Satoshi Nakamoto

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Template:Infobox scientistTemplate:Infobox scientistTemplate:Infobox scientistSatoshi Nakamoto suna ne da presumed pseudonymous suke amfani dashi wanda ya kirkiri bitcoin, sannan ya samar da ita bitcoin din white paper, reference implementation. A matsayin sashen kirkira, Nakamoto sanna shina wanda ya fara kirkiran blockchain database. A wannan mataki, Nakamoto shine wanda ya fara bada shawara akan kawar da matsalolin double-spending a digital currency tare da amfani da peer-to-peer network. Nakamoto ya tsaya tsayin daka domin samar da bitcoin har ya zuwa watan Disemba 2010. Dayawan mutane sun yi ikirari akan cewa sune Nakamoto.

Ci gaban bitcoin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Nakamoto ya baiyana code na bitcoin wanda ya fara a 2007. zuwa 18 August 2008, shi ko abokin aikin sa yayi mata rigiista da domain mai suna bitcoin.org, sannan ya kirkiri shafin yanar gizo da sunan wato bitcoin. On 31 October, Nakamoto ya gaba white paper a cryptography mailing list a metzdowd.com domin faiyace digital cryptocurrency, mai suna "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System".

Satoshi Nakamoto sakon da aka saka a cikin ginshiƙi na tubalan farko

A ranar 9 ga Janairun 2009, Nakamoto ya saki sigar 0.1 na software na bitcoin akan SourceForge, kuma ya ƙaddamar da hanyar sadarwar ne ta hanyar ayyana asalin toshewar bitcoin (lambar toshe 0), wanda ke da lada na bitcoins 50. An saka shi a cikin ma'amala ta musayar wannan shinge shine rubutun: "The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor a gab da bayar da belin yana ambaton kanun labarai a jaridar The Times ta Burtaniya da aka buga a wannan ranar. An fassara wannan bayanin a matsayin duka timestamp da tsokaci mai tsoka game da rashin kwanciyar hankali da bankin keɓaɓɓe ya haifar. :18

Nakamoto ya ci gaba da kulla alaka da hadaka akan bitcoin har zuwa tsakiyar 2010, yana gudanar da dukkan tsare-tsare na source code da kansa. sannan ya tsarin source code repository da mabudin sanarwa na yana gizo ga Gavin Andresen, sannan ya raba domain ma bambamta ga mukarraban bitcoin.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Halaye da ainihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wasu sun ɗauki Nakamoto na iya zama ƙungiyar mutane: Dan Kaminsky, mai binciken tsaro wanda ya karanta lambar bitcoin, ce Nakamoto yana iya zama “ƙungiyar mutane” ko kuma “haziƙi”; Laszlo Hanyecz, mai haɓakawa wanda ya aika wa Nakamoto , yana da jin lambar an tsara ta sosai don mutum ɗaya; John McAfee ya yi da'awar Nakamoto ya kasance "ƙungiyar mutane goma sha ɗaya". [1] Gavin Andresen ya ce game da Nakamoto Lambar code: "Ya kasance ƙwararre mai kodin, amma yana da ban tsoro."

Amfani da Ingilishi na Ingilishi a cikin tsokaci na lambar tushe da rubuce - rubuce na dandalin tattaunawa - kamar furucin '' mai tsananin jini '', sharuddan kamar '' lebur '' da '' lissafi '', da kuma rubutun "launin toka" da "launi" [2] - ya haifar da hasashe cewa Nakamoto , ko aƙalla mutum ɗaya a cikin ƙungiyar da ke da'awar cewa shi ne, ya kasance asalin Commonwealth. [3] [4] [5] Maganar jaridar Times ta London a farkon toshe bitcoin na Nakamoto ya ba da shawara ga wasu sha'awa ta musamman ga gwamnatin Burtaniya. :18

Stefan Thomas, injiniyan software na Switzerland kuma memba na al'umma mai aiki, ya zayyana timetamps na kowane Nakamoto sakonnin dandalin bitcoin (sama da 500); ginshiƙi ya nuna raguwar kusan zuwa kusan babu rubutu tsakanin awanni 5 na safe zuwa 11 na safe Lokaci Ma'anar Greenwich . Wannan ya kasance tsakanin 2 na yamma zuwa 8 na yamma Lokaci na Japan, yana ba da shawarar yanayin bacci mai ban mamaki ga wanda ake tsammanin yana zaune a Japan. Kamar yadda wannan tsarin ya kasance gaskiya koda a ranakun Asabar da Lahadi, ya ba da shawarar cewa Nakamoto akai -akai yana bacci a wannan lokacin.

