Sallar Sunnah

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Sallar Sunnah (Larabci: صلاة السنة) sallar nafila ce ko nafila (sallar layya) da za a iya yi ban da salloli biyar na yau da kullun, waɗanda tilas ne ga dukkan Musulmi. Sallar Sunnah tana da halaye mabambanta: wasu ana yin su ne a lokaci guda da sallolin wajibi biyar na yau da kullum, wasu ana yin su ne kawai a wasu lokuta (misali da daddare), ko don takamaiman lokuta (misali lokacin fari); wasu suna da nasu suna (misali Tahajjud) wasu kuma ana gane su ta yadda ake yin su (misali "4 (rakat) kafin Zuhr da 2 bayan"). Tsawon sallar sunnah kuma ya bambanta.[1]

Yayin da salloli biyar na yau da kullun suna wajib/farilla (na wajibi), sallar sunnah (da sauran ayyukan sunnah) Mustahabb ne (yana ƙarfafa gwiwa) - waɗanda ke yin su za su sami lada a lahira, amma babu hukuncin sakaci da su.[2][Note 1]

Sunnah (a cikin addinin musulunci na yau da kullun), na nufin al'adu da ayyukan da (aka yi imani da su) suna bin misalin annabin musulunci Muhammad. Dangane da labarai, ruwayoyi, fassarori, al'adun musulmai, dukkan waɗannan sallolin Muhammadu ne ya yi su (ban da sallolin farilla guda biyar na yau da kullun).[3]

Bambance -bambance[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Idan aka kwatanta da sallar tilas

Sohaib Sultan ya bayyana cewa matakan yin sallar sunnah (Takbir, fatiha, da sauransu) daidai suke da sallolin farilla (farilla) guda biyar na yau da kullun, amma bambanta dangane da sallar shine adadin rakat (shima rakʿah (Larabci: ركعة rakaʿah, furta [ˈrakʕah]; jam'i: ركعات rakaʿāt), wanda shine raka'ar sallah.

Ana yin addu'o'i ne kawai a wasu lokuta

Tahajjud da Tarawih sallolin dare ne da akeyinta lokacin Ramadan, Tarawih ne kawai a cikin Ramadan. (duba ƙasa)

Ana yin addu'o'i don takamaiman lokatai

Salatul istasqa addu’a ce ta rokon Allah akan ruwan sama. Ana yin Kusuf a lokacin faɗuwar rana; Khusuf lokacin kusufin wata. (duba ƙasa)

Sallar Sunnah wacce ake yin ta a lokaci guda da sallar tilas

A cewar Sohaib Sultan, annabin musulunci Muhammad yayi sallar sunnah "kafin da/ko bayan kowace sallar farilla" don samun karin ni'ima da fa'ida daga Allah.[4] Misalan wadannan sunna mu’akkadah ko “tabbatar” sunnar sallar, kamar yadda aka kafa a mazhabar fiqhu ta Hanafi, (a cewar Faraz Rabbani) sun hada da:

  • "Raka'a 2 kafin sallar Asuba"
  • "Raka'a 4 kafin Zuhur da 2 bayanta"
  • "Raka'a 2 bayan Magrib"
  • "Raka'a 2 bayan Isha'i"[5]

Wannan sallar sunnah ba ta da suna na musamman. Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha duk sunayen sallolin dole ne. Rakat - shima rakʿah (Larabci: ركعة rakʿah, furta [ˈrakʕah]; jam’i: ركعات rakaʿāt) - shine motsi daga tsayuwa, yin ruku’u a ƙasa, zuwa sake tsayawa, wannan yana cikin kowane sallar salat.[6]

Sallah tabbatattu kuma ba tabbatattu ba[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wani rarrabuwa tsakanin sallolin da ba na farillah ba shine ko sun “tabbata” ko “ba a tabbatar ba”:

  • Sunnah mu’akkadah ko “tabbatar da sunnah” ko "Sunnah mai karfi"addu’o’i,[3] wanda Muhammad “ya ci gaba da yi kuma kusan bai taɓa yin watsi da shi ba” (bisa ga al’ada). Misalan sunnar mu’akkadah sun hada da “Sallar Idi, ko raka’a biyu bayan sallar magriba”.[7]
  • Ghair mu’akkadah ko “sunnas da ba a tabbatar da su ba”. Waɗannan Muhammadu ba su da saurin aiwatarwa kamar yadda ya yi su wani lokacin "wani lokacin kuma ya yi watsi da su". Misalin ghair mu’akkadah shine raka’a biyu kafin sallar Isha.[7]

