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Stella Thomas

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Stella Thomas
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Lagos, 1906
ƙasa Najeriya
Mutuwa 1974
Ƴan uwa
Ahali Peter John Adeniyi Thomas (en) Fassara
Karatu
Makaranta Jami'ar Oxford
Annie Walsh Memorial School (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a mai shari'a da magistrate (en) Fassara

Stella Jane Thomas (daga baya Stella Marke) (an haife ta a shekarar ta alif dari tara da shida 1906 - ta mutu a shekara ta alif dari tara da saba'in da hudu 1974) yar kabilar Yoruba Nijeriya lauya a kasar Saliyo. Ta sami digiri na lauya daga jami'ar Oxford kuma a shekarar 1943 ta zama mace ta farko da ta fara yanke hukunci a Najeriya .

Rayuwar farko da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Stella Thomas a cikin shekarar 1906, a cikin Lagos, Nijeriya, yar Peter John Claudius Thomas, wani dan kasuwar Saliyo da ke zaune a Lagos. Mahaifinta shi ne dan Afirka na farko da ya shugabanci kungiyar ’Yan Kasuwa ta Legas . [1] Ta halarci Makarantar tunawa da Annie Walsh a Freetown, Saliyo, "makarantar sakandare mafi tsufa ga 'yan mata a Afirka ta Yamma." Dan uwanta Peter Thomas ya zama matukin jirgin sama na farko na Afirka ta Yamma da aka ba da izini a cikin Sojan Sama a lokacin Yakin Duniya na II . Wani dan’uwan ta Stephen Peter Thomas, shi ne Babban Alkalin Kotun farko na yankin Mid-West.

Yayin da ta karanci aikin lauya a Oxford kuma ta kasance memba na Middle Temple a Landan, tana aiki tare da kungiyar Dalibai Afirka ta Yamma, kuma mamba ce ta kafa kungiyar Hadin Kan Masu Launuka, wanda Harold Moody ya shirya . Ta rayu ne a Bloomsbury, kuma ta yi fice a cikin wasan kwaikwayon da mawaki dan Jamaica Una Marson ya fara wasan farko, A Wace Irin Farashi, wacce gasar ta sanya a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Scala na London .

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Thomas ita ce mace ta farko daga Afirka da aka kira zuwa mashaya a Burtaniya, a cikin shekarar 1933. [2] A cikin 1934, ita kadai ce 'yar Afirka da ta shiga tattaunawa tare da Margery Perham a Royal Society of Arts, kuma ta yi amfani da damar ta soki Ubangiji Lugard da mulkin mallaka na Afirka a gaban masu sauraro masu tasiri. Lokacin da ta dawo Afirka ta Yamma, ita ce mace ta farko da ta fara lauya a yankin. [3]

Bayan dawowarta Afirka ta Yamma, da farko ta yi rajista a mashaya Saliyo kuma a watan Disambar shekarar 1935, ta dawo Legas ta kafa aikin lauya a kan titin Kakawa, Tsibirin Lagos . Ta yi aiki a kan batutuwan shari'a da yawa, gami da shari'o'in aikata laifi da matsalolin dangi, sannan ta yi aiki tare da lauyoyi Alex EJ Taylor da Eric Moore.

A shekarar 1943, ta zama mace ta farko da ta yanke hukunci a yankin Afirka ta Yamma, aiki a kotun majistare da ke Ikeja tare da ikon gundumomin Mushin, Agege da Ikorodu . Daga baya ta zama majistare a gidan kotun Saint Anna da kuma Kotun Botanical Gardens a Ebute-Metta . Ta yi ritaya a matsayin alkalin alkalai a Saliyo a 1971. [1]

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Nuwamba na shekarar 1944, Stella Thomas ta auri wani dan kwararren masanin shari'a, Richard Bright Marke, a Freetown. Ta mutu a shekarar 1974, tana da shekaru 68 a duniya. [1]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Emeka Keazor, "Notable Nigerians: Stella Thomas" Archived 2019-03-08 at the Wayback Machine, NSIBIDI Institute (4 November 2014).
  2. "West African Lady Barrister Called to the Bar" Nigerian Daily Telegraph (11 May 1933): 1.
  3. Marc Matera, "Black Internationalism and African and Caribbean Intellectuals in London, 1919-1950"[permanent dead link] (PhD diss., Rutgers University, 2008): 35–36.