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Musulunci Hong Kong

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Musulunci Hong Kong
Islam of an area (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Musulunci a China da religion in Hong Kong (en) Fassara
Facet of (en) Fassara Hong Kong
Ƙasa Sin
Wuri
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaSin
Special administrative region (en) FassaraHong Kong
Masallacin Jamia, masallaci na farko a Hong Kong
hoton massalaci a hong kong

Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2016, kashi 4.1% na mutanen Hong Kong na him addinin Musulunci, ko kuma akwai Musulmai kusan 300,000. Daga cikin wannan adadi, 50,000 'yan China ne, 150,000' yan Indonesiya ne kuma 30,000 'yan Pakistan ne, sauran kuma daga sauran sassan duniya. [1] Mafi yawan Musulmi a Hong Kong Sunni ne .

Kimanin 12,000 daga cikin iyalan Musulmai a Hong Kong sune 'yayan yaro' na gida, Musulmai na asalin Sinanci da Asiya ta Kudu sun fito ne daga bakin baƙi na Asiya ta Kudu na farko waɗanda suka ɗauki matan Sinawa na gida ( mutanen Tanka ) kuma suka rainon 'ya'yansu a matsayin Musulmi. . Musulman Hui daga ƙasar China suma sun taka rawa wajen raya addinin Musulunci a Hong Kong, kamar Kasim Tuet daga Guangzhou, daya daga cikin wadanda suka fara ilimantar da Musulmai a cikin birni, wanda aka sanya wa Makarantar Tunawa da Kasim Tuet ta Musulunci .

A cikin sabuwar karni, mafi yawan Musulmai a yankin 'yan Indonesiya ne, galibinsu mata ƴan aikin gida ne na ƙasashen waje . Suna da sama da 120,000 na yawan Musulman Hong Kong. [2]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tarihin Musulmi a Hong Kong ya fara tun lokacin mulkin Hong Kong na Biritaniya. Musulman farko da suka fara zama a Hong Kong ƴan asalin Indiya ne, inda wasu daga cikinsu sojoji ne. Daga tsakiyar ƙarni na 19 zuwa gaba, ƙarin sojoji da 'yan kasuwa sun isa Hong Kong daga Kudancin Asiya da Mainland China. Yayin da adadin su ke ƙaruwa, gwamnatin Hong Kong ta Burtaniya ta ware musu filaye don gina alummominsu da kayan aiki, kamar masallatai da makabartu. Gwamnatin Burtaniya ta mutunta haƙƙin waɗannan al'ummomin Musulmai ta hanyar ba su agaji.[3]

Musulman Sinawa sun fara isa Hong Kong a ƙarshen ƙarni na 19 da farkon karni na 20, inda suka fito daga yankunan kudancin bakin teku na kasar Sin, inda suka rayu shekaru aru -aru da suka gabata. Sun kafa al'ummarsu a kusa da gundumar Wan Chai (wurin Masallacin Wan Chai ). Daga baya kwararar Musulman China ta biyo bayan tashin hankalin da aka samu a yankin. Wasu daga cikin Sinawa kuma sun koma addinin Musulunci kwanan nan. Ya zuwa shekarar 2004, Musulman China sun kai sama da kashi 50% na mazaunan Hong Kong mazaunan Hongkong, kuma suna taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin kungiyoyin addinin Islama na Hong Kong. A tarihi ana kula da Musulman Hong Kong a matsayin na musamman ga Musulman China dangane da shirye -shiryen aikin Hajji.

Islama a zamani a Hong Kong[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abinci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hong Kong Halal gidan cin abinci na Halal

A cikin 'yan shekarun da suka gabata, ana samun ƙaruwar adadin abincin Halal don biyan buƙatun abinci na musulmai, da kuma manyan kantuna da ke siyar da kayayyakin Halal da yawa. A cikin 2010, akwai gidajen cin abinci na Halal 14 kawai, amma bayan shekara guda lambar ta yi tsalle sau uku. Tun daga watan Mayu 2018, akwai gidajen cin abinci 70 da aka tabbatar da Halal a yankin.

Kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Akwai shirin da HSBC ke aiwatarwa na tsarin hada -hadar kuɗi na Islama a Hongkong, duk da cewa har yanzu ba a fara aiwatar da hakan ba. A shekara ta 2007, Cibiyar Harkokin Kasuwanci da Masana'antu ta Larabawa ta kafa HK Islamic Index a Hong Kong don tallafawa burin Hong Kong na ci gaba da zama cibiyar hada -hadar kuɗi ta Musulunci. A cikin wannan shekarar, Sakataren Kudi John Tsang ya sanar da wani shiri na kama wani bangare na tsarin hada -hadar kudade na Musulunci, wanda darajarsa ta kai dalar Amurka tiriliyan 1.3. Bankin Hang Seng ya fitar da wani asusu na Islama a watan Nuwamba na 2007.

Ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Islamic Kasim Tuet Memorial College
Makarantar Firamare ta Tunawa da Makarantar Islamar Dharwood Pau

Har zuwa Janairu 2010, Hong Kong tana da makarantun Islamiyya guda 5, waɗanda ke warwatse a kusa da Tsibirin Hong Kong, Kowloon da Sababbin Yankuna. Ci gaban waɗancan makarantun ya kasance mai sauri, wanda ya fito daga makarantun yara, makarantun firamare da kwalejoji.

Wasu daga cikin cibiyoyin ilimi na Musulunci:

  • Islamic Kasim Tuet Memorial College
  • Makarantar Firamare ta tunawa da Dawud Pau ta Musulunci
  • Makarantar Firamare ta Musulunci

Hakanan akwai madrasas daban -daban a duk yankin.

Yawon shaƙatawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 2018, Hong Kong ta yi haɗin gwiwa tare da dandalin tafiye-tafiye na kan layi Have Halal, Will Travel (HHWT) don nuna ɓangaren musulmin yankin.

Aikin hajji[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A tarihi ƴan adadin Musulmai ne suka yi aikin Hajji daga Hong Kong. Wadanda ke son yin aikin hajji za su shiga kungiyoyin aikin Hajji daga Malaysia, yankin Indiya, ko Mainland China. Tun daga shekarun 1990 mafi yawan Musulmai suna tafiya Makka kai tsaye daga Hong Kong kuma yankin yana da nasa keɓaɓɓen adadin aikin Hajji tare da bayar da biza na Hajji daga Ofishin Jakadancin Saudiyya. Ba a ba wa Musulman PRC damar yin balaguro zuwa Hong Kong don shirye -shiryen aikin Hajji amma dole ne Musulman ƙasashen waje da ke zaune a China su yi shirin tafiya ko daga kasarsu ta asali, ko ta Hong Kong.

Ƙalubalen zamantakewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Saboda ƙarancin lokacin hutun abincin rana a ranar Jumma'a ga masu aiki a Hong Kong, galibi ana yin sallar Juma'a cikin ƙanƙanin lokaci. Musulmai na iya samun matsala wajen nemo wurin da ya dace don yin addu'a a wurin aiki ko a makaranta. Saboda rashin masallatai a Sababbin Yankuna, Musulmai da ke zaune a wurin na iya samun wahalar zuwa masallatan Hong Kong guda shida na yanzu saboda wurin da suke a Kowloon ko Tsibirin Hong Kong. Wasu daga cikinsu suna yin hayar gidaje kuma suna mai da su ɗakunan addu'o'i don yiwa musulmin da ke zaune a kewayen wurin hidima. A halin yanzu akwai ɗakunan guda takwas a Hong Kong ana mai da su ɗakunan sallah. [4]

Masallatai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ɓangaren addu'o'in musulmai na dakin addu'o'i mabiya addinai a filin jirgin saman Hong Kong
Masallacin Kowloon, masallaci mafi girma a Hong Kong

Akwai masallatai shida yanzu haka a Hong Kong. Masallaci na bakwai a na Sheung Shui Mosque ana kan gina shi.

Masallacin Jamia[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mafi tsufa shi ne Masallacin Jamia a Tsibirin Hong Kong, wanda aka gina a cikin shekarun 1840 kuma aka sake gina shi a 1915. Limamin farko shine Al Haaj Abul Habib Syed Mohammed Noor Shah, daga 1914 zuwa 1946. Ya yi tafiya zuwa Hong Kong tare da Sojojin Burtaniya.

Syed Mohammed Noor Shah yana da 'ya'ya maza huɗu da' ya mace ɗaya, Syeda Fatima wacce ta rasu a shekarun ƙuruciyarta. Daya daga cikin 'ya'yansa, Syed Habib Ullah Shah an haife shi a Hong Kong a 1933, 13 ga Janairu. A halin yanzu yana zaune a Landan tun 2001, tare da ƙaramin ɗansa, Sayid Mohammad Asif Ullah Shah.

Masallacin Kowloon[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallacin Kowloon dake titin Nathan, wanda aka buɗe a shekarar 1984, yana iya daukar masu ibada kusan 3,500. Masallaci ne mafi girma a Hong Kong.

