Jump to content

Kamerun National Democratic Party

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Kamerun National Democratic Party
Bayanai
Iri jam'iyyar siyasa
Ƙasa Kameru
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1955

Kamerun National Democratic Party ( KNDP )jam'iyyar siyasa ce mai goyon bayan 'yancin kai mai aiki a Kudancin Kamaru (yanzu ana kiranta Ambazonia )a lokacin mulkin Birtaniyya.

Kafin samun 'yancin kai

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An kafa KNDP a 1955 ta John Ngu Foncha.Da farko dai jam'iyyar ta nemi kulla alaka ta kut-da-kut da kungiyar hadin kan al'ummar Kamaru ta kasar Kamaru kuma tun da farko ta kunshi 'yan jam'iyyar UPC da dama da suka tsere daga gallazawa a yankin Faransa.Duk da haka yayin da Foncha ya goyi bayan cin gashin kai ga Kudu,hakan ya ki amincewa da UPC da ke son sake hadewa.[1]:54Jam'iyyar KNDP ta kawo karshen alakarsu da jam'iyyar UPC a shekarar 1957 kuma an dakatar da jam'iyyar ta Faransa a yankin Birtaniyya.[1]:54Haka kuma jam'iyyar ta balle daga jam'iyyar Kamerun National Congress (wanda Foncha ya taba zama mamba a cikinta)inda jam'iyyun biyu suka zama masu gaba da juna kan goyon bayan da KNC ke baiwa Najeriya.[1]:54–55Matsayin KNDP ya zama mafi farin jini kuma sun lashe zaɓen majalisa a 1959,wanda ya tilastawa KNU adawa.[2] A matsayinsu na jam'iyya mai mulki sun goyi bayan hadin kan kasar Kamaru mai cin gashin kanta amma wanda aka shirya bisa tsarin tarayya kuma wannan kuri'ar raba gardama ta amince da shi a 1961.[1]:56Sakamakon haka taron EML Endeley na Kamaru wanda ya goyi bayan Najeriya,ya zama babbar hanyar adawa da mulkin KNDP,tare da yunkurin KNDP na mamaye jam'iyyar saboda rikice-rikice na mutumtaka.[3] :347

Bayan samun yancin kai da hadewa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan samun 'yancin kai,dimokuradiyya ta koma baya a kasar Kamaru yayin da jam'iyyar KNDP a yankin da aka fi sani da yammacin Kamaru da kuma Kamaru Union (UC)a gabashin Kamaru suka kafa tsarin mulkinsu.[4]Sai dai yayin da Ahmadou Ahidjo da UC suka sami cikakken iko a Gabas,KNDP da farko ba su sami amincewa iri ɗaya ba,kashi 78% na ƙuri'un da suka samu a zaɓen 'yan majalisu na 1964,bayan kashi 98% da jam'iyyar UC ta samu.[3]:349

An tilastawa Foncha yin murabus daga mukaminsa na Firayim Minista na yammacin Kamaru a 1965 lokacin da aka zabe shi mataimakin shugaban kasa ga Ahidjo a kan tikitin hadin gwiwa kamar yadda kundin tsarin mulkin Kamaru ya bayyana cewa ba za a iya gudanar da ofisoshin biyu a lokaci guda ba.Sakamakon haka an zabi Augustine Ngom Jua a matsayin sabon Firayim Minista,ko da yake ba kafin wani zagaye na fada da Solomon Tandeng Muna,wanda ya kasance muhimmin jigo a kafuwar jam'iyyar KNDP,ya balle ya kafa kasarsa ta Kamaru.United Congress (CUC).[3]:347Da farko hakan ya sanya jam’iyyar KNDP cikin wani yanayi mai rauni,musamman dangane da jam’iyyar UC wadda ita ce jam’iyya daya tilo mai tasiri a yankin gabas.Duk da haka kafin dogon lokaci rinjayen KNDP ya zama cikakke lokacin da CPNC da CUC suka mamaye KNDP.[3]:347A karshe dai jam'iyyu biyu masu rinjaye sun hade zuwa daya wato kungiyar hadin kan kasar Kamaru a shekarar 1966 kuma kusan nan take wannan kungiya ta zama jam'iyya daya tilo a cikin kasa mai dunkulewa.[4]

Ƙoƙarin farfaɗo

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1990 Victorin Hameni Bieleu ya ba da shawarar sake kafa jam'iyyar KNDP kuma ya tuntubi Foncha da nufin samun goyon bayansa.Sai dai hakan bai tabbatar da faruwar hakan ba,don haka tsare-tsare sun yi watsi da shirin Bieleu ya kafa jam'iyyarsa ta Union of Democratic Forces of Cameroon.[5]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Julius Atemkeng Amin, The Peace Corps in Cameroon, Kent State University Press, 1992.
  2. Christof Heyns, Human Rights Law in Africa: 1996 , p. 137
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 H. Pick & B. Bloom, 'Cameroon', C. Legum, Africa Handbook, Penguin, 1969.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Edith Brown Weiss & Harold Karan Jacobson, Engaging Countries: Strengthening Compliance with International Environmental Accords, MIT Press, 1998, p. 442
  5. Biography OF Dr. Victorin HAMENI BIELEU, National Chairman of the Union of Democratic Forces of Cameroon (UFDC)[permanent dead link]