Mohamed Bazoum

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Mohamed Bazoum
Mohamed Bazoum (cropped).jpg
shugaban Jamhuriyar Nijar

2021 -
Foreign minister of Niger (en) Fassara

2011 - 2015
Aminatou Maïga Touré (en) Fassara - Aïchatou Boulama Kané
Member of the National Assembly of Niger (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Bilabrin (en) Fassara, 1 ga Janairu, 1960 (61 shekaru)
ƙasa Nijar
ƙungiyar ƙabila Larabawan Diffa
Karatu
Makaranta Université Cheikh Anta Diop (en) Fassara
Harsuna Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa
Imani
Addini Mabiya Sunnah
Jam'iyar siyasa Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (en) Fassara

Mohamed Bazoum Dan siyasar Jamhuriyar Nijer ne kuma Shugaban Ƙasar Nijar.Bazoom Balarabe ne ɗan asalin Jamhuriyar Nijar wanda ya kasance Shugaban Jam’iyyar (PNDS- Ta Tarayya) tun daga shekarar 2011. Yayi aiki a gwamnatin Nijar a matsayin Ministan Harkokin Waje daga shekara ta 1995 zuwa shekara ta 1996 da kuma sake zama Ministan daga shekara ta 2011 zuwa shekara ta 2015.Ya kasance karamin minista a fadar shugaban ƙasa daga shekara ta 2015 zuwa shekara ta 2016.Kuma ya kasance karamin ministan cikin gida tsakanin shekara ta 2016 da na shekara ta 2020, lokacin da ya yi murabus don mayar da hankali kan tsayawa takarar shugabancin ƙasar a shekara ta 2020.

Harkar siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bazoum ya yi aiki a matsayin Sakataren Harkokin Haɗin Kai a ƙarƙashin Ministan Harkokin Waje da Haɗin gwiwa a cikin gwamnatin rikon ƙwarya ta Firayim Minista Amadou Cheiffou daga shekara ta 1991 zuwa shekara ta 1993. An zaɓe shi ga Majalisar Dokoki ta ƙasa daga yanki na musamman na Tesker a matsayin ɗan takarar PNDS a zabe na musamman da aka gudanar a ranar 11 ga watan Afrilun shekara ta 1993; wannan ya biyo bayan soke zaben farko a cikin Tesker, wanda aka gudanar a watan Fabrairu.

Bayan zaɓen majalisar dokoki na watan Janairun shekara ta 1995, wanda kawancen adawa na National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD) da PNDS suka lashe, Bazoum ya zama Ministan Harkokin Waje da Haɗin Kai a gwamnatin Firaminista Hama Amadou, mai suna 25. Fabrairu shekara ta 1995. Da farko an sake nada shi kan wannan mukamin ne bayan da Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara ya kwace mulki a wani juyin mulkin soja a ranar 27 ga Janairun shekara ta 1996, amma an maye gurbinsa a cikin gwamnatin da aka nada a ranar 5 ga watan Mayu shekara 1996. PNDS ta yi adawa da Maïnassara, kuma a ranar 26 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 1996, Bazoum aka sanya shi a cikin tsare a gida tare da shugaban PNDS Mahamadou Issoufou, 'yan makonni kadan bayan zaben shugaban kasa na shekara ta 1996 . Shi da Issoufou an sake shi bisa umarnin alƙali a ranar 12 ga watan Agusta shekara ta 1996.

An kama Bazoum tare da wasu manyan ƴan siyasa biyu na ƴan adawa, ciki har da Sakatare-Janar na MNSD Hama Amadou, a farkon watan Janairun 1998, bisa zargin shiga cikin maƙarƙashiyar kisan Maïnassara. [1] Ba a taɓa gurfanar da shi ba kuma an sake shi mako guda bayan kama shi.

A Babban Taro na Huɗu na PNDS, wanda aka gudanar a ranar 4 – 5 ga watan Satumba shekarar 2004, Bazoum aka zaba a matsayin Mataimakin Shugaban Kasa. Bazoum an sake zabarsa zuwa ga Majalisar Dokoki ta Kasa a zaɓen majalisar dokoki na watan Disamba shekarar 2004, kuma a lokacin wa’adin majalisar da ya biyo baya ya kasance Mataimakin Shugaban Kasa na Uku na Majalisar da Mataimakin Shugaban kungiyar Majalisar Wakilai ta PNDS.

