Desmond Doss

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Desmond Doss
DossDesmondT USArmy.jpg
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna Desmond Thomas Doss
Haihuwa Lynchburg (en) Fassara, 7 ga Faburairu, 1919
ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
Mutuwa Piedmont (en) Fassara, 23 ga Maris, 2006
Makwanci Chattanooga National Cemetery (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Aramaic (en) Fassara
Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a combat medic (en) Fassara da conscientious objection (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Aikin soja
Fannin soja United States Army (en) Fassara
Digiri private first class (en) Fassara
Ya faɗaci Battle of Okinawa (en) Fassara
Yakin Duniya na II
Battle of Guam (en) Fassara
Battle of Leyte (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Seventh-day Adventist Church (en) Fassara
IMDb nm3691984
desmonddoss.org

Desmond Thomas Doss (7 ga Fabrairu, 1919)   - Maris 23, 2006) wani kofur din Sojan Tarayyar Amurka wanda ya yi aiki a matsayin mai likita medic tare da wani dakaru soja a yakin duniya na II. An ba shi lambar yabo ta Bronze Star sau biyu don ayyukansa a Guam da Philippines. Doss ya bambanta kansa a yaƙin Okinawa ta hanyar ceton mutane 75, ya zama daga cikin conscientious objector da ya sami lambar yabo ta girmamawa saboda abubuwan da ya yi yayin yaƙin. Rayuwarsa ta kasance batun littattafai, daftarin aiki The Consenceious Objector, da kuma fim ɗin 2016 na Hacksaw Ridge .

Farkon rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Desmond Doss ne a Lynchburg, Virginia, ga William Thomas Doss (1893-1989), masassaƙi, da Bertha Edward Doss (née Oliver) (1899-1983), ma'aikacin gida da ma'aikacin masana'antar takalmi. Mahaifiyarsa ta raine shi a matsayin cikakken Adventist na kwana-bakwai kuma ya koyar da kiyaye Asabar, kin-tashin hankali, da rayuwar cin ganyayyaki a rayuwar sa. Ya girma a yankin Fairview Heights na Lynchburg, Virginiya, tare da babbar 'yar uwarsa Audrey da ƙanensa Harold.

Doss ya halarci makarantar cocin Park Avenue na kwana bakwai har zuwa aji na takwas, daga baya ya sami aiki a Kamfanin Lynchburg Lumber don tallafawa dangin sa a lokacin Babban Bala'i .

Aiki a Yaƙin Duniya na II[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Doss a saman Maeda Escarpment, Mayu 4, 1945

Kafin barkewar Yaƙin Duniya na II, Doss yayi aiki a matsayin joiner a jirgin ruwa a Newport News, Virginia . Ya zaɓi soja, duk da anbashi deferment saboda aikinsa a masana'antar jiragen ruwa, on Afrilu 1, 1942, a Camp Lee, Virginia. An tura shi zuwa Fort Jackson a South Carolina don horo tare da Rukunin Yara na 77 . A halin yanzu, ɗan'uwansa Harold ya yi aiki a bayan USS  Lindsey .

Doss ya ƙi ya kashe soja maƙiyi ko kuma ɗaukar makami acikin yaki saboda abubuwan da Imanainsa na addini a zaman Adventist na kwana bakwai. Don haka ya zama mai magani wanda aka sanya wa Platoon na 2, Kamfanin B, Bataliya ta 1, Bataliya ta 307, Sashe na 77 na jarirai.

Sanda yake wa platoon dinsa aiki a 1944 a Guam da kasar Philippines, an bashi kyautar Bronze Star Medals guda biyu tare da "V" device, for exceptional valor in aiding wounded soldiers under fire. During the Battle of Okinawa, he saved the lives of 50–100 wounded infantrymen atop the area known by the 96th Division as the Maeda Escarpment or Hacksaw Ridge. Doss was wounded four times in Okinawa, and was evacuated on May 21, 1945, aboard the Template:USS. Doss suffered a left arm fracture from a sniper's bullet and at one point had seventeen pieces of shrapnel embedded in his body. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in Okinawa.

