Humaira Begum

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Humaira Begum
President John F. Kennedy Attends State Dinner for King Mohammad Ẓāhir Shāh and Queen Humaira Begum of Afghanistan (cropped).jpg
Humaira Begum at the White House with her husband, Mohammed Zahir Shah, 1963.
Queen consort of Afghanistan
Tenure 8 November 1933 – 17 July 1973
Installation 8 November 1933
Haihuwa 24 July 1918
Kabul, Emirate of Afghanistan
Mutuwa 26 Yuni 2002(2002-06-26) (shekaru 83)
Rome, Italy
Birnewa
Maranjan Hill
Spouse Mohammed Zahir Shah
Issue Princess Bilqis Begum
Prince Muhammed Akbar Khan
Crown Prince Ahmad Shah Khan
Princess Maryam Begum
Prince Muhammed Nadir Khan
Prince Shah Mahmoud Khan
Prince Muhammed Daoud Pashtunyar Khan
Prince Mir Wais Khan
Gida Barakzai
Mahaifi Sardar Ahmad Shah Khan
Mahaifiya Zarin Begum
Addini Sunni Islam

Humaira Begum ( Persian ; An haifeta 24 ga watan Yuli 1918 - 26 ga Yuni 2002) ta kasance matar kuma kanwar ta farko ga Sarki Mohammed Zahir Shah kuma uwargidan sarauniya ta karshe ta Afghanistan.

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Gimbiya Bilqis Begum (an haifi ta17 ga Watan Afrilu shekarar Alif ta 1932).
  2. Prince Muhammed Akbar Khan (4 ga watan Agusta 1933 - 26 Nuwamba shekara ta1942).
  3. Yarima mai jiran gado Ahmad Shah (an haife shi 23 watan Satumba Shekara ta alif 1934).
  4. Gimbiya Maryam Begum (2 ga watan Nuwamba 1936 - 25 Disamba 2021).
  5. Prince Muhammed Nadir Khan (21 ga watan Mayu shekarar 1941 - 3 Afrilu 2022).
  6. Yarima Shah Mahmoud Khan (15 ga watan Nuwamba shekarar 1946 -zuwa 7 ga watan Disamba shekarar ta 2002).
  7. Prince Muhammed Daoud Pashtunyar Khan (an haife shi 14 ga watan Afrilu shekarar 1949).
  8. Prince Mir Wais Khan (an haife shi 7 Janairu 1957).

Sarauniyar Afghanistan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 8 gawatan Nuwamba shekarar alif 1933 bayan kisan da aka yi wa surukanta Mohammed Nadir Shah an nada mijinta Sarki kuma Humaira ta zama Sarauniyar Afganistan .[ana buƙatar hujja]

A zamanin mulkin mijinta na farko, Sarauniya Humaira ba ta taka rawar gani a fili ba. An tsige Sarki Amanullah Khan ne a shekara ta 1929 saboda rashin gamsuwa da wani bangare na misalin Sarauniya Soraya Tarzi, wacce ta bayyana a bainar jama'a tare da bayyana mijinta, kuma magajinsa ya maido da lullubi da keɓancewar jinsi tare da haifar da koma baya ga 'yancin mata. [1] A cikin shekarun 1930, matan sarautar sun ci gaba da yin ado da kayan gargajiya na yammacin Turai a cikin gidan sarautar Kabul da ke kewaye, amma sun koma lullube kansu a cikin lullubin gargajiya lokacin da suka bar gidan sarauta, kuma sun daina nuna kansu a bainar jama'a.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Wannan ya canza bayan yakin duniya na biyu, lokacin da gwamnati ta ga sauye-sauye na zamani ya zama dole, ciki har da gyare-gyare a matsayin mata. A cikin Shwkara ta1946, Sarauniya Humaira ta zama mai ba da kariya ga sabuwar ƙungiyar jin daɗin mata da aka kafa, wacce ita ce cibiyar mata ta farko a Afghanistan, kuma ta nuna sake dawo da ƙungiyoyin mata. [1] Lokacin da Mohammed Daoud Khan ya zama firaminista a shekarar 1953, ci gaban 'yantar da mata ya fara tafiya cikin sauri, kuma matan gidan sarauta, tare da Sarauniya a matsayin babban jigo, an ba su wani muhimmin aiki a matsayin abin koyi a cikin wannan tsari. Sun fara halartar ayyukan jama'a, a farkon lullube.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Tambarin gidan waya na 1968 yana nuna Begum

