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Gita Ramjee

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Gita Ramjee
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kampala, 8 ga Afirilu, 1956
ƙasa Afirka ta kudu
Mutuwa uMhlanga (en) Fassara, 31 ga Maris, 2020
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi (Koronavirus 2019)
Karatu
Makaranta University of Sunderland (en) Fassara
Jami'ar KwaZulu-Natal
Matakin karatu Doctor of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a virologist (en) Fassara da university teacher (en) Fassara
Wurin aiki Durban
Employers South African Medical Research Council (en) Fassara  31 ga Maris, 2020)
Aurum Institute (en) Fassara  31 ga Maris, 2020)
Kyaututtuka

Gita Ramjee FRCPE (née Parekh; 8 Afrilu 1956 - 31 Maris 2020) masaniya ce a fannin kimiyar Ugandan-Afirka ta Kudu ne kuma mai bincike kan rigakafin cutar kanjamau. A cikin shekarar 2018, an ba ta lambar yabo ta 'Fitacciyar Masaniyar Kimiyyar Mata' daga Ƙungiyar Tarayyar Turai da Ƙasashe Masu tasowa na Ƙwararrun Gwaji na Clinical.[1] Ta mutu a Umhlanga, Durban, Afirka ta Kudu, daga cutar da COVID-19.[2]

Rayuwar farko da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Gita Parekh a ranar 8 ga watan Afrilu 1956[3][4] kuma ta girma a Colonial Uganda kafin a kori danginta gudun hijira a ƙarƙashin Idi Amin a cikin shekarar 1970s.[4] Ta yi makarantar sakandare a Indiya kafin ta halarci Jami'ar Sunderland da ke Ingila. Ta kammala karatu a shekarar 1980 tare da BSc (Hons) a fannin ilmin sunadarai da physiology. Ta auri wani ɗalibi ɗan Afirka ta Kudu-Indiya, Praveen Ramjee, kuma ta koma Durban inda ta fara aiki a Sashen kula da lafiyar yara a Makarantar Kiwon Lafiya ta Jami'ar KwaZulu-Natal. Bayan ta haifi ‘ya’yanta maza biyu ta kammala karatun digirinta na biyu, sannan ta sami digiri na uku a shekarar 1994.[5]

Sana'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan kammala karatun digirinta na uku a kan cututtukan koda na yara, Ramjee ta shiga Majalisar Binciken Kiwon Lafiya ta Afirka ta Kudu a matsayin masanin kimiyya.[5] Ta tashi cikin sauri ta cikin matsayi don jagorantar babbar ƙungiya ta Majalisar, Sashin Binciken Rigakafin HIV. Ta taimaka wajen faɗaɗa sashin daga ma'aikatan kimiyya 22 zuwa 350 kuma ta kasance muhimmiyar rawa wajen haɓaka sunanta a duniya.[5]

A lokacin mutuwarta, Ramjee ita ce Babbar Jami'iyyar Kimiyya a Cibiyar Aurum, kungiyar mai binciken cutar kanjamau/tarin fuka mai zaman kanta,[6] da kuma darektar Sashin Bincike na Rigakafin Rigakafi na Majalisar Binciken Kiwon Lafiya ta Afirka ta Kudu. Ta sami lambar yabo ta Rayuwa a Taron Ƙasa da Ƙasa na Microbicide a shekarar 2012. Ta kasance farfesa mai daraja a London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the University of Washington in Seattle da Jami'ar Cape Town.[6] Ta kasance memba na wasu kwamitocin gida da na kasa da kasa da suka haɗa da Kwalejin Kimiyya na Afirka ta Kudu (ASSAF) da kuma Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya ta Afirka ta Kudu (SANAC).[7]

