Gine-Bisau

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Globe icon.svgGine-Bisau
República da Guiné-Bissau (pt)
Flag of Guinea-Bissau (en) Emblem of Guinea-Bissau (en)
Flag of Guinea-Bissau (en) Fassara Emblem of Guinea-Bissau (en) Fassara

Take Esta É a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada (en) Fassara

Kirari «Unidade, Luta, Progresso»
«Unity, Fight, Progress»
«Единство, борба, прогрес»
Wuri
Guinea-Bissau on the globe (Africa centered).svg
 12°N 15°W / 12°N 15°W / 12; -15

Babban birni Bisau
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 1,861,283 (2017)
• Yawan mutane 51.52 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Portuguese (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Afirka ta Yamma
Yawan fili 36,125 km²
Wuri mafi tsayi unknown value (300 m)
Wuri mafi ƙasa Tekun Atalanta (0 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Portuguese Guinea (en) Fassara
Ƙirƙira 1974
Tsarin Siyasa
Gangar majalisa National People's Assembly (en) Fassara
• President of Guinea-Bissau (en) Fassara Omar Mokhtar Embalo (en) Fassara (27 ga Faburairu, 2020)
• Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau (en) Fassara Nuno Nabian (en) Fassara (28 ga Faburairu, 2020)
Ikonomi
Nominal GDP (en) Fassara 1,346,933,490.2358 US$ (2017)
Nominal GDP per capita (en) Fassara 723 US$ (2017)
Kuɗi West African CFA franc (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Suna ta yanar gizo .gw (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +245
Lambar taimakon gaggawa *#06#, 119 (en) Fassara, 121 (en) Fassara da 180 (en) Fassara
Lambar ƙasa GW
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo guinebissaurepublic.com

Gine-Bisau, da harshen Portugal Guiné-Bissau, da Turanci Guinea-Bissau ( / ˌ ɡ ɪ n i b ɪ s /   ( (IPAc-en|ˌ|ɡ|ɪ|n|i|_|b|ɪ|ˈ|s|aʊ|audio=En-us-Guinea-Bissau.ogg) IPAc-en|ˌ|ɡ|ɪ|n|i|_|b|ɪ|ˈ|s|aʊ|audio=En-us-Guinea-Bissau.ogg ), bisa ga al'ada Jamhuriyar Guinee-Bissau ( Portuguese lang-pt|República da Guiné-Bissau lang-pt|República da Guiné-Bissau lang-pt|República da Guiné-Bissau [ʁepublikɐ dɐ ɡinɛ bisaw] ), wata ƙasa ne a yammacin Afirka wanda yake rufe kilomita 36,125 (13,948 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi) 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi) 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi) 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi) tare da kimanin mutane 1,815,698 .

Guinea-Bissau ta kasance wani ɓangare na mulkin Gabu , da kuma wani ɓangare na Daular Mali . Sashe na wannan mulkin ya ci gaba har zuwa karni na 18, yayin da wasu 'yan wasu karkashin mulkin mulkin Potukin tun daga karni na 16. A cikin karni na 19, an yi mulkin mallaka a matsayin kasar Portugal . Bayan da 'yancin kai, aka bayyana a shekara ta 1973 kuma an gane shi a shekara ta 1974, sunan babban birnin kasar, Bissau , ya kara da sunan kasar don hana rikicewa tare da Guinea (tsohon Faransa Guinea ). Guinea-Bissau tana da tarihin rashin zaman lafiya na siyasa tun da 'yancin kai, kuma babu wani shugaban da ya zaɓa ya samu nasarar cika shekaru biyar.

Kashi 14 cikin dari na yawancin mutane suna magana ne da harshen Portuguese wanda ba'a ƙaddamar da shi ba, wanda aka kafa a matsayin jami'a da kuma harshen ƙasa. Portuguese ta wanzu a cikin ci gaba ta kasuwa tare da Crioulo , ƙwararren Portuguese da rabi yawan jama'a (44%) kuma har ma mafi girma yawan magana da shi a matsayin harshen na biyu. Sauran suna magana da wasu harsuna na Afirka. Akwai addinai daban-daban a Guinea-Bissau ba tare da wani addini da yake da rinjaye ba. CIA World Factbook (2018) tana cewa akwai kimanin 40% Musulmai, 22% Kiristoci, 15% Animists da 18% unspecified ko wasu. Kasuwancin cikin gida na cikin gida na ɗaya daga cikin mafi ƙasƙanci a duniya .

