Ilse Aichinger

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Ilse Aichinger
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna Ilse Aichinger
Haihuwa Vienna, 1 Nuwamba, 1921
ƙasa First Republic of Austria (en) Fassara
Austriya
Harshen uwa Jamusanci
Mutuwa Vienna, 11 Nuwamba, 2016
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Ludwig Aichinger
Mahaifiya Berta Aichinger
Abokiyar zama Günter Eich (en) Fassara
Yara
Ahali Helga Michie (en) Fassara
Karatu
Makaranta Gymnasium Sacre Coeur Wien (en) Fassara
Ursulinenkloster Wien (en) Fassara
University of Vienna (en) Fassara
Harsuna Jamusanci
Sana'a
Sana'a marubuci, radio playwright (en) Fassara, maiwaƙe da Marubuci
Wurin aiki Vienna, Ulm, Großgmain (en) Fassara, Geisenhausen (en) Fassara, Breitbrunn am Chiemsee (en) Fassara, Lenggries (en) Fassara da Frankfurt
Employers S. Fischer Verlag (en) Fassara  (1949 -  1950)
Muhimman ayyuka The Greater Hope (en) Fassara
Story in Reverse (en) Fassara
Eliza Eliza (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Wanda ya ja hankalinsa Franz Kafka, Günter Eich (en) Fassara, Ingeborg Bachmann (en) Fassara, Virginia Woolf (en) Fassara, Joseph Conrad (en) Fassara, Stefan Zweig (en) Fassara da Georg Trakl (en) Fassara
Mamba Group 47 (en) Fassara
Academy of Arts, Berlin (en) Fassara
German Academy for Language and Literature (en) Fassara
Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts (en) Fassara
PEN Centre Germany (en) Fassara
IMDb nm2536572

Ilse Aichinger (1 Nuwamba 1921-11 Nuwamba 2016) marubuciya ce 'yar Austriya wacce aka sani da asusunta na tsananta mata na Nazi saboda zuriyarta ta Yahudawa. [1] Ta rubuta wakoki,gajerun labarai da wasan kwaikwayo na rediyo,kuma ta sami kyaututtukan adabi da yawa na Turai.[2]

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Aichinger a 1921 a Vienna,tare da 'yar'uwarta tagwaye,Helga Michie [de],zuwa ga Berta,likita na kabilar Yahudawa,da Ludwig,malami.[2] [3] Yayin da dangin mahaifiyarta suka hade,yaran sun girma Katolik .Aichinger ta ciyar da ƙuruciyarta a Linz kuma,bayan iyayenta sun rabu,ta koma Vienna tare da mahaifiyarta da 'yar'uwarta,suna halartar makarantar sakandaren Katolik.[2] Bayan Anschluss a 1938,danginta sun fuskanci tsanantawa na Nazi.A matsayinta na "Yahudawa rabi" ba a yarda ta ci gaba da karatunta ba kuma ta zama mai aikin bauta a masana'antar maɓalli.[2] 'Yar'uwarta Helga ta tsere daga Nazism a cikin Yuli 1939 ta hanyar Kindertransport zuwa Ingila inda ta haifi 'ya mace,wanda ya zama ɗan wasan Ingila Ruth Rix. [2] A lokacin yakin duniya na biyu, Aichinger ta iya ɓoye mahaifiyarta a cikin ɗakin da aka ba ta,a gaban Hotel Metropol,hedkwatar Viennese Gestapo. [4] Amma 'yan uwa da yawa daga bangaren mahaifiyarta,daga cikinsu akwai kakarta Gisela,wacce ta fi sha'awarta,an tura su zuwa sansanin kawar da Maly Trostenets kusa da Minsk,kuma aka kashe su.[4]

Sana'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1945,Aichinger ta fara karatun likitanci a Jami'ar Vienna,yayin da take rubuce-rubuce a cikin lokacinta.A cikin littafinta na farko,Das vierte Tor (Ƙofar ta huɗu),ta rubuta game da abubuwan da ta samu a ƙarƙashin mulkin Nazi.[4] A cikin 1947 ita da mahaifiyarta Berta sun sami damar tafiya zuwa London kuma sun ziyarci tagwayen Aichinger Helga da 'yarta Ruth.Ziyarar ita ce zaburarwa ga ɗan gajeren labari, "Dover".[2]

