Muhammad Al-Munajjid

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Muhammad Al-Munajjid
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Aleppo, 1960 (63/64 shekaru)
ƙasa Siriya
Falasdinu
Karatu
Makaranta King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (en) Fassara
Harsuna Larabci
Malamai Abd al-Aziz Bin Baz
Sana'a
Sana'a Malamin addini da Ulama'u
Imani
Addini Mabiya Sunnah

Muhammad Saalih Al-Munajjid (محمد صالح المنجد) (an haife shi a ranar 7 ga watan Yuni, shekarar ta alif 1960/30 Dhul hijjah,1380) fitaccen malamin addinin Islama ne Bafalasdine da Saudiya, wanda ake ganin masani ne mai daraja a cikin kungiyar Salafi (a cewar Al Jazeera);[1] kuma wanda ya kafa gidan yanar gizon fatwa IslamQA,[2] ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun gidajen yanar gizon Islama, kuma (a cewar Alexa.com har zuwa watan Nuwamba shekarar 2015) gidan yanar gizon da ya fi shahara a duniya kan batun Musulunci gabaɗaya.[3][4][5]

Rayuwar farko da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Munajjid haifaffen kasar Falasdinawa ne da ke gudun hijira[5] a Aleppo, Syria a shekarar 1960,[6] kuma ya girma a Saudi Arabia.[7] Ya halarci makarantar firamare, ta tsakiya da ta sakandare a Riyadh.[8] Sannan ya koma Dhahran a masarautar Saudiyya, inda ya kammala karatunsa na jami'a.[8] Ya yi karatun digiri a jami’ar King Fahd ta Man Fetur da Ma’adanai (KFUPM) da ke Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, inda ya yi digirinsa na farko a fannin Gudanar da Masana’antu.[6] Al-Munajjid ya karanci shari'ar Musulunci a ƙarƙashin malamai 'Abd al-Aziz ibn Baaz,[6][9] Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen, Abdullah Ibn Jibreen, Saleh Al-Fawzan, da Abdul-Rahman al-Barrak.[6] Shi ne limami a masallacin Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz da ke birnin Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia kuma shi ne mutum na farko da ya fara bude gidan yanar gizo mai wakiltar Musulunci a Saudiyya.[6]

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Koyarwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ya koyar da darussa da dama, kamar:

Yana ba da laccoci kan halayen Musulunci a ranar Laraba, kuma yana yin azuzuwan kowane wata a Riyadh da Jeddah[8]

Yana da shirye-shirye a gidan rediyon al-Kareem mai suna Bayna an-Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) wa Ashaabihi, ana watsa shi a ranar Asabar da karfe 2 da rabi na yamma, da Khutuwaat 'ala Tareeq al-Islaah, ana watsa shi. Laraba da karfe 1.00 na yamma, ana maimaitawa a ranar Litinin da karfe 6.45 na yamma.[8]

Ya bayyana a cikin shirye -shiryen TV da bidiyo da yawa waɗanda ke gabatar da darussa daban -daban, jimlar fiye da sa'o'i 4500 na sauti sama da shekaru 23.[8]

IslamQA.info[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin shekarar 1996, Al-Munajjid ya ƙaddamar da tambaya da amsa gidan yanar gizon Musulunci, IslamQA.info. Shafin yanar gizon ya bayyana cewa "Dukkan tambayoyi da amsoshi akan wannan rukunin yanar gizon Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid, mai kula da wannan rukunin ya shirya, yarda, gyara, gyara, gyara ko gyara."[10] An dakatar da IslamQA.info a Saudi Arabia saboda tana fitar da fatawoyi masu zaman kansu. A Saudi Arabiya, Majalisar Manyan Malamai ta masarautar tana da nauyi da ikon ta na fitar da fatawa.[11][12] Majalisar ta ba da wannan ikon ne kawai ta ba da fatawa ta hanyar dokar sarauta da aka bayar a watan Agusta na shekarar 2010 (yayin da aka yi takunkumi tun shekarar 2005, ba safai ake aiwatar da su ba); Christopher Boucek ya bayyana wannan matakin a matsayin "sabon misalin yadda jihar ke aiki don tabbatar da fifikon ta akan tsarin addinin kasar."[13]

Ya zuwa watan Mayun shekarar 2015, Al-Munajjid yana da mabiya 820,000 a shafin Twitter.[14] A cikin shekarar 2020, Alexa ya lissafa IslamQA.info a matsayin mafi mashahuri a duniya kan batun Musulunci.[15]

