Kogin Ubangi

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Taswirar da ke nuna kwarin Kogin Ubangi.
Ubangi River at the outskirts of Bangui

Kogin Ubangi (/ (j) uːˈbæŋɡi /), wanda aka rubuta shi ma Oubangui, shi ne mafi girman raƙuman ruwa na Kogin Congo a yankin Afirka ta Tsakiya. Yana farawa ne daga mahadar Mbomou da Uele Ribers kuma yana gudana zuwa yamma, ya zama iyakar tsakanin Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya (CAR) da Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo. Bayan haka, Ubangi ya karkata zuwa kudu maso yamma ya wuce Bangui, babban birnin CAR, daga nan sai ya bi ta kudu - ya zama iyaka tsakanin Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo da Jamhuriyar Kongo. Ubangiarshe Ubangi ya haɗu da Kogin Kongo a Liranga.

Tsawon Ubangi yana da kusan kilomita 1,060 (660 mi). Jimlar tsawonsa tare da Uele, mafi karancin harajin ta, ya kai kilomita 2,270 (mil 1,410). Tafkin ruwan Ubangi yana da kusan kilomita murabba'i 772,800 (298,400 sq mi). Sakin fitowarta a Bangui ya fara ne daga kimanin mitakyub 800 a sakan daya (28,000 cu ft / s) zuwa mita 11,000 a sakan daya (390,000 cu ft/s), tare da matsakaita kwarara kusan mita 4,000 a sakan daya (140,000 cu ft/s).[1] An yi imanin cewa saman na Ubangi ya fara zuwa Kogin Chari da Tafkin Chadi kafin Kwango ta kama shi a farkon Pleistocene.[2]

Tare da Kogin Congo, yana ba da mahimmin jigilar jigilar jigilar jiragen ruwa a tsakanin Bangui da Brazzaville.

Daga tushe zuwa kilomita 100 (mi mi 62) a ƙasa da Bangui, Ubangi yana bayyana iyakar tsakanin Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya da Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo (DRC). Bayan haka, ta samar da iyaka tsakanin DRC da Jamhuriyar Congo har sai ta ɓuɓɓugar da Kogin Congo.

Transaqua scheme

A shekarun 1960,[3][4] an gabatar da wani shiri na karkatar da ruwa daga Ubangi zuwa Kogin Chari. A cewar shirin, ruwan daga Ubangi zai sake farfado da Tafkin Chadi tare da samar da kayan masarufi da bunkasa harkar noma ga miliyoyin miliyoyin 'yan Afirka ta tsakiya da Sahel. Injiniyan Najeriya J. Umolu (ZCN) da kamfanin Italiya na Bonifica (Transaqua) ne suka ba da shawarar tsarin mika ruwa a tsakanin shekarun 1980 zuwa 1990.[5][6][7][8][9] A cikin 1994, Hukumar Tafkin Chadi (LCBC) ta gabatar da irin wannan aikin, kuma a taron kolin Maris na 2008 shugabannin kasashen mambobin kungiyar LCBC suka dukufa ga aikin karkatar da akalar.[10] A watan Afrilu 2008, LCBC ta tallata buƙata don shawarwari don binciken yiwuwar.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Bossche, J.P. vanden; G. M. Bernacsek (1990). Source Book for the Inland Fishery Resources of Africa, Volume 1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 338. ISBN 978-92-5-102983-1.
  2. See Cooper, John E. and Hull, Gordon; Gorilla Pathology and Health: With a Catalogue of Preserved Materials, p. 371 08033994793.ABA
  3. Ley, Willy (1960). Engineers' Dreams Great Projects That COULD Come True. Viking Press.
  4. Zarembka, David (24 June 2019). "Refilling Lake Chad With Water From The Congo River Using Solar Power". Cleantechnica. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  5. "Journal of Environmental Hydrology, Vol. 7, 1999" (PDF).
  6. Fred Pearce. "Africa at a watershed". Archived from the original on 2009-03-31.
  7. Umolu, J. C.; 1990, Macro Perspectives for Nigeria’s Water Resources Planning, Proc. of the First Biennial National Hydrology Symposium, Maiduguri, Nigeria, pp. 218–262 (discussion of Ubangi-Lake Chad diversion schemes)
  8. The Changing Geography of Africa and the Middle East By Graham Chapman, Kathleen M. Baker, University of London School of Oriental and African Studies, 1992 Routledge.
  9. "Combating Climate Induced Water And Energy Deficiencies In West Central Africa (Ubangi - Lake Chad Inter-basin transfer)". Archived from the original on 2011-05-26.
  10. "Voice of America News, March 28, 2008 African Leaders Team Up to Rescue Lake Chad".

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]