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Minnie Pallister

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Minnie Pallister
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kilkhampton (en) Fassara, 12 ga Maris, 1885
ƙasa Birtaniya
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Mutuwa 26 ga Maris, 1960
Karatu
Makaranta Tasker-Milward V.C. School (en) Fassara
Cardiff University (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a marubuci da Malami
Mamba Peace Pledge Union (en) Fassara
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa Independent Labour Party (en) Fassara

Minnie Pallister (12 Maris 1885 - 26 Maris 1960) yar gwagwarmayar siyasa ce Baturiya, marubuciyar siyasa, mai bayyana kanta matsayin "mai farfagandar gurguzu ", [1] [2] 'yar takarar siyasa da bata yi nasara ba na Jam'iyyar Labour mai zaman kanta, da wasannin gidajen rediyo.

An haifi Pallister a Cornwall, kuma 'yar wani malami ce. An horar da ita a matsayin malama a Jami'ar Cardiff, kuma ta yi aiki na tsawon shekaru goma a matsayin malamin makaranta a makarantar firamare ta Welsh . Ta shiga Jam'iyyar Labour Party mai zaman kanta, kuma a cikin 1914 ta zama shugaban jam'iyyar ta tarayya a Monmouthshire .

A lokacin Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya, Pallister ta taimaka wajen tsara ƙungiyar masu fafutukar neman zaman lafiya. Haka kuma a lokacin yakin, ta kasance mai fafutuka wajen kawo zaman lafiya da Ayyukan yi. A cikin babban zaɓe na 1923 da 1924, Pallister ta kasance 'yar takarar wace tayi rashin nasara daga mazabar Bournemouth a Hampshire.

Saboda matsalolin lafiya, Pallister ta yi ritaya daga siyasa a shekarun 1920s. A cikin shekarun 1920, ta rubuta litattafai da dama kan batun zamantakewa. A cikin 1930s, ta rubuta littattafai game da aikin lambu. A cikin 1936, Pallister ta shiga ƙungiyar masu fafutukar zaman lafiya ta Aminci Pledge Union, kuma a cikin 1945 an zabe ta a matsayin memba na majalisar ƙungiyar. A cikin 1950s, Pallister yana da alaƙa da Gidan Rediyon BBC a matsayin mai ba da gudummawa na yau da kullun a cikin shirin Mujallar Radiyon Sa'ar Mata . Ta rasu a shekarar 1960, tana da shekaru 75 a duniya.

Kuruciya da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Minnie Pallister a Kilkhampton, Cornwall, tsakiyar 'ya'ya mata uku na William da Rose (Parsons) Pallister. Mahaifinta malamin addini ne. Ta halarci makarantar gaba da sakandare na mata wato "Tasker Milward Voluntary Controlled School" kuma ta sami shaidar karatun ko yarwa a Jami'ar Cardiff . [3]

Aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Minnie Pallister ta koyar da shekaru goma a makarantar firamare a Brynmawr, inda ta saba da rayuwar aikin Welsh. Mawakan gida ma sun yi maraba da fasahar ta piano. A shekara ta 1914 ta kasance shugabar Tarayyar Monmouthshire ta Jam'iyyar Labour mai zaman kanta (mace ta farko da aka zaba zuwa wannan matsayi), [4] kuma tayi aiki a Kwamitin Ilimi na Breconshire. [5] Keir Hardie ya kwatanta ta "kamar sabon meteor a sararin sama" saboda iya magana. [3]

A yakin duniya na daya kuma daga baya ta shagaltu a matsayin mai jawo hankali don zaman lafiya da ƙungiyoyin kwadago, [6] kuma ta shirya Fellowship No-Conscription a Wales. [7] A cikin 1922, a matsayin mai shirya ILP na South Wales, an nakalto ta a shafi na farko na Jagoran Kwadago yana furta: "Mun yi daidai akan Yakin. Mun yi gaskiya a kan Aminci. Mun yi daidai akan ramuwa." [8] An tallata ta a matsayin "Mafi Girman Maganar Mace ta Wales" a cikin sanarwar jarida. [9] Ta kuma yi takara sau da yawa a cikin 1920s, kuma an nakalto Ramsay MacDonald a cikin New York Times a cikin 1924. [10]