Ra'ayoyi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tauhidin Musulunci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Munajjid ya yi imanin cewa makarantun Mu`tazila, Ash'ari, da Maturidi na ilimin tauhidi na Musulunci ba daidai ba ne wajen yin amfani da Ilm al-Kalam (dalili ko zance mai ma'ana) don bayyana Al-Qur'ani kuma suna cin karo da Al-Qur'ani da Sunnah duka.[16] Siffofin da Allah ya siffanta wa kansa ba sa bukatar bayani ko tafsiri maimakon haka bai kamata musulmi ya ƙaryata sifofin Allah ba ko kuma ya kamanta Allah da halittunsa amma ya yarda da maganganun Allah a cikin Alƙur'ani ba tare da tambaya ba.[17]

'Yancin addini[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Munajjid ya bayyana cewa Musulmin da ke goyon bayan gina majami'u a kasashen Musulunci don mayar da martani ga masallatan da aka ba da izinin gina su a kasashen da ba na Musulunci ba "jahilai ne" kamar yadda addinin Musulunci bai yarda a tallata wani da ke bauta wa wanin Allah ba.[18]

Mutum -mutumi da hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Munajjid ya tabbatar da cewa ya zama dole a ruguje mutum-mutumi da gumaka wadanda za su iya jarabtar mutane ko rudar su, ko gine-gine ne, mutane ne, dabbobi ko abubuwa marasa rai.[19][20]

Mata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Munajjid ya bayyana cewa ana buƙatar matan Musulmi su rufe dukkan jikinsu gami da fuska (nuna ido kawai) da hannaye.[21] Wannan hukuncin wajibi ne. Ya bambanta dangane da idan matar tana kusa da mazajen Mahram ko wadanda ba Mahram ba. A kusa da Mahram ba a buƙatar su kiyaye niƙabi. Ana buƙatar mata su zauna a cikin gidajensu sai dai idan suna tare da muharramansu kuma an hana su tuƙa motoci kamar yadda "hakan ke haifar da mummunan sakamako" kamar kasancewa "ita kaɗai da mutumin da ba muharramai ba, bayyanawa, haɗuwa mara hankali da maza, da aikata ayyukan haram saboda abin da aka haramta wadannan abubuwan a cikin su”.[22][23]

Bauta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin fatawa ta watan Janairun shekarar 2016, Al- Munajjid ya bayyana cewa an yarda mutum ya sadu da bawan da ya mallaka ko yana da aure ko a'a; kuma matar sa ko matan sa ba su da wani hamayya. Mace Musulma "ba ta da ikon ƙin mijinta ya mallaki bayi mata ko ya sadu da su [...] Malamai sun haxu a kan wannan kima, kuma babu wanda aka halatta ya ɗauki wannan aikin a matsayin haramci, ko ya hana shi. Duk wanda ya aikata haka, ya kasance mai zunubi, kuma yana aikata abin da ya saba wa ijma’in malamai”.[24][25][26]

Al-Munajjid ya bayyana cewa lallai bautar ta samo asali ne saboda Jihadi a kan kuffar (kafirai) da buƙatar sanin abin da za a yi da waɗanda aka kama fursunoni kuma ta haka suka zama dukiya; lura da cewa “A ka’ida bautar ba abu ne da ake so ba” kamar yadda Musulunci ya karfafa kwato ‘yanci don kaffarar zunubai.[27] Yakamata a kula da bayi cikin “alheri” gami da samar da abinci da sutura.[28]

Luwadi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Munajjid ya yi imanin cewa "Laifin luwadi yana daga cikin manyan laifuka, mafi munin zunubai kuma abin kyama ga ayyuka, kuma Allah ya hukunta wadanda suka aikata ta hanyar da bai hukunta sauran al'ummomi ba."[29][30] Yakamata a kashe 'yan luwadi kodayake an yi jayayya da hanyar har da konewa, jefa bango a kansu, tsare su har zuwa mutuwa a cikin "wuri mafi muni", jifa, ko jefawa daga mafi girman gini. Wadanda aka tilastawa yin aikin ko kuma sun kasance kananan yara an kebe su daga hukunci.[31]

Kalamai masu rikitarwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Dangane da dalilin girgizar ƙasa da girgizar ƙasa ta Tekun Indiya na 2004: “Matsalar ita ce bukukuwan [Kiristoci] suna tare da abubuwan da aka hana, ta lalata, abin kyama, zina, giya, rawa mai maye, da… da shagalin biki. fam a minti daya kuma mawaƙi yana cin fam 50,000 a sa’a guda, kuma suna tsalle daga otal zuwa wani daga dare zuwa wayewar gari. Sannan ya shafe tsawon dare yana sabawa Allah. Asiya, yayin bikin waɗannan abubuwan da aka hana? A daidai lokacin da fasikanci ya tashi, Allah ya ɗauki fansa akan waɗannan masu laifi. "Wadanda suke yin bikin sun kashe abin da suke kira 'Sabuwar Shekarar' a wuraren shakatawa, mashaya, da otal -otal. Allah ya buge su da girgizar kasa. Ya gama da ma'aunin Richter. Duk matakan tara sun tafi. Dubun dubbai sun mutu." An ce sun kasance masu yawon bude ido a lokacin hutun Sabuwar Shekara wadanda suka je tsibirin murjani mai cunkoson jama'a don lokacin hutu, sannan kuma wannan girgizar kasa ta same su, wanda Ubangiji Madaukakin Sarki ya haifar. Ya nuna musu fushinsa da karfinsa. Ya nuna masu fansa. Shin akwai wanda ke koyan darasin? Shin ba zai yiwu ba a buge mu kamar su? Me ya sa muke tafiya yadda suke? Me yasa muke son zama kamar su, tare da hutunsu, abubuwan da aka hana su, da bidi'arsu?"[32][33]

