Elon Musk

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Elon Musk
Elon Musk Royal Society (crop1).jpg
director general (en) Fassara

2008 -
babban mai gudanarwa

2002 -
shugaba

Nuwamba, 2018 - Robyn Denholm (en) Fassara
chief technology officer (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Cikakken suna Elon Reeve Musk
Haihuwa Pretoria, 28 ga Yuni, 1971 (50 shekaru)
ƙasa Afirka ta kudu
Kanada
Tarayyar Amurka
Mazaunin Bel Air (en) Fassara
Harshen uwa Turanci
Yan'uwa
Mahaifi Errol Musk
Mahaifiya Maye Musk
Abokiyar zama Justine Musk (en) Fassara  (2000 -  2008)
Talulah Riley (en) Fassara  (2010 -  2012)
Talulah Riley (en) Fassara  (2013 -  2016)
Ma'aurata Amber Heard (en) Fassara
Grimes (en) Fassara
Yara
Siblings Tosca Musk (en) Fassara da Kimbal Musk (en) Fassara
Yan'uwa
Karatu
Makaranta Stanford University (en) Fassara
Waterkloof House Preparatory School (en) Fassara
Queen's University (en) Fassara
Pretoria Boys High School (en) Fassara 1989)
Smith School of Business (en) Fassara
(1990 - 1992)
University of Pennsylvania (en) Fassara
(1991 - 1995) Digiri a kimiyya : physics (en) Fassara
The Wharton School (en) Fassara
(1992 - 1995) Bachelor of Arts (en) Fassara : ikonomi
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a inventor (en) Fassara, Furogirama, injiniya da entrepreneur (en) Fassara
Employers SolarCity (en) Fassara
PayPal (en) Fassara  (Disamba 1998 -
SpaceX (en) Fassara  (ga Yuni, 2002 -
Tesla, Inc. (en) Fassara  (23 ga Afirilu, 2004 -
OpenAI (en) Fassara  (11 Disamba 2015 -  2019)
Neuralink (en) Fassara  (ga Yuli, 2016 -
The Boring Company (en) Fassara  (17 Disamba 2016 -
Kyaututtuka
Mamba The Planetary Society (en) Fassara
Royal Society (en) Fassara
PayPal Mafia (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini agnosticism (en) Fassara
IMDb nm1907769
Elon Musk Signature.svg

Elon Reeve Musk FRS ( /I l ɒ n / EE -lon . an Haife shi a ranar 28 ga watan Yuni, shekara ta 1971) Dan kasuwanci magnate ne, masana'antu zanen, kuma m. [1] Shine wanda ya kafa, Shugaba, CEO da CTO, kuma babban mai tsara SpaceX ; farkon mai saka jari, [lower-alpha 1] Shugaba, kuma mai tsara kayan kamfanin Tesla, Inc. wanda ya kafa Kamfanin Boring ; kuma co-kafa Neuralink da OpenAI . Masanin ɗari, Musk na ɗaya cikin attajiran duniya.

An haifi Musk ga mahaifiyar Kanada da mahaifin Afirka ta Kudu kuma ya girma a Pretoria, Afirka ta Kudu. Ya halarci Jami'ar Pretoria a takaice kafin ya koma Kanada yana da shekaru 17 don halartar Jami'ar Sarauniya . Ya koma Jami'ar Pennsylvania shekaru biyu bayan haka, inda ya sami digiri na farko a fannin tattalin arziki da lissafi. Ya koma California a shekara ta 1995 don halartar Jami'ar Stanford amma ya yanke shawarar maimakon ci gaba da kasuwanci, tare da kafa kamfanin software na gidan yanar gizo Zip2 tare da dan uwansa Kimbal . Compaq ya sami farawa da dala miliyan $307 a cikin shekara ta 1999. Musk ya kafa bankin yanar gizo na X.com a waccan shekarar, wanda ya haɗu da Confinity a shekara ta 2000 don ƙirƙirar PayPal, wanda eBay ya siya a shekara ta 2002 dala biliyan $1.5.

