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Seyni Oumarou

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Seyni Oumarou
President of the National Assembly of Niger (en) Fassara

23 ga Maris, 2021 - 26 ga Yuli, 2023
Ousseini Tinni
firaministan Jamhuriyar Nijar

7 ga Yuni, 2007 - 23 Satumba 2009
Hama Amadou - Albadé Abouba
Member of the National Assembly of Niger (en) Fassara


Minister of Public Health (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Tillabéri (gari), 9 ga Augusta, 1950 (73 shekaru)
ƙasa Nijar
Ƙabila Mutanan zabarmawa
Karatu
Harsuna Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa National Movement for the Development of Society (en) Fassara

Seyni Oumarou (an haife shi a 9 ga watan Agusta shekara ta 1951) ɗan siyasan Nijar ne wanda ya kasance Firayim Minista na Nijar daga watan Yunin shekara ta 2007 zuwa Satumba na shekara ta 2009 da kuma Shugaban Majalisar Dokokin Nijar daga watan Nuwamba shekara ta 2009 zuwa watan Fabrairu shekara ta 2010. Ya fito ne daga yammacin ƙasar kuma ɗan kabilar Djerma (Ba Zabarme) ne. Tun watan Nuwamba na shekara ta 2008, ya kasance shugaban ƙungiyar National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD). Bai yi nasarar tsayawa takarar shugaban kasa ba a shekara ta 2011 da 2016 ba. Bayan shekaru a matsayin jagoran adawa a karkashin Shugaba Mahamadou Issoufou, an nada shi mukamin Babban Wakilin Shugaban kasa a watan Oktoban shekara ta 2016.

Farkon aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Seyni Oumarou an haife shi a Tillabéri . Sunan danginsa, Seyni, yawanci yakan sa sunansa, kuma wani lokacin ana rubuta shi Seini ko Seïni . Ya kasance Darakta-Janar na Kamfanin Canja Takarda na Nijar (ENITRAP) daga shekarar 1987 zuwa shekarar 1998, sannan a shekarar 1995 ya zama Mashawarci na Musamman ga Firayim Minista Hama Amadou .

An naɗa Oumarou a cikin gwamnatin a matsayin Ministan Kasuwanci da Masana'antu a ranar 16 ga watan Afrilun shekarar 1999 a karkashin mulkin soja na rikon kwarya na Daouda Malam Wanké, kuma bayan zabuka ya ci gaba da kasancewa a matsayinsa na wani bangare na gwamnatin Hama Amadou (wanda ya dawo a matsayin Firayim Minista), wanda aka sanya masa suna a ranar 5 ga watan Janairun shekarar 2000. Daga nan aka nada shi Ministan Kasuwanci da Inganta kamfanoni masu zaman kansu a ranar 17 ga watan Satumbar shekarar 2001 da Ministan Kasuwanci, Masana'antu, Masana'antu, da Inganta kamfanoni masu zaman kansu a ranar 12 ga watan Fabrairu shekarar 2004. A ranar 12 ga watan Nuwamba, shekarar 2004, bayan wasu murabus da ministocin da suka yi takara a zaben na shekarar suka yi, Oumarou an kara sanya shi a kan kula da lafiyar jama'a, yaki da cututtukan da ke yaduwa, da kuma gyare-gyaren asibiti, har sai da aka nada shi Karamin Ministan Kayan aiki a wani sabon gwamnati a ranar 30 ga watan Disamba, shekarar 2004. A wannan matsayin shi ne na uku cikin mambobin gwamnati (bayan Amadou da ƙaramin Ministan Abdou Labo ).

A Matsayin Firayim Minista[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Oumarou ya ci gaba da kasancewa ƙaramin Ministan na kayan aiki har sai lokacin da Amadou da gwamnatinsa suka kaɗa da ƙuri’ar rashin amincewa a majalisar dokokin kasar a ranar 31 ga watan Mayu, shekarar 2007. Shugaba Mamadou Tandja ya zabi Oumarou ya gaji Amadou a matsayin Firayim Minista a ranar 3 ga watan Yuni; MNSD ce ta gabatar da Oumarou a kan mukamin kuma yana daya daga cikin ‘yan takara uku da Majalisar ta gabatar wa Tandja. Nadin Oumarou ya samu hamayya daga babbar jam'iyyar adawa, Jamhuriyar kasar Nijar ta Demokradiyya da Gurguzu (PNDS), da kuma kungiyoyin kungiyoyin farar hula da dama, saboda ya kasance yana da kusanci sosai da wanda ya gabace shi kuma mai yuwuwa ne da irin wannan badakalar ta rashawa almubazzaranci da kudaden ilimi wanda ya haifar da rashin amincewar da aka yiwa Amadou. [1] [2] An rantsar da Oumarou a matsayin Firayim Minista a ranar 7 ga watan Yuni, kuma an ba da sabuwar gwamnatinsa a ranar 9 ga watan Yuni, tare da mambobi 32 (ciki har da Oumarou). [3]

A cikin shekarar 2007, Oumarou ya kasance shugaban sashin MNSD a Tillabéri, haka kuma ya kasance Mataimakin Shugaban ofishin siyasa na MNSD.

