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Aissa Diori

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Aissa Diori
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Dogondoutchi, 1928
ƙasa Nijar
Mutuwa Niamey, 15 ga Afirilu, 1974
Ƴan uwa
Abokiyar zama Hamani Diori
Karatu
Harsuna Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa

Aissa Diori wanda aka fi sani da Aïchatou Diori (1928 - 15 Afrilu shekarar 1974) ita ce matar Hamani Diori da Uwargidan Shugaban kasar Nijar. Ta tara dukiya mai yawa ta hanyar rashawa, gami da dukiya mai tsada a matakin gidaje. An kashe ta a lokacin juyin mulkin da aka yi a kasar Nijar a shekarar 1974.

Tarihin rayuwa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Aissa Diori a Dogon Dutsi a shekarar 1928. Ta fito ne daga ƙabilar Foulani . [1] Ta auri malami Hamani Diori a ranar 9 ga Mayu 1945. [2] Ma'auratan suna da yara shida, ciki har da Abdoulaye Hamani Diori wanda daga baya ya zama dan siyasa kuma dan kasuwa. Aissa Diori ta kasance mataimakiyar Union des Femmes du Niger (UFN) kuma tana da masu fasaha da yawa, irin su Bouli Kakasi, suna rera mata yabo. An kafa UNF a ranar 6 ga Oktoba 1958. A karkashin jagorancin ta, kungiyar kwadagon ta jaddada shigar mata cikin aiyukan al'umma, ilimi, da kuma samar da ayyukan yi. Ya kafa ƙungiyar ƙungiyoyin mata amma bai sami ikon yin tasiri ga dokar kare mata a matsayin mata da uwa ba. [3] Uwargidan Shugaban Kasa da UFN, duk da haka, sun gabatar da kasancewar damuwa na musamman ga mata ga jama'a, wanda daga baya ƙoƙarin mata don shiga siyasa daga 1990s ya samo tushe. [4]

Diori ta zama Uwargidan Shugaban Kasar Nijar a ranar 3 ga watan Agusta 1960 lokacin da aka rantsar da mijinta a matsayin Shugaban kasa. A cikin siyasar ƙasa da ƙasa, Aïssa Diori na daga cikin kusan duk tafiye-tafiyen Shugaban ƙasa na hukuma. A Amurka, ba ta yi kasa a gwiwa ba wajen bayar da tallafi ga yara 'yan makaranta bakar fata wadanda ke fuskantar wariyar launin fata. Yayin da take Nijar, ta damu da ilimin yara makiyaya, kasancewar ba ta da ilimi. Ta cike matsayin Ministar inganta mata.

Diori ya tara dukiya ta hanyar rashawa. Diori ta mallaki gidaje masu tsada da yawa a Yamai wadanda ta ba hayar su ga ofisoshin jakadancin kasashen waje da masu gudanar da kamfanoni cikin tsadar gaske. Ta kuma sami dimbin filaye masu ni'ima a Kogin Neja kusa da Yamai. Sauran membobin kungiyar cigaban Jamhuriyar Nijar-African Democratic Rally fitattu ma na cin riba, amma ba su kai Aissa Diori ba. [5] A sakamakon haka, ɗalibai masu tsattsauran ra'ayi suka kira ta 'yar Austriya (tana nufin sarauniyar Faransa Marie Antoinette ), waɗanda suka zage ta. [1]

An harbe ta kuma aka kashe ta a juyin mulkin da Jamhuriyar Nijar ta yi a shekarar 1974 a ranar 15 ga Afrilu 1974 ta Sajan Niandou Hamidou. [6] Gargadinta na Abzinawa suma sun mutu a juyin mulkin, wadanda suka rasa rayukansu a wani lamari wanda ba shi da jini wanda ya haifar da rusa gwamnatin mijinta. [7] Wanda ya gaje ta a matsayin Uwargidan Shugaban Kasa shi ne Mintou Kountche, wanda kuma ya sami suna don haɗama da rashawa. [1]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Decalo & Abdourahmane 2012, p. 181
  2. Salifou 2010, p. 29
  3. Decalo & Abdourahmane 2012, p. 451
  4. Sheldon 2005, p. 250
  5. Fuglestad & Higgott 1975, p. 390
  6. Salifou 2010, p. 248
  7. Fuglestad & Higgott 1975, p. 397