Rayuwa bayan-yaƙi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kabarin Desmond Doss

Bayan yakin, da farko Doss yayi niyyar ci gaba da aikinsa na kafinta, amma lalacewa mai yawa da ya yi a hannun hagu ya sa ya kasa yin hakan. A cikin 1946, Doss ya kamu da cutar tarin fuka, wanda ya yi kwangila a kan Leyte . Anyi masa magani na tsawon shekaru biyar da rabi - wanda ya sa ya kamu da huhu da ciwan ciki - kafin a sallame shi daga asibiti a watan Agusta 1951 tare da nakasa 90%.

Doss ya ci gaba da karɓar magani daga sojoji, amma bayan da magungunan rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta suka sanya shi kurma sosai a cikin 1976, ya ba shi nakasassu 100%; ya sami damar dawo da sauraron sa bayan ya samu kwayar halittar cochlear a 1988. Duk da tsananin raunin da ya ji, Doss ya sami damar renon dangi a wani karamin gona a Rising Fawn, Georgia .

Doss ta auri Dorothy Pauline Schutte a ranar 17 ga Agusta, 1942, kuma suna da ɗa guda, Desmond "Tommy" Doss Jr., an haife shi a 1946. Dorothy ya mutu ne a ranar 17 ga Nuwamba, 1991, sakamakon hatsarin mota. Doss ya sake yin aure a ranar 1 ga Yuli, 1993, ga Frances May Duman.

Bayan an kwantar da shi a asibiti saboda wahalar numfashi, Doss ya mutu a ranar 23 ga Maris, 2006, a gidansa da ke Piedmont, Alabama . An binne shi a ranar 3 ga Afrilu, 2006, a Kabarin National a Chattanooga, Tennessee . Frances ya mutu bayan shekaru uku a ranar 3 ga Fabrairu, 2009, a Cibiyar Kula da Kiwon Lafiya ta Piedmont a Piedmont, Alabama.

Kyaututtuka da kayan ado[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lambar yabo ta girmamawa
Corporal Doss yana karbar lambar yabo ta girmamawa daga Shugaba Harry S. Truman a ranar 12 ga Oktoba, 1945

Sauran lambobin yabo da kayan ado[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Including the Medal of Honor, Doss' awards are:

Sauran daraja da girmamawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Desmond Doss (left) at the Georgia State Capitol on March 20, 2000, after being presented a special resolution sponsored by state representative Randy Sauder (right)
Doss Hall renaming ceremony
  • A portion of US Route 501 near Peaks View Park is named "Pfc. Desmond T. Doss Memorial Expressway." Local veterans of the area honor him by decorating the signs marking this portion of road several times during the year, particularly around patriotic holidays.
  • In 1951, Camp Desmond T. Doss was created in Grand Ledge, Michigan to help train young Seventh-day Adventist men for service in the military. The camp was active throughout the Korean and Vietnam Wars before the property was sold in 1988.
  • In the early 1980s, a school in Lynchburg was renamed Desmond T. Doss Christian Academy. The school was founded by the Lynchburg Seventh-Day Adventist Church, the home church of Desmond Doss during his years in Lynchburg. The church wanted to honor Doss for standing strong in his faith despite facing great adversity. Doss visited the school that bears his name three times before his death.
  • On July 10, 1990, a section of Georgia Highway 2 between US Highway 27 and Georgia Highway 193 in Walker County was named the "Desmond T. Doss Medal of Honor Highway."
  • On March 20, 2000, Doss appeared before the Georgia House of Representatives and was presented a special resolution honoring his heroic accomplishments on behalf of the country.
  • On July 4, 2004, a statue of Doss was dedicated at the National Museum of Patriotism in Atlanta, Georgia, which remained until the museum's closure in July 2010.
  • In May 2007, a statue of Doss was dedicated at Veterans Memorial Park in Collegedale, Tennessee.
  • In July 2008, the guest house at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C., was renamed Doss Memorial Hall.
  • On August 30, 2008, a two-mile stretch of Alabama Highway 9 in Piedmont was named the "Desmond T. Doss Sr. Memorial Highway."
  • On October 25, 2016, the City of Lynchburg, Virginia, awarded a plaque in his honor to Desmond T. Doss Christian Academy.
  • On February 7, 2017, PETA posthumously honored Doss with a Hero to Animals award in recognition of his lifelong commitment to vegetarianism.

A cikin kafofin watsa labarai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Talabijin da sinima[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

On February 18, 1959, Doss appeared on the Ralph Edwards NBC TV show This Is Your Life.

Doss shine taken The Consciousious Objector, kyautar da ya lashe finafinan 2004 ta Terry Benedict .