Masallacin Ammar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An buɗe Masallacin Ammar dake kan titin Oi Kwan a Wan Chai a watan Satumbar 1981 kuma yana iya daukar taron mutane 700 zuwa 1,500, gwargwadon buƙatun.

Masallacin Chai Wan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallacin Chai Wan yana a maƙabartar Musulmi ta Cape Collinson.

Masallacin Stanley[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallacin Stanley yana cikin Kurkukun Stanley .

Masallacin Ibrahim[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallacin Ibrahim asalinsa yana Ya'u Ma Tei, kuma an buɗe shi a watan Nuwamba 2013. Ya zuwa Janairu 2020, an ƙaura zuwa Mong Kok .

A gefen masallatai, akwai ɗakunan salla na Musulmai da yawa da ke warwatse a kusa da Hong Kong, kamar a Filin jirgin sama na Hong Kong, Jami'ar City ta Hong Kong da sauransu

Ƙungiyoyi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyoyin Amintattu na Asusun Al'ummar Musulmi na Hong Kong[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

Ƙungiyoyin Amintattu na Asusun Al'ummar Musulmi na Hong Kong mai hedikwata a Masallacin Ammar

Amintattun Ƙungiyoyin Asusun Al'ummar Musulmi na Hong Kong yana daidaita harkokin addini kuma yana kula da masallatai da maƙabartun Musulmi a Hong Kong. Ƙungiyoyin wakilan amintattun sune Ƙungiyar Musulunci ta Hong Kong, Ƙungiyar Pakistan ta Hong Kong, Ƙungiyar Musulmin Indiya ta Hong Kong da Ƙungiyar Dawoodi Bohra ta Hong Kong . Aikin sadaka a tsakanin al'ummar Musulmi, wanda ya haɗa da taimakon kuɗi ga mabukata, kula da lafiya, taimakon ilimi, samar da makarantar yara ta Musulunci da taimako ga tsofaffi, ana gudanar da su ta hanyar ƙungiyoyin Musulmi daban -daban a Hong Kong. An kafa kungiyar ne a Masallacin Ammar .

Ƙungiyar Musulunci ta Hong Kong[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyar Musulunci ta Hong Kong ( Chinese ) wata kungiya ce ta Musulunci dake bada sadaka da ba da riba a Hong Kong. Hedikwatar ƙungiyar tana Masallacin Ammar .

Ƙungiyar Al'adun Musulunci (Hong Kong)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyar Al'adun Musulunci (Hong Kong) a cikin 2004 kuma ya zama cibiyar sadaka da gwamnati ta amince da ita. Kungiyar ta himmatu wajen inganta al'adun Musulunci tare da Al -Qur'ani da Sunnah a matsayin tushenta. Don inganta musaya tsakanin al'adun Musulunci da sauran al'adu. Don haɓaka bincike & haɓaka ilimin Musulunci da al'adun Islama. A shekara ta 2009, sun shirya taron ƙasa da ƙasa kan yada al'adun muslunci da ilimi a kasar Sin-中國 伊斯蘭 文化 文化 與 教育 的 傳承 」」 國際 研討會 研討會 研討會 tare da hadin gwiwar cibiyar nazarin addini da al'ummar Sin na jami'ar Sin na Kwalejin Chung Chi ta Hong Kong . Babban aikin ICA ya haɗa da binciken ilimi, ilimi, al'adu da sadaka. Tun da 2009, da ICA ya halarci da Hong Kong Littafi Fair shirya da Hukumat cigaban ciniki ta Hong Kong, daya daga Asiya ta mafi yawan littafin gaskiya.

Ƙungiyar Matasan Islama ta Hong Kong[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyar Matasan Musulunci ta Hong Kong ƙungiya ce ta sadaka da aka kafa a 1973. Ta kasance tana shirya ayyukan nishaɗi da na ilimi ga matasan musulmin yankin. Ƙungiyar ta fara Channel ɗin Bidiyo na kan layi (OVC) akan tashar YouTube (HKIYA1973) a cikin 2012 wanda ke ba da shirye -shiryen Da'awa (wa'azin Musulunci) a Cantonese sabunta kowane mako. HKIYA ta ƙaddamar da App na farko na wayar hannu a cikin gida - "IslamHK" a ranar 21 ga Agusta 2012 kuma wannan shine alamar ci gaban wa'azin Musulunci na zamani. Haka nan kungiyar tana da tushe a Masallacin Ammar . [3]

IFSA[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

IFSA ita ce ta farko da ta shirya gasar kur'ani tsakanin samari da 'yan mata na Hong Kong, kuma ta yi wayar da kan Al -Qur'ani tsakanin matasan Musulmi da sauran al'umma baki ɗaya.

