1916), ana kuma rubuta shi da Élie Metchnikoff,[1][2] ya kasance mai ilimin rayuwar dabbobi daga Daular Rasha naMoldavian[3][4][5][6][7] kakanni masu daukaka wanda yayi fice majaban binciken shi akan rigakafi immunology (nazarin tsarin ragakafi) da thanatology (nazarin matattu).[8] Anyi musu lambar girma na Nobel Prize shi da Paul Ehrlich a Kimiyyar Magunguna “yabawa da aikin shi akan ragakafi”.[9]

An haifi Mechnikov a wani yanki na Daular Rasha wanda a yau ke matsayin wani ɓangare na Ukraine a yau ga mahaifi mai daraja na Moldavian [4] da mahaifiya ‘yar al’adar Yukren-Yahudanci, kuma daga baya ya ci gaba da aikinsa a Faransa. Idan aka da wannan zuri’a rikitarwa, kasashe da mutane daban-daban guda biyar sun yi ikirarin Metchnikoff.[10] Duk da cewa yana da mahaifiya ‘yar asalin Yahudanci, an yi masa baftisma da Orthodox na Rasha, kodayake daga baya ya zama mai musun wanzuwar Allah.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Ilya Mechnikov: Biographical". Nobel Prizes. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  2. Some sources give Metchnikoff's new-style birth date as 16 May, but this is believed by the Nobel Prize Committee to be an error stated by Metchnikoff himself in converting a nineteenth century date from old-style to new-style.[1]
  3. Vaughan, R. B. (July 1965). "The Romantic Rationalist a Study of Elie Metchnikoff". Medical History (in Turanci). 9 (3): 201–215. doi:10.1017/S0025727300030702. ISSN 2048-8343. PMC 1033501. PMID 14321564.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Stambler, Ilia (2015-10-01). "Elie Metchnikoff—The founder of longevity science and a founder of modern medicine: In honor of the 170th anniversary". Advances in Gerontology (in Turanci). 5 (4): 201–208. doi:10.1134/S2079057015040219. ISSN 2079-0589. S2CID 35017226. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Stambler 201–208" defined multiple times with different content
  5. O'Donoghue, Chas. H. (1916). "Élie Metchnikoff". Science Progress (1916-1919). 11 (42): 308–310. ISSN 2059-495X. JSTOR 43426778.
  6. Riesman, David (September 1922). "Life of Elie Metchnicoff". Annals of Medical History. 4 (3): 317–319. ISSN 0743-3131. PMC 7034616.
  7. Ezepchuk, Yu V.; Kolybo, D. V. (2016). "Nobel Laureate Ilya I. Mechnikov (1845-1916). Life story and career". The Ukrainian Biochemical Journal. 88 (88, № 6): 98–109. doi:10.15407/ubj88.06.098. ISSN 2409-4943. PMID 29236381.
  8. "Ilya Mechnikov – Biographical". nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  9. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1908". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  10. Stambler, Ilia (13 December 2020). "Ilya Mechnikov — the founder of Gerontology" (PDF). The East Europe Journal of Internal and Family Medicine. Kharkov. 2B (14): 29–30. doi:10.15407/internalmed2020.02b.029.