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Figueres

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Figueres
Flag of Figueres (en)
Flag of Figueres (en) Fassara


Wuri
Map
 42°16′N 2°57′E / 42.27°N 2.95°E / 42.27; 2.95
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaIspaniya
Autonomous community of Spain (en) FassaraKatalunya
Functional territorial area (en) FassaraComarques Gironines (en) Fassara
Comarca of Catalonia (en) FassaraAlt Empordà (en) Fassara
Babban birnin

Babban birni Figueres (en) Fassara
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 47,879 (2023)
• Yawan mutane 2,480.78 mazaunan/km²
Home (en) Fassara 218 (1553)
Harshen gwamnati Catalan (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Mancomunitat de Municipis Comunitat Turística de la Costa Brava (en) Fassara da Q107554324 Fassara
Yawan fili 19.3 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Manol river (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 39 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Muhimman sha'ani
Tsarin Siyasa
• Mayor of Figueres (en) Fassara Jordi Masquef (en) Fassara (ga Yuni, 2023)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 17600
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 972
INE municipality code (en) Fassara 17066
IDESCAT territorial code in Catalonia (en) Fassara 170669
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo ca.figueres.cat
Abin tunawa da aka sadaukar don Josep Pep Ventura i Casas, Figueres (Alto Ampurdan, Girona, Catalonia, Spain)
Abin tunawa ga José Pep Ventura y Casas, Figueras (Alt Ampurdán, Girona, Catalonia, Spain)
Gorgot Tower, (Cypress-Cupressus sempervirens na Italiyanci) na Dalí Theatre and Museum, a Figueres, Catalonia, arewa maso gabashin Spain.
Figueres

Figueres (Da harshen Katalanci 'bishiyar', Furuci a yaren Katalanci: [fiˈɡeɾəs],  [fiˈɡeɾes]; Spanish: Figueras,  [fiˈɣeɾas]) itace babbar birnin comarca na Alt Empordà, ia gundumar Girona, Catalonia, Hispaniya.

A garin aka haifi mai zane Salvador Dalí, kuma akwai gidan tarihi mai suna Teatre-Museu Gala Salvador Dalí, babban gidan kayan gargajiya wanda Dalí da kansa ya tsara wanda ke jan hankalin baƙi da yawa. Har ila yau, a nan aka haifi Narcís Monturiol, wanda ya fara yin nasarar ƙirƙira jirgin ruwa mai ƙarfi na farko a duniya. Har ila yau, a nan ne aka haifi Mónica Naranjo, ɗaya daga cikin mawaƙan Hispaniya da tafi kowa shahara acikin Mutanen Espanya a tsakanin 1990s da 2000s.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sunan garin ya samo asali ne daga Ficaris, na asalin Visigoth. A shekarar 1267, Sarki James na na Aragon ya amince da haƙƙin fuero, amma bayan shekaru huɗu Count Ponç IV na Empúries ya cinnawa garin wuta.

A cikin 1794 Figueras ta mika wuya ga Faransa, amma an sake dawo da ita a cikin shekarar 1795. A lokacin Yaƙin Peninsular Turawan Faransa ne suka kwace yankin a 1808, Mutanen Sipaniya suka sake kwato shi a 1811, Faransawa suka sake karbe shi a cikin wannan shekarar. [1]

A lokacin yakin basasa na Sipaniya, garin ya zamo amintacce ga gwamnatin Republican, kuma jiragen saman Italiya na Nazi da na Fascist sun ta jefa bama-bamai akai-akai.[2]

Yana daya daga cikin garuruwan Kataloniya da aka fi yi masu ruwan bama-bamai a lokacin yakin basasa, a shekarar 1938, kuma, musamman, a farkon shekarar 1939, lokacin da dubban mutane suka ratsa cikin garin kan hanyarsu ta gudun hijira. Tabbas ba za a iya sanin adadin wadanda harin bam ya rutsa da su ba, amma zai kai kusan 400.[3]

Gwamnatin Republican ta Hispaniya ta gudanar da taronta na ƙarshe na yakin basasa (ranar 1 ga Fabrairu 1939) a gidan kurkukun Sant Ferran Castel .

Garin Figueres ta farfado tun daga 1950s, tana ƙarfafa tattalin arzikinta da masana'antun yawon shakatawa.[4]

Muhimman wurare[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Sant Ferran Castle, wanda aka gina a cikin 1753 a lokacin mulkin Ferdinand VI na Spain, a wurin wani gidan zuhudu na Capuchin. Yana da shimfidar pentagonal, tare da jimlar kewayen 5.6 kilometres (3.5 mi) .
  • Ikilisiyar Parish na St. Peter, a cikin Gothic . Yana da nave guda ɗaya tare da ɗakin karatu na gefe.
  • Teatre-Museu Gala Salvador Dalí (ƙarni na 19, an sabunta shi a cikin 1960s). Ya haɗa da hasumiya daga tsohuwar ganuwar.
  • Gidan kayan tarihi na fasaha na Empordà, gidan kayan gargajiyar fasaha tare da ɗaruruwan na'urorin buga rubutu na tsoho
  • Museu de l'Emportda
Bayar da yabo ga Salvador Dalí a gindin Rambla, Figueres

Sanannun mutane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Narcís Monturiol (1819-1885), injiniyan jirgin ruwa na farko kuma mai ƙirƙira.
  • Salvador Dalí (1904-1989), mashahurin mai fasaha a duniya
  • Montserrat Minobis da Puntonet (1942 – 2019), yar jarida ta mata
  • Montserrat Vilà (an haife shi a shekara ta 1964), masanin ilimin halitta
  • Mónica Naranjo (an haife shi a shekara ta 1974), mawaƙa kuma mai watsa shirye-shiryen talabijin
  • Dídac Lee (an haife shi a shekara ta 1974), ɗan kasuwa, tsohon memba na hukumar FC Barcelona
  • Maverick Viñales (an haife shi a shekara ta 1995), ɗan tseren MotoGP
  • Sílvia Soler (an haifi 1961), marubuci kuma ɗan jarida

Garuruwan Twin - garuruwan 'yan'uwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haɗa Figueres tare da:

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Nassoshi
  1.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Figueras". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. "Figueres, la Gernika de Catalunya". Publico (in Spanish). 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  3. "ICIP participates in the historical memory project "(silences) Figueres under the bombs". International Catalan Institute for Peace. Generalitat de Catalunya". International Catalan Institute for Peace. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  4. "Castell de Sant Ferran | Figueres, Spain Attractions". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
Adabi
  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona: Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).

Wikimedia Commons on Figueres  

Samfuri:Geographic locationSamfuri:Alt EmpordaSamfuri:Municipalities in Girona