Babban fim ɗin Hacksaw Ridge, wanda ya dogara da rayuwarsa, Terry Benedict ne ya gabatar kuma Mel Gibson ya jagoranta. An fito da fim din a kasar gaba daya a cikin Amurka a ranar 4 ga Nuwamba, 2016, don sake dubawa. Doss ya ba da alama ta Andrew Garfield, wanda aka zaba don bayar da lambar yabo ta Academy don Mafi kyawun Actor saboda ayyukansa, kuma ya sami lambar yabo ta Critics 'Choice Movie Award for Best Actor in a Action Movie, and Satellite Award for Best Actor - Hoto Motsi . Matar Desmond, Dorothy ce ke bugawa ta Teresa Palmer .

Doss an baje shi a cikin rukunin TV kashi uku wanda It Ya Rubuta a cikin Nuwamba 2016.

Doss shine batun littattafan rayuwa guda huɗu:

  • Jaruma marar so; Labarin Desmond T. Doss, Maƙasudin Mai Dogara wanda ya Tabbatar da Darajan Soja mafi ɗaukaka na (asa (1967) ta Booton Herndon
  • Desmond Doss Mai Rarraba Manufar: Labarin gwarzon da ba a tsammani (2015) daga Frances M. Doss
  • Fansa a Hacksaw Ridge: Gaskiya Labari mai Gaskiya ne Wanda Ya Saukar da Fim (2016) wanda Booton Herndon ya
  • Haihuwar Hacksaw Ridge: Yadda Yadda Take Fara (2017) ta Gregory Crosby da Gene Church

An gabatar da Doss a cikin manyan wallafe-wallafe da kafofin watsa labarai, gami da:

  • Mujallar Lokaci
  • NPR
  • Mujallar mutane
  • Laburaren Majalisa
  • Gidan Tarihin soja da Littattafan Pritzker

Doss an nuna shi a cikin bajinta ta girmamawa ta musamman wanda Doug Murray ya rubuta kuma Dark Dark Comics ya buga . Comic din bugu na musamman ne na jerin lambobin yabo na girmamawa wanda aka buga a watan Afrilu 1, 1994. Kungiyar ta ba da izinin ba da lambar yabo ta Majalissar Wakilai ta Amurka da ke Kula da Girmama. Wannan batun ya kunshi Corporal Desmond Doss tare da wani wanda ya karɓi kyautar girmamawa, Laftana Charles Q. Williams .

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Jerin lambobin yabo na karɓar karɓa na Yakin Duniya na II
  • Medical Cadet Corps
  • Icsungiyar sojojin Amurka ta ba da lambar yabo ta girmamawa:
    • Harold A. Garman
    • Thomas W. Bennett, na biyu da ya i yarda ya samu kyautar girmamawa (bayan aikin gaba)
    • Joseph G. LaPointe Jr.
    • Gary M. Rose

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Karin karatu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Herndon, Booton (2016). Gwarzo na Hacksaw Ridge: Gaskiya Labarin Gaske Wanda Ya Buga Fim . Ruwa mai sanyi, Michigan: Bayanan Bayanan Bayanan Yawo. ISBN   Herndon, Booton (2016). Herndon, Booton (2016).
  • Leepson, Marc (2008), "Wonder Man of Okinawa," mujallar Tarihin Soja, Satumba / Oktoba 2008, Vol. 25, Na 4.
  • Herndon, Booton (2004). Jaruma marar so: Labarin Desmond T. Doss, Maƙasudin Mai Ilimin Haƙama wanda Ya Kyautar da Sojojin Sama mafi ɗaukaka na Soja . View Mountain View, California: lishungiyar Bugawa na Labaran Pacific. ISBN   Herndon, Booton (2004). Herndon, Booton (2004).
  • Doss, Frances M. (2005). Desmond Doss: Manufar Mai Amincewar . Pressungiyar Watsa Labaran Pacific. ISBN   Doss, Frances M. (2005). Doss, Frances M. (2005).
  • Doss, Frances M. (1998). Desmond Doss: A cikin kulawar Allah: Jarumi wanda ba a son shi da lambar yabo ta Majalissar Kariya . Labaran Makarantar.
  • Smith, Larry (2003). Sama da ɗaukaka: Lambobin yabo na jarumai a cikin kalmominsu . Norton. ISBN   Smith, Larry (2003). Smith, Larry (2003).

Haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]