Pallister ta tsaya takara a Bournemouth a babban zaɓe a 1923 da 1924 . A cikin 1923, Pallister ta sami kuri'u 5,986, kashi 19.5% na kuri'un da aka jefa. Ta zo na uku a cikin 'yan takara, bayan Henry Page Croft na jam'iyyar Unionist (da kashi 50.4% na kuri'un) da Cyril Berkeley Dallow na jam'iyyar Liberal (da kashi 30.1% na kuri'un). A 1924, Pallister ta sami kuri'u 7,735, kashi 27.3% na kuri'un da aka jefa. Ta zo na biyu a tsakanin 'yan takara, bayan Henry Page Croft na jam'iyyar Unionist (da kashi 72.7% na kuri'un). [11]

Pallister ta yi fama da rashin lafiya dangane da ayyukanta na yau da kullun, kuma likitoci sun shawarce ta da ta canja tsarinta. Ta zama marubuci na cikakken lokaci, ko da yake ta ci gaba da sha’awar al’amuran siyasa. "Siyasa ta ni," in ji ta, "da alama ba zai yiwu ba har yanzu a sami mutanen da suka yarda cewa siyasa ba ta da mahimmanci." Mai son zaman lafiya na tsawon rayuwa, ta shiga Kungiyar Amincewa ta Zaman Lafiya a 1936, an zabe ta a Majalisarta a 1945 kuma daga baya ta zama Mai Tallafawa. Ta kasance mai ba da gudummawa akai-akai ga shirin rediyon Sa'ar Mata ta BBC a cikin 1950s. [12]

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Littattafan Minnie Pallister sun haɗa da Socialism for Women ( ƙasida, 1923); [13] The Orange Box: Thoughts of a Socialist Propagandist (1924); [14] Socialism, Equality and Happiness (pamphlet, 1925); [15] Rain on the Corn and Other Sketches (1928); [16] Gardener's Frenzy: Being an Alphabet of the Garden (1933); [17] A Cabbage for a Year

(1934). [18]

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Minnie Pallister ta mutu a ranar 26 ga watan Maris 1960 a lokacin tana da shekaru 75. Zuwa ƙarshen rayuwarta, rashin lafiya da ba a bayyana ba ya tilasta mata yin ritaya daga harkokin siyasa. A lokacin mutuwarta, ta kasance mai aikin watsa labarai ta rediyo. [19]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

  1. Minnie Pallister, The Orange Box: Thoughts of a Socialist Propagandist (Leonard Parsons 1924).
  2. Labour Party National Committee Conference, Volumes 59-61 (1960–1961): 53. "Minnie Pallister, who died in March aged 75, was well-known for her propaganda work, first in Wales and then all over the country in the 1920s. She was compelled by illness to withdraw from active politics for some years, but in recent years became a frequent broadcaster on radio."
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Miss Minnie Pallister" Pioneer (11 September 1915): 8.
  4. "Lady as ILP Leader" Archived 2016-04-10 at the Wayback Machine Llais Llafur (1 August 1914): 1.
  5. "Minnie Pallister in Merthyr" Pioneer (15 March 1919): 3.
  6. "Minnie Missioning: The Gospel to East Denbighshire" Pioneer (4 October 1919): 1.
  7. "Anti-Conscription Meeting at Ystalyfera" Llais Llafur (8 March 1919): 4.
  8. Matthew Brown, "WWI: The ILP and the 'Great' War" Independent Labour Publications (3 February 2014).
  9. Advertisement for Minnie Pallister lecture Archived 2016-04-10 at the Wayback Machine, Llanelly Star (22 March 1919): 1.
  10. "Sees British Throne's End; MacDonald's Election Agent Predicts Sloughing Off of Monarchy" New York Times (12 February 1924).
  11. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  12. Synopsis, "Woman's Hour" (5 March 1951).
  13. Minnie Pallister, Socialism for Women (Independent Labour Party Information Committee 1923).
  14. Minnie Pallister, The Orange Box: Thoughts of a Socialist Propagandist (Leonard Parsons 1924).
  15. Minnie Pallister, Socialism, Equality and Happiness (Independent Labour Party 1925).
  16. Minnie Pallister, Rain on the Corn and Other Sketches (Independent Labour Party 1928).
  17. Minnie Pallister, Gardener's Frenzy: Being an Alphabet of the Garden (Methuen & Co 1933).
  18. Minnie Pallister, A Cabbage for a Year (Blackie & Son 1934).
  19. Labour Party National Committee Conference, Volumes 59-61 (1960–1961): 53. "Minnie Pallister, who died in March aged 75, was well-known for her propaganda work, first in Wales and then all over the country in the 1920s. She was compelled by illness to withdraw from active politics for some years, but in recent years became a frequent broadcaster on radio."

Asalin labari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Sakamako na Majalisar Dokokin Biritaniya 1918-1949, FWS Craig ta tattara kuma ta gyara (Macmillan Press, edition 1977 da aka bita)

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]