Asalin Nakamoto ne ba a sani ba, amma baki sun focussed a kan daban-daban cryptography da kwamfuta kimiyya masana, mafi yawa na wadanda ba Japanese lõkacin saukarsa.

Hal Finney[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hal Finney (4 ga Mayu 1956-28 ga Agusta 2014) ya kasance majagaba na crypto kafin bitcoin kuma mutum na farko (ban da Nakamoto da kansa) don amfani da software, rahotannin bug na fayil, da ingantawa. Ya kuma rayu 'yan tubalan daga wani mutum mai suna' Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto ', a cewar ɗan jaridar Forbes Andy Greenberg. Greenberg ya tambayi mai ba da shawara kan nazarin rubutu Juola & Associates don kwatanta samfurin rubutun Finney da Nakamoto '', kuma sun same shi kamannin mafi kusanci wanda har yanzu suka gamu da su, gami da idan aka kwatanta da 'yan takarar da Newsweek, Fast Company, The New Yorker, Ted Nelson da Skye Gray suka ba da shawara. [6] Greenberg ya yi hasashen cewa wataƙila Finney ya kasance mawallafi ne a madadin Nakamoto , ko kuma kawai ya yi amfani da maƙwabcinsa Dorian a matsayin "digo" ko "patsy wanda ake amfani da bayanansa na sirri don ɓoye ayyukan kan layi". Koyaya, bayan haduwa da Finney, ganin imel tsakanin sa da Nakamoto da tarihin walat ɗin bitcoin (gami da farkon ma'amalar bitcoin daga Nakamoto zuwa gare shi, wanda ya manta ya biya) kuma da jin musun sa, Greenberg ya kammala da cewa Finney yana faɗin gaskiya. Juola & Associates sun kuma gano cewa Nakamoto Imel ɗin Finney ya yi kama da Nakamoto sauran rubuce -rubuce fiye da na Finney. Finney ta 'yan'uwanmu extropian da kuma wani lokacin co-blogger Robin Hanson sanya wani kayadadden Yiwuwar "a kalla" 15% cewa "Hal aka fi hannu fiye da ya ta ce", kafin ƙarin shaidun da shawarar cewa ba haka al'amarin.

Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin babban labarin 6 Maris 2014 a cikin mujallar Newsweek, [7] 'yar jarida Leah McGrath Goodman ta gano Dorian Prentice Satoshi Nakamoto , wani Ba’amurke Ba’amurke ne da ke zaune a California, wanda sunan haihuwarsa Satoshi Nakamoto , a matsayin Nakamoto cikin tambaya. Bayan sunansa, Goodman ya yi nuni da wasu hujjoji da dama da ke nuna cewa shi mai ƙirƙira bitcoin ne. [7] An koyar da shi azaman masanin kimiyyar lissafi a Jami'ar Cal Poly a Pomona, Nakamoto yayi aiki a matsayin injiniyan injiniya akan ayyukan tsaro na musamman da injiniyan kwamfuta don fasaha da kamfanonin sabis na bayanan kuɗi. Nakamoto an sallame shi sau biyu a farkon shekarun 1990 kuma ya zama mai sassaucin ra'ayi, a cewar 'yarsa, kuma ya karfafa mata gwiwar fara kasuwancin nata "ba a karkashin babban yatsa na gwamnati ba." A cikin labarin mafi girman shaidar, Goodman ya rubuta cewa lokacin da ta tambaye shi game da bitcoin yayin ɗan gajeren hirar mutum, Nakamoto Da alama ya tabbatar da asalinsa a matsayin wanda ya kafa bitcoin ta hanyar furta: “Ban shiga cikin hakan ba kuma ba zan iya tattauna shi ba. An ba da shi ga wasu mutane. Su ke kula da shi yanzu. Ba ni da wata alaƙa. ” [7]

