Dubai (masarauta)

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Globe icon.svgDubai
امارة عبدالله (ar)
Flag of Dubai.svg Coat of arms of Dubai.svg
UAE Dubai Marina img1 asv2018-01.jpg

Wuri
Dubai in United Arab Emirates.svg
 25°15′52″N 55°18′42″E / 25.2644°N 55.3117°E / 25.2644; 55.3117
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaTaraiyar larabawa

Babban birni Dubai (birni)
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 3,355,900 (2019)
• Yawan mutane 815.73 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 4,114 km²
Altitude (en) Fassara 11 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Tsarin Siyasa
• Shugaban gwamnati Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lamba ta ISO 3166-2 AE-DU
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo dubai.ae
Tuta
Tambari

Nasara Dubai ( Larabci: دبيّ‎ ) Shi ne ɗaya daga cikin masarautar bakwai a cikin Daular Larabawa. Babban birnin masarautar shine Dubai . Wani lokacin ana kiran garin "Birnin Dubai" don hana shi ruɗewa da masarautar.

Dubai ita ce ta biyu mafi girma a masarauta bayan Abu Dhabi . Masarautar tana kan Tekun Fasha, kudu maso yamma na Sharjah da arewa maso gabashin Abu Dhabi. Garin Hatta babban birni ne na masarautar Dubai. Tana iyaka da Oman a kusa.

Tattalin arzikin Dubai ya banbanta da sauran membobin UAE saboda kudin shiga daga mai kashi 6% ne kawai na kayan cikin gida .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ranar 8 ga Janairun 1820, sheikh na Dubai yana ɗaya daga cikin mutanen da suka sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar "General Treaty of Peace " (Yarjejeniyar Janar ta Jirgin ruwa) ta Burtaniya.

A cikin 1833, daular Al Maktoum ta ƙabilar Bani Yas ta zauna a rafin Dubai. Tun daga wannan lokacin, Dubai ta kasance sabuwar masarauta mai zaman kanta. Ya kasance koyaushe yana gwagwarmaya da masarautar Abu Dhabi. An dakatar da yunƙurin da thean fashin jirgin Qawasim ke yi na mamaye Dubai.[ana buƙatar hujja] ] A cikin 1835, Dubai da sauran theasashen Trucial States suka sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar sulhu ta ruwa tare da Birtaniyya da "Perpetual Maritime Truce" kimanin shekaru ashirin bayan haka. Dubai ta kasance ƙarƙashin kariyar Kingdomasar Ingila (ta hana Turkawan Daular Usmaniyya) ta Yarjejeniyar Musamman ta 1892 . Kamar maƙwabta guda huɗu, Abu Dhabi, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah da Umm al-Qaiwain, kasancewarta kan hanyar zuwa Indiya ya sanya ta zama wuri mai mahimmanci.

A watan Maris 1892, an ƙirƙiri ƙasashe Masu Tayi (ko Trucial Oman ).

Bayan Gulf Rupee ya rasa daraja a 1966, Dubai ta shiga sabuwar kasar ta Qatar mai cin gashin kanta don kafa sabon rukunin kudi, Qatar / Dubai riyal . An gano mai a nisan kilomita 120 daga gabar Dubai, bayan haka garin ya ba da rangwamen mai.

A ranar 2 Disamba 1971 Dubai ta kafa Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa, tare da Abu Dhabi da wasu masarautu biyar. Anyi haka bayan da tsohon mai kare Burtaniya ya bar Tekun Fasha a 1971 . A cikin 1973, Dubai ta haɗu da sauran masarautu don karɓar kuɗi ɗaya, mai daidaitattun kuɗi: dirham na UAE .

Dubai ta zamani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Samun mai a Dubai bai kai 1/20 ba kamar na masarautar Abu Dhabi, kuma kuɗin mai yanzu ƙananan ƙananan ƙananan kuɗin birnin ne. Dubai da kuma ta twin fadin Dubai creek, Deira (m a lokacin), ya zama da muhimmanci tashoshin jiragen ruwa na kira ga kasashen yammacin masana'antun . Yawancin yawancin bankunan banki da cibiyoyin kuɗi suna cikin wannan yankin. Dubai ta kiyaye mahimmancinta a matsayin hanyar kasuwanci ta cikin 1970s da 1980s . A birnin Dubai na da yancin cinikayya a zinariya da har 1990s ya a tsakiyar wata "brisk smuggling cinikayya" na zinariya ingots zuwa India, inda zinariya shigo da aka ƙayyade.

A yau, Dubai muhimmiyar wuri ce ga masu yawon bude ido da tashar jirgin ruwa ( Jebel Ali, wanda aka gina a cikin shekarun 1970s, yana da tashar jirgin ruwa mafi girma a duniya), amma kuma yana ƙara zama cibiyar masana'antar sabis kamar IT da kuɗi, tare da sabon Dubai International Financial Center (DIFC). Hanyoyin jigilar kayayyaki ana taimaka su ta hanyar fadada jirgin sama na Emirates Airline cikin hanzari, wanda gwamnati ta yi a cikin 1985 kuma har yanzu mallakar ƙasa. Kamfanin jirgin ya kasance ne a Filin jirgin saman Dubai kuma yana daukar fasinjoji sama da miliyan 12 a kowace shekara.

Gwamnati ta kafa yankuna na musamman na yankuna kyauta a duk cikin garin. Dubai Internet City, yanzu haɗe tare da Dubai Media City a matsayin ɓangare na TECOM (Fasahar Dubai, Kasuwancin Lantarki da Media Free Zone Authority) ɗayan membobin ne waɗanda membobinsu suka haɗa da kamfanonin IT kamar EMC Corporation, Oracle, Microsoft, da IBM, da ƙungiyoyin kafofin watsa labarai. kamar su MBC, CNN, Reuters, ARY da AP . Dubai Marina babban ci gaba ne na EMAAR wanda zai zama babbar marina mafi girma a duniya yayin kammalawa. Ilmi na Dubai (KV) cibiya ce ta ilimi da horaswa kuma an saita don haɓaka wasu Zoneungiyoyi biyu na Free Zone, garin Intanet na Dubai da kuma Dubai Media City, ta hanyar samar da wuraren don horar da ma'aikatan ilimin na gaba.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]