Littattafai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Koonu ‘ala al-Khayr A‘waanan (Ku Kasance Masu Taimakawa Cikin Nagarta)
  2. Arba‘oona Naseehah li Islaah al-Buyoot (Gidan Musulmai: Shawarwari 40)
  3. 33 Sababan li’l-Khushoo‘ (Hanyoyi 33 na Raya Khushoo ‘a cikin Sallah)
  4. Al-Asaaleeb an-Nabawiyyah fi ‘Ilaaj al-Akhtaa’ (Hanyoyin Annabi Na Gyara Kuskuren Mutane)
  5. Saba‘oona Mas’alah fi’s-Siyaam (Batutuwa 70 da suka shafi Azumi)[34]
  6. ‘Ilaaj al-Humoom (Magance Damuwa da Damuwa)
  7. Al-Manhiyaat ash-Shar‘iyyah (Abubuwan da aka hana)
  8. Muharramaat istahaana biha Katheer min an-Naas (Haramce -hukuncen da ake ɗaukar su da sauƙi)
  9. Madha taf‘alu fi’l-Haalaat at-Taaliyah (Abin da ya kamata ku yi a cikin yanayi na gaba)
  10. Zaahirat Da‘f al-Eemaan (Raunin Imani)[35]
  11. Wasaa’il ath-Thibaat ‘ala Deen-Illah (Ma'anar Tsayawa: Tsayuwa A Musulunci)
  12. Ureedu an Atooba Walaakin… (Ina Son Tuba, Amma…)
  13. Shakaawa wa Hulool (Matsaloli da Magani)
  14. Siraa‘ ma‘a ash-Shahawaat (Yin gwagwarmaya da Whims da buri)[8]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Al Jazeera Studies: "Arab World Journalism in a Post-Beheading Era" by Thembisa Fakude Archived 2019-03-23 at the Wayback Machine 2013 |"Al-Munajjid is considered one of the respected scholars of the Salafist movement)."
  2. Richard Gauvain, Salafi Ritual Purity: In the Presence of God, p 355. 08033994793.ABA
  3. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2020-06-29. Retrieved 2022-09-20.
  4. Gauvain, Richard (November 2012). Salafi Ritual Purity: In the Presence of God. Routledge. p. 335. ISBN 978-0710313560. ...participants generally refer to the established Saudi scholars. In this case, the most common source of reference was Muhammad Salih al-Munajid's well-known website: Islam Question and Answer which provides normative Saudi Arabian Salafi responses.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Deutsche Welle: "Women in Islam: Behind the veil and in front of it" retrieved September 2, 2016
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Islamopedia Scholar Profiles: "Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid" retrieved January 12, 2015
  7. "Women in Islam: Behind the veil and in front of it" Deutsche Welle. 10.01.2016
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Biography of the site's General Supervisor islamqa.info About our site
  9. Brems, Eva. The Experiences of Face Veil Wearers in Europe and the Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 144.
  10. IslamQA.info website: "Introduction" Archived 2014-02-23 at the Wayback Machine retrieved September 17, 2016
  11. "Saudi Arabia blocks 'Islam Question and Answer'," Al Arabiya (in Arabic), September 2, 2010
  12. Xinhua: "Saudi blocks scholar website after fatwa control decree: report" September 3, 2010
  13. Christopher Boucek, "Saudi Fatwa Restrictions and the State-Clerical Relationship," Archived 2019-11-04 at the Wayback Machine Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, October 27, 2010 (accessed November 18, 2013).
  14. Al Bawaba: "Saudi snowman fatwa scholar thaws his stance" January 14, 2015
  15. Alexa website: "Top Sites in: All Categories > Society > Religion and Spirituality > Islam" Archived 2019-11-04 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 4 April 2020
  16. Islam QA fatwa 205836: What are the differences between the Maturidi school of thought and Ahl as-Sunnah? retrieved May 27, 2015 ||"The Maturidis, like other kalaami (philosophical) groups such as the Mu'tazilah and Ash'aris, discussed the necessity of knowing Allah, may He be exalted, on the basis of reason before studying the texts (of Qur'an and Sunnah); they regarded that as the foremost duty of any accountable person, and said that there was no excuse for not doing that. Rather they believe that a person would be punished for not doing it, even if that was before any Prophets or Messengers were sent. Thus they were in agreement with the view of the Mu'tazilah. This is a view that is evidently wrong, as it contradicts what is proven in the Qur'an and Sunnah"
