Banu Hashim

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Wikidata.svgBanu Hashim
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Ƙabila Ƙuraishawa
Wannan Ita ce tutar Banu Hashim

Banu Hashim ( Larabci:بنو ها شم ) babbar dangin kabilar Kuraishawa ce, ita kuma Kuraish, kabila ce babba ga larabawan Makkah da Madina, wanda annabin musulunci Muhammad S.A.W ya kasance dan kabilar ne, kakan shi shi ne Hashim bn Abd Manaf, wanda aka laƙaba sunan dangin daga gareshi, Ana kiran yayan Abdu Manaf wannan dangin a matsayin Hashemites ko Al-hashimi. Zuriyar Muhammad yawanci suna daukar lakabin Sayyid, Syed, Hashimi, Al-Hashmi ‚ Sayed da Sharif, ko kuma dangin Ashraf (wanda yayi daidai da Ahl al-Bayt ).

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

wannan shine Hotan lungun Bani Hashim kafin a lalata shi

Daga cikin Larabawan da suka gabaci Islama, mutane suna sanya kansu bisa ga kabilan su, dangin su, sannan gidan su / dangin su. Akwai manyan nau'ikan kabila guda biyu: Adnanites (waɗanda suka fito daga Adnan, kakannin kakannin larabawan arewa, tsakiya da yammacin Larabawa) da kuma Qahtanites (waɗanda suka samo asali daga Qahtan, kakannin gargajiyar Larabawan kudu da gabashin Larabawa). Banu Hashim daya ne daga cikin dangin kabilar kuraishawa, kuma kabilar Adnan ce. Ya samo sunan ne daga Hashim bn Abd Manaf, kakan-kakan Muhammad, kuma tare da Banu Abd Shams, Banu Al-Muttalib, da dangin Banu Nawfal sun hada da Banu Abd al-Manaf na Kuraishawa.

Gidan Abdul-Muttalib na Banu Hashim ya kunshi manyan mutane a Makka kafin musulinci . Wannan ya samo asali ne daga aikinsu na gado don zama a matsayin wakilai da masu kula da mahajjatan da ke zuwa Makka don yin sujada a Kaaba, gidan ibada mai alfarma wanda a al'adar Musulunci Ibrahim ( Ibrahim ) da ɗansa na fari kuma magajinsa Ismail ( Isma'il) ne suka gina shi. ) ya kasance wurin bautar Tauhidi.

Da lokaci, ɗaruruwan gumaka sun mamaye Ka'aba. Ziyartar wadannan gumakan ta hanyar kabilu daban-daban ya haifar da zirga-zirgar kasuwanci wacce ta kara yawan dukiyar 'yan kasuwar Makka, wanda kuma ya ci gajiyar matsayinta wanda ke sa hanyoyin safarar daga Yemen (Arabia Felix) har zuwa kasuwannin Bahar Rum.

A cikin gidan 'Abd al-Muttalib na Banu Hashim na Kuraishawa aka haifi Muhammad. Tun yana dan shekara 40, kafuwar addinin Musulunci ya sanya shi fada da manyan kasashen da ke Makka. Kasancewarsa na 'gidan sama, na babban dangi' (dangane da martaba da iko) wani al'amari ne (kamar yadda addinin Musulunci ya tanada) ta inda Allah ya tsare shi daga kisan gilla a farkon shekarun aikinsa, kamar yadda 'yan uwan mahaifinsa ba za su ga irin wannan cin fuska ga abin da ake kira girmama dangi ba. Bayan shekaru 13, al'ummar Musulmin Makka suka yi hijira (suka yi Hijrah ) zuwa garin Yathrib (wanda daga baya aka san shi da suna Madina) don guje wa fitinar kisan gillar da marasa imani na Makka ke musu. Tare da mamayar Makka, sojojin Musulunci sun kame garin. An tsarkake Kaabah daga gumaka kuma ya zama cibiyar hajji ga musulmai, ya sake zama cibiyar tsarkakakken tauhidi na Ibrahim. (Haramtacce ne ga wadanda ba musulmi ba su shiga yankin da aka sanya shi kusa da garin Makka).

Manyan layukan zuriyar Muhammad su ne na jikokinsa guda biyu, Al-Hasan da Al-Husain, waɗanda aka haifa ta haɗin kan 'yarsa Fatimah da dan uwansa kuma surukin Ali . Muhammad ya roki kaunar musulmai akan jikokinsa, saboda haka zuriyarsu sun zama masu kishin addini a tsakanin musulmai. An san zuriyar Banu Hashim da laƙabin Sayed, Sayyid, Syed da Sharif.

A cikin 19th Century CE, don kokarin warware rikice rikicen da ke tattare da zuriyar Muhammadu, Khalifofin Ottoman sun yi ƙoƙari don yin irin na Almanach de Gotha (jerin sunayen manyan gidajen Turai) don nuna sanannun layukan zuriya. Kodayake ba a cika 100% cikakke ba a cikin tasirin sakamakon Kitab al-Ashraf (Littafin Sharifai), wanda aka ajiye a Fadar Topkapı da ke Istanbul shine ɗayan mafi kyawun tushen shaidar zuriyar Muhammad. [1] Alids (kalmar da aka ba zuriyar Muhammadu ta hanyar 'yarsa Fatima da Ali) layin zuriyar sun samar sau da yawa, daulolin da ke mulki na yanzu (da masu zuwa) a duk faɗin mulkin Islama, daga cikin waɗannan tsayuwa:

Dauloli[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wadannan Royal da na mallaka dauloli da'awar Saukowarsa daga Hashim:

  • Daular Hummudid (ta hannun Idris ibn Abdullah )

Arabiya

  • Daular Hashemite (ta hanyar Qatadah ibn Idris )
  • Daular Abbasawa ta Daular Abbasiyya (ta hannun Abbas bn Muttalib )
  • Daular Fatimid na daular Fatimid da suka hada da Agha Khans na gaba. (ta hannun Ismail ibn Jafar )
  • Daular Rassid ta Yemen (ta hanyar Ibrahim al Jamr bin Hassan al Muthanna )
  • Daular Mutawakkilite ta Yemen (ta hanyar Ibrahim al Jamr bin Hassan al Muthanna a matsayin 'yan leken asiri na Daular Rassid)

Afirka

  • Daular Aluoite ta Maroko (ta hanyar Muhammad Nafs az zakiyah bin Abdullah al Kamal)
  • Daular Idrisid ta Afirka ta Yamma (ta hannun Idris ibn Abdullah )
  • Daular Senussi ta Libya (ta hannun Idris ibn Abdullah a matsayin manyan hafsoshin daular Idrisid)
  • Safavid na Daular Farisa (ta hanyar Abul Qasim Humza bin Musa al Kadhim )
  • Alid na Tabaristan (ta hannun Zayd bin Hassan al Muthana )
  • Daular Zaydi ta Tabarstan (ta hannun Zayd bn Ali )
  • Daular Barha Ciki har da Nawabs na baya daga Samballhera (ta hanyar Zayd ibn Ali )
  • Daular Rohilla da ta hada da Nawabs na Rampur daga baya (ta hanyar Zayd bn Ali a matsayin Cadets na Daular Barha)
  • Agha Khans (Ta hannun Isma'il bn Jafar a matsayin daliban da ke daular Fatimid)
  • Daudpota daular gami da Nawabs na Bhawalpur da Sindh ( Kalhora ) daga baya (ta hannun Abbas bn Muttalib )
  • Sarakunan Mysore (ta hanyar Qatadah ibn Idris a matsayin 'yan sanda na daular Hashemite) 
  • Daular Sabzwari (ta hanyar Ali al Reza )
  • Daular Najafi ta Bengal . Ciki har da Nawabs na Murshidabad na baya da dangin Tabatabai na Iran (ta hannun Ibrahim Tabataba ibn Ismail al Dibaj)

Gabashin Asiya

  • Sarakunan Siak (ta hanyar Ahmad al Muhajir a matsayin su na 'yan bautan Ba alawai)
  • Bendahara daular Pahang da Terengannu (ta hanyar Ahmad al Muhajir a matsayin ɗaliban makarantar Ba alawai)
  • Daular Bolkiah ta Brunei (ta hanyar Ahmad al Muhajir a matsayin ɗaliban makarantar Ba alawai)
  • Gidan sarautar Jamal al layl na Perak da Perlis (ta hanyar Ahmad al Muhajir a matsayin cadets na Ba alawai)
  • Sarakunan Pontianak (ta hanyar Ahmad al Muhajir a matsayin su na 'yan bautan Ba alawai)

Iyalin gida[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Lura cewa alamar jinsi kai tsaye alama ce mai ƙarfi .

Duba nan kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Wadanda ba Musulmi ba wadanda suka yi hulda da Musulmai a zamanin Muhammadu
  • Banu Abbas
  • Hashmi
  • Sayyid
  • Awan (kabilar)
  • Husseini
  • Halifancin Abbasawa
  • Iyalin gidan Muhammadu
  • Kuraishawa

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tarihin zuriyar Hashemite Banu Abbas . https://bani-alabbas.com/