Ramadan

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Ramadan
calendar month (en) Fassara da Malayalam
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Hijri month (en) Fassara
Mabiyi Sha'ban
Ta biyo baya Shawwal
Musulmai na sallah tarawihi a watan Ramadan
sallah tarawihi da Ramadan a Sudan
sallah Tahajjud da watan Ramadan
Musulmai ƴan gida ɗaya suna buɗe baki a ƙasar Turkiyya
Musulmai na buɗa baki da watan Ramadan a Tehran

Ramadan (Larabci رمضان) Watan Musulunci ne na tara, kuma a cikin sa ne aka saukar da Alqur'ani ga Annabi Muhammad (s.a.w).

Musulmi suna gabatar da sallar tarawi da azumi

Azumin Musulunci a watan Ramadan na daya daga cikin shika shikan Musulunci guda biyar. Musulmi kan azumci watan iyakar tsayin sa kullum tun daga fitowar alfijir har ya zuwa faduwar rana. Musulmi sunyi imani da fadin an saukar da Alkur'ani ne a watan na ramadan wanda ake yin wahayin sa a hankali a hankali daga Allah zuwa ga Annabi Muhammad (s.a.w) ta hannun dan aiken Allah Mala'ika Jibrilu. Annabi ya fada ma musulmai "Ana bude dukkannin kofofin Aljannah kuma ana kulle kofofin Jahannama tare da daure shaidanu a watan na Ramadan". Daga karshen watan ana gabatar da bikin karamar sallah.kuma wata ne da ake gabatar da sallah asham, raka goma. Ana yawaita sadaka da ayyukan alheri musamman musulmai masu neman rabauta da Duniya da lahira.[1]

Lokuta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lokuta a watan Ramadan.

Bayan Hijira Ranar farko Ranar karshe
1437 06 Yuni 2016 05 Yuli 2016
1438 27 Mayu 2017 24 Yuni 2017
1439 17 Mayu 2018 14 Yuni 2018
1440 06 Mayu 2019 03 Yuni 2019
1441 24 Afrilu 2020 23 Mayu 2020
1442 13 Afrilu 2021 12 May u2021
Kwanan watan Ramadan tsakanin 2016 da 2021

A kowani goma karshen watan Ramadan Ana saran samun rana daya wanda ake kira da lailai tolkadari a larabce. Wannan rana alqur'an mai girma yayi bayanin cewa wannan ranar ko kuma dAren yafi rana ko dare dubu. Domin kuwa duk wanda yayi sa'ar wannan dAren lailai duk Addu'ar da yayi ta amsu

Asali[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kalmar Ramadan ta samo asali ne daga tushen Larabci RM-Ḍ ( ر-م-ض</link> ) "zafi mai zafi", [2] wanda shine kalmar fi'ili na Larabci " ramiɗa ( رَمِضَ .</link> )" ma'ana "zama zafi sosai - zama mai konewa; zama mai zafi; ku kasance kuna haskakawa; mai haske"

Wasu suna ganin watan Ramadan a matsayin daya daga cikin sunayen Allah a Musulunci, don haka ya zo a cikin hadisai da dama cewa an hana fadin “Ramadan” kawai dangane da watan kalandar kuma ya wajaba a ce “wata”. na Ramadan", kamar yadda aka ruwaito a Sunna, [3] Shi’a [4] da Zaidi [5] kafofin. Duk da haka, an yiwa rahoton daraja Mawḍūʻ (an ƙirƙira) [6] kuma ba shi da inganci .

A cikin harshen Farisa, harafin Larabci ض</link> ( Ḍād ) ana kiransa da /z/. Al'ummar Musulmi a wasu kasashe masu tasirin Farisa na tarihi, irin su Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Indiya, Pakistan da Turkiyya, suna amfani da kalmar Ramazan ko Ramzan . Ana amfani da kalmar Romzan a Bangladesh

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Musulmai sun yarda cewa an saukar da dukkan nassosi a cikin watan Ramadan, littattafan Ibrahim, Attaura, Zabura, Injila, da Alqur'ani an saukar da su a na farko, na shida, da sha biyu, da na goma sha uku (a wasu kafofin, na sha takwas) [7] da ashirin da hudu. Ramadan,  bi da bi. [8] </link>An ce Muhammad ya samu wahayinsa na farko [ kur'ani ] a ranar Lailatul Kadr, daya daga cikin darare biyar da suke fadowa a cikin kwanaki goma na karshen watan Ramadan. [9]