Ta bar karatun ta a 1948 don kammala littafinta mai Die größere Hoffnung.("Babban bege",an fassara shi azaman 'Ya'yan Hirudus ).[4] Littafin ya ci gaba da zama ɗaya daga cikin manyan litattafai na harshen Jamusanci na karni na ashirin. Labari ne na gaskiya na zaluncin wani yaro da Nazis ya yi a Vienna.[2]

A cikin 1949,Aichinger ya rubuta ɗan gajeren labari "Spiegelgeschichte" (English:).An buga shi a sassa hudu a cikin wata jarida ta Austria,kuma sananne ne a Austria saboda yana cikin jerin littattafan da ake koyarwa a makarantu. [5] An rubuta labarin a baya,wanda ya fara da ƙarshen tarihin matar da ba a ambaci sunansa ba, kuma ya ƙare da ƙuruciyarta. [6]

A cikin 1949,Aichinger ya zama mai karatu don wallafe-wallafen gidaje a Vienna da Frankfurt,kuma ta yi aiki tare da Inge Scholl don kafa Cibiyar Rubutun Ƙirƙira a Ulm,Jamus.

A cikin 1951,an gayyaci Aichinger don shiga ƙungiyar marubuta Gruppe 47,ƙungiyar da ke da nufin yada ra'ayoyin dimokuradiyya a Ostiriya bayan yakin.[4] Ta karanta labarinta "Spiegelgeschichte" da ƙarfi a taron ƙungiyar,kuma manyan membobin ƙungiyar irin su Hans Werner Richter sun gamsu da ginin labari da ba a saba gani ba.A shekara mai zuwa,ta sami lambar yabo ta ƙungiyar don mafi kyawun rubutu,ta zama mace ta farko da ta karɓi. A 1956, ta shiga Cibiyar Nazarin Arts,Berlin.Har ila yau, ta kasance bakuwa malami a Cibiyar Jamus a Jami'ar Vienna, inda ta koyar da wallafe-wallafe da nazarin ilimin halin dan Adam.

Yin bita a 1957 juzu'i na gajerun ayyukanta a cikin fassarar,The Bound Man da sauran Labarun, Anthony Boucher ya kwatanta Aichinger a matsayin "wani nau'i na Kafka mai taƙaitaccen bayani," yana yabon labarin take, " Der gefesselte Mann "("The Bound Man"), don "amfani da labari na alamomi masu daraja",[7] Ana yin sharhi akai-akai game da kamancen aikin Kafka,duk da haka wasu masu sukar sun bayyana cewa aikin Aichinger ta wuce na Kafka a cikin mahimmancin ta akan Bangaren tunani na wahalar ɗan adam

Bayan mutuwar mijinta, mawaƙin Jamus Günter Eich, a cikin 1972, Aichinger da sauransu sun gyara ayyukansa kuma suka buga su a matsayin Tarin Ayyukan Gunter Eich. A cikin 1996, tana da shekaru 75, ta kasance mai masaukin shirye-shiryen rediyon Jamus Studio LCB don wallafe-wallafen Colloquium Berlin.

Aichinger ya sadu da mawallafin mawaƙin kuma marubucin wasan kwaikwayo na rediyo Günter Eich ta Rukunin 47 kuma sun yi aure a 1953; suna da ɗa Clemens Eich [de] (1954-1998), kuma a cikin 1958 wata diya, Mirjam.

Kyauta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Ilse Aichinger", Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "World War II saga: Gail Wiltshire revisits Ilse Aichinger’s novel" by Tess Livingstone, The Australian, 8 August 2015
  3. "Ilse Aichinger" by Meike Fechner and Susanne Wirtz, in Lebendiges Museum Online (in German)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DW
  5. See Resler, W. Michael: "A Structural Approach to Aichinger's 'Spiegelgeschichte'", in: Die Unterrichtspraxis / Teaching German, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring, 1979), pp. 30–37 (jstor-link)
  6. See Stanley, Patricia Haas: "Ilse Aichinger's Absurd 'I'", in: German Studies Review, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Oct., 1979), pp. 331–350 (jstor-link).
  7. "Recommended Reading", F&SF, July 1957, p. 91.