Bazoum yana ɗaya daga cikin wakilai 14 da suka gabatar da ƙarar rashin amincewa game da Firayim Minista Hama Amadou a ranar 26 ga watan Mayu shekarar 2007; Gwamnatin Amadou ta sha kaye a kuri’ar rashin amincewa da ta biyo baya a ranar 31 ga watan Mayu, kuma Bazoum ya yaba da “dattakon da ke nuna ajin siyasa ta Nijar da ta kawo karshen wa’adin kungiyar da ta kware a kan yadda ake kashe kudaden jama’a. . " [2]

Bayan ya bukaci mutane su kaurace wa zaɓen raba gardama na tsarin mulkin watan Agusta na shekarar 2009, an tsare Bazoum a takaice kuma an yi masa tambayoyi na awanni biyu a ranar 14 ga watan Yulin shekarar 2009. Bazoum an sake zaɓarsa a matsayin Mataimakin Shugaban PNDS a taron na biyar na Jam’iyyar, wanda aka gudanar a ranar 18 ga watan Yulin shekarar 2009. Bayan nasarar da aka samu a zaɓen raba gardamar, ya nuna shi a matsayin "juyin mulki" sannan ya ce zaɓen 'yan majalisar na watan Oktoba na shekarar 2009 wani "makircin zaɓe ne" da aka yi nufin kawai don a ƙara "goge dimokiradiyya" [3]

Wani juyin mulki da sojoji suka yi a ranar 18 ga watan Fabrairun shekarar 2010 ne ya kori Shugaba Mamadou Tandja. Bazoum ya ce a yayin taron "wannan shi ne ainihin abin da muke tsoronsa, kudurin soja. Tandja na iya guje ma wannan. " [4] A matsayinsa na ɗaya daga cikin manyan membobin ƙungiyar Coordination of Democratic Forces for the Republic (CFDR), gamayyar jam'iyyun adawa, ya ce a ranar 23 ga watan Fabrairu cewa CFDR ta bukaci a gurfanar da Tandja a gaban kuliya saboda cin amanar kasa saboda ya soke kundin tsarin mulkin shekarar 1999 a cikin kokarin ci gaba da mulki. A cewar Bazoum, irin wannan fitina ta zama dole don hana shugabannin gobe daga bin irin wannan tafarki. Ya ce kamata ya yi hukumar mulkin ta rike Tandja har sai "cibiyoyin dimokiradiyya" sun kasance, sannan kuma a yi wa Tandja shari'a, duk da cewa ya kuma ce yana jin hukuncin kisan ba zai zama dole ba. [5]

Bayan Mahamadou Issoufou ya lashe zaɓen shugaban ƙasa na Janairu <span typeof="mw:Entity" id="mwVA">–</span> Maris 2011, sai ya sauka daga shugabancin PNDS a watan Maris na shekara ta 2011, gabanin rantsar da shi, bisa ga bukatar cewa shugaban ƙasa ba ya shiga siyasa ta bangaranci; Bazoum ya hau mukamin shugaban riƙo na PNDS. Issoufou ya fara aiki ne a matsayin shugaban ƙasar Nijer a ranar 7 ga watan Afrilun shekara ta 2011, kuma an naɗa Bazoum a cikin gwamnatin a matsayin ƙaramin Ministan Harkokin Waje, Haɗin kai, Haɗakar Afirka, da ‘yan Nijar mazauna kasashen waje a ranar 21 ga watan Afrilun shekara ta 2011. [6]

Bazoum ya koma matsayin karamin minista a fadar shugaban kasa a ranar 25 ga watan Fabrairu shekara ta 2015. [7] An kalli wannan mmatakin a matsayin bawa Bazoum damar mayar da hankali kan jjagorancin PNDS a cikin tsammanin neman Issoufou na sake zaben a s 2016.

An zaɓe shi ga Majalisar Dokoki ta Ƙasa a zaɓen watan Fabrairun shekara ta 2016 . [8] Bayan an rantsar da Issoufou a wa’adi na biyu, an nada Bazoum a matsayin karamin Ministan harkokin cikin gida, Tsaro na Jama’a, Bada iko, da al’adu da al’amuran Addini a ranar 11 ga watan Afrilu shekara ta 2016. Ya hau karagar mulki a ranar 13 ga watan Afrilu, ya gaji Hassoumi Massaoudou.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Niger Police arrest three opposition leaders", BBC News, 3 January 1998.
  2. "Niger government falls after a "no confidence" vote"[dead link], African Press Agency, 31 May 2007.
  3. Boureima Hama, "Niger pushes ahead with polls", Sapa-AFP, 19 October 2009.
  4. Adam Nossiter, "Soldiers storm presidential palace in Niger", The New York Times, 18 February 2010.
  5. Peter Clottey, "Niger opposition leader says ex-President Tandja should face treason charges", VOA News, 23 February 2010.
  6. "Niger unveils new government", Agence France-Presse, 21 April 2011.
  7. "Bazoum back to basics at PNDS party", West Africa Newsletter, number 701, 4 March 2015.
  8. "Arrêt n° 012/CC/ME du 16 mars 2016", Constitutional Court of Niger, 16 March 2016, page 50.