Buga labarin ya haifar da sha'awar kafofin watsa labarai, gami da manema labarai da ke sansani kusa da Dorian Nakamoto gidansu da dabara suna binsa da mota lokacin da yayi tuƙi don yin hira. Koyaya, yayin hirar mai cikakken tsawon lokaci, Dorian Nakamoto ya musanta duk wata alaƙa da bitcoin, yana mai cewa bai taɓa jin labarin kuɗin ba a da, kuma ya yi kuskuren fassara tambayar Goodman da cewa game da aikin da ya gabata ne na 'yan kwangila na soja, yawancinsu an rarrabasu. A cikin hirar Reddit "tambaya-ni-komai", ya yi iƙirarin cewa ya yi kuskuren fassara tambayar Goodman da cewa yana da alaƙa da aikinsa na Citibank . Daga baya a wannan rana, da pseudonymous Nakamoto Asusun P2P Foundation ya buga saƙo na farko a cikin shekaru biyar, yana mai cewa: "Ni ba Dorian Nakamoto . " A watan Satumba, asusun ya sake buga wani sako yana cewa an yi masa kutse, inda ya haifar da tambayoyi kan sahihancin sakon da ya gabata.

A watan Disamba na 2013, blogger Skye Gray ya haɗa Nick Szabo da farar takarda ta bitcoin ta amfani da hanyar da ya bayyana a matsayin bincike na salo . Szabo mai son kuɗi ne mai rarrabawa, kuma ya buga takarda akan "bit zinariya", ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da suka fara bitcoin. An san cewa yana da sha'awar yin amfani da sunaye a cikin shekarun 1990. A cikin labarin Mayu 2011, Szabo ya faɗi game da mahaliccin bitcoin: "Ni kaina, Wei Dai , da Hal Finney sune kawai mutanen da na sani waɗanda ke son ra'ayin (ko a cikin Dai idan har ra'ayinsa mai alaƙa) ya isa ya bi shi har zuwa Nakamoto (dauka Nakamoto ba Finney bane ko Dai ). "

Marubucin kuɗi Dominic Frisby yana ba da shaidu da yawa amma, kamar yadda ya yarda, babu wata hujja cewa Nakamoto shine Sabo. Koyaya, Szabo ya musanta kasancewa Nakamoto . A cikin imel na Yuli 2014 zuwa Frisby, ya ce: “Na gode don sanar da ni. Ina tsoron kada ku yi kuskure doxing ni a matsayin Satoshi , amma na saba da shi. ” [8] Nathaniel Popper ya rubuta a cikin New York Times cewa "hujja mafi gamsarwa ta nuna wani ba'amurke ɗan asalin ƙasar Hungary mai suna Nick Szabo."

Craig Wright[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  A ranar 8 ga Disamba, 2015, Wired ya rubuta cewa Craig Steven Wright, masanin ilimin Australiya, "ko dai ya ƙirƙira bitcoin ko kuma ƙwararren mahaukaci ne wanda ke matukar son mu yarda cewa ya yi". Craig Wright ya saukar da asusun sa na Twitter kuma shi ko tsohuwar matar sa ba ta amsa tambayoyin manema labarai ba. A wannan ranar, Gizmodo ya buga labari tare da shaidar da ake zargin wani dan gwanin kwamfuta ya shiga cikin asusun imel na Wright, yana mai cewa Satoshi Nakamoto sunaye ne na haɗin gwiwa na Craig Steven Wright da kuma masanin binciken kwakwaf na kwamfuta David Kleiman, wanda ya mutu a 2013. Jon Matonis (tsohon darektan Gidauniyar Bitcoin ) da mai haɓaka bitcoin Gavin Andresen da kuma masanin kimiyyar Ian Grigg sun goyi bayan da'awar Wright.

Yawancin shahararrun masu tallata bitcoin sun kasance ba su gamsu da rahotannin ba. Rahotannin da suka biyo baya kuma sun tayar da yuwuwar shaidar da aka bayar ta zama ƙarara, wanda Wired ya yarda da "jefa shakku" akan shawarar su cewa Wright shine Nakamoto . Mai haɓaka Bitcoin Bitrus Todd ya ce post ɗin blog ɗin Wright, wanda ya bayyana yana ƙunshe da hujjojin ɓoye, a zahiri bai ƙunshi komai ba. Mai haɓaka Bitcoin Jeff Garzik ya yarda cewa shaidar da Wright ya bayar a bainar jama'a ba ta tabbatar da komai ba, kuma mai binciken tsaro Dan Kaminsky ya kammala da'awar Wright da cewa "zamba ce da gangan".