A shekara ta 2002, Musk ya kirkiri SpaceX, wani Aerospace, abin da ya samar, kuma shine CEO kuma CTO,A shekara ta 2004, ya shiga kamfanin kera motoci na Tesla Motors, Inc. (yanzu Tesla, Inc.) a matsayin shugaba kuma mai tsara kayayyakin, ya zama Shugaba a shekarar 2008. A cikin shekara ta 2006, ya taimaka ƙirƙirar SolarCity, kamfanin samar da makamashi mai amfani da hasken rana wanda daga baya Tesla ya samo shi ya zama Tesla Energy . A cikin shekara ta 2015, ya haɗu da OpenAI, wani kamfanin bincike mai zaman kansa wanda ke inganta ƙirar ƙirar abokantaka . A shekara ta 2016, ya Co-kafa Neuralink, a neurotechnology kamfanin mayar da hankali a kan bunkasa kwakwalwa-kwamfuta musaya, da kuma kafa The m Company, a rami yi kamfanin. Musk ya samarwa da Hyperloop, a high-gudun vactrain sufuri tsarin.

Musk ya kasance batun zargi saboda matakan da ba na al'ada ba ko kuma ilimin kimiyya da rikice-rikicen da ake tallatawa sosai. A cikin shekara ta 2018, wani mai tsoma baki wanda ya ba da shawara game da ceton kogon Tham Luang ; alkalan California sun yanke hukunci akan Musk. A cikin wannan shekarar, Hukumar Tsaro da Canji ta Amurka (SEC) ta shigar da shi kara a shafinsa na Tweeter na karya cewa ya samu kudi don mallakar Tesla na kashin kansa. Ya zauna tare da SEC, ya sauka daga mukaminsa na dan lokaci kuma ya yarda da iyakancewa kan amfani da Twitter . Musk yana baza bayanai game da COVID-19 cutar AIDS da kuma ya samu zargi daga masana ga sauran ra'ayoyi a kan wannan al'amura kamar yadda wucin gadi m da jama'a kai .

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yara da iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Elon Reeve Musk a ranar 28 ga Yuni, 1971, a Pretoria, Afirka ta Kudu. [4] Mahaifiyarsa ita ce Maye Musk ( née Haldeman ), mai samfuri kuma masanin abinci a haifaffen Saskatchewan, Kanada, amma ya tashi a Afirka ta Kudu. Mahaifinsa shi ne Errol Musk, wani injiniyan lantarki na Afirka ta Kudu, matukin jirgi, matuƙin jirgin ruwa, mai ba da shawara, kuma mai haɓaka dukiya. Musk yana da ɗan ƙarami, Kimbal (an haife shi a shekara ta 1972), da kuma ƙanwarsa, Tosca (an haife shi a shekara ta 1974). Kakan mahaifiyarsa, Joshua Haldeman, haifaffen Ba'amurke ne dan asalin Amurka, kuma Musk yana da kakannin Ingila da Pennsylvania Dutch. Bayan iyayensa sun sake aure a 1980, Musk yawanci ya zauna tare da mahaifinsa a Pretoria da sauran wurare, wani zaɓi da ya yi shekaru biyu bayan kisan auren kuma daga baya ya yi nadama. Musk ya zama rabuwa da mahaifinsa, wanda ya bayyana shi da "mummunan mutum. . . Kusan dukkan mugayen abubuwan da ka iya tunaninsu, ya aikata su ” Yana da ƙannen 'yar'uwa rabin mahaifinsa.

Shekaru 10, Musk ya haɓaka sha'awar sarrafa kwamfuta yayin amfani da Commodore VIC-20 . Ya koyi shirye-shiryen komputa ta amfani da littafi kuma, lokacin da yake shekaru 12, ya sayar da lambar wasan bidiyo mai tushe daga BASIC wanda ya kirkira mai suna Blastar zuwa PC da mujallar Fasaha ta Office akan kusan $ 500. [5] Yaro mara daɗi kuma mai rikon amana, [6] Musk an zalunce shi a duk lokacin yarintarsa kuma sau ɗaya aka kwantar da shi a asibiti bayan ƙungiyar samari sun jefa shi a kan matakala. [7] Ya halarci Makarantar Shirye-shiryen Waterkloof House da Bryanston High School kafin ya kammala makarantar sakandaren Pretoria Boys .

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An ornate school building
Musk ya kammala karatu daga makarantar Pretoria Boys High School a Afirka ta Kudu.

