Filin jirgin saman Nội Bài

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Filin jirgin saman Nội Bài
NoiBaioutside.jpg
IATA: HAN • ICAO: VVNBCommons-logo.svg More pictures
Wuri
BirniHanoi
Coordinates 21°13′16″N 105°48′26″E / 21.2211°N 105.8072°E / 21.2211; 105.8072
Altitude (en) Fassara 42 ft, above sea level
Ƙaddamarwa1965
Filin jirgin sama
Tracks
Runway (en) Fassara Material Tsawo Faɗi
11L/29Rasphalt (en) Fassara3200 m45 m
11R/29Lasphalt (en) Fassara3800 m45 m
City served Hanoi
Offical website

Filin jirgin saman Nội Bài (Vietnamese ) a Hanoi, babban birnin Vietnam, shine filin jirgin sama mafi girma a kasar Vietnam dangane da jimlar iya aiki.Hakanan shine filin jirgin sama mafi girma a cikin ƙasar don jigilar kayayyaki, kuma filin jirgin sama na biyu mafi cunkoson jama'a don zirga -zirgar fasinjoji, bayan Filin Jirgin Sama na Tan Son Nhat. A halin yanzu Nội Bài, shine babban filin jirgin sama da ke hidimar Hanoi, ya maye gurbin rawar filin jirgin saman Gia Lam. Filin jirgin saman ya ƙunshi tashoshin fasinjoji guda biyu. Terminal 1, yana hidimar jiragen sama na cikin gida (Domestic Flight). Sai kuma Terminal 2, (wanda aka ƙaddamar a ranar 4 ga watan Janairun 2015) yana hidimar duk jiragen sama na duniya (International). Filin jirgin saman a halin yanzu shine babban cibiyar jigilar tutar Vietnam Airlines, da masu ɗaukar kasafin kuɗi Bamboo Airways, Pacific Airlines da Vietjet Air.

Filin jirgin yana cikin Phu Minh Commune a gundumar Sóc Sơn, kimanin kilomita 35 (mil 21) arewa maso gabas na tsakiyar Hanoi, ta hanyar sabon gadar Nhật Tân (wanda kuma aka ƙaddamar a ranar 4 ga watan Janairun 2015). Hakanan ana iya isa gare shi ta hanyar National Road 3, wacce ta haɗa ta da gabashin unguwar Hanoi. Filin jirgin saman yana kusa da wasu biranen Hanoi na tauraron dan adam kamar Vĩnh Yên, Bắc Ninh da Thái Nguyên . Filin jirgin saman yayi jigilar fasinjoji miliyan 13 a shekarar 2013, duk da yana da karfin miliyan 9 a lokacin. Sabuwar tashar ta kasa da kasa, wadda keda jirgin kasuwanci na farko a ranar 25 ga watan Disamban 2014, kuma ta fara aiki cikakke a ranar 31 ga Disamba shekara ta 2014, ta kara yawan karfin tashar jirgin zuwa fasinjoji miliyan 20 a kowace shekara. A cikin shekara ta 2018, filin jirgin saman yayi wa fasinjoji miliyan ashirin da takwas 28 aiki. Kuma Lambar IATA ta filin jirgin sama,HAN, ta samo asali ne daga sunan garin na yanzu Hanoi.

Daga cikin hanyoyin da filin jirgin sama ke bayarwa,hanyar Hanoi-Ho Chi Minh City ita ce mafi cunkoson jama'a a kudu maso gabashin Asiya kuma ta shida mafi cunkoson jama'a a duniya, inda take hidimar abokan ciniki 6,867,114 a shekara ta 2018.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haɓbaka filin jirgin saman nan da nan kudu da Phúc Yên Air Base kuma an buɗe shi a ranar 2 ga watan Janairun 1978. An kammala ginin tashar ta daya 1 kuma ta fara aiki a shekara ta 2001.

A cikin shekara ta 2005, Tiger Airways, ya fara zirga-zirgar jiragen sama sau uku tsakanin Hanoi da Singapore, bayan ƙaddamar da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama kai tsaye tsakanin Hồ Chí Minh City da Singapore ya zama jirgin farko na kasafin kuɗi da zai fara aiki a Vietnam. Daga baya kamfanin AirAsia mai rahusa ya hada shi lokacin da suka fara zirga-zirgar jiragen sama kai tsaye tsakanin Hanoi da Bangkok da Kuala Lumpur .

An buɗe titin jirgin sama na biyu (1B - 11R/29L) a cikin shekara ta 2006 kuma shekara 1 bayan haka, filin jirgin saman ya karɓi Airbus A380 a karon farko, koda yake ba'a gudanar da ayyukan A380 da aka shirya daga tashar jirgin ba. A shekara ta 2013, ya ga farkon isowar Cargolux Boeing 747-8F. A cikin 2014 filin jirgin ya karɓi sabis na farko da aka tsara tare da sabon ƙarni na jirgin sama na kasuwanci lokacin da All Nippon Airways suka fara amfani da Boeing 787-8 akan sabis tsakanin Tokyo-Haneda kuma daga baya a wannan shekarar tashar jirgin ta sami ziyarar farko ta Airbus A350 XWB. ta Airbus a lokacin Yawon shakatawa na Duniya. A cikin 2015, Kamfanin Jirgin Sama na Vietnam ya fara aiki da Airbus A350 XWB don tashin jiragen cikin gida na kasuwanci.

Filin jirgin ya kasance tashar SkyTeam tun tsakiyar 2010, bayan da kamfanin jirgin saman Vietnam ya shiga hanyar sadarwa a waccan shekarar. [1]

Tashoshi da wurare[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A hekta 650, Noi Bai shine filin jirgin sama na biyu mafi girma a Vietnam, bayan filin hectare 800 na Tan Son Nhat International Airport. Terminal 1, wanda aka kammala a 2001, yana da babban sashi na jiragen sama na duniya tare da sabon ƙaramin tashar (wanda ake kira Lobby E) don jiragen cikin gida (Domestic Flight), wanda aka kammala a ƙarshen 2013. Tare da haɓakawa, tashar 1 tana da ikon sarrafa fasinjoji miliyan 9 a kowace shekara. Bayan kaddamar da Terminal 2 a watan Janairun 2015, Terminal 1 ana amfani da itane kawai don zirga-zirgar cikin gida. A halin yanzu ana haɓaka tashar don kula da fasinjoji miliyan 15 kowace shekara bayan kammalawa a cikin Maris, 2018.

Ginin sabon tashar (Terminal 2) kusa da wanda ake da shi wanda ke da ikon tsara fasinjoji miliyan 10 a kowace shekara ya fara a watan Maris na 2012. Farashin 996 M dogon sabon tashar jirgin sama, wanda Hukumar Hadin gwiwar Kasa da Kasa ta kasar Japan ta bada rancen ODA wanda masu ba da shawara na tashar jirgin saman Japan suka tsara kuma Kamfanin Taisei ne ya gina shi. Jimlar jarin da aka kashe don aikin ya kai billion 75.5 biliyan (dalar Amurka miliyan 645.35). Taimakon ci gaban da Japan ta bayar a hukumance ya kai Dala billion 59 na Amurka (dala miliyan 504.27) na jarin, yayin da sauran kudaden suka rufe da kudaden gida. An kaddamar da sabuwar tashar ta kasa da kasa a ranar 4 ga Janairun 2015 tare da sabuwar hanyar mota da ta hada tashar jirgin sama zuwa cikin garin Hanoi ta gadar Nhật Tân .

Filin jirgin yana da titin jirgin mai nisan mita 3,800 (CAT II-11R/29L) wanda aka buɗe a watan Agustan 2006, da kuma tsohon titin mai mita 3,200 (CAT I-11L/29R). An rufe tsohuwar hanyar jirgin sama don haɓakawa na tsawon watanni 4 daga watan Agusta zuwa Disamban 2014. Nisa tsakanin hanyoyin jirgin sama guda biyu mita 250 ne kacal, don haka a halin yanzu filin jirgin saman ya taƙaita iyakar fasinja daidai da ƙa'idojin aminci na Ƙungiyar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Duniya.

Kyaututtuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan kaddamar da sabuwar tashar ta kasa da kasa, filin jirgin saman Noi Bai ya karbi lambar yabo, ta mafi kyawun filin jirgin sama na duniya daga Skytrax .

Aikin ginin sabuwar tashar jirgin kasa ta Noi Bai kuma ya samu lambar yabo ta Shugaban JICA na 2015.

Wucewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gabaɗaya mutum na iya yin jigilar ƙasa da ƙasa ta tashar jirgin sama ba tare da biza ba muddin mutum baya buƙatar barin yankin tsaro. Akwai ikon ɗaukar fasfunan jirgi a cikin yankin tsaro ciki har da na wasu ƙananan kamfanonin jiragen sama kamar VietJet.

Jiragen sama da wurare[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fasinja[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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Kaya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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Jirgin ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An tsara layin gaba na 6 na Hanoi Metro zuwa filin jirgin sama.

Ƙididdiga[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Busiest international flights out of Nội Bài International Airport by frequency
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly)
1 Flag of South Korea.svg Seoul-Incheon 108
2 Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore 75
3 Flag of Thailand.svg Bangkok (Don Mueang + Suvarnabhumi) 64
4 Template:Country data ROC Taipei-Taoyuan 46
5 Maleziya Kuala Lumpur 44
6 Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo (Haneda + Narita) 42
7 Sin Guangzhou 32
8 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Hong Kong 31
9 Flag of South Korea.svg Busan 28
10 Flag of Cambodia.svg Siem Reap 19

Busiest domestic flights out of Nội Bài International Airport by frequency
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly)
1 Ho Chi Minh City 475
2 Da Nang 320
3 Nha Trang 102
4 Phu Quoc 69
5 Da Lat 48
6 Can Tho 42
7 Hue 40
8 Quy Nhon 36
9 Buon Ma Thuot 24
10 Pleiku 21

Operational statistics of Noi Bai International Airport
Year
Passengers

handled
Passenger

% Change
Cargo

(tonnes)
Cargo

% Change
Aircraft

Movements
Aircraft

% Change
2013 12,847,056 N/A 352,322 N/A 89,835 N/A
2014 14,190,675 Template:Increase 10.6 405,407 Template:Increase 16.4 100,864 Template:Increase 12.3
2015 17,213,715 Template:Increase 19.85 478,637 Template:Increase 18.1 119,330 Template:Increase N/A
2016 20,596,632 Template:Increase 19.65 566,000 Template:Increase 18.2 N/A N/A
2017 23,824,400 Template:Increase 15.7 712,677 Template:Increase 25.99 N/A N/A
2018 25,908,048 Template:Increase 8.7 728,414 Template:Increase 8.7 164,668 N/A
2019 29,304,631 Template:Increase 13.1 708,580 Template:Decrease 2.7 N/A N/A

Gallery[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Vietnam Airlines Joins SkyTeam Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, 10 June 2010. archive 2010-06-13