Kare Muhalli

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Wikidata.svgkare muhalli
academic discipline (en) Fassara
Таблички для приостановки деятельности браконьеров.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na protection (en) Fassara
Bangare na siyasa, new social movements (en) Fassara da sustainability (en) Fassara
Significant person (en) Fassara Salvatore Garau (en) Fassara da Greta Thunberg (en) Fassara
Karatun ta environmental science (en) Fassara, anthropology (en) Fassara da Kimiyar al'umma
Gudanarwan environmentalist (en) Fassara
Facet of (en) Fassara Biophysical environment
Tsabtace Tsarin Tsarin Tekun Tsabta

Kare muhalli aiki ne na kare muhalli daga mutane, kungiyoyi da gwamnatoci. Manufofin ta shine adana albarkatun ƙasa da yanayin da ake ciki yanzu, kuma, idan ya yiwu, don gyara lalacewa da juya yanayin.[1][2]


Saboda da matsin lamba na overconsumption, yawan girma da kuma fasaha, da biophysical yanayi da ake kaskanta, wani lokacin har abada. An yarda da wannan, kuma gwamnatoci sun fara sanya takunkumi kan ayyukan da ke haifar da lalata muhalli. Tun daga shekara ta 1960s, ƙungiyoyin muhalli sun haifar da ƙarin wayewar kai game da matsalolin muhalli da yawa . Akwai sabani game da tasirin muhalli na ayyukan ɗan adam, don haka lokaci-lokaci ana tattauna matakan kariya.

Hanyoyi don kare muhalli[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yarjejeniyar muhalli na son rai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin ƙasashe masu masana'antu, yarjeniyoyin muhalli na son rai sau da yawa suna ba da dandamali don kamfanoni da za'a amince dasu don ƙaura fiye da ƙa'idodin don haka tallafawa cigaban mafi kyawun aikin muhalli. Misali, a Indiya, Amintaccen Inganta Muhalli (EIT) yana aiki don kare muhalli da kare gandun daji tun 1998. Kungiyar Volan Agaji na Green sun sami maƙasudin ra'ayin Green India Clean. CA Gajendra Kumar Jain wani Akawu ne mai kwarjini, shi ne wanda ya kirkiro Amintaccen Inganta Muhalli a garin Sojat wani karamin kauye na Jihar Rajasthan a Indiya [3] A ƙasashe masu tasowa, kamar Latin Amurka, ana amfani da wadannan yarjeniyoyin wajen magance manyan matakan rashin bin doka da oda.

Tsarin halittu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tsarin muhalli na tsarin kula da albarkatu da kare muhalli yana nufin yin la’akari da mawuyacin alakar da ke tattare da dukkanin tsarin halittu a wajen yanke shawara maimakon amsa kawai ga takamaiman batutuwa da kalubale. Ainihin haka, tsarin yanke shawara a karkashin irin wannan hanyar zai zama hanyar hadin gwiwa don tsarawa da yanke shawara wanda ya kunshi dimbin masu ruwa da tsaki a duk sassan sassan gwamnati da suka dace da wakilan masana'antu, kungiyoyin muhalli, da al'umma. Wannan tsarin ya fi dacewa don tallafawa kyakkyawan musayar bayanai, cigaba da dabarun magance rikice-rikice da ingantaccen kiyaye yanki. Addinai ma suna taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen kiyaye muhalli.

Tarayyar Turai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kare muhalli ya zama muhimmin aiki ga cibiyoyin ƙungiyar Tarayyar Turai bayan Yarjejeniyar Maastricht da Tarayyar Turai ta amince da ita daga dukkan mambobinta. (EU) tana aiki a fagen manufofin muhalli, tana ba da umarni kamar waɗanda ke kan tasirin muhalli da kuma samun damar samun bayanai na muhalli ga 'yan ƙasa a cikin mambobin ƙasashe.

Gabas ta Tsakiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ƙasashen Gabas ta Tsakiya sun zama ɓangare na haɗin gwiwar muhalli na Musulunci, wanda aka fara a shekara ta 2002 a Jeddah . A karkashin Kungiyar Ilimin Addinin Musulunci, Kimiyya da Al'adu, kasashen kungiyar suna shiga taron ministocin Muhalli na Musulunci a duk bayan shekaru biyu, suna mai da hankali kan muhimmancin kiyaye muhalli da ci gaba mai dorewa. Kasashen larabawa kuma an basu lambar yabo ta mafi ƙyawun sarrafa muhalli a duniyar musulinci.

A watan Agustan shekara ta 2019, Sultanate of Oman ya sami lambar yabo ta 2018-19 a Saudi Arabia, inda ya ambaci aikinta na 'Veraring the Age and Growth of Spotted Small Spots in the Northwest Coast of the Oman of Oman'.

Rasha[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A Rasha, ana ɗaukar kariyar muhalli a matsayin wani ɓangare na tsaron ƙasa. Akwai hukuma mai izini, Ma'aikatar Tarayyar Albarkatun Kasa da Ilimin Lafiya. Ko yaya, akwai batutuwan muhalli da yawa a cikin Rasha.[4][5][6]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Environmental-protection dictionary definition | environmental-protection defined". yourdictionary.com. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  2. "What is Environmental Protection? definition of Environmental Protection (Black's Law Dictionary)". The Law Dictionary. 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  3. Karamanos, P., Voluntary Environmental Agreements: Evolution and Definition of a New Environmental Policy Approach. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2001. 44(1): p. 67-67-84.
  4. Earth Trends (2003). "Biodiversity and Protected Areas-- Tanzania" (PDF). Earth Trends Country Profiles. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  5. Jessica Andersson; Daniel Slunge (16 June 2005). "Tanzania – Environmental Policy Brief" (PDF). Development Partners Group Tanzania. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  6. Goldstein, G., Legal System and Wildlife Conservation: History and the Law's Effect on Indigenous People and Community Conservation in Tanzania, The. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, 2005. Georgetown University Law Center (Spring).

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]