Da yake ya san zai fi sauƙi shiga Amurka daga Kanada, Musk ya nemi fasfo ɗin Kanada ta cikin mahaifiyarsa haifaffiyar Kanada. [8] Yayin da yake jiran takardun, ya halarci Jami'ar Pretoria na tsawon watanni biyar; wannan ya ba Musk damar kauce wa aikin tilas a sojojin Afirka ta Kudu . [9] Zuwan Kanada a watan Yunin 1989, Musk ya gaza gano mahaifinsa kawunsa a Montreal kuma a maimakon haka ya tsaya a gidan kwanan matasa . Daga nan ya yi tafiya zuwa yamma don ya zauna tare da wani ɗan uwansa na biyu a Saskatchewan . [10] Ya zauna a can har shekara guda, yana aiki mara kyau a gona da injinan katako. [11] A cikin shekara ta 1990, Musk ya shiga Jami'ar Sarauniya a Kingston, Ontario . [12] Shekaru biyu bayan haka, ya koma Jami'ar Pennsylvania ; ya kammala a shekara ta 1997 tare da digiri na farko na Kimiyya (BS) a fannin tattalin arziki daga makarantar Wharton da kuma digiri na farko na Arts (BA) a fannin kimiyyar lissafi.

A cikin shekara ta 1994, Musk ya gudanar da atisaye guda biyu a cikin Silicon Valley a lokacin bazara: a farawar samar da makamashi da ake kira Pinnacle Research Institute, wacce ta binciki kwayoyi masu amfani da lantarki don ajiyar makamashi, kuma a Wasannin Kimiyyar Roka na Palo Alto. A cikin shekara ta 1995, an karɓi Musk zuwa Ph.D. shirin a kimiyyar lissafi / kimiyyar kayan aiki a Jami'ar Stanford a California. [13] Musk yayi ƙoƙari ya sami aiki a Netscape amma bai taɓa samun amsa ga tambayoyin sa ba. Ya fice daga Stanford bayan kwana biyu, yana yanke shawara maimakon shiga bunkasar Intanet da ƙaddamar da fara Intanet.

Ayyukan kasuwanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Zip2[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin shekara ta 1995, Musk, Kimbal, da Greg Kouri sun kafa kamfanin software na yanar gizo Zip2 tare da kuɗi daga masu saka hannun jari na mala'ika . Sun sanya kamfanin a karamin ofishin haya a Palo Alto. Kamfanin ya haɓaka da tallata jagorar birni na Intanet don masana'antar buga jaridu, tare da taswira, kwatance, da shafukan rawaya. Musk ya ce kafin kamfanin ya samu nasara, ba zai iya biyan gida ba sai dai ya kwana a kan kujerar ofishin ya yi wanka a YMCA . Kwamfuta ɗaya kawai za su iya biya, kuma, a cewar Musk, "Gidan yanar gizon ya tashi da rana kuma ina yin lambar ta da dare, kwana bakwai a mako, koyaushe." Brothersan uwan Musk sun sami kwangila tare da The New York Times da Chicago Tribune , kuma sun rinjayi kwamitin daraktoci da su yi watsi da shirye-shiryen haɗewa da CitySearch . [14] Musoƙarin Musk na zama Shugaba, matsayin da Shugabanta Rich Sorkin ya riƙe, ci karo da hukumar. [15] Compaq ya sami Zip2 kan dala miliyan 307 a cikin watan Fabrairun 1999. [16] Musk ya karɓi dala miliyan 22 don rabonsa na kashi 7. [17]

X.com da PayPal[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin 1999, Musk ya kafa kamfanin X.com, sabis na kuɗi na kan layi da kamfanin biyan imel. [18] Abun farawa shine ɗayan bankunan yanar gizo na farko da suka sami inshora ta tarayya, kuma, a cikin farkon watanni, sama da kwastomomi 200,000 suka shiga aikin. [19] Masu saka hannun jari na kamfanin sun ga Musk a matsayin wanda bashi da kwarewa kuma yasa aka maye gurbinsa da Shugaban Intuit Bill Harris a ƙarshen shekara. [20] Shekarar mai zuwa, X.com ta haɗu tare da bankin yanar gizo Confinity don hana gasa mara buƙata. [21] Max Levchin da Peter Thiel ne suka kafa shi, [22] Confinity yana da nasa sabis na canjin kuɗi, PayPal, wanda ya shahara fiye da sabis ɗin X.com. [23] A cikin kamfanin haɗin gwiwa, Musk ya dawo matsayin Shugaba. Musk ya fi son software na Microsoft akan Linux ya haifar da rashin jituwa a kamfanin kuma ya sa Thiel yin murabus. [24] Sakamakon lamuran kere kere da rashin ingantaccen tsarin kasuwanci, hukumar ta kori Musk kuma ta maye gurbinsa da Thiel a watan Satumbar 2000. [25] [lower-alpha 2] A karkashin Thiel, kamfanin ya mai da hankali kan hidimar PayPal kuma an sauya masa suna zuwa PayPal a 2001. A 2002, an samu PayPal ta hanyar eBay kan dala biliyan 1.5, wanda Musk - mai hannun jari mafi girma tare da 11.7% - ya karɓi sama da dala miliyan 100. [28]

A cikin 2017, Musk ya sayi yankin X.com daga PayPal don adadin da ba a bayyana ba, yana bayanin yana da ƙimar tasiri.

