Idi Amin

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Idi Amin
Idi Amin -Archives New Zealand AAWV 23583, KIRK1, 5(B), R23930288.jpg
ɗan Adam
jinsinamiji Gyara
ƙasar asaliUganda Gyara
sunan dangiAmin Gyara
lokacin haihuwa17 Mayu 1925, 1925 Gyara
wurin haihuwaKoboko Gyara
lokacin mutuwa16 ga Augusta, 2003 Gyara
wurin mutuwaJeddah Gyara
sanadiyar mutuwanatural causes Gyara
dalilin mutuwarenal failure Gyara
mata/mijiSarah Kyolaba Gyara
sana'aɗan siyasa, hafsa, boxer Gyara
muƙamin da ya riƙePresident of Uganda, chairperson of the Organisation of African Unity Gyara
residenceJeddah Gyara
addiniirreligion Gyara
military ranklieutenant Gyara
rikiciMau Mau Uprising, 1971 Ugandan coup d'état, Uganda–Tanzania War Gyara
military branchBritish Army, Uganda People's Defence Force Gyara

Idi Amin Dada Oumee (furucci|'|iː|di|_|ɑː|'|miːn; an haife shi a 16 August 2003) yakasance Dan'siyasan kasar Uganda ne kuma babban hafsan soja. Yazama Shugaban kasar Uganda daga 1971 zuwa 1979, mulkin yasamu suuka dalilin irin yadda ya kunktata wa al'ummar kasar sa.

An haife Amin a Koboko ko a Kampala a gidan mahaifinsa mutumin Kakwa da mahaifiyarsa ita kuma yar Lugbara ce. A 1946 yashiga King's African Rifles (KAR) na sojojin mulkin mallakan Biritaniya. Da fari shi mai dafa abinci ne, inda yakaiga matsayin laftanar, yana daga cikin wadanda sukayi yaki a Somaliya Shifta War da kuma yan'ta'addan Mau Mau a Kenya. Bayan samun yancin Uganda daga United Kingdom a 1962, Amin yacigaba da kasancewa a Uganda People's Defense Force|armed forces, har yakaiga amatsayin manjo, inda aka nadashi kommanda a 1965. Amin nada sanayyar cewa Shugaban Uganda Milton Obote na shirin kama shi, domin ya barnatar da kudaden soja, sai Amin ya kaddamar da Kuu 1971 Ugandan coup d'état kuma ya tabbatar da kansa Shugaban kasa.

Lokacin mulkin sa, Amin ya canja mulkin sa daga danrajin mulkin kasashen yamma, da samun cikakken taimako daga kasar Israela da taimakon da yasamu daga Muammar Gaddafi, Shugaban kasar Zaire's Mobutu Sese Seko, kasar Soviet Union, da Gabashin Germany.[1][2][3] A 1975, Amin yazama chairman na Organisation of African Unity (OAU), wanda me kokarin kawo cigaba da hadin kai a kasashen Afirika.[4] lokacinsa daga 1977–1979, Uganda takasance mamba a United Nations Commission on Human Rights.[5] a 1977, bayan UK ta yanke alaka tareda kasarsa ta Uganda, Amin ya bayyana cewar yasamu nasara cin kasar Britaniya da yaki kuma yafara amfani da "CBE", Wanda me nufin "Conqueror of the British Empire" wato wanda yasamu galabar daular Biritaniya, amatsayin lakabinsq. Sai gidan radiyon Uganda Broadcasting Corporation|Radio Uganda ta bayyana dukkanin lakabin da za'a rika kiransa dasu: "His Excellency President for Life, Field Marshal Alhaji Dr. Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, CBE".[6]

Bayan Amin yacigaba da mulkin har 1970s, sai karin rashin yarda yacigaba da karuwa sanadiyar cutarwarsa da yarika nunawa wasu kabilu da yan'siyasan da basu goyon bayansa, tareda irin talaucin da kasar Uganda me ciki, da taimakawa yan ta'addan Operation Entebbe, haka yasa kasar fadawa cikin rikici. Sanda Amin me shirin komawa Tanzania zuwa Yankin Kagera a 1978, sai Shugaban kasar Tanzania Julius Nyerere yatura mayakansa suka farma Uganda–Tanzania War|invade Uganda; suka kowace birnin Kampala Dan tunbuke Amin daga mulki. Sai Amin yafice gudu kasar waje, da farko yasauka a Libya da kuma Saudiya, inda yacigaba da rayuwa harsanda yarasu a 16 August 2003. Ana danganta Mulkin Amin amatsayin wadda ke tattare da cinzarafin dan'adam human rights, abuses, political repression, ethnic persecution, extrajudicial killings, nepotism, political corruption|corruption, da kuma gross Financial mismanagement|economic mismanagement. Mutanen da aka kashe karkashin mulkin sa, ankiyasta cewar sunkai dubu Dari zuwa sama, daga nazarin international observers[7] to 500,000.[6]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Roland Anthony Oliver, Anthony Atmore. Africa Since 1800. p. 272. 
  2. Dale C. Tatum. Who influenced whom?. p. 177. 
  3. Gareth M. Winrow. The Foreign Policy of the GDR in Africa, p. 141.
  4. "Idi Amin: A Byword for Brutality". News24. 21 July 2003. Archived from the original on 5 June 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  Unknown parameter |df= ignored (help)
  5. Gershowitz, Suzanne (20 March 2007). "The Last King of Scotland, Idi Amin, and the United Nations". Archived from the original on 6 June 2009. Retrieved 8 August 2009. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Keatley, Patrick (18 August 2003). "Obituary: Idi Amin". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 March 2008. 
  7. Ullman, Richard H. (April 1978). "Human Rights and Economic Power: The United States Versus Idi Amin". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 24 October 2018. "The most conservative estimates by informed observers hold that President Idi Amin Dada and the terror squads operating under his loose direction have killed 100,000 Ugandans in the seven years he has held power."