Larabawan Diffa

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Larabawan Diffa
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Nijar
Kabilu masu alaƙa
Baggara (en) Fassara

Larabawan Diffa ( Larabci: عرب ديفا‎ ) (wanda aka fi sani da larabawan Mahamid ) shine sunan givenan Nijar da ake baiwa tribesan ƙabilar Balaraba makiyaya mazauna gabashin Nijar, galibi a yankin Diffa . A shekara ta 2006, kimanin 150,000 [1] [2] [3] da kuma lissafin kuɗi don ƙasa da 1.5% na Nijar ta yawan, da Diffa Larabawa suna ce ya zama yammaci watsawa na Larabci magana Sudan makiyaya, da farko kõma daga Mahamid sub iyalin Rizeigat na Sudan da Chadi . Kodayake Larabawan Diffa suna magana da Larabci kuma suna Balarabiya, amma ba su da alaƙa da Larabawa na yankin Maghreb na Afirka ko Larabawan Gabas ta Tsakiya.

Tafiya zuwa Nijar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Larabawa na Jamhuriyar Nijar sun haɗa da ƙungiyoyi waɗanda aka samo daga Larabawa na Larabawa ko Sharawa, waɗanda aka yi imani da danginsu na farko sun isa ƙasar da ake kira Nijar yanzu a wani ƙarni na 19. Ƙananan ƙungiyoyi na Ouled Sliman, waɗanda suka mamaye Daular Kanem, sun tace cikin yankin tsakanin ƙarshen ƙarni na 19 da 1923, suna haɗuwa da waɗancan aan makiyaya na Shoa waɗanda suka riga sun kasance a yankin Tintouma. A cikin shekarun 1950 ƙaramin adadi na Kanem – Larabawan Chadi ya ƙaura zuwa yankin, amma yawan mutanen ya kasance kaɗan. A tsakiyar 1970 akwai kusan Larabawa 4000 makiyaya a gabashin Nijar. [4] Amma bayan fari na 1974 na Sahelian fari yawancin mutanen dangin Larabawa na Sudan sun fara ƙaura zuwa Nijar, sannan wasu da ke gujewa yakin basasa da rikicin Chadian da Libya a cikin shekarun 1980, suka zauna kusa da Diffa . Shugaban Ƙasar Nijar na farko wanda ɗan asalin Diffa Arab ne Mohamed Bazoum .

Tashin hankali tare da makwabta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Da yawa daga cikin al'ummomin Larabawan Diffa sun yi yaƙi da tawayen Abzinawa a shekarun 1990, kuma a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, sun ƙara shiga rikici da kabilun Hausawa, Kanuri, da Azbinawa . [5] Rahotannin labarai sun ambato jami'an Nijar a yayin rahoton ƙidayar jama'a a shekara ta 2001 cewa al'ummomin Larabawa suna cikin rikici tare da maƙwabtansu a kan albarkatu, suna da makamai, kuma cewa "An sami daidaito tsakanin dangi tsakanin mazaunan da ke son su bar yankin" [6]

Korar Larabawan Diffa, 2006[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Oktoba na 2006, Nijar ta sanar da cewa za ta kori Larabawa (‘yan Afirka masu larabawa) da ke zaune a yankin Diffa da ke gabashin Nijar zuwa Chadi. [7] Wannan adadin ya kai kimanin 150,000. [8] A yayin da gwamnati ke tattara Larabawa a shirye-shiryen korarsu, ‘yan mata biyu sun mutu, rahotanni sun ce bayan sun gudu daga sojojin gwamnati, kuma mata uku sun sha wahala. Daga ƙarshe gwamnatin Niger ta dakatar da shawarar da ta kawo cecekuce game da korar Balarabe ('yan Afirka Larabawa). [9] [10] 'Yan Nijar Larabawa (Larabci)' Yan Nijar sun yi zanga-zangar cewa su 'yan asalin kasar Nijar ne, ba tare da wani gida da za su koma ba, kuma Sojojin Nijar sun kwace dabbobinsu, abin da kawai suke rayuwa.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. The Guardian: Niger government orders 150,000 refugees to leave, 25 October 2006, retrieved 24 December 2017
  2. Los Angeles Daily News: Niger expells 150,000 Arabs, 25 October 2006, retrieved 24 December 2017
  3. BBC: Niger's Arabs to fight expulsion, 25 October 2006, retrieved 24 December 2017
  4. See Decalo (1979)p. 31 & 179
  5. Niger Country Profile, IRIN News - United Nations, February 2007update.
  6. NIGER: Govt expulsion order will fuel instability, Arabs warn, IRIN News - United Nations, 26 October 2006.
  7. BBC NEWS | Africa |Niger starts mass Arab expulsions
  8. Reuters AlertNet - Niger's Arabicized Africans or Arabs say expulsions will fuel race hate
  9. BBC NEWS | Africa |Niger's Arabs to fight expulsion
  10. UNHCR |Refworld - The Leader in Refugee Decision Support