Ilimin ɗan adam

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Wikidata.svgIlimin ɗan adam
academic discipline (en) Fassara da academic major (en) Fassara
Da Vinci Vitruve Luc Viatour.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Kimiyyar zamantakewa
Bangare na Kimiyyar zamantakewa
Suna a harshen gida ἄνθρωπος
Gudanarwan anthropologist (en) Fassara
Is the study of (en) Fassara humanity (en) Fassara
Tarihin maudu'i history of anthropology (en) Fassara

Ilimin ɗan adam shine nazarin kimiyya na ɗan adam, wanda ya shafi halayen ɗan adam, ilimin halittar ɗan adam, al'adu, al'ummomi, da ilimin harshe, a halin yanzu da na baya, gami da nau'ikan ɗan adam da suka gabata.[1][2] Ilimin ɗan adam na zamantakewa yana nazarin yanayin ɗabi'a, yayin da ilimin halayyar ɗan adam yana nazarin ma'anar al'adu, gami da ƙa'idodi da ƙima. Kalmar portmanteau ana amfani da ilimin zamantakewar al'adun ɗan adam a yau. Ilimin ɗan adam na harshe yana nazarin yadda harshe ke tasiri rayuwar zamantakewa. Ilimin halitta ko ilimin halin ɗan adam yana nazarin ci gaban halittun ɗan adam.

Archaeological Anthropology, sau da yawa ana kiransa "anthropology na baya," yana nazarin ayyukan ɗan adam ta hanyar bincike na shaidar jiki. Ana la'akari da shi a matsayin reshe na ilimin ɗan adam a Arewacin Amirka da Asiya, yayin da a Turai ana kallon ilmin kimiya na kayan tarihi a matsayin horo a kansa ko kuma an haɗa shi a ƙarƙashin wasu nau'o'in da ke da alaƙa, irin su tarihi da ilmin lissafi.

Asalin Kalma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abstract suna Anthropology an fara tabbatar da shi dangane da tarihi. [3] [4] Amfaninsa na yanzu ya fara bayyana a cikin Renaissance Jamus a cikin ayyukan Magnus Hundt da Otto Casmann. Su New Latin anthropologia an samo shi daga haɗa nau'ikan kalmomin Helenanci ánthrōpos ( Template:Linktext , " mutum") da kuma logos (Template:Linktext, "nazari "). [3] Siffar sifa ta bayyana a cikin ayyukan Aristotle. [3] An fara amfani da shi a cikin harshen Ingilishi, maiyuwa ta hanyar Anthropologie na Faransa, a farkon karni na 18. [3] [5]


Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "anthropology". Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster. Archived from the original on 22 August 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  2. "What is Anthropology?". American Anthropological Association. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "anthropology, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1885.
  4. Richard Harvey's 1593 Philadelphus, a defense of the legend of Brutus in British history, includes the passage "Genealogy or issue which they had, Artes which they studied, Actes which they did. This part of History is named Anthropology."
  5. John Kersey's 1706 edition of The New World of English Words includes the definition "Anthropology, a Discourse or Description of Man, or of a Man's Body."