Musk, dressed in a suit, holds a metal model of the Starship
Musk yayi bayanin irin damar da SpaceX Starship ya tsara ga NORAD da Command Force Space Command, 2019

A cikin 2001, Musk ya shiga cikin ƙungiyar Mars mai zaman kanta. Shirye-shirye sun yi masa wahayi don sanya ɗakin girma ga shuke-shuke a duniyar Mars kuma sun tattauna batun ɗaukar nauyin aikin da kansa. [29] A watan Oktoba 2001, Musk ya yi balaguro zuwa Moscow don siyan sabbin makamai masu linzami na Intercontinental ballistic (ICBMs) waɗanda za su iya aika kayan haya zuwa sarari. Ya sadu da kamfanonin NPO Lavochkin da Kosmotras ; duk da haka, ana ganin Musk a matsayin sabon abu kuma har ila yau, ɗayan manyan masu zanen Rasha ya tofa albarkacin bakin sa. Kungiyar ta koma Amurka babu komai. A watan Fabrairun 2002, kungiyar ta koma Rasha don neman ICBMs uku. Sun sake ganawa da Kosmotras kuma an basu roka ɗaya don dala miliyan 8, wanda Musk ya ƙi. A maimakon haka Musk ya yanke shawarar kafa kamfani wanda zai iya kera roka mai sauki. Tare da dala miliyan 100 na farkon arzikinsa, Musk ya kafa Kamfanin Binciken Sararin Samaniya na Kamfanin, wanda aka yi ciniki kamar SpaceX, a cikin Mayu 2002. Ya zuwa shekarar 2021, ya kasance Babban Daraktan kamfanin da babban injiniyan injiniya.

Bayan ƙaddamarwa guda uku da aka kasa, SpaceX yayi nasarar ƙaddamar da Falcon 1 a cikin 2008. Shi ne roka mai zaman kansa na farko da ya fara kaiwa duniya zagaye . Daga baya a waccan shekarar, SpaceX ta sami kwangilar dala biliyan $ 1.6 na kwangilar shirye-shiryen Kasuwancin Kasuwanci don jirage 12 na rokenta Falcon 9 da kumbon Dragon zuwa tashar Sararin Samaniya ta Duniya, inda ya maye gurbin Sararin Samaniya bayan ritayar da ya yi a 2011. A cikin 2012, motar Dragon ta kasance tare da ISS, na farko ga kamfanoni masu zaman kansu. Yin aiki don cimma burinta na sake amfani da roka, a cikin 2015, SpaceX cikin nasara ya sauka matakin farko na Falcon 9. Daga baya aka sami saukowa ta jirgin ruwa mara matuki mai zaman kansa, wani dandamali na dawo da teku. A cikin 2018, SpaceX ta ƙaddamar da Falcon Heavy ; manufa ta farko ta dauki Tesla Roadster a matsayin kwatankwacin abin biya . A cikin 2017, SpaceX ta gabatar da abin hawa na zamani wanda za ta fara amfani da ita da kuma kumbon sararin samaniya, Big Falcon Rocket (BFR), wanda zai tallafa wa dukkan masu samar da damar samar da SpaceX. A cikin 2018, SpaceX ya ba da sanarwar wani shiri na zagayowar watan wata 2023, wani jirgi mai zaman kansa da ake kira ƙaunataccen shiri A cikin 2020, SpaceX ya ƙaddamar da jirgin sa na farko, Demo-2, ya zama kamfani mai zaman kansa na farko da ya sanya mutum cikin kewayar jirgin sa da kuma kera jirgin ƙirar sararin samaniya tare da ISS.

