Zaynab bint Jahsh

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Zainab bint Jahsh ( Larabci: زينب بنت جحش‎  ; c. 590-641 CE ), kani ne na farko kuma matar Muhammadu saboda haka Musulmai suna la'akari da ita a matsayin Uwar Muminai . Ta taba auren dan da Muhammad ya dauko Zaid ibn Harithah .

Farkon rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mahaifin Zainab shi ne Jahsh bn Riyab, bako daga kabilar Asad bn Khuzayma wanda ya zauna a Makka a karkashin kariyar dangin Umayya. Mahaifiyarta ita ce Umayma bint Abdulmuttalib, 'yar kabilar Hashim ta kabilar Kuraishawa kuma 'yar uwar mahaifin Muhammadu. [1] :33Don haka Zainab da yayanta biyar su ne 'yan uwan Muhammadu na farko.Zaynab ance tayi saurin bata rai amma kuma tayi saurin nutsu. [2] Ta kasance ƙwararriyar fatu da ma'aikacin fata. Ta ci gaba da wannan aikin a tsawon rayuwarta, bayan da ta daina buƙatar kuɗin. [3] :74, 77Ba a san sunan mijinta na farko ba, amma ya mutu a shekara ta 622. [4] :180A wannan lokaci Zainab, wanda ya zama Musulmi, yana daga cikin wadanda suka kasance tare wanta Abdullah a kan hijira zuwa Madina . [5]

Auren Annabi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Muhammad yayi tsammanin suka idan ya auri zainab. Al’adar jahiliyya ta ki amincewa da aure tsakanin mutum da tsohuwar matar dansa da ya dauko. [6] Da al'ummar Larabawa za su kalli wannan tarayyar a matsayin kuskure babba; saboda sun dauki dan da aka yi riko da shi da gaske “da” ne, don mutum ya auri matar dansa da ya yi riko – ko da an sake ta – an dauke shi a matsayin ‘yar iska. [7] [8] Saboda haka, ya “ɓoye a zuciyarsa” ra’ayin cewa zai aure ta. An ambaci wannan rikici na cikin gida a cikin Kur'ani [Al Kur'ani 33:37] :

Bayan an sanar da wannan aya, Muhammadu ya ci gaba da ƙin yarda da ƙa'idodin Larabawa. [9] [10] Bayan haka ba a amince da matsayin karko a karkashin Musulunci ba . Zaid ya koma zama sananne da asalin sunansa na "Zayd ibn Harithah" maimakon "Zayd ibn Muhammad". [11] :9

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Muhammad ibn Saad, Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). Volume 8: The Women of Madina. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  2. Muslim 31:5984.
  3. Muhammad ibn Saad, Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). Volume 8: The Women of Madina. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  5. Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). Life of Muhammad, p. 215. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  6. "For in the time of ignorance they regarded the marriage with an adopted son’s wife as illegal as that with the wife of a natural son." Koelle, S. W. (1889). Mohammed and Mohammedanism Critically Considered, p. 497. London: Rivingtons.
  7. "...the marriage of a man with the wife of his adopted son, even though divorced, was looked upon by the Arabs as a very wrong thing indeed." Sell, E. (1905). The Historical Development of the Quran, pp. 149–150. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.
  8. "This liberality did not prevent severe comments from those who regarded adopted sonship as real sonship — for which view Mohammed’s institution of brotherhoods gave some support — and who, therefore, regarded this union as incestuous." Margoliouth, D. S. (1905). Mohammed and the Rise of Islam, Third Edition, p. 321. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons.
  9. Empty citation (help)
  10. Watt, W. M. (1956). Muhammad at Medina, pp. 330-331. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.
  11. Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by Landau-Tasseron, E. (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors. Albany: State University of New York Press.