Independence (1973)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kungiyar PAIGC ta tayar da Guinea ta Bissau a shekarar 1974.

An ba da tabbaci a cikin ranar 24 ga watan Satumba 1973. Lamarin ya zama duniya bayan 25 ga Afrilu 1974 da aka yi juyin mulki na soja a Portugal, wanda ya kayar da tsarin mulkin Estado Novo Lisbon. [1]

Siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gidan Shugaban kasar Guinea-Bissau.
Rundunar 'Yan sandan jama'a a lokacin da aka gudanar da zanga-zanga a Guinea-Bissau

A majalisa, majalisa mai suna Unsembleame Nacional Popular ( National People's Assembly ) yana da mambobi 100. Ana zaba su ne da yawa daga mambobin mambobin membobin kasashe don yin aiki na shekaru hudu. Kwamitin shari'a yana jagorancin Kotun Supremo da Justiça (Kotun Koli), wadda ta kasance daga cikin kwamitocin tara wadanda shugaban ya zaba; suna aiki ne a yardar shugaban. [2]

Jam'iyyun jam'iyyun biyu sune PAIGC ( Jam'iyyar Afrika na Independence of Guinea da Cape Verde ) da kuma PRS ( Jam'iyyar Social Renewal ). Akwai fiye da 20 kananan jam'iyyun. [3]

Guinea-Bissau ne zuwa kashi takwas da yankuna lang|pt|regiões lang|pt|regiões ) da kuma wani kamfanoni masu zaman kansu. Wadannan, bi da bi, suna subdivided cikin 37 sassa . Yankuna sune:

GDP na Guinea-Bissau ta kowace kasa shi ne daya daga cikin mafi ƙasƙanci a duniya , kuma Fassarar Harkokin Dan Adam na ɗaya daga cikin mafi ƙasƙanci a duniya . Fiye da kashi biyu bisa uku na yawan jama'a suna rayuwa a karkashin layin talauci. [4] Tattalin arzikin ya danganci aikin noma; kifi, kwayoyi, da kuma kwayoyi masu mahimmanci su ne manyan fitarwa.

Guinea-Bissau ta fara nuna wasu ci gaban tattalin arziki bayan yarjejeniyar zaman lafiya ta sanya hannu a tsakanin manyan jam'iyyun siyasar kasar, wanda ya jagoranci shirin gyaran tsarin gyaran tsarin IMF . [5] Babban mahimmancin kalubalen da kasar ke fuskanta a gaba shine cimma horo na kasafin kudi, sake gina gwamnati, inganta yanayin tattalin arziki don zuba jarurruka, da kuma inganta fadada tattalin arziki. Bayan kasar ta zama mai zaman kanta daga Portugal a shekarar 1974 saboda yakin mulkin mallaka na Portuguese da juyin juya hali na Carnation , gudun hijira na fararen hula na Portugal, soja, da kuma siyasa sun haifar da mummunan lalacewar tattalin arziki na tattalin arzikin kasar, tsarin zamantakewa , da kuma rayuwa na rayuwa .

Kamfanin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayanan mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bissau-Guinean mata a babban birnin kasar, Bissau

Bisa ga sakewar shekarar 2017 na duniya yawan mutane, yawan mutanen Guinea-Bissau ya kai 1,815,698 a 2016 , idan aka kwatanta da 518,000 a 1950. Sakamakon yawan mutanen da ke ƙasa da shekaru 15 a 2010 sun kasance 41.3%, 55.4% sun kasance shekarun shekaru 15 zuwa 65, yayin da 3.3% sun kasance shekaru 65 da haihuwa.