SpaceX ya fara haɓaka tauraron tauraron dan adam na tauraron dan adam mai saurin zagaya duniya a shekarar 2015 don samar da hanyar Intanet ta tauraron dan adam, tare da tauraron dan adam na farko da aka fara amfani da su a watan Fabrairun 2018. Wani rukuni na biyu na tauraron dan adam na gwaji da kuma babban girke farko na wani yanki na Tauraruwar taurari ta faru ne a watan Mayu 2019, lokacin da aka ƙaddamar da tauraron dan adam 60 na aiki na farko. Jimlar tsadar aikin da aka kwashe shekaru goma ana tsarawa, ginawa, da tura taurarin tauraron dan adam da kamfanin SpaceX yakai kimanin dala biliyan 10. [lower-alpha 3]

Tesla[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musks stands, arms crossed and grinning, before a Tesla Model S
Musk kusa da Tesla Model S a cikin 2011 a Masallacin Tesla Fremont

Kamfanin Tesla, Inc. — wanda asalinsa Tesla Motors ne — an kafa shi ne a watan Yulin 2003 ta Martin Eberhard da Marc Tarpenning, wadanda suka ba da kuɗin kamfanin har zuwa zagaye na A na kuɗin. Dukansu maza sun taka rawar gani a farkon haɓaka kamfanin gabanin shigar Musk. Musk ya jagoranci jerin Jarin saka hannun jari a cikin 2004, ya shiga kwamitin gudanarwa na Tesla a matsayin shugaba. Musk ya taka rawar gani a cikin kamfanin kuma ya kula da ƙirar samfuran Roadster amma bai shiga cikin ayyukan kasuwanci na yau da kullun ba. [32] Bayan jerin rikice-rikice da suka ta'azzara a 2007 da rikicin rashin kudi na 2008, an kori Eberhard daga kamfanin. Musk ya zama shugaban kamfanin a matsayin Shugaba kuma mai tsara kayayyakin a shekarar 2008. Yarjejeniyar shigar da kara a 2009 tare da Eberhard ta sanya Musk a matsayin mai haɗin gwiwar Tesla, tare da Tarpenning da wasu biyu.

Kamfanin Tesla ya fara kera motar motsa jiki ta lantarki, mai suna Roadster, a shekarar 2008. Tare da tallace-tallace na kimanin motocin 2,500, shi ne farkon samar da duk lantarki mai amfani da lantarki don amfani da ƙwayoyin batirin lithium-ion . Tesla ya fara isar da Model mai kofa hudu<span typeof="mw:Entity" id="mwAY8"> </span>S sedan a cikin 2012; gicciye, Model X an ƙaddamar da shi a 2015. Kasuwancin taro na kasuwa, an fitar da Model 3 a cikin 2017. As of Maris 2020 , ita ce motar lantarki mafi kyawun duniya, tare da kawo sama da raka'a 500,000. Mota ta biyar, Model Y crossover, aka ƙaddamar a shekarar 2020. An bayyana Cybertruck, motar daukar-duk lantarki, a shekarar 2019. Karkashin Musk, Tesla ya kuma gina batirin lithium-ion da na lantarki da kananan masana'antu, kamar Gigafactory 1 a Nevada da Gigafactory 3 a China.

Tun lokacin da aka fara ba da shi ga jama'a a cikin 2010, Tesla ya tashi sosai; ya zama mafi ƙarancin mota a lokacin bazara 2020. Ya shiga cikin S&amp;P 500 daga baya a waccan shekarar.

Shari'ar SEC[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musk speaking in front of curtains; he is holding a microphone.
Musk a taron Tesla na shekara ta 2019 na shekara

A watan Satumba na 2018, Hukumar Tsaro da Canji ta Amurka (SEC) ta kai karar Musk kan wani tweet da ke ikirarin an samu kudade saboda yiwuwar daukar Tesla na kashin kansa . [lower-alpha 4] Lauyan ya yi iƙirarin cewa tattaunawar Musk da aka yi tare da masu saka hannun jari na ƙasashen waje a cikin watan Yulin 2018 bai tabbatar da mahimman sharuɗɗan yarjejeniyar ba don haka ya nuna tweet ɗin ƙarya, ɓatarwa, da lalata masu saka jari, kuma ya nemi hana Musk yin aiki a matsayin Shugaba na kamfanonin kasuwanci . Musk ya kira zargin da cewa bai dace ba kuma ya yi ikirarin cewa bai taba karya mutuncinsa ba. Bayan kwana biyu, Musk ya zauna tare da SEC, ba tare da yarda ko musanta zargin na SEC ba. A sakamakon haka, an ci tarar Musk da Tesla dala miliyan 20 kowannensu, kuma an tilasta Musk ya sauka daga mukaminsa na shekara uku a matsayin shugaban kamfanin na Tesla amma ya sami damar ci gaba da zama Shugaba.

