Afrikaans

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Afrikaans
Afrikaans
'Yan asalin magana
7,200,000 (2016)
second language (en) Fassara: 10,300,000 (2002)
Baƙaƙen latin
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-1 af
ISO 639-2 afr
ISO 639-3 afr
Glottolog afri1274[1]
Spoken Afrikaans

Afrikaans yare ne na Yammacin Jamus wanda akasari ana magana dashi a Afirka ta Kudu da Namibia . Yaren ne yaren da ya bunkaysa tsakanin baƙi na AfrikanFurotesta, ma'aikata marasa matsuguni, da bayi da Kamfanin Dutch East India ( Dutch suka kawo yankin Cape a kudu maso yammacin Afirka ta Kudu. - VOC) tsakanin 1652 da 1705 . Yawancin waɗannan farkon mazaunan sun fito ne daga Proasar Lardin (yanzu Netherlands ), kodayake akwai da yawa daga Jamus, wasu daga Faransa, kaɗan daga Scotland, da wasu ƙasashe daban-daban. Marassa aikin da bayin sun kasance 'yan Malas, da Malagasy ban da Khoi da Bushmen ' yan asalin ƙasar.

Bincike na JA Heese ya ce har zuwa shekarar 1807, kashi 36.8% na magabatan Fararen Afrikaans masu magana da yaren Holland ne, 35% Bajamushe ne, 14.6% Faransanci ne kuma 7.2% ba farare ba (asalin Afirka da / ko Asiya ). Sauran masu binciken suna tambaya game da adadi na Heese, amma, kuma musamman ma abubuwan da ba fari ba da Heese ta ambata suna cikin shakka.

Ƙananan tsiraru daga waɗanda suka yi magana da Afirkaans a matsayin yare na farko ba fari ba ne . Yaren ya zama sananne da "Cape Dutch". Daga baya, wani lokacin ana kiran Afrikaans "African Dutch" ko "Dutch Dutch". An dauki Afirkaans a matsayin yaren Dutch har zuwa farkon karni na 20, lokacin da ya fara yaduwa sosai a matsayin yare daban. Sunan Afrikaans a sauƙaƙe kalmar Dutch ce ta Afirka, kuma yaren kuma nau'in Afirka ne na Yaren mutanen Holland.

Masu alaƙa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Afrikaans". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.