Ƙungiyoyin kabilu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Guinea-Bissau na yau da kullum na zaman kabilanci

'Yan kasar Portuguese suna da ƙananan ƙananan Bissau-Guinean. Bayan da Guinea-Bissau ta sami 'yancin kai, mafi yawan' yan kasar Portugal sun bar ƙasar. Ƙasar tana da ƙananan jama'ar kasar Sin . [6] Wadannan sun hada da yan kasuwa da 'yan kasuwa na Magoyacin Portuguese da na kasar Sin daga Macau , wani tsohon masarautar Portuguese na Asiya.

Major birane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kasar Guinea-Bissau ta biyu mafi girma a birnin, Gabu
Port of Bissau
Bridge a São Vicente, Cacheu
Rank City Yawan jama'a
2015 kimantawa Yanki
1 Bissau 492,004 Bissau
2 Gabú 48,670 Gabú
3 Bafatá 37,985 Bafatá
4 Bissorã 29,468 Oio
5 Bolama 16,216 Bolama
6 Cacheu 14,320 Cacheu
7 Bubaque 12,922 Bolama
8 Catió 11,498 Tombali
9 Mansua 9,198 Oio
10 Buba 8,993 Qumara

Addini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Religion in Guinea-Bissau, 2010[7]
Religion Percent
Christianity
62%
Islam
38%
Maza a cikin Islama, Bafatá , Guinea-Bissau

A shekara ta 2010, bincike na binciken Pew ya gano cewa kashi 62 cikin dari na yawan al'ummar kasar Sin na kiristanci ne, tare da Musulmai da suka rage 38%. Mafi yawan mutanen kasar Guinea-Bissau suna daga cikin Sunni suna da kimanin kashi 2 cikin 100 na kungiyar Ahmadiyya . [8]

Sauran ƙididdigar sunyi iƙirari cewa Kristanci ba shine addini mafi rinjaye ba saboda akwai 45% Musulmi , 31% Masu hade da kuma Krista 22%. Duk da haka, bisa ga Kristanci na Worldatlas ana ganin ana girma a kasar, musamman a tsakanin mabiya addinan gargajiya.

Cuisine[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Rissi shine matsakaici a cin abinci na mazauna kusa da bakin tekun da gero a matsakaici a ciki. Ana amfani da 'ya'yan itatuwa da kayan marmari tare da hatsi . Fassarar Portuguese sun karfafa kirkiro kirki . Vigna subterranea (Bambara groundnut) da kuma Macrotyloma geocarpum ( Hausalandnut ) suna girma. Black peyed ne kuma daga cikin abinci. An girbe man ƙanshi .

Wasanni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wasan kwallon kafa shi ne wasanni mafi shahara a Guinea-Bissau. Kungiyar kwallon kafa ta kasar Guinea-Bissau ta kasance tawagar kasa ta Guinea-Bissau, kuma Federação de Futebol da Guiné-Bissau na karkashin jagorancin Federação de Futebol . Su memba ne na hukumar kwallon kafar kwallon kafar (CAF) da kuma FIFA. Sauran clubs sun hada da Desportivo Quelele , FC Catacumba , FC Catacumba São Domingos , FC Cupelaoo Gabu , FC Djaraf , FC Prabis da FC Babaque .

Karin bayani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Embassy of The Republic of Guinea-Bissau – Country Profile. Diplomaticandconsular.com (12 April 2012). Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  2. Guinea-Bissau Supreme Court Archived 23 ga Janairu, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Stj.pt. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  3. Guinea-Bissau Political Parties Archived 9 Mayu 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Nationsencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  4. World Bank profile Archived 11 Nuwamba, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. World Bank.org (31 May 2013). Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  5. Guinea-Bissau and the IMF Archived 16 Oktoba 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Imf.org (13 May 2013). Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  6. China-Guinea-Bissau Archived 11 Oktoba 2012 at the Wayback Machine. China.org.cn. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  7. "Tolerance and Tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa" (PDF). Pew Forum on Religious & Public life. April 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  8. Empty citation (help)