Musk ya bayyana a cikin hirarraki bai yi nadamar rubutun da ya haifar da binciken SEC ba. A ranar 19 ga Fabrairu, 2019, Musk ya bayyana a cikin tweet cewa Tesla zai gina motoci miliyan rabin a cikin 2019. Hukumar ta SEC ta mayar da martani ne ga sakon na Musk ta hanyar shigar da kara a kotu, da farko ta roki kotun da ta rike shi a raina don keta ka'idojin yarjejeniyar sulhu da irin wannan sakon, wanda Musk ya yi sabani a kansa. Wannan daga ƙarshe an sasanta shi ta hanyar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Musk da SEC waɗanda ke bayanin bayanan yarjejeniyar da ta gabata. Yarjejeniyar ta ƙunshi jerin batutuwan da Musk zai buƙaci haɓaka kafin a yi rubutu game da su. A watan Mayu na 2020, wani alkali ya hana a ci gaba da karar da ke ikirarin wani tweet da Musk ya yi game da farashin hannayen jari na Tesla ("da yawa imo") ya keta yarjejeniyar.

Kamfanin Tesla Energy da SolarCity[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Two green vans sporting the SolarCity logo
SolarCity hasken rana-panel motocin girkawa a cikin 2009

Musk ya ba da ra'ayi na farko da kuma jari don SolarCity, wanda 'yan uwansa Lyndon da Peter Rive suka kafa a 2006. Zuwa 2013, SolarCity ita ce ta biyu mafi girma wajen samar da tsarin samar da hasken rana a Amurka. A cikin 2014, Musk ya himmatu don gina SolarCity ingantaccen kayan samarwa a Buffalo, New York, wanda ya ninka girman girman shuka mai girma a Amurka sau uku. An fara aikin gina masana'antar a shekarar 2014 kuma an kammala shi a shekarar 2017. Ya yi aiki azaman haɗin gwiwa tare da Panasonic har zuwa farkon 2020 lokacin da Panasonic ya tashi.

Tesla ta sami kamfanin SolarCity sama da dala biliyan 2 a shekarar 2016 kuma ta haɗe shi da rukunin kayayyakin ajiyar makamashi don ƙirƙirar Tesla Energy . Sanarwar yarjejeniyar ta haifar da sama da kashi 10% cikin farashin hannun jari na Tesla. A lokacin, SolarCity na fuskantar batutuwan rashin ruwa; duk da haka, ba a sanar da masu hannun jarin Tesla ba. Sakamakon haka, kungiyoyin masu hannun jari da yawa sun shigar da kara a kan Musk da daraktocin Tesla, suna masu cewa sayen SolarCity an yi shi ne kawai don amfanin Musk kuma ya zo ne ta hanyar kudin Tesla da masu hannun jarinsa. A yayin gabatar da kara a kotu a watan Yunin 2019, Musk ya yarda cewa kamfanin ya sake raba duk wani ma'aikaci daga bangaren hasken rana don yin aiki a kan Model 3, kuma, a cewar Musk, "sakamakon haka, hasken rana ya wahala." Ba a bayyana wannan a baya ga masu hannun jari ba. Takardun kotu waɗanda ba a ɓoye a cikin shekara ta 2019 ba sun tabbatar da cewa Musk yana sane da lamuran rashin kuɗin kamfanin. Daraktocin Tesla sun sasanta karar a watan Janairun shekara ta 2020, suka bar Musk shi kadai mai kare.

Neuralink[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musk standing next to bulky medical equipment on a stage
Musk suna tattaunawa game da na'urar Neuralink yayin zanga-zangar kai tsaye a cikin shekara ta 2020

A shekara ta 2016, Musk co-kafa Neuralink, a neurotechnology farawa kamfanin hade da mutum kwakwalwa tare da {ungiyar AI. Manufar kamfanin Neuralink shine a kirkiri wasu na'urori wadanda suke kunshe a cikin kwakwalwar dan adam dan samarda damar hada kwakwalwa da inji. Hakanan na'urori zasuyi sulhu tare da ingantattun abubuwan cigaba a cikin ilimin kere kere don cigaba da sabunta su Irin waɗannan haɓakawa na iya haɓaka ƙwaƙwalwa ko ƙyale na'urori suyi sadarwa tare da software sosai.