United Welfare Union Hong Kong Limited[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallacin Ibrahim

United Welfare Union Hong Kong Limited tana kula da Masallacin Ibrahim da ke Mong Kok da wasu cibiyoyi biyu a halin yanzu. An kafa ta a cikin Hong Kong kuma an yi mata rajista a matsayin Ƙungiyoyin Agaji ta Gwamnatin Hong Kong tun 2002, ƙungiyar tana ba da sabis iri -iri. Waɗannan sun haɗa da hidimomin addini, ayyukan matasa, shirye -shiryen tallafa wa al’umma, da sauran wasu ayyuka.

Wasu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Ƙungiyar Al'adu da 'Yan'uwan Musulmin China
  • Ƙungiyar Musulman China ta Hong Kong
  • Ƙungiyar Mata Musulmi ta Hong Kong
  • Ƙungiyar Musulunci ta Duniya
  • Kungiyar Khatme-Nubuwwat Hong Kong
  • Pakistan Islamic Welfare Islamic of Hong Kong
  • Ƙungiyar 'Yan Kasuwar Pakistan (Hong Kong)
  • Ƙungiyar Daliban Pakistan Hong Kong
  • Hadaddiyar Kungiyar Musulmin Hong Kong

Maƙabartun Musulmi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shiga cikin makabartar musulmi ta Chai Wan
Happy Valley Maƙabartar Musulmai

Akwai maƙabartun Musulmi guda biyu a Hong Kong wanda Inshorar Amintattu na Asusun Al'ummar Musulmin Hong Kong ke gudanarwa, waɗanda sune:

Maƙabartar Musulmin Chai Wan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Maƙabartar Musulmin Chai Wan tana cikin Cape Collinson, Chai Wan . An kafa makabartar a shekarar 1963 tare da fasalulluka na manyan duwatsun koren da ke kewaye da Masallacin Chai Wan . Kudaden kula da makabartar ana daukar su ne ta hannun masu kula da su ta hanyar kudin jana’iza. Ayyukan kulawa sun ƙunshi tsaftacewa da kiyaye hanyoyin, gyarawa da kula da gangaren makabarta da share ciyayi na halitta lokacin da ake buƙata. A ranar 17 ga Mayu, 2010, Kwamitin Shawarwari na Ofisoshin kayayyakin tarihi da kayan tarihi ya ayyana makabarta a matsayin ginin tarihi na Grade 3.

Happy Valley Maƙabartar Musulmai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Maƙabartar Musulmai ta Happy Valley tana cikin Happy Valley . Dangane da bayanan hukuma a cikin Ma'aikatar Tsabtace Abinci da Muhalli, an yi jana'izar farko a makabartar a cikin 1828. A ranar 15 ga watan Yulin 1870, gwamnatin Hong Kong ta Burtaniya ta ba da takardar rabon kayan ga yankin da ke kusa da Maƙabartar Musulmin Happy Valley na yanzu don a yi amfani da shi a matsayin kabarin Musulmi.

Mutane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Maulana Qari Muhammad Tayaib Qasmi, malamin addinin Islama wanda ke zaune a Hong Kong tun 1989, ya kasance Babban Limami kuma Khatib na Masallacin Kowloon . A halin yanzu yana gudanar da manyan Cibiyoyin Musulunci guda bakwai a ko'ina cikin Hong Kong, a ƙarƙashin sunan Majalisar Musulunci ta Khatme Nubuwwat, yana ba da ilimin kur'ani kyauta bayan makaranta ga ɗalibai sama da 1,500, gami da ɗaliban manya da samari da 'yan mata, waɗanda ke karatu cikakken lokaci a makarantun gida. a Hong Kong.[ana buƙatar hujja]
  2. Mufti Muhammad Arshad, wanda yanzu shine babban limamin Masallacin Kowloon da Hong Kong tun 2001, ya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen biyan bukatun Musulman Hong Kong kuma yana da babban tasiri a tsakanin su.

Hanyoyin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Hong Kong: The Facts - Religion and Custom HKSAR Government Home Affairs Bureau, May 2016.
  2. O'Connor, Paul (2012), "Islam in Hong Kong: Muslims and Everyday Life in China's World City", Hong Kong University Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/bitstream/handle/1887/16773/ISIM_10_Contested_Mosques_in_Hong_Kong.pdf?sequence=1
  4. http://varsity.com.cuhk.edu.hk/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Islamic-Culture-in-Hong-Kong-FINAL-ONLINE.pdf