  17. Islam QA fatwa: 96323: The ‘aqeedah of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and the praise of the imams for him and Ibn Hajar’s attitude towards him retrieved May 27, 2015 | "The view of the salaf is one of moderation, neither denying the divine attributes nor likening Allaah to His creation. They do not liken the attributes of Allaah to the attributes of His creation, as they do not liken His essence to the essence of His creation. They do not deny that which He ascribes to Himself or that His Messenger ascribes to Him, which leads to denying His beautiful names and sublime attributes, and to displacing words from (their) right places (cf. al-Nisa' 4:46) and turning away from (Fussilat 41:40) the names and signs of Allaah. Both those who deny Allaah's attributes and those who liken Him to His creation are guilty of both errors. Those who deny His attributes failed to understand the names and attributes of Allaah except in a manner that is befitting to created beings, so they denied these concepts and thus they have combined both errors; first of all they likened Him to His creation, then they denied His attributes as a result. That is likening the names and attributes to what may be understood from the names and attributes of His creation, then they denied the attributes that He deserves to have that are befitting to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted."
  18. Middle East Forum: "The Logic of Islamic Intolerance" by Raymond Ibrahim December 1, 2015
  19. Fatwa 20894: Obligation to destroy idols retrieved May 26, 2015 | "This hadeeth indicates that it is prescribed to remove things that may tempt or confuse the people, whether they are buildings, people, animals or inanimate objects"..."They were unanimously agreed that whatever casts a shadow is not allowed and must be changed. Images that cast a shadow are three-dimensional images like these statues"
  20. Financial Times: "Isis are Modern Vandals Smashing Centuries of History" by Gerald Russell March 7, 2015
  21. IslamQA Fatwa 21134 "Do women have to wear niqaab?" retrieved August 1, 2015 | "It is OK to cover the face with the niqaab or burqa' which has two openings for the eyes only, because this was known at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and because of necessity. If nothing but the eyes show, this is fine, especially if this is customarily worn by women in her society."
  22. IslamQA Fatwa 45880 Does the ruling on driving a car vary from one country to another? Archived 2015-06-26 at the Wayback Machine retrieved August 1, 2015 | "Allaah commanded the wives of the Prophet and the believing women to stay in their houses, to observe hijab and to avoid showing their adornments to non-mahrams because of the permissiveness that all these things lead to, which spells doom for society."
  23. Tampa Bay Times Pundifact: "Saudi Arabia is "the only Muslim country out of 47 Muslim-majority countries" where women cannot get licenses to drive" by Jon Greenberg October 7, 2014
  24. Knipp, Kersten (10 January 2016). "Women in Islam: Behind the veil and in front of it". DW. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  25. "Ruling on having intercourse with a slave woman when one has a wife - Islamqa.info". islamqa.info. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016.
  26. Nomani, Asra Q.; Arafa, Hala (11 October 2015). "Inside the World of Gulf State Slavery". Daily Beast. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  27. al-Khudayr. "The difference between slaves and prostitutes". Islam Q&A. Islam Q&A. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  28. "Islam and Slavery". Islam Q&A. Islam Q&A. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  29. Nomani, Asra Q. "Islam must repeal its scarlet-letter sex laws". Washington Post.
  30. McCarthy, Andrew C. (August 14, 2013). "Obama's Gay-Rights Hypocrisy". National Review.
  31. IslamQA Fatwa 38622: The punishment for homosexuality retrieved October 17, 2015 | "It was narrated from Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq that he is to be burned and from others that he is to be executed. It was narrated from some of them that a wall is to be knocked down on top of him until he dies beneath it. And it is said that both should be detained in the foulest of places until they die. It was narrated from some of them that he should be taken up to the highest place in the town and thrown down from it, to be followed with stones, as Allaah did to the people of Loot. This was narrated from Ibn 'Abbaas. According to the other report, he is to be stoned. This was the view of the majority of the salaf."'
  32. "Baylor University || Media Communications || Associated Press - Tsunami survivors cling tightly to faith across ravaged region". Baylor.edu. Archived from the original on 2022-06-02. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
  33. "Saudis and Tsunamis". The Weekly Standard. 2005-01-17. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
  34. نور, مكتبة. "تحميل كتاب 70 Matters Related to Fasting pdf". www.noor-book.com (in Larabci). Retrieved 2021-05-08.
  35. نور, مكتبة. "تحميل كتاب Weakness of Faith pdf". www.noor-book.com (in Larabci). Retrieved 2021-05-08.