Rikicin Abzinawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Oumarou ya ce a ranar 13 ga watan Yuli, shekarar 2007 cewa gwamnati ba za ta yi shawarwari da ƙungiyar ƴan tawayen ta Neman ƴancin ƴan Nijar a arewacin Nijar ba.

Rikicin jam’iyya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yayin da ake tuhumar tsohon Firayim Minista Hama Amadou da aikata laifuka a shekarar 2008, wasu shugabannin majalisar na MNSD-Nassara sun kasance masu biyayya ga tsohon shugaban jam'iyyar. A watan Yunin shekarar 2008, aka kame Amadou bisa zargin almubazzaranci da dukiyar kasa. Duk da rikici da wasu masu rajin kare MNSD har yanzu masu biyayya ga Amadou, an nada Oumarou a matsayin shugaban rikon kwarya na jam'iyyar.

A watan Janairun shekarar 2009, gwamnatin Oumarou ta nemi Majalisar Dokoki ta Kasa ta tsige mataimakan MNSD uku daga rigakafin tuhuma. Jim kaɗan bayan haka, magoya bayan Amadou suka gabatar da ƙarar rashin amincewa da Oumarou.

Zaben shekarar 2009 da shekarar 2011[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ƙarshen shekarar 2008, magoya bayan Shugaba Tandja suka gudanar da taruka suna kiran a tsawaita wa’adin shugaban na biyu, saboda ƙarewar a watan Disambar shekarar 2009. Zanga-zangar adawa da 'yan adawa — gami da masu fafutuka na MNSD masu biyayya ga Amadou — biyo bayan makonni da yawa. Bayan haka Oumarou ya gabatar da bayanai da ke nuni da cewa zaben shugaban kasa, na 'yan majalisu da na kananan hukumomi zai gudana kamar yadda aka tsara.

A watan Agusta na shekarar 2009, kuri'ar raba gardama ta tsarin mulki da ta tanadi tsawaita wa'adin shekaru Tandja ya yi nasara a yayin kauracewar 'yan adawa. An shirya zaben majalisar dokoki a watan Oktoba na shekara ta 2009, kuma Oumarou ne ya jagoranci jerin sunayen ‘yan takarar na MNSD a Tillabéri. Saboda ya tsaya takarar dan majalisa, dole ne ya sauka daga gwamnatin, kuma a ranar 24 ga watan Satumbar, shekarar 2009 kafafen yada labaran kasar sun ruwaito cewa ya yi murabus, tare da wasu ministocin biyu da su ma suke takara. Albade Abouba, Ministan cikin gida, an nada shi don maye gurbinsa a matsayin Firayim Minista a matsayin mai rikon mukamin. [4]

Bayan zaɓen ƴan majalisar dokoki, wanda‘ ƴan adawa suka kaurace masa, Kungiyar bunkasa tattalin arzikin kasashen Afirka ta Yamma (ECOWAS) — wacce ke son a jinkirta zaben da fatan shawo kan rikicin siyasa — dakatar da Nijar daga sahunta. Oumarou ne ya jagoranci wakilan mambobin na Nijar su 22 da suka je Abuja domin tattaunawa da ECOWAS wanda aka fara a ranar 9 ga watan Nuwamba, shekarar 2009. [5]

Kasancewar ya sami kujera a majalisar kasa, an zabi Oumarou a matsayin shugaban majalisar dokokin kasar a ranar 25 ga watan Nuwamba, shekarar 2009. An kada kuri’ar baki daya, tare da dukkanin mataimaka 109 da suka kasance a wurin da suka kada kuri’ar nuna goyon baya ga takarar tasa. Oumarou ya ce a ranar zai yi aiki don dawo da martabar Majalisar Dokoki sakamakon rikice-rikicen watannin da suka gabata. [6]

