Masallacin Ƙudus

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Masallacin Ƙudus ko Masallacin Al-Aqsa masallaci ne wanda yake a Tsohon garin Ƙudus, shine wuri mafi tsarki na uku a cikin addinin Islama . Masallacin an gina shi ne a saman Dutsen Haikali, wanda aka fi sani da Harabar Al Aqsa ko Haram esh-Sharif a Musulunci. Musulmai sun yi amannar cewa an dauke Muhammad daga Babban Masallacin Makka zuwa al-Aqsa yayin Tafiyar Dare . Hadisin Musulunci ya nuna cewa Muhammad ya jagoranci addu'oi zuwa wannan shafin har zuwa wata na 17 bayan hijirarsa daga Makka zuwa Madina, lokacin da Allah ya umurce shi da juya ga Ka'aba a cikin Makka .

Ginin masallacin da aka rufe asalinsa karamin gida ne na sallah wanda Umar, khalifa na biyu na Khalidun Rashidun ya gina, amma khalifa Umayyad Abd al-Malik ya sake gina shi kuma ya fadada shi kuma dansa al-Walid ya gama shi a shekara ta 705 CE. Girgizar kasa ta rusa masallacin kwata-kwata a shekara ta 746 kuma khalifan Abbasiyawa al-Mansur ya sake gina shi a shekara ta 754. An sake gina shi a cikin 780. Wani girgizar kasa da ta lalata mafi yawan al-Aqsa a cikin 1033, amma bayan shekaru biyu khalifa Fatimid Ali az-Zahir ya sake gina wani masallaci wanda aka adana shi yadda yake a yanzu. Mosaics a kan baka a ƙarshen alƙiblar nave kuma sun koma zamaninsa.

A lokacin da na lokaci-lokaci renovations Kanmu, da daban-daban hukuncin dauloli Musulunci Khalifanci gina tarawa da masallaci da kuma ta gefensa, kamar ta Dome, facade, ta minbar, minarets da ciki tsari. Lokacin da 'Yan Salibiyya suka kame Kudus a 1099, sun yi amfani da masallacin a matsayin fada kuma Dome of the Rock a matsayin coci, amma aikinsa na masallaci ya dawo bayan da Salahuddin ya sake kwace shi a shekarar 1187. Ayyubids, Mamluks, Ottomans, Majalisar Koli ta Musulmai, da Jordan sun aiwatar da ƙarin gyare-gyare, gyare-gyare da ƙari. A yau, Old City yana ƙarƙashin ikon Isra’ila, amma masallacin ya ci gaba da kasancewa ƙarƙashin ikon Waqaf ɗin Islama da Palestine ke jagoranta.

Masallacin yana kusa da wuraren tarihi da ke da muhimmanci a yahudanci da Kiristanci, musamman wurin da aka gina Haikali na Biyu, wuri mafi tsarki a addinin Yahudanci . A sakamakon haka, yankin ya kasance mai matukar daukar hankali, kuma ya kasance wani wuri da ke nuna rikici a rikicin Isra’ila da Falasdinu . [1]

Hoton masallacin daga sama

Hotuna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sake duba[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. The Archaeology of the Holy Land: From the Destruction of Solomon's Temple to the Muslim Conquest, Cambridge University Press, Jodi Magness, page 355
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Islam p.151