Juwayriya bint Al-Harith

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Juwayriya bint Al-Harith
Juwayriyya bint al-Harith.png
Sunan yanka جویریة بنت الحارث
Haihuwa Barrah bint al-Harith
c. 608
Medina, Hejaz, Arabia
present-day Saudi Arabia
Mutuwa Rabiʽ al-Awwal 56 AH ; c. April 676 AD
Medina, Hejaz, Arabia
(present-day Saudi Arabia)
Makwanci
Jannat al-Baqi, Medina, Hejaz, Arabia
(present-day Saudi Arabia)
Shahara akan Wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, Mother of the Believers
Title ʾumm ul-mumineen
Uwar gida(s) Muhammad (m. 628; died 632)
Iyaye(s) al-Hārith ibn Abi Dirar (father)
Iyali Banu Mustaliq (by birth)
House of Muhammad (by marriage)

Juwayriya bint al-Harith ( Larabci: جويرية بنت الحارث‎, romanized: Juwayriya bint al-Ḥārith  ; c. 608 - 676) matar Muhammadu (S A W) ce kuma Uwar Muminai . Ta auri Annabi musulinci Muhammad (S A W) yana da shekara 58 kuma tana da shekara 20, [1] don haka sanya auren a 627/8. [2]

Asalin iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ita 'yar al-Hārith ibn Abi Dirar, shugaban Banu Mustaliq, wanda aka ci shi da ƙabilarsa a yaƙi.

Rikici tsakanin Musulmi da Banu Mustaliq[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Watanni biyu da Annabi Muḥammad ( S A W) ya dawo daga balaguron Dhū Qarad, ya fara jin jita-jita cewa Banu al-Muṣṭaliq suna shirin kai masa hari, don haka ya aika wani ɗan leƙen asiri, Buraydah ibn Al-Ḥasīb Al-Aslamī, ya tabbatar da hakan. Banū al-Muṣṭaliq kuma sun yi amannar cewa Muḥammad (S A W) na shirin kai musu hari. Don haka su ma sai suka aika wani dan leken asiri dan gano matsayin musulmai, amma sai suka kama shi suka kashe shi.

Rundunonin biyu suna jibge a wata rijiya da ake kira Al-Muraysī ', kusa da teku, da ɗan tazara daga Makka. Sun yi yaƙi da baka da kibau na awa ɗaya, sannan kuma musulmai suka ci gaba cikin sauri, suka kewaye al-Muṣṭaliq kuma suka ɗauki ƙabilun duka fursunoni, tare da danginsu, garkensu da garkensu. Yakin ya kare cikakkiyar nasara ga musulmai. An kwashe iyalai dari biyu a matsayin kamammu, rakuma dari biyu, tumaki dubu biyar, awaki, da kuma kayan gida da yawa wadanda aka kama ganima. An sayar da kayan gidan cikin gwanjo ga mai siyarwa mafi girma.

Mustaliq ya rasa mazaje goma. Musulmi daya ne aka kashe bisa kuskure da Mataimaki. Juwayrīyah bint al-Ḥārith, diyar shugaban Banū al-Muṣṭaliq na daya daga cikin wadanda aka kama.

Juwayriya an kama ta a matsayin baiwa, an sake ta kuma an yi mata aure[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan raunuka kaɗan, sojojin musulmai suka yi nasara. Daga cikin dimbin wadanda aka kama akwai Juwayriya, wanda aka kashe mijinta, Mustafa bin Safwan a yakin. Da farko ta faɗi cikin abokin Muhammad Thabit b. Qays b. Al-Shammas. Juwayriya ta firgita da wannan, ta nemi aikin fansa daga Muhammad. Muhammad ya nemi aurenta kuma, sakamakon haka, ya 'yanta ta daga bautar Thabit b. Qais kuma saboda haka ya inganta yanayin ƙabilarta da aka kama. [3]

Dama ta farko da ta samu bayan an kamata, sai taje gurin Annabi Muḥammad S A W tana son wato rikicin ya koma hannun shi , sai ta gaya mashi cewa ita fa Yar manya ce wato yar command, kuma saboda haka ne ta samu kanta a wannan mummunan halin da take ciki. Ta Fadi daga gadon sarauta na zinari zuwa na kaskqnci. Sai take ganin taya zata iya rayuwa a matsayin baiwa ita kuma can da ta kasance sarauniya, sai ta roki Annabi Muḥammad (S A W) da ya kalla halin da ta samu kanta a ciki.