Rikicin na siyasa bai gamsu ba, sojoji suka kwace mulki a ranar 18 ga watan Fabrairu, shekarar 2010, suka kori Tandja kuma nan take suka rusa majalisar kasa. [7] Ba kamar Tandja da Abouba ba, da farko Oumarou ba sabon soja ne ya tsare shi ba; duk da haka, an kama shi a ranar 29 ga watan Maris shekarar 2010, tare da wasu manyan mukarrabansa da masu biyayya ga Tandja. A cewar Ousmane Cissé, Ministan cikin gida, an kame su ne saboda suna da hannu cikin "ayyukan bata gari da yiwa gwamnatin zagon kasa da tsarin mika mulki". Cissé ya jaddada cewa za a hukunta duk wani aiki da nufin lalata gwamnati ko haifar da rikici. [8] Duk da haka, gwamnatin mulkin soja ta saki Oumarou da sauran a ranar 2 ga Afrilu 2010. [9] [10] Cissé, Ministan cikin gida, ya ce "aikinsu na rusa zaman lafiya" ya kasance "tsaka tsaki" kuma ana sakin wadanda ake zargin "don kwantar da hankali".

Bayan ƴan watanni, an zargi Oumarou da satar dukiyar kasa kuma aka kama shi a ranar 29 ga watan Yulin shekarar 2010. Hukumar da ke Yaki da Laifin Laifin Kuɗi ta yi zargin cewa ya ciyo jihar bashin CFA miliyan 270. MNSD ta nuna rashin jin dadinta game da kamun da aka yi wa Oumarou, wanda ake sa ran zai kasance dan takarar na MNSD a zaben shugaban kasar da za a yi a watan Janairun shekarar 2011, inda ta nemi a sake shi; ta ce tuhumar da ake yi masa wani yunkuri ne na siyasa don lalata da mayar da jam'iyyar saniyar ware. [11] A ranar 2 ga watan Agusta shekarar 2010, an gurfanar da Oumarou tare da bada belinsa. [12]

MNSD ta sanar a ranar 10 ga watan Agusta shekarar 2010 cewa an sanya Oumarou a matsayin dan takarar shugaban kasa a babban taron jam’iyyar. [13] Daga karshe Mahamadou Issoufou ya kayar da shi a zagaye na biyu na zaben, wanda aka gudanar a watan Maris din shekarar 2011.

A ranar 29 ga watan Nuwamba, shekarar 2015, aka sanya Oumarou a matsayin dan takarar MNSD a zaben shugaban kasa na 2016. [14] Issoufou ya sake kayar da shi, yana matsayi na uku. Watanni kadan bayan sake zaben Issoufou, Oumarou ya sanar a watan Agustan shekarar 2016 cewa MNSD na shiga cikin hadaddun "shugaban masu rinjaye" na jam'iyyun da ke goyon bayan Issoufou. Wannan matakin ya biyo bayan shigar da MNSD cikin gwamnatin da aka nada a ranar 19 ga watan Oktoba shekarar 2016 da nadin Oumarou a matsayin Babban Wakilin Shugaba Issoufou a ranar 20 ga watan Oktoba. A cikin sabon mukamin sa a matsayin wakilin shugaban kasa, an baiwa Oumarou babban aiki na "gudanarwa da gudanar da ayyukan siyasa, tattalin arziki ko zamantakewar al'umma" kuma a hukumance an bashi matsayi na biyar a tsarin yarjejeniya ta jiha.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Niger impasse continues", Agence France-Presse, June 5, 2007.
  2. "Niger civil society rejects the appointment of Oumarou as new PM"[permanent dead link], African Press Agency, June 6, 2007.
  3. "Niger : President Mamadou Tandja approves new govt."[permanent dead link], African Press Agency, June 9, 2007.
  4. "Niger premier resigns ahead of elections", Agence France-Presse, September 24, 2009.
  5. "Crisis talks on Niger start in Abuja", Agence France-Presse, November 9, 2009.
  6. "Niger: New parliament chairman vows 'to restore the image' of institution", Panapress, November 26, 2009.
  7. "Niger soldiers say coup 'patriotic'", Al Jazeera, 18 February 2010.
  8. Boureima Hama, "Niger junta arrests ex-ministers for alleged plot", Agence France-Presse, 29 March 2010.
  9. "Niger junta sacks heads of state companies" Archived 2020-05-15 at the Wayback Machine, Reuters, 4 April 2010.
  10. "Niger junta frees allies of ex-president: ministry source", Agence France-Presse, 2 April 2010.
  11. "Niger opposition denounces 'witch-hunt' as leader arrested", Agence France-Presse, 30 July 2010.
  12. "Ex-Niger PM charged, released on bail in corruption probe", Agence France-Presse, 2 August 2010.
  13. "Niger's ex-PM to run for president despite graft charges", Agence France-Presse, 10 August 2010.
  14. "Niger's main opposition names Oumarou as election candidate" Archived 2015-11-30 at the Wayback Machine, Reuters, 29 November 2015.