A wata zanga-zangar kai tsaye a watan Agusta na shekara ta v2020, Musk ya bayyana ɗayan na'urorinsu na farko a matsayin "Fitbit a cikin kwanyar ku" wanda nan da nan zai iya warkar da nakasa, rashin ji, makanta, da sauran nakasa. Yawancin masana kimiyyar jijiyoyin jiki da wallafe-wallafe sun soki waɗannan iƙirarin; MIT Binciken Fasaha ya bayyana su a matsayin "mai hasashe sosai" da "gidan wasan kwaikwayo na neuroscience".

Kamfanin Bono[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musk speaks to a crowd of journalists. Behind him is a lighted tunnel.
Musk yayin ƙaddamarwar 2018 na Ramin Ramin Gwaji a Hawthorne, California

A cikin shekara ta 2016, Musk ya kafa Kamfanin Boring don gina ramuka. A farkon shekara ta 2017, sun fara tattaunawa tare da hukumomin gudanarwa kuma sun fara gina 30 feet (9.1 m) faɗi, 50 feet (15 m) tsawo, da 15 feet (4.6 m) zurfin "trenin gwaji" a harabar ofisoshin SpaceX saboda ba'a buƙatar izini. An kammala rami a ƙarƙashin Cibiyar Taron Las Vegas a farkon 2020. Jami'an yankin sun amince da karin fadada tsarin ramin.

Kamar yadda wani merchandising da kuma talla stunt, The m Company sayar 2,000 sabon abu flamethrowers a 2018. An yi tunanin wannan ra'ayin ne ta hanyar fim din Spaceballs na Mel Brooks (1987).

Salon gudanarwa da kuma kula da ma'aikata[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An soki salon manajan Musk da yadda ya kula da ma'aikatansa. Mutumin daya yi aiki tare da Musk ya ce ya nuna "babban matakin lalata dabi'a" kamar su paranoia da zalunci. Wani mutum ya bayyana shi a matsayin mai ba da cikakkiyar cikakkiyar ilimin halin zamantakewar al'umma. Business Insider ya ba da rahoton cewa an gaya wa ma'aikatan Tesla cewa kar su wuce teburin Musk saboda "harbin bindiga da yake yi". Jaridar Wall Street Journal ta ba da rahoton cewa, bayan Musk ya dage kan sanya motocinsa a matsayin "tuka kansu", ya fuskanci suka daga injiniyoyinsa, wasu daga cikinsu sun yi murabus don mayar da martani, tare da daya da ke bayyana cewa Musk din "yanke shawara ba tare da izini ba ... ha [d ] da yiwuwar jefa rayuwar kwastomomi cikin hadari ".

Sauran kokarin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hyperloop[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekarar 2013, Musk sanar da tsare-tsaren ga wani version of a vactrain, assigning dozin injiniyoyi daga Tesla da SpaceX kafa da na ra'ayi tushe da kuma haifar da farko kayayyaki. A ranar 12 ga watan Agustan, shekara ta 2013, Musk ya bayyana manufar, wanda ya sanya wa suna Hyperloop. An buga zane na alpha don tsarin a cikin wata farar takarda da aka sanya wa bulogin Tesla da SpaceX. Takardar ta fitar da fasahar kuma ta bayyana wata hanyar da ba ta dace ba inda za a iya gina irin wannan tsarin na zirga-zirga tsakanin Babban yankin Los Angeles da kuma San Francisco Bay Area a kan kimanin dala biliyan 6. Shawarwarin, idan fasaha za ta iya yiwuwa a farashin da ya ambata, zai sa Hyperloop tafiya mai rahusa fiye da kowane yanayin zirga-zirga na irin wannan tazarar.

A watan Yunin shekara ta 2015, Musk ya ba da sanarwar gasar ƙira don ɗalibai da wasu don gina Hyperloop pods don yin aiki a kan hanyar SpaceX da ke daukar nauyin mil mil a cikin shekara ta 2015 - 2017 Hyperloop kwaf . An yi amfani da waƙar a watan Janairun shekara ta ta 2017, kuma Musk ya kuma sanar da cewa kamfanin ya fara aikin rami tare da filin jirgin saman Hawthorne a matsayin wurin zuwa. A watan Yulin shekara ta 2017, Musk ya yi iƙirarin cewa ya sami "amincewar gwamnati ta magana" don gina hyperloop daga New York City zuwa Washington, DC, yana tsayawa a duka Philadelphia da Baltimore .