Annabi, ya damu da roƙon da take yi na baƙin ciki kuma ya tambaye ta idan za ta so ta rayu a matsayin mace mai 'yanci kuma ta kasance cikin gidansa idan ya biya fansarta. Ba ta taɓa tsammanin cikin wannan mafarkin ba. Matsayi sosai game da wannan matsayin da ba zato ba tsammani a matsayinta, sai ta ce za ta fi farin ciki da karɓa. [4]

.Wani lokaci daga baya mahaifinta da duk mazajen ƙabilarta da aka 'yanta suma sun karɓi Musulunci a matsayin addininsu.

A sakamakon haka ne, ta auri Muhammad (S A W), Annabin Islama yana da shekara 58 kuma tana da shekara 20, don haka ya sanya auren a shekarar 628. [1] [2] Bayan aurenta, an ambata  cewa ta kasance mai yawan ibada kuma mafi yawan lokacinta ta shagaltu da addu'a.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Mutuwa da binnewa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ta rasu tana da shekara sittin da biyar a shekara ta 50 bayan hijira kuma an binne ta tare da sauran matan Annabi Muḥammad (S A W) a Jannatul Baqi '. [5][ana buƙatar hujja]

Halayenta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An bayyana Juwayriya da cewa kyakkyawa ce kuma mai kyau:

  • An haife ta a cikin halin yalwa da alatu, kuma tana da duk gyare-gyare da alherin gimbiya. Mai hankali da hikima, ta kware a yare da salon adabi. Wannan nasara ce wacce Larabawa sukeyi a wannan zamanin. [6]
  • Duk wanda ya ga [Juwayriya] ya yi mamakin kyawawan halayenta. Yawo kamar yadda ta kasance a cikin ɗayan manyan magabata na wannan lokacin, ba kyakkyawa ba ce kawai amma tana da kyawu, da ladabi, da iya magana. [7]
  • Lokacin da matar Muhammadu 'Aisha' ta fara ganinta sai aka ce tayi ihu cewa Juwayriyah "kyakkyawa ce kamar almara". [8]

Legacy[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Juwayriyah bint Al-Harith[ana buƙatar hujja] ruwaito: Annabi ya fito daga daki da safe kamar yadda na kasance ina shagaltuwa da yin sallar alfijir. Ya dawo da hantsi ya same ni zaune. Annabi ya ce, "Shin har yanzu kuna matsayin daya kamar yadda na bar ku.Na amsa da amin. Sai Annabi ya ce,

"Na karanta kalmomi hudu sau uku bayan na bar ku. Idan za a auna waɗannan da duk abin da kuka karanta tun da safe, waɗannan za su yi nauyi. Wadannan su ne:

َسُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَ بِحَمْدِهِ عَدَدَ خَلقِهِ وَرِضَا نَفْسِهِ وَزِنَةَ عَرْشِهِ وَ مِدَادَ كَلِمَاتِهِ

Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, `adada khalqihi, wa rida nafsihi, wa zinatah` arshihi, wa midada kalimatihi

Allah ya barranta daga ajizanci kuma na fara da yabonsa, sau dayawa kamar adadin halittunsa, gwargwadon yardarsa, yayi daidai da nauyin Al'arshinsa kuma daidai yake da tawada da za'a iya amfani da shi wajen nadar kalmomin ( domin yabon). " - Muslim 

Manazartai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

 A duba a cikin littafin رجال ونساء حول الرسول

  1. 1.0 1.1 Juwayriyya bint al-Harith
  2. 2.0 2.1 Juwayriyya bint al-Harith - The Oxford Dictionary of Islam
  3. Alfred Guillaume, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, p. 490-493.
  4. Mahmood Ahmad Ghadanfar, Great Woman of Islam, p.108-109.
  5. Ghadanfar, p.110
  6. Ghadanfar, p. 107.
  7. Ghadanfar, p.108.
  8. Ghadanfar, p. 109.