A cikin shekara ta alif 1959, ta goyi bayan kiran da Firayim Minista Mohammed Daoud Khan ya yi na mata da su cire mayafin da kansu ta hanyar cire nata. Wannan wani babban al'amari ne a tarihin mata a kasar Afganistan, sannan kuma wani bangare ne da gangan a cikin manufofin 'yantar da mata na gwamnatin Daoud a wancan lokaci. An shirya matakin a tsanake ta hanyar gabatar da mata ma'aikata a gidan rediyon Kabul a shekarar 1957, inda aka tura mata wakilai zuwa taron matan Asiya a birnin Kairo, da kuma daukar 'yan mata arba'in aiki a masana'antar tukwane ta gwamnati a shekarar 1958. [2] Lokacin da wannan ba a gamu da tarzoma ba, gwamnati ta yanke shawarar cewa lokaci ya yi da za a kaddamar da matakin mai cike da cece-kuce. [2] A cikin watan Agustan shekara ta alif 1959, a rana ta biyu na bikin Jeshyn, Sarauniya Humaira da Gimbiya Bilqis sun bayyana a cikin akwatin sarauta a faretin soja da aka gabatar, tare da matar Firayim Minista, Zamina Begum. [2]

Wannan mataki da ya janyo cece-kuce ya fuskanci fushin malaman addinin Islama, inda wasu gungun malamai suka aikewa firaministan wasikar nuna rashin amincewarsu da neman a mutunta kalaman shari'a. Firayim Minista ya amsa ta hanyar gayyatar su zuwa babban birnin kasar kuma ya ba shi tabbacin cewa nassi mai tsarki ya bukaci chadri . [2] Lokacin da malamai suka kasa samun irin wannan nassi, Firayim Minista ya bayyana cewa 'yan uwa mata na gidan sarauta ba za su sake sanya mayafi ba, saboda shari'ar Musulunci ba ta bukaci hakan ba. [2] Yayin da ba a taba dakatar da chadri ba, misali Sarauniya da uwargidan Firayim Minista sun yi koyi da matan da 'ya'yan jami'an gwamnati da kuma wasu matan birane na manya da matsakaita, inda aka san Kubra Noorzai da Masuma Esmati-Wardak. a matsayin majagaba na farko a tsakanin talakawan kasa. [2]

Bayan wannan taron, Sarauniya Humaira ta shiga cikin ayyukan wakilci na sarauta kuma ta halarci ayyukan jama'a da aka gabatar. Ta shiga cikin ayyukan agaji kuma ta ziyarci asibitoci da abubuwan da suka shafi jama'a.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Ƙaura[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  A ranar 17 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 1973, yayin da mijinta ke Italiya ana yi masa tiyatar ido da kuma maganin lumbago, dan uwansa kuma tsohon Firayim Minista Mohammed Daoud Khan, wanda Zahir Shah ya tsige daga mukaminsa shekaru goma da suka gabata, ya yi juyin mulki. kuma ya kafa gwamnatin jamhuriya. A cikin watan Agustan da ya biyo bayan wannan juyin mulkin, Zahir Shah ya yi murabus maimakon hadarin yakin basasa. Sarauniya Humaira ta kasance a Afghanistan lokacin da mijinta ya tafi Italiya don yi masa tiyata, kuma ta kasance a Afghanistan a lokacin juyin mulkin. Ba a cutar da ita ba, amma an tsare ta a gidanta a gidanta, kamar sauran membobin gidan sarauta, har sai da aka ba su izinin tafiya tare da Zahir Shah a Italiya.

Humaira da Zahir Shah sun shafe shekaru ashirin da tara suna gudun hijira a Italiya suna zaune a wani katafaren gida mai dakuna hudu a cikin al'ummar Olgiata masu wadata a kan Via Cassia, arewacin birnin Rum. Sarkin bai taba saka kudi a asusun banki na kasashen waje ba, don haka ya dogara da karimcin abokai.

Girmamawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Girmama kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Order of the Sun (Afghanistan) - ribbon bar.gif</img> Knight Grand Cordon na Order of the Supreme Sun

Karramawar kasashen waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Aure[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Humaira Begum diyar Sardar Ahmad Shah Khan ce, dan uwa ga uwargidan sarauta Mah Parwar Begum kuma ministar kotun masarautar, da matarsa ta farko Zarin Begum, wacce kani ne ga Sarki Amanullah Khan kuma babbar diyar Janar HE Loinab Khush Dil Khan., Gwamnan Kabul da Kandahar. Ta auri dan uwanta na farko, Yarima mai jiran gado na Afghanistan Mohammed Zahir a ranar 7 ga Nuwamba shekara ta alif 1931 a Kabul.

Mohammed Zahir Shah da Humaira Begum sun haifi 'ya'ya maza shida da mata biyu.


Mutuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Makonni kaɗan kafin ta koma Afganistan ta sake haduwa da mijinta da ya dawo kwanan nan, Begum ta kwantar da ita a asibiti tana fama da matsalar numfashi da ciwon zuciya kuma ta rasu bayan kwana biyu.

An mayar da gawarta zuwa Afganistan kuma jami'an tsaron soji, da wakilan kabilu sanye da rigunan gargajiya, da ministocin gwamnatin Hamid Karzai suka tarbe ta a filin jirgin saman. An kuma gudanar da taron tunawa da jana'izar ta a wasu masallatan Kabul guda biyu. An binne gawarwakinta ne a dakin kabari na sarauta da ke birnin Kabul.


Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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