OpenAI[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin watan Disambar shekara ta 2015, Musk ya ba da sanarwar ƙirƙirar OpenAI, kamfanin bincike na fasaha mai zaman kansa (AI) wanda ba shi da riba don samar da ingantaccen hankali na wucin gadi wanda aka tsara don zama mai aminci da fa'ida ga ɗan adam. Babban abin da kamfanin ya fi mayar da hankali a kai shi ne "tunkarar manyan kamfanoni [da gwamnatoci] wadanda za su iya samun iko da yawa ta hanyar mallakar manyan dabaru" A cikin shekara ta 2018, Musk ya bar kwamitin OpenAI don kauce wa rikice-rikice na gaba tare da matsayinsa na Shugaba na Tesla yayin da Tesla ya ƙara shiga cikin AI ta hanyar Tesla Autopilot .

Musk ya sami hotuna da yawa a fina-finai irin su Iron Man 2 (2010), Me yasa Shi? (2016), da Maza a Baki: Na Duniya (2019). Jerin talabijin wanda ya bayyana a ciki sun hada da The Simpsons (2015), The Big Bang Theory (2015), South Park (2016), da Rick and Morty (2019). Ya ba da gudummawar tambayoyi ga shirye-shiryen fina-finai Racing Extinction (2015) da Werner Herzog --rerected Lo and See (2016).


Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. * "Inside Elon Musk's Humanitarian Efforts". March 15, 2018.
  2. LaMonica, Martin (September 2009). "Tesla Motors founders: Now there are five". CNET. Retrieved April 17, 2020. Tesla Motors and co-founder Martin Eberhard announced an agreement over who can claim to be a founder of the company on Monday.
  3. Schwartz, Ariel (September 21, 2009). "Tesla Lawsuit Drama Ends as Five Company Founders Emerge". Fast Company. Retrieved April 14, 2020. Eberhard and Musk have reached a rather unexpected resolution–instead of agreeing to share the title of "founder", the pair has designated five people as company founders, including Musk, Eberhard, JB Straubel, Mark Tarpenning, and Ian Wright.
  4. Vance (2015), pp. 23, 31.
  5. Belfiore (2007), pp. 166–95.
  6. Vance (2015), pp. 33-34.
  7. Vance (2015), pp. 40-41.
  8. Vance (2015), p. 44.
  9. Vance (2015), pp. 43-44.
  10. Vance (2015), p. 45.
  11. Vance (2015), p. 46.
  12. Vance (2015), pp. 46-47.
  13. Vance (2015), p. 368.
  14. Kidder (2013), pp. 224–228.
  15. Vance (2015), p. 67.
  16. Vance (2015), p. 14.
  17. Vance (2015), p. 109.
  18. Vance (2015), p. 78.
  19. Vance (2015), p. 84.
  20. Vance (2015), p. 86.
  21. Jackson (2004), pp. 40, 69, 130, 163.
  22. Vance (2015), p. 85.
  23. Vance (2015), pp. 85−86.
  24. Vance (2015), pp. 86−87.
  25. Vance (2015), pp. 87−88.
  26. "The PayPal Mafia". Fortune. Archived from the original on May 23, 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  27. Vance (2015), p. 89.
  28. Vance (2015), pp. 116.
  29. Vance (2015), pp. 99, 102—103.
  30. Sheetz, Michael (December 7, 2020). "SpaceX's Starlink wins nearly $900 million in FCC subsidies to bring internet to rural areas". CNBC. Archived from the original on December 16, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  31. Wattles, Jackie (December 8, 2020). "SpaceX gets almost $900 million in federal subsidies to deliver broadband to rural America". CNN. Archived from the original on December 18, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  32. Vance (2015), p. 159.
  33. Choudhury, Saheli Roy (September 28, 2018). "SEC says Musk chose $420 price for Tesla shares because it's a pot reference". CNBC. Archived from the original on October 6, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  34. Swisher, Kara (August 23, 2018). "How and Why Silicon Valley Gets High". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  35. Woodyard, Chris (August 30, 2018). "Elon Musk's tweet on taking Tesla private now dogged by drugs claim from rapper Azealia Banks". USA Today. Retrieved May 11, 2021.

Hanyoyin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]


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