Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen

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Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Unaizah (en) Fassara, 8 ga Maris, 1929
ƙasa Saudi Arebiya
Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz (en) Fassara
Mazauni Unaizah (en) Fassara
Harshen uwa Larabci
Mutuwa Damad governorate (en) Fassara, 11 ga Janairu, 2001
Makwanci Makkah
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi (Ciwon daji mai launi)
Ƴan uwa
Ahali Abdullah Salah Al Uthaymeen (en) Fassara
Ƴan uwa
Karatu
Makaranta Jami'ar Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic
Scientific institute of Ryad (en) Fassara
Harsuna Larabci
Malamai Abdul-Rahman al-Sa'di
Abd al-Aziz Bin Baz
Sana'a
Sana'a Islamic jurist (en) Fassara, mufassir (en) Fassara, university teacher (en) Fassara da Liman
Muhimman ayyuka Al-Sharh al-Mumti' ala Zad al-Mustaqni' (en) Fassara
Sharḥ thalāthat al-uṣūl (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Wanda ya ja hankalinsa Ibn Taymiyyah, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Abdul-Rahman al-Sa'di da Abdullah al-Qar'awi (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Mabiya Sunnah
binothaimeen.net

Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn Muhammad ibn Sulayman ibn Abd Al Rahman Al Uthaymeen Al Tamimi (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن صالح بن محمد بن سليمان بن عبد الرحمن العثيمين التميمي), koma ansan shine da Uthaymeen 10, 2001), malamin addinin Islama ne a Saudi Arabia.[1] An dauke shi a matsayin daya daga cikin manyan Faqīh na zamani.[2]

Shaikh ibn Uthaimin, kamar yadda aka fi kiransa, ya sadaukar da rayuwarsa gaba daya don hidimar Musulunci da Musulmai ta hanyar raba dimbin iliminsa na aqidar Musulunci ga dalibai da sauran jama’a ta hanyar azuzuwan yau da kullum, wallafe -wallafe, shirye -shiryen rediyo, da wa’azi da nasiha.[1]

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Uthaymeen a ranar 9 ga watan Maris, shekara ta alif 1925 a garin Unayzah, Yankin Qaseem na Saudi Arabia. Ya haddace Alqur'ani tun yana karami. A lokacin karatunsa, ya nemi ilimin addini mai tsauri a Hadisi, Tafsiri, tauhidi da yaren Larabci a ƙarƙashin jagorancin mashahuran Malaman Saudiyya kuma ya kammala karatunsa a Kwalejin Shari'a da ke Riyadh. Ya kasance mamba a Kwamitin Manyan - manyan Malaman Addinin Musulunci na Saudiya, farfesa a Kwalejin Shari’a ta Jami’ar Musulunci ta Imam Mohammad bin Saud da ke Qassim kuma memba ne a Majalisar Ilimi da kuma rubuce -rubucen da suka shafi bangarori daban -daban na koyarwar Musulunci. Manyan litattafansa sune littafinsa mai girma 15 akan fiqhu da littafi mai girma 10 akan tafsirin Alkur'ani mai girma. Ya kuma kasance yana karantarwa a masallaci mai alfarma a Garin Makka a lokacin Ramadan.

Ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan kammala haddar Alkur'ani da karatun tushe, ya fara karatun addini na cikakken lokaci a ƙarƙashin Sheikh Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Aziz al-Mutawwa' da Sheikh Ali al-Salihi a Unayzah. Waɗannan su ne malamai guda biyu waɗanda sheikh 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sa'di ya nada don koyar da ɗaliban farko.[3] Bayan shekara guda yana karatu a ƙarƙashin waɗannan malamai guda biyu, al-Uthaymeen ya fara karatu a ƙarƙashin sheik Abd al-Rahman al-Sa'di a shekara ta alif 1945 kuma ya ci gaba da zama ɗalibinsa har zuwa rasuwar al-Sa'di a shekara ta alif 1956. Shekarar 1952, al -Salihi ya shawarci al-Uthaymeen da ya yi rijista a sabuwar Ma'had al-Ilmi da aka bude a Riyadh, wanda ya yi bayan ya nemi izini daga al-Sa'di.[4] Yayin da yake can, ya yi karatu a ƙarƙashin Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqiti, Sheikh 'Abd al-'Aziz bin Baz, da sheikh' Abd al-Razzaq 'Afeefi, da sauransu.[4] Ya yi karatu a can tsawon shekaru biyu kafin ya dawo Unayzah, inda ya fara koyarwa kuma ya ci gaba da karatu a ƙarƙashin al-Sa'di.[4]

Tasiri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Har yanzu ana ɗaukar Al-Uthaymeen a matsayin babban malami a cikin ƙungiyar Salafiyya. Dangane da tsarinsa na fa'ida daga duk makarantun shari'a daban -daban a cikin Sunni Islam.

Ra'ayoyi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cewar al-Uthaymeen, ya kamata a hana mata tukin mota kamar yadda zai jagoranci cakuda maza da mata kyauta a fitilun ababen hawa, gidajen mai, wuraren binciken 'yan sanda da sauran abubuwan da suka shafi mota.[1]

Littattafai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Kyawawan Sunaye da Siffofin Allah: kyawawan Sunaye da Siffofin Allah[5]

Rasuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shaikh ya rasu a ranar Laraba, 15 ga watan Shawwaal shekarar 1421 Hijira, wanda yayi daidai da ranar 10 ga watan Janairun shekarar 2001 CE yana dan shekara 74.[1]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "King Faisal Prize | Shaikh Mohammad Bin Saleh Al-Uthaimin" (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 11 May 2021. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  2. Caryle Murphy (15 July 2010). "A Kingdom Divided". GlobalPost. Archived from the original on 2014-05-05. Retrieved 6 May 2014. First, there is the void created by the 1999 death of the elder Bin Baz and that of another senior scholar, Muhammad Salih al Uthaymin, two years later. Both were regarded as giants in conservative Salafi Islam and are still revered by its adherents. Since their passing, no one "has emerged with that degree of authority in the Saudi religious establishment," said David Dean Commins, history professor at Dickinson College and author of "The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia."
  3. المري, عصام. الدر الثمين. الإسكندرية: دار البصيرة. pp. 25–29.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 المري, عصام. الدر الثمين. الإسكندرية: دار البصيرة. p. 86.
  5. Al-Uthaimeen, Shaikh Muhammad bin Salih (2013). The Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah: The Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah. Darussalam Publishers. pp. 175 pages.