Ire -iren wadannan addu’o’i guda biyu suna da “kalmomi da hukunce -hukunce daban -daban”.[7]

Wasu misalan sallolin sunnah da ba a tabbatar da su ba

  • Raka'ah 4 bayan Zuhur (ko dai ta hanyar yin raka'o'in sunna guda 4 da aka tabbatar 4, ko daban),
  • Raka'ah 4 ko 2 kafin sallar Asuba
  • Raka'ah 6 (salatul awwabin) bayan magriba, da kyau a cikin saiti biyu (za a iya haɗa sunna da aka tabbatar a matsayin wani ɓangare na 6 idan mutum ya zaɓi)
  • Raka'ah 2 kafin Isha'i
  • Raka'ah 4 bayan isha'i (mutum na iya haɗa sunnonin da aka tabbatar a cikin wannan idan ana so).[5]

(Idan sallah tayi kwafa sunnonin da aka tabbatar a sama za a iya hada su da sallolin sunnah da aka tabbatar ko a'a).[5]

Sunnar sallah[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kada a rikita sallar sunna da sunnonin sallah. Ba wai kawai akwai nau'o'in salloli na wajibi da na tilas ba, amma sassan wajibi da na zaɓi (kalmomi da ayyuka) na sallah (aƙalla ga Musulman Salafi masu ra'ayin mazan jiya irin su Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid).[8]

Misalan kalmomi da ayyuka na wajibi da “ginshiƙi” sun haɗa da:

i. Tsayuwa yayin sallolin farilla idan mutum ya sami damar yin hakan;

ii. Takbeer mai buɗewa wato faɗin “Allaahu akbar”;

iii. Yin Fatiha a farkon raka'a

Misalan kalmomin sunnah da ayyuka sun hada da:

i. Yana cewa bayan bude takbier, "Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bi hamdika, wa tabaaraka ismuka, wa ta'aala jadduka wa laa ilaaha ghayruka babu abin bautawa sai Kai). " Wannan shi ake kira du’aa ’al-istiftaah (buɗe du’a)

ii. Neman tsari da Allaah

iii. Bismillah

iv. Yace Ameen


Yin watsi da waɗannan baya ɓata salla.[8]

Tahajjud[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulmai suna yin Sallar Sunnah bayan Sallar Jumua'ah a dakin Makarantar Islama ta Orient da ke KZN Durban Afirka ta Kudu ranar Juma'a 2014.01.24

Tahajjud (Larabci: صلاة التهجد) ana yin sallar ne da daddare, kuma ana son a yi ta bayan an fara bacci na ɗan wani dare. Malamai suna da ra’ayoyi mabambanta game da ko bacci na farko yana da cikakken buƙata ko a’a. A Saudiyya a lokacin azumin watan Ramadan, akwai mutane da yawa da ke barin sallar Tarawih a babban masallaci cikin gaggawa domin su koma gida, su yi barci, sannan su farka su yi sallar Tahajjud da sanyin safiya. Wasu kawai suna zama a cikin masallaci suna yin waɗannan sallolin na tilas kafin su koma gida.

Lokacin sallar Tahajjud ya fadi tsakanin lokutan sallar isha'i da sallar asubahi. Haka kuma an so a yi sallar a cikin sulusin dare na qarshe. Musulmai sun yi imani cewa lada ya fi girma ga waɗanda suka yi wannan addu'ar daga baya. (Yana da wuyar farkawa da yin addu’a da sassafe, yana ƙarawa ƙoƙarin mutum girma, yana haifar da lada mafi girma daga Allah).

Kowace addu'a ga musulmi ana yin ta ne tare da maimaita ayyuka da aƙalla raka'a ɗaya. Sallar Tahajjud tana kunshe da mafi karancin rakat daya da matsakaicin lamba 11. Wasu suna cewa 13 amma duk lambar da ta wuce 13 bidi'a ce (Innovation); domin babu wani hadisi; Wannan sahihi ne (mai ƙarfi) yana nuna cewa Muhammadu ya wuce raka'a 13 (a cewar Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad ibn Nasr al-Marwazee)[9]

An ruwaito daga Manzon Allah (sallal Lahu alaihi wa aalihi wa sallam) cewa ya ce: "Ku yi riko da sallar dare, domin ita ɗabi'ar salihai ce a gabanku, kuma hanyar kusantar ubangijinku ce. kaffara ga zunubai, da nisantar zalunci. " [Tirmizi da Hakim]

Abdullahi bn Amr bn al-As (RA) ya ruwaito cewa Manzon Allah (tsira da amincin Allah su tabbata a gare shi) ya ce da shi, “Ya Abdullahi, kada ka zama kamar mai-haka, ya kasance yana yin addu’a. a cikin dare sai ya bar sallar dare ”. [Bukhari da Muslim]

An so a yi tahajjud a yi sallar a cikin sulusin dare na qarshe, amma yin ta a kowane lokaci ya fi alheri fiye da rashin yin ta kwata -kwata.

Tarawih[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sallar Tarawih a Babban Masallacin Taipei, Taiwan.

Tarawih (Larabci: صلاة التراويح) sallar dare ne muakada na sunnah yayin Ramadan.[10] Addu'a ce wacce ake yin ta kawai a lokacin azumin musulmi na Ramadan. Ana iya yin shi kaɗai, a cikin ƙungiya, a gida, ko a cikin masallaci ko wani wurin taron jama'a ba kome. Yawanci, Musulmai suna taruwa suna yin tarawih a matsayin ƙungiya, galibi tsakanin dangin dangi a cikin babban gida. Wasu na iya haduwa a masallacin unguwarsu, zauren taro, ko ma a filin waje. Dangane da ƙasar, ana iya yin sallar tarawihi a masallaci maza kawai, ko kuma cakuda maza da mata (duk da cewa sun rabu da juna a zahiri). Adadin raka'ar sallar Tarawih raka'ah ashirin ne. Muhammadu yana tsoron cewa idan ya ci gaba da yin salloli a cikin masallaci, to mabiyansa za su iya tunanin cewa tilas ne ba na tilas ba.

Bayan Muhammadu, Taraweeh har yanzu ana yin sallar raka'a 20. Batun da mutane ke yi cewa ya yi sallah 8 yana game da Tahajjud (salah). A babban masallacin Makka, Imam (limamin sallah) yana yin raka'a ashirin sannan ku yi sallar isha'i da witiri. Adadin mutanen da ke shiga sallar tarawihi a babban masallacin Makkah na iya kaiwa miliyan 3-4. Suna cika dukkan matakai a cikin masallaci, rufin leɓe, waje a farfajiya, wasu titunan da ke kusa (waɗanda aka rufe), kuma a wasu lokutan har ma suna amfani da sararin samaniya a cikin otal ɗin wasu otal -otal da ke kusa.

Haka kuma al'ada ce ga Imam a kowane masallaci ya karanta dukkan abinda ke cikin Alkur'ani a cikin watan azumi ta hanyar karanta kusan sashi daya a rana. Wannan aikin karatun Alƙur'ani gaba ɗaya an san shi da khatm (cikakken karatun).

Istisqa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Salat ul istasqa (Larabci: صلاة الإستسقاء) addu’a ce ta rokon Allah ruwan sama.[11] Ya kunshi raka'a biyu. Kamar yadda Ibn Qudaamah ya ce: "Addu'ar ruwan sama sunna ce tabbatacciya, ta tabbatar da aikin manzon Allah ... da na magadansa"[12]

Liman yana yin sallah, tare da mabiya, raka'ah biyu a kowane lokaci ban da lokutan da ba a son yin su a cikinsa. A raka’ar farko liman yana karanta Suratul A’la bayan suratul Fatiha. Kuma a raka'a ta biyu, yana karanta Suratul Ghashiyah bayan Fatiha, kuma yana gabatar da khutbah kafin sallar ko bayansa. Da zaran ya gama khutbah (huduba), mutane suna fuskantar alkibla (alkiblar sallah) kuma suna rokon Allah. An fara gabatar da ita a Madina a cikin watan Ramadan na 6 ga Hijira.[13][14]

Akwai hadissan Muhammadu da dama da ke magana game da addu'ar samun ruwan sama. Ash-Shaf'i yana cewa an samo shi ne daga Salim ibn Abdullah, a kan mahaifinsa cewa Muhammadu zai ce ga ishsqa:

"Ya Allah, ka ba mu ruwan sama mai albarka, mai albarka, mai yalwa, janar, mai ci gaba. Ya Allah, ka ba mu ruwan sama kuma kada ka sanya mu cikin masu yanke tsammani. Ya Allah, (bayinka), ƙasa, dabbobi, da (halittunka) duk suna shan wahala kuma suna neman kariya.Kuma ba mu yin korafi sai kai. Ya Allah ka sa amfanin gonarmu ta yi girma, kuma a cika nono. Ka ba mu daga albarkar sama ka tsiro mana daga albarkar kasa. Ya Allah ka yaye mana wahala da yunwa da rashin haihuwa kuma ka yaye mana masifa kamar yadda babu mai kawar da masifa sai Kai. Ya Allah muna neman gafarar ka kamar yadda kai mai gafara ne, kuma ka aiko mana da ruwan sama mai yawa ". Ash-Shaf'i ya ce: "Na fi son liman ya yi addu'a da wannan (sallah)."[15]

Sa’ad ya ba da rahoton cewa ga ishsqa, Muhammadu zai yi addu’a: “Ya Allah, ka rufe mu da gizagizai masu yawa waɗanda ke da ruwan sama mai yawa da amfani, akai - akai yana sauƙaƙa mana ruwan sama kuma yana yayyafa mana da walƙiya. Ya Allah, kai ne cike da daukaka, falala da Daraja ”. Wannan yana da nasaba da Abu 'Awanah a cikin Sahihinsa.[15]

Amr bn Shu'aib ya ba da labari daga babansa, a kan kakansa, cewa don istisqa ', Muhammadu zai ce: "Ya Allah, ka wadata ruwa ga bayinka da dabbobinka, ka nuna rahamarka kuma ka rayar da ƙasashen da suka mutu." Abu Dawud ne ke da alaka da wannan.[15]

An fi son wanda ke yin wannan addu'ar ya ɗaga hannayensa da bayan hannayensa zuwa sama. Rubuce -rubucen Musulmi daga Anas cewa Muhammad zai nuna da bayan hannunsa yayin ishsqa.[15]

An kuma fi son ganin ruwan sama, a ce: "Ya Allah ka sanya ruwan sama mai amfani" kuma ya kamata ya tona wani bangare na jikinsa ga ruwan sama. A gefe guda kuma, idan mutum yana tsoron cewa ruwan sama ya yi yawa, ya kamata ya ce: "Ya Allah ka yi mana rahama kada ka azabtar da mu, bala'i, halaka ko ambaliya. Ya Allah ka sanya shi a kan dazuzzuka, gonaki da bishiyoyi. "Ka sanya shi a kusa da mu ba kan mu ba."

Kusuf da Khusuf ((Hasken Rana da Hasken Wata)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Salatul-Kusuf (Larabci: صلاة الكسوف) addu’a ce da ake yi yayin kusufin rana; Ana yin Salatul Khusuf (Larabci: صلاة الخسوف) yayin kusufin wata. Dukansu Nafl ne (ba na wajibi ba) tare da sallar rakat guda biyu da yakamata al'ummar musulmai su yi a cikin jama'a.[16][17]

Ana yin Rakat (Raka'ah) guda biyu ko huɗu na Khusuf salah a cikin Jama'a (Rukuni) ko ɗaiɗai, tare da fifikon addu'o'in mutum ɗaya.[18] Ba Adhan (Kiran Sallah) ko Iqamah (Kiran Sallah na Biyu) da ake kira Khusuf salah. Ana iya yin karatun Alqur'ani a lokacin Khusus salah ko a cikin shiru ko da karfi.