Bincike[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwarewarta kan rigakafin cutar kanjamau da bincike na jiyya ya sa ta jagoranci faɗaɗa lokaci na phase I ta hanyar rigakafin rigakafi na kashi (phase III) da gwajin asibiti a cikin babban yankin Durban a matsayin Babbar Jami'iyyar Bincike na Clinical Trials.[7] Ramjee ta damu da cewa bai kamata a mai da hankali kan gwaje-gwajen asibiti kawai ba amma magani tare da ilimin rigakafin cutar kanjamau da kulawa. A wata hira da aka yi da ita, ta bayyana cewa, “Mata ne suka fi fama da cutar kanjamau a wannan yanki, kuma har yanzu da sauran rina a kaba don magance matsalolin lafiya a ƙasashe masu tasowa. Akwai buƙatar [daidaita] tsarin kula da rigakafin HIV wanda yakamata ya haɗa da kula da lafiyar haihuwa ga mata."[5] Ramjee na ɗaya daga cikin masana kimiyya na Afirka ta Kudu na farko da suka yi aiki kan haɓaka ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta.[8]

Ta sami lambar yabo ta MRC Scientific Merit Award na shekarar 2017.[8]

A matsayinta na Malama, ta wallafa muƙaloli sama da 170 kuma ta kasance mai bita kuma editan mujallun kimiyya da yawa.[7]

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ramjee ta kasance a Landan don gabatar da lacca a Makarantar London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine a ranar 17 ga watan Maris 2020, mai taken 'HIV: kalubale iri-iri tsakanin yara da mata a Asiya da Afirka'. Bayan dawowarta Afrika ta Kudu ba ta da lafiya kuma an kwantar da ita a asibiti. Ta mutu daga rikice-rikicen da suka shafi cutar COVID-19.[6]

David Mabuza, mataimakin shugaban ƙasar Afirka ta Kudu, ya jagoranci karramawar inda ya kira ta a matsayin " zakara a yaki da cutar kanjamau."[9] A matsayinsa na shugaban hukumar kanjamau ta Afirka ta Kudu, ya ce: "Rasuwar Farfesa Ramjee ta zo a matsayin babbar illa ga ɗaukacin fannin kiwon lafiya da yaki da cutar kanjamau a duniya." Salim Abdool Karim, darektan Cibiyar Nazarin Aids na Shirin Bincike a Afirka ta Kudu, ya yaba da aikin da take yi wa mata, yana mai cewa "Ta kasance kusan dukkanin manyan gwajin rigakafin cutar kanjamau akan microbicide… na mata."[8] Shugabar Cibiyar Nazarin Kiwon Lafiya ta Afirka ta Kudu, Glenda Gray, ta kuma ba da gudummawa ga aikinta "Ta yi ƙoƙarin magance duk yanayin yanayin da ke sa mata su kasance masu rauni, daga ilimin halittu zuwa siyasa."[8]

Cibiyar Aurum ta bayar da lambar yabo ta Gita Ramjee don tunawa da mata masana kimiyya a fannin rigakafin cutar HIV.[10]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Professor Gita Ramjee receives prestigious scientific award". SAMRC. 28 September 2018.
  2. "Professor Gita Ramjee, world-renowned HIV scientist, dies of Covid-19 complications". Daily Maverick. 1 April 2020. Archived from the original on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  3. Genzlinger, Neil (April 3, 2020). "Gita Ramjee, a Leading AIDS Researcher, Dies at 63". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Nordling, Linda (2007-05-08). "Interview: Gita Ramjee". The Guardian (in Turanci). ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-04-03. age: 50
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Professor Gita Ramjee". University of Sunderland Alumni Association.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Coronavirus: Top South African HIV scientist Gita Ramjee dies". BBC News. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Gita Ramjee". University of Washington. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Kahn, Tamar (1 April 2020). "World remembers gentle, determined HIV scientist Gita Ramjee". BusinessDay. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  9. "Deputy President Mabuza conveys condolences on passing of Professor Gita Ramjee". South African Government. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  10. Nosipho (26 January 2021). "The Aurum Institute and IAS to Present the Inaugural Gita Ramjee Prize at HIVR4P // Virtual". www.auruminstitute.org (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-04-16.