Duk da cewa an fara umurtar musulmi da yin azumi a shekara ta biyu ta Hijira (624 Miladiyya), [10] sun yi imanin cewa yin azumi a haqiqanin gaskiya ba bidi'a ce ta tauhidi ba [11] sai dai ya zama wajibi ga muminai su samu takawa . ( Tsoron Allah ). [12] [Quran 2:183 ] Suna nuni da cewa maguzawan Makka kafin musulunci sun yi azumi a ranar goma ga watan Muharram don kankare zunubi da gujewa fari . [13] </link>Philip Jenkins ya bayar da hujjar cewa kiyaye azumin Ramadan ya girma ne daga "tsattsarin horo na Lenten na Ikklisiya na Siriya [ " ] sakon da wasu malamai suka tabbatar, ciki har da masanin tauhidi Paul-Gordon Chandler, [14] [15] amma jayayya da wasu malaman musulmi.

Dangantaka da Yahudawa da Yom Kippur[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kamar yadda Al-Bukhari ya ruwaito, Muhmmad da farko ya zabi ranar azumi ne a matsayin ranar Ashura (ranar 10 ga wata na daya), watakila Yom Kippur na Yahudawa ne. [16] Daga baya an maye gurbin wannan azumi da azumin watan 9 (Ramadan). [17]

Muhimman kwanaki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwanakin farko da na karshen watan ramadan ana kayyade su ne bisa kalandar Musulunci ta wata. Saboda jinjirin wata na Hilāl, ko kuma jinjirin wata, yana faruwa kusan kwana ɗaya bayan jinjirin wata, yawanci Musulmai na iya ƙididdige farkon watan Ramadan; [18] duk da haka, da yawa </link> ya fi son tabbatar da buxewar watan Ramadan ta hanyar kallon jinjirin watan.

Daren Lailatul kadari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daren lailatul kadari ana daukar dare mafi tsarki na shekara. [19] [20] An yi imani da cewa ya faru ne a wani dare mai adadi a cikin goman karshe na Ramadan; Dawud Bohra sun yi imanin cewa Lailatul Kadr ita ce dare na ashirin da uku na Ramadan. [21]

Hukuncin Eid al-Fitr (Larabci: عيد الفطر), wanda ke nuna karshen watan Ramadan da farkon Shawwal, [22] wata mai zuwa, ana ayyana shi ne bayan an ga jinjirin wata ko kuma bayan cika kwanaki talatin. na azumi idan ba a ga wata ba. Idi na murnar dawowar dabi'ar dabi'a ( fitra ) na ci, sha, da kusancin aure . [23]

Ayyukan addini[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al'adar gama gari ita ce yin azumi daga fitowar alfijir zuwa faduwar rana. Ana kiran abincin da ake yin sahur kafin azumin suhur, yayin da ake kiran abincin da ke karya azumi a lokacin faduwar rana . [24]

Muslims devote more time to prayer and acts of charity, striving to improve their self-discipline, motivated by hadith:[25][26] "When Ramadan arrives, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of hell are locked up and devils are put in chains."[27]

Azumi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ramadan lokaci ne na tunani na ruhaniya, inganta kai, da daukaka ibada da ibada. Ana sa ran Musulmi za su kara himma wajen bin koyarwar Musulunci . Azumi ( sawm ) yana farawa ne da alfijir kuma yana ƙarewa da faduwar rana. Baya ga nisantar ci da sha a wannan lokaci, musulmi kan kaurace wa jima'i da maganganun zunubai da dabi'u a cikin azumi ko wata na Ramadan. An ce aikin azumi yana nisantar da zuciya daga ayyukan duniya, manufarsa ita ce tsarkake ruhi ta hanyar 'yantar da ita daga kazanta. Musulmai sun yi imani da cewa Ramadan yana koya musu horon kai, kamun kai, [28] sadaukarwa, da tausaya wa wadanda ba su da wadata, don haka yana karfafa ayyukan karimci da zakka . [29] Musulmai kuma sun yi imanin cewa azumi yana taimakawa wajen haifar da tausayi ga matalauta da ba su da abinci.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Ramadan Calendar, Hamariweb
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  11. Quran Chapter 2, Revelation 183
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  14. Jenkins, Philip (2006).
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  18. Hilal Sighting & Islamic Dates: Issues and Solution Insha'Allaah Error in Webarchive template: Empty url..
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  28. Why Ramadan brings us together Error in Webarchive template: Empty url.; BBC, 1 September 2008
  29. Help for the Heavy at Ramadan Error in Webarchive template: Empty url., Washington Post, 27 September 2008