A lokacin Muhammadu, an yi masassarar rana. Mutane sun yi gaggawar danganta wannan da abin duniya, wato mutuwar ɗan Muhammad, Ibrahim. Muhammad ya bayyana musu gaskiyar wannan lamari. A cikin Sahihinsa (ingantaccen hadisi), Imam Muslim ya ruwaito cewa A'ishah (rali) ta ce:

Akwai kusufin rana a zamanin Manzon Allah. Ya mike yayi sallah ya tsawaita tsayuwarsa sosai. Sannan ya sunkuya ya kuma tsawaita ruku'u sosai. Sannan ya ɗaga kansa ya tsawaita tsayuwarsa da yawa, amma bai kai (duration) na tsayuwar farko ba. Sannan ya sunkuya ya kuma dade yana ruku'u da yawa, amma bai kai tsawon lokacin ruku'u na farko ba. Sannan yayi sujjada sannan ya mike ya tsawaita tsayuwar, amma bai kai tsayuwar farko ba. Daga nan sai ya sunkuya ya tsawaita ruku'u, amma bai kai na farko ba. Daga haka ya ɗaga kansa sannan ya miƙe ya ​​tsawaita tsayuwarsa, amma bai kai tsayuwar farko ba. Sannan yayi ruku'u kuma ya dade yana ruku'u kuma bai kai ruku'u na farko ba. Sannan ya yi sujjada; sa’an nan ya juya, rana ta yi haske, ya yi wa mutane jawabi. Ya yabi Allah kuma ya yabe shi ya ce: "Rana da wata alamu ne na Allah guda biyu; ba su rufuwa saboda mutuwar wani ko saboda haihuwar kowa. Addu'a, ku yi sadaka.Ya ku Al'ummar Muhammadu, babu wanda ya fi hasala fiye da Allah lokacin da bawansa ko kuyangarsa ta yi fasikanci.Ya ku mutanen Muhammadu, Wallahi, da kun san abin da na sani, da kuka yi kuka mai yawa da dariya kaɗan. Ya Allah. shaida, na sanar da su."[19]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. mustahabb (encouraged)”, is one of the five categories of Sharia rulings (known as “the five decisions” or five Ahkam.
    1. farḍ/wājib (واجب / فرض) - compulsory, obligatory
    2. mustaḥabb/mandūb (مستحب) - recommended
    3. mubāḥ (مباح) - neutral, not involving God's judgment
    4. makrūh (مكروه) - disliked, reprehensible
    5. ḥarām/maḥzūr (محظور / حرام) - forbidden
  1. "Types of Sunnah (Optional) Prayers in Islam". Quran Reading. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  2. Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid. "6586: Will a person who neglects the Sunnah be punished?". Islamqa. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mischler, Ælfwine. "Sunnah (Optional) Prayers". islamonline. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  4. Sultan, Sohaib (2011). The Koran For Dummies. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Rabbani, Faraz (5 July 2011). "What Are the Confirmed Sunna and Non-Confirmed Sunna Prayers Associated With the Obligatory Prayers?". Seekers Guidance. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  6. "What is a raka or rakat during Salat?". Masjid al-Rida. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Hawramani, Ikram (13 September 2017). "IslamQA: Difference Between Sunnah Muakkadah and Ghair Muakkadah". Hawramani Institute. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "The pillars, obligatory parts and Sunnahs of prayer. Question 65847". Islam Question and Answer. 19 December 2004. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  9. "How Many Rak'ahs Did the Salaf Pray for Taraaweeh?". bakkah publications. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  10. "Tarawih Prayer: Excellence and Virtues". Prayer in Islam. 26 April 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  11. "What is the evidence for offering the prayer for rain (salaat al-istisqa')? Question 182416". IslamQA. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  12. al-Mughni by Ibn Qudaamah, 2/148, quoted in "What is the evidence for offering the prayer for rain (salaat al-istisqa')? Question 182416". IslamQA. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  13. "Salatul-Istisqa (The salat (observed) when Seeking Rain)". al-feqh. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  14. "Salatul Istisqa, Prayer for Rain". Islam Web. 13 October 2003. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 "Fiqh 2.39: Some supplications for rain". iium.edu.my. Fiqh-us-Sunnah v.2. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  16. Huda (31 August 2018). "Abrahamic / Middle Eastern Islam". Learn Religions. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  17. "The Significance of Solar and Lunar Eclipses During Islam".
  18. Ar-Risala by Ibn Abi Zaid al-Qayrawani
  19. Shari`ah Researchers. "Solar & Lunar Eclipses: A Muslim Perspective". islam online. Retrieved 19 June 2020.