A cikin 2019 Wright yayi rijistar haƙƙin mallaka na Amurka don fararen takarda bitcoin da lambar don Bitcoin 0.1. Teamungiyar Wright sun yi iƙirarin cewa wannan "amincewar hukumar gwamnati ce ta Craig Wright a matsayin Satoshi Nakamoto "; Ofishin haƙƙin mallaka na Amurka ya ba da sanarwar manema labarai da ke fayyace cewa ba haka lamarin yake ba.

Sauran 'yan takara[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin labarin 2011 a cikin New Yorker, Joshua Davis ya yi iƙirarin taƙaita asalin Nakamoto ga mutane da dama da za su yiwu, ciki har da masanin tattalin arziƙin Finnish Dokta Vili Lehdonvirta da ɗalibin Irish Michael Clear, wanda a cikin 2008 dalibi ne mai karatun digiri na farko a Kwalejin Trinity Dublin . Clear ya musanta cewa shi Nakamoto , kamar yadda Lehdonvirta yayi. [9]

A cikin Oktoba 2011, rubutawa ga Fast Company, ɗan jarida mai bincike Adam Penenberg ya kawo shaidu da ke nuna cewa Neal King, Vladimir Oksman da Charles Bry na iya zama Nakamoto . Sun haɗu tare da aikace -aikacen patent wanda ya ƙunshi kalmar "ƙididdigar da ba ta dace ba don juyawa" a cikin 2008, wanda kuma Nakamoto . An yi rijistar sunan yankin bitcoin.org kwanaki uku bayan an shigar da patent. Duk mutanen uku sun musanta kasancewa Nakamoto lokacin da Penenberg ta tuntube shi. [10]

A watan Mayu 2013, Ted Nelson yayi hasashen cewa Nakamoto Shinichi Mochizuki dan kasar Japan ne . Daga baya, an buga wata kasida a jaridar The Age da ta yi ikirarin cewa Mochizuki ya musanta wadannan hasashe, amma ba tare da danganta tushen musun ba.

Labarin 2013 a cikin Mataimakin ya lissafa Gavin Andresen, Jed McCaleb, ko wata hukumar gwamnati a matsayin 'yan takarar zama Nakamoto .

A cikin 2013, masanan ilmin lissafi na Isra’ila biyu, Dorit Ron da Adi Shamir, sun buga wata takarda da ke ikirarin haɗi tsakanin Nakamoto da Ross Ulbricht . Su biyun sun dogara da tuhumarsu akan nazarin cibiyar sadarwar ma'amaloli na bitcoin, amma daga baya sun janye da'awarsu.

A cikin 2016, Financial Times ta ce Nakamoto wataƙila ƙungiyar mutane ce da ke ambaton Hal Finney, Nick Szabo da Adam Back a matsayin membobi masu yuwuwa. A cikin 2020, tashar YouTube Barely Sociable ta yi iƙirarin cewa Adam Back, wanda ya ƙirƙira magabacin bitcoin Hashcash, shine Nakamoto . [11] Baya baya musanta wannan.

Elon Musk musanta cewa shi Nakamoto a tweet a ranar 28 ga Nuwamba 2017, amsa hasashe baya mako a wani medium.com post da wani tsohon SpaceX ɗalibin kwalejin likita. [12]

A cikin jaridar 2019 Evan Ratliff ya yi iƙirarin dillalin miyagun ƙwayoyi Paul Le Roux na iya zama Nakamoto .

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • [./Satoshi_Nakamoto#cite_ref-79 Ƙari]"Was Bitcoin Created by This International Drug Dealer? Maybe!". WIRED (in Turanci). "Shin wannan mai siyar da magunguna na duniya ne ya ƙirƙira Bitcoin? Baka! " . AUREN .

Hanyoyin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Bambrough, Billy. "John McAfee Thinks He’s Solved Bitcoin’s Greatest Mystery—Who Is Satoshi Nakamoto?" Forbes, May 5, 2020. Archived from the original.
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  8. Frisby p 147
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  11. Barely Sociable. "Bitcoin - Unmasking Satoshi Nakamoto". YouTube, May 11, 2020.
  12. @elonmusk (28 November 